BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN PUDUCHERRY REGION INDIA: A CASE STUDY OF THREE SELECTED HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
Abstract: Biomedical waste (BMW) has become an environmental and health hazard in many countries, including India. Careless disposal of these wastes by Healthcare facilities (HCFs) has become a significant concern for medical staff, patients, general community and largely the environment. Characterization and quantification of BMW generation in selected HCFs was analyzed to assess the current BMW management practices including segregation, collection, transportation, storage, treatment and final disposal strategies and health /safety practices for the health care personnel involved in BMW Management. The average daily per bed production of infectious BMW was 0.2 kg/bed/day at JIPMER, 0.3 at GH and 0.6 at MH. However, the percentage of infectious waste produced in the MH (40%) was higher than GH (28%) and JIPMER (23%). BMW management had not received adequate attention in Puducherry region. BMW was dumped and mixed with domestic waste, which was collected, transported and disposed off in a similar manner as that of the Municipal solid waste. The safety measures taken by waste handlers were not satisfactory due to poor awareness of potential health hazards. This violates the BMW Rules, 1998. Thus, it is concluded that there should be strict implementation of a waste management policy, ideally by an infection prevention and control team for all large/major hospitals and a dedicated resident doctor in charge for this purpose in all other hospitals and periodic training and motivation must be given paramount importance to meet the current needs and standards of BMW management.
[U. Jagadeesh chandira boss, G. Poyyamoli, Gautam Roy (2014); BIOMEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN PUDUCHERRY REGION INDIA: A CASE STUDY OF THREE SELECTED HEALTH CARE FACILITIES Int. J. of Adv. Res. 2 (8). 0] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
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