Phytochemical screening and In vitro assessment of antimicrobial and antioxidant potential of Andrographis serpyllifolia - An endemic medicinal plant from South India

Abstract: The current study was aimed to investigate the phytochemical composition, antibacterial and antioxidant activity of A. serpyllifolia plant extracts. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of alkaloid, tannins, steroids, terpenoids, phlobatannin, anthraquinones flavonoids, saponins and phenolic compounds. Quantitative analysis revealed the presence of saponins (4.2%) in high concentration followed by tannins (4.12%), phenolics (1.4%), alkaloids (1.2%) and flavonoids (0.98%). This study will provide phytochemical information for preparation of concentrated and effective extract of A. serpyllifolia. Petroleum ether, chloroform, benzene and methanol extracts of shade dried plant parts of A. serpyllifolia were tested for antibacterial activity against six strains of bacterial species, viz., Bacillus subtilis, Escherichia coli, Proteus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella sps and Staphylococcus aureus using the standard agar disk diffusion method. All the extracts have shown significant activity against tested microbes with the inhibition zone ranged of 5.7-16.8mm. Among various solvent extracts studied petroleum ether extract showed a highest antibacterial activity followed by methanol, benzene, chloroform. Antioxidant potential of methanol extracts was determined by DPPH and ABTS free radical scavenging assay. The extracts showed a very good antioxidant property and the IC50 value was found to 268.12µg/ml for DPPH assay and 398.46µg/ml for ABTS assay. Ascorbic acid taken as control showed highest antioxidant power in the present study. The results suggest that A. serpyllifolia has promising antioxidant activity and could serve as potential source of natural antioxidants.

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[Chithrashree, Narasimha Murthy.K and Srinivas.C (2014); Phytochemical screening and In vitro assessment of antimicrobial and antioxidant potential of Andrographis serpyllifolia - An endemic medicinal plant from South India Int. J. of Adv. Res. 2 (2). 0] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

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