30Apr 2015

RELATIVE SHARE OF LIVESTOCK POPULATION OF HARYANA

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Animal husbandry is an integral part of agriculture in India since ages and plays an important role in the rural economy. Besides having vast employment potential, the sub-sector provides milk, egg, meat, wool, hides and skins, dung, bones, hooves and draught power but also stabilizes the farm income. Haryana holds a very prominent place in the country for its livestock wealth. Haryana has a pride of being the birthplace of leading breeds of Haryana Cow’s and Murrah buffaloes. For designing appropriate policies of livestock development and thereby giving a future fillip to their contributions, it is extremely essential to focus on the nature and significance of changes taking place in the animal husbandry subsector in the state. The number of livestock has undergone substancial changes in terms of composition over the year in the state. The relating indices of changes have been manipulated. The estimated compound growth rates and for this the calculation of exponential trend have been shown. The population of buffaloes, sheep, goats, horses and ponies and total livestock has increased at the compound rate of 2.92 percent, 1.99 percent, 0.69 percent, 1.32 percent and 1.87 percent. On the contrary, the population of cattle and camels has exhibited a negative growth rate during the same period. The compound growth rate of cattle and camels are -0.72 and -1.92 % respectively.The highest growth rate in case of buffaloes reflect that farmers are taking care of these milk animals because of heavy investment, consumer preference to buffalow milk as well as their higher milk yield as compared to indigenous cows.


[ROOP RAJ, SURENDAR KUMAR GUPTA (2015); RELATIVE SHARE OF LIVESTOCK POPULATION OF HARYANA Int. J. of Adv. Res. 3 (4). 0] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com


ROOP RAJ


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