UNDERSTANDING THE DIFFERENCES OF LEARNERS AND LEARNING NEEDS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE, LANGUAGE, SOCIAL, MORAL AND PERSONAL

Abstract: This article aims at discussing the importance of understanding the difference between learners and learning needs through the development of cognitive and language. Cognitive Development is the change in mental abilities such as learning, memory, and thinking, language, social, moral and personal to think abstractly. Each will pass through a series of qualitative changes which are invariant. It is always fixed. It does not jump or step down. Each has the difference between one another. It depends on the level of cognitive and language development, personal, social and moral. The importance of understanding the process of cognitive development and language, social and moral of a person is to be able to understand how a student in learning. Providing the appropriate education to students in a variety of age is not an easy thing. Therefore, we must know which education for students who are easier to understand for the cognitive development of children. According to Piaget, Theory of cognitive development consists of four stages: Sensor motor phase, Proportional Phase, Concrete Operational Phase, Formal Operational Phase. According to Vygotsky\'s theory, there are three things that became the core of the view of Vygotsky, namely: Children\'s cognitive skill can be understood when it is interpreted and analyzed developmentally. Cognitive ability mediated by words, language and forms of discourse, which serves as a Psychological tool to help and moral activity transforms. Cognitive ability is derived from social relations and influenced by the background sociocultural.

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[Abdul Haris, Ismail Tolla, Alimuddin, Hisyam Ihsan (2014); UNDERSTANDING THE DIFFERENCES OF LEARNERS AND LEARNING NEEDS THROUGH THE DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE, LANGUAGE, SOCIAL, MORAL AND PERSONAL Int. J. of Adv. Res. 2 (12). 0] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

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