15Nov 2019

BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS OF ANABAS TESTUDINEUS (BLOCH 1792) TOWARDS SUBLETHAL PARAQUAT EXPOSURE

  • Institute of Tropical Aquaculture and Fisheries, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Faculty of Fisheries and Food Science, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Department of Veterinary Clinical Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 42400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Department of Biological Science, Faculty of Science, Azzaytuna University, Tarhunah, Libya
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A 96 hours acute toxicity test was completed in order to determine paraquat lethal concentration 50% (96H LC50) value towards Anabas testudineus. The fish was subjected to 0, 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 mgL-1 of paraquat under laboratory conditions. Fish mortality rate was directly proportional to paraquat concentration with a total 100% mortality recorded at 30 mgL-1 in 48 hours. The 96H LC50 value of paraquat was 16.81 mgL-1 which is slightly toxic according to United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Regarding behavioural study, a 48 hours sublethal toxicity test was carried out with 2, 5, 12, and 15 mgL-1 of paraquat. Exposed fish exhibited agitated, respiratory distress and abnormal nervous behaviours which were the earliest response to paraquat The results of present study showed that paraquat is toxic to A. testudineus and any application towards aquatic environment must be handled with caution


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[Nor Azri Shah Norhan, Nurul Ulfah Karim, Hassan Mohd Daud, Anur Abdalah Nagi Melad, Mohd Ihwan Zakariah and Marina Hassan (2019); BEHAVIOURAL EFFECTS OF ANABAS TESTUDINEUS (BLOCH 1792) TOWARDS SUBLETHAL PARAQUAT EXPOSURE Int. J. of Adv. Res. 7 (11). 1-7] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com


Marina Hassan
Institute of Tropical Aquaculture, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

DOI:


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/9967       DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/9967


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