08Jun 2017

SPATIAL VARIATION OF BIOMARKERS IN MUSSELS MYTILUS GALLOPROVINCIALIS FROM THE MOROCCAN ATLANTIC CENTER COAST.

  • Ain Chock Faculty of Sciences, Biology department, Casablanca, Morocco.
  • National Institute of Fischeries Research (INRH), Casablanca, Morocco.
  • Ben Msik Faculty of Sciences, Casablanca, Morocco.
  • Lorraine University (UdL), Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Continental Environments (LIEC) - UMR 7360 CNRS, Metz, France.
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In this study, four biomarkers, Acetylcholinesterase (AChE), Glutathione-s-transferase (GST), Metallothioneines (MT) and Malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured, during spring 2013, in indigenous mussels Mytilus galloprovincialis from five sites of Moroccan Atlantic center coast, subjected to the impact of anthropogenic activities. The results show a general stress in the studied area, with three groups of stations. The first one includes mussels from station S1 with low MDA and MT activities. The second encompasses the most polluted stations (S4 and S5) with high MT and MDA activities as well as low AChE and high GST activities. Lastly, mussels from the least polluted stations (S2 and S3) characterized by moderate MDA and MT levels, low GST and high AChE activities. The results indicate that the biochemical alterations observed in the mussel digestive gland could be used as suitable biomarkers for evaluating environmental quality of the media based on the biological assessing methods and can provide early warning information on the impact of contaminants on marine environment.


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[M. Zbiry, B. Elhaimeur, M. Bouhallaoui, S. Talba, M. Bekkali, J. F. F?rard and A. Benhra. (2017); SPATIAL VARIATION OF BIOMARKERS IN MUSSELS MYTILUS GALLOPROVINCIALIS FROM THE MOROCCAN ATLANTIC CENTER COAST. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (6). 6-17] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com


Mariama Zbiry


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Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/4375       DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/4375


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