Phenolic and antioxidant activity in two selected apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) cultivars
Abstract: Apple (Malus domestica Borkh., Family Rosaceae) has been identified as one of the main dietary source of polyphenols and antioxidants, however, the concentrations and composition of the phytochemicals varied among the growing locations and type of cultivars. The present study focused on two apple cultivars one is traditional cultivar (Benoni) and another is commercial one (Red delicious). No significant variation in phenolic content and antioxidant activity between the cultivars was observed, however, variation among growing locations was prevalent. While developing relationship between phytochemical contents and altitude, a significant positive correlation was observed, which indicate that the higher altitude is most suitable for apple plantation. The present study revealed that since both the species have almost equal amount of total phenolics and antioxidant activity, therefore, both the cultivars can be promoted for their plantation at suitable locations. Also, there is need to promote traditional cultivar such as Benoni, which is declining from the region as this is one important genepool of apple, therefore, should receive more attention.
[Amit Bahukhandi, Praveen Dhyani, Arun K. Jugran, Indra D. Bhatt, Ranbeer S. Rawal (2014); Phenolic and antioxidant activity in two selected apple (Malus domestica Borkh.) cultivars Int. J. of Adv. Res. 2 (12). 0] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
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