02Oct 2019

COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF FRESH LEAVES AND LEAVES POWDER OF SPONDIAS MOMBIN ON MILK PRODUCTION OF DJALLONKE EWES AND WEIGHT GROWTH OF THEIRS LAMBS IN SOUTHERN BENIN.

  • Laboratory of Ethnopharmacology and Animal Health, Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526, Cotonou, Benin.
  • Laboratoire de Recherches Avicoles et de Zoo Economie 03 BP 2819 Cotonou-Benin.
Crossref Cited-by Linking logo
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Cite This Article as
  • Corresponding Author

This study was conducted in Republic of Benin to compare the effectiveness of two forms (powder and fresh leaves) of Spondias mombin on the milk production of the Djallonke ewes as well as weight gains of theirs lambs. The experimental part involved 18 lactating ewes divided into three homogeneous groups of 6 animals each that received fresh leaves and powder of leaves of Spondias mombin. The results of experimental study showed that fresh leaves of S.mombin improved significantly the milk production of ewes (109.97g VS 96.30g and 103.94) and weight gain of lambs (ADG: 107.73g/day VS 58.50g/day and 85.33g/day). The powder of leaves of S. mombin had less effect on milk production or on the growth of lambs compared to the fresh group, but had more effect compared to the control group. Treatments based on S. mombin had no effect on the variation of body weight of ewes during lactation (p>0.05). Also, the leaves of Spondias mombin had no significant effect on pH, dry matter content, ash content, protein and milk fat (p > 0.05). The leaves of S. mombin can be a best source of plant drug to increase the milk production on african livestock for malnutrition reduction.


  1. Abad, M.J., Bermejo, P., Carretero, E. and Martinez-Acitores, C. (1996): Anti-inflammatory activity of some medical plant extracts from Venezuela. J Ethnopharmacol, 55 (1): 63-68.
  2. Abo, K.A., Ogunleye V.O. and Ashidi, J.S. (1999): Antimicrobial potential of Spondias mombin, Croton zambesicus and Zygotritonia crocea. Phytotherapy Res, 13: 494-497.
  3. Ademola, O., Fagemib, O. and Idowu, S.O. (2005): Anthelminthic activity of extract of Spondias mombin against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep: studies in vitro and in vivo. Trop Anim Health Prod., 37(3): 223?235.
  4. Adewumi, O.O. and Olorunnisomo, O.A. (2009): Milk yield and milk composition of West African dwarf, Yankasa and crossbred sheep in southwest of Nigeria. Res. Rural Develop., 21 (3); 29?32.
  5. Akouedegni, C.G. et Hounzangbe-Adote, M.S. (2012): Efficacit? de poudre de feuilles de Spondias mombin et de Vitellaria paradoxa sur la production laiti?re des brebis Djallonk? et la croissance pond?rale des agneaux au Sud B?nin. Journal de Recherche Science Universit? Lom? (Togo), S?rie A, 14 (2) : 19-28.
  6. Akouedegni, C.G., Ad?nil?, A.D., Gb?go, I.S. and Hounzangb?-Adot?, M.S. (2013): Efficacit? des feuilles de Spondias mombin sur la production laiti?re et la croissance pond?rale des ovins Djallonk? au Sud-B?nin. Annales des Sciences Agronomiques, 17 (2) : 137-148.
  7. Akubue, P.I., Mittal, G.C. and Aguwa, C.N. (1983): Preliminary pharmacological study of some Nigerian medicinal plants. J Ethnopharmacol, 8 : 53 - 63.
  8. Amegee, Y. (1984): Le mouton de vogan (crois? Djallonk? x Sah?lien) au Togo : I. Production lact?e et ses relations avec la croissance des agneaux. Revue Elev. M?d. V?t. Pays Trop., 37(1): 82 - 90.
  9. Attin Rouissi, H. (2003): La production de lait de brebis Sicilo Sarde: Effet de la nature de p?turage et du niveau de la compl?mentation. Annales de l?I.N.R.A de Tunisie., 76:209?224.
  10. Ayoka, A.O., Akomolafe, R.O., Akinsomisoye, O.S. and Ukponmwan, O.E. (2008): Medicinal and Economic value of Spondias mombin. African Journal of Biomedicinal Research, 11: 129?136.
  11. Bailey, C.J. and Day, C. (2004): Metformin: Its botanical background. Practical Diabetes Inter: 115?117.
  12. Bognounou, O. and Guinko, S. (1979)?: Plantes lactog?nes Enqu?tes ethnobotaniques en pays BISSA et BWABA (Burkinafaso). Colloque du CAMES, Abidjan.
  13. Boujenane, I., Berrada, D., Mihi, S. and Jamai, M. (1996)?: Production laiti?re des brebis de races Timahdite, Sardi et B?ni Guil en race pure et en croisement. Actes Inst. Agron. Veto (Maroc), 16 (3): 11 - 18.
  14. Caraballo, A., Caraballo, B. and Rodriguez-Acosta, A. (2004): Preliminary assessment of medicinal plants used as antimalarials in the south-eastern Venezuelan Amazon. Revista-da-Scciedade-Brasileira-de-Medicna-Tropical., 37(2): 186?188.
  15. Corthout, J., Pieters, L.A., Claeys, M., Vanden-Berghe, D.A. and Viletinck, A.J. (1994): Antibacterial and molluscicidal phenolic acid from Spondias mombin. Planta Medica, 60: 460-463.
  16. Corthout, J., Pieters, L.A., Claeys, M., Vanden-Berghe, D.A. and Viletinck, A.J. (1992): Antiviral caffeoyl: esters from Spondias mombin. Phytochem, 31: 79-81.
  17. Coulibaly, N.D. (1988): S?lection sur les ovins de race Djallonk? type Mossi au Centre d\'Appui Zootechnique de Ouahigouya, Province du Yatanga (Burkina Faso). Th?se Doct. Veto Dakar. EISMV. N?37. 93p.
  18. Ekeocha, A.H. (2012): Leaf Meal Based Diets during Early and Late Lactation, J Rec Adv Agri, 1(2):43?49.
  19. Houdebine, L.M. (1986): Contr?le hormonal du d?veloppement de l?activit? de la glande mammaire. Nutr. D?velop, 26: 523 - 541.
  20. Igwe, C.U., Onyeze, G.O.C., Onwuliri, V.A., Osuagwu, C.G. and Ojiako, A.O. (2010): Evaluation of the Chemical Compositions of the Leaf of Spondias Mombin Linn from Nigeria; Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 4(5): 706?710.
  21. Kensinger, R.S., Collier, W., Bazer, F.W., Ducsay, C.A. and Becker, H.N. (1982): Nucleic acid, metabolic and histological changes in gilt mammary tissue during pregnancy and lactogenesis. J. Anim. Sci., 54: 1297 - 1308.
  22. Kone-Bamba, D., Pelissier, Y., Ozoukou, Z.F. and Kouao, D. (1987)?: A study of the haemostatic activity of fifteen medicinal plants of the traditional pharmacopoeia of Ivory Coast. Plantes-Medicinales-et-Phytotherapie, 21(2): 122-130.
  23. N?g?re, L.O. (1973): Size and growth rate of the West African dwarf sheep and new breed, the Nungua black head of Ghana. Ghana J. Agric. Sci., 6: 113 - 117.
  24. Offiah, V.N. and Anyanwu, I.I. (1989): Abortifacient activity of an aqueous extract of Spondias mombin J Ethnopharmacol, 26: 317-320.
  25. Oguike, M.A. and Udeh, N. A. (2008): Influence of ethnoveterinary plant, Spondias mombin on partial daily milk yield (PDM): Hematology and serum biochemistry of lactating West Africa Dwarf ewes. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 7(5): 585 - 588.
  26. Osai, V. (1998): The transition challenges of herbal drug. Nigerian Journal of Natural Products and Medicine, 2: 16 ? 18.
  27. Poivey, J.P., Landais, E. and Berger, Y. (1982)?: Etude et am?lioration g?n?tique de la croissance des Djallonk?. R?sultats obtenus au Centre de Recherches Zootechniques de Bouak? (C?te-d?Ivoire). Revue Elev. M?d. V?t. Pays Trop., 35: 421 - 433.
  28. Rombault, D. (1980)?: Comportement du mouton Djallonk? en ?levage rationnel. Elev. M?d. V?t. Pays Trop., 33(4): 427 - 439.
  29. Rouissi, H., Rekik, B., Maamouri, O., Kammoun, M. and Ben Gara, A. (2007): Replacing soya by field beans improves milk production and affects milk quality in Sicilo Sarde ewes fed concentrate during the suckling period. 12 th seminar of the FAO-CIHEAM Sub-Network on sheep and goat nutrition.11?13 October, Thessaloniki (Greece), 345p.
  30. Sawadogo, L. (1987): Contribution ? l??tude des plantes m?dicinales et de la pharmacop?e traditionnelle africaine: cas des plantes lactog?nes. Th?se de Doctorat d?Etat des Sciences naturelles. Tours (France). 187 p.
  31. Vallerand, F. and Branckert, R. (1975): La race ovine Djallonk? au Cameroun: Potentialit?s zootechniques, conditions d\'?levage, avenir. Rev Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop., 28(4): 523 - 545.
  32. (2002). Traditional medicines strategy 2002-2005. World Health Organization, Geneva; Switzerland.
  33. Wynn, S.G. and Fougere, B.J. (2007). Veterinary Herbal Medicine. St. Louis: Mosby Else

[C. G. Akouedegni, P.V Houndonougbo, A.D. Adenile, O.G. Allowanou and M. S. Hounzangbe-Adote. (2019); COMPARATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF FRESH LEAVES AND LEAVES POWDER OF SPONDIAS MOMBIN ON MILK PRODUCTION OF DJALLONKE EWES AND WEIGHT GROWTH OF THEIRS LAMBS IN SOUTHERN BENIN. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 7 (10). 114-120] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com


C. G. Akouedegni
Laboratory of Ethnopharmacology and Animal Health, Animal Production Department, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Abomey, 01 BP 526, Cotonou, Benin.

DOI:


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/9812       DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/9812


Share this article