INTEGRATION OF ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL UNITY IN THE TEACHING OF ORAL LITERATURE IN KISWAHILI IN KENYA: CHALLENGES AND POSSIBILITIES
Abstract: National unity has been an issue of concern in the Kenyan society. This paper examines the extent to which teachers of Kiswahili integrate elements of national unity in their lesson content and the challenges teachers face in their attempt to integrate elements of national unity in the teaching of oral literature. The research methodology adopted was qualitative approach and the research design was survey. Simple random sampling was used to select a total of ten (10) schools in Trans-Nzoia East sub-County and 10 teachers who were interviewed. Stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 10% of the students who participated in the focus group discussion. Stratified and purposive samplings techniques were used to select 20 lessons that were observed. Observation, content analysis, interviews and focus group discussions were used to collect data. The analyzed data revealed that teachers do not integrate elements of national unity in their lesson content. In addition it was found that lack of adequate resources, influence of globalization, lack of proper training and in-service courses and lack of teacher commitment are some of the challenges that teachers face in their attempt to integrate elements of national unity in their lessons It was recommended that teachers should be encouraged through training and seminars to integrate the elements of national unity in their lesson content since oral literature lends itself well in addressing societal emerging issues; interaction and cohesion and schools should provide adequate teaching and learning facilities also, parents/care givers and teachers should ensure that children thrive in their culture, mother tongue and other positive cultural factors should be encouraged despite the fast changes that are brought about by globalization.
[Koross C. Rachel (2014); INTEGRATION OF ELEMENTS OF NATIONAL UNITY IN THE TEACHING OF ORAL LITERATURE IN KISWAHILI IN KENYA: CHALLENGES AND POSSIBILITIES Int. J. of Adv. Res. 2 (4). 0] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
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