List of Articles to be published in the coming issue.
COMPARATIVE EFFICACY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF NAYANTARA, TELAKUCHA AND THEIR COMBINATIONS USED IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
1*Mohammad Abu Bin Nyeem, 1Mohammad Abu Taher, 2A.K.M. Mamun Ur Rashid, 3B. M. Rabiul Islam 4Mohammad Tanzim Ullah and 4Mahbub Mostofa
Plants have been the major source of medicine throughout human history. Even today, this trend continues. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of the methanolic extract of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Cephalandra indica (Telakucha) and their combination compared to standard drug Glimepride (Amaryl®). Diabetes was induced experimentally in the rats with Streptozotocin (STZ; 55 mg/kg, i.p.). The extract of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Cephalandra indica (Telakucha) & their combination were administered orally at the rate of 500mg/kg and Glimepride 800µg/kg body weight daily. The herbal preparations of these plants significantly increased body weight and decreased blood glucose as compared with the patent drug Glimepride (Amaryl®). The present study clearly indicated the significant antidiabetic activity of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Telakucha (Cephalandra indica) combination of Nayantara & Telakucha. Telakucha was more effective which decreased the blood glucose, thereby justifying the use of those plants in the Unani & Ayurvedic system of medicine.
Amit Rajpoot and Amit Agrawal.
Heat Exchanger is the key part in a thermal industry .Hence performance of heat exchanger affects the quality and productivity of any thermal plant .Recent economics research has focused on developing the reliable machinery database to ensure optimum design. There are many parameters whose selection contributes to the performance of heat exchanger as they all affect the cooling and to a larger extent. Some of them are Ambient temperature, Inlet temperature, Flow rate of fluid. In this research process parameters have been optimize for best performance of heat exchanger by Taguchi optimization technique. Larger is better option has been taken for the analysis and level of parameter are three (Lower, Mediam, High). Degree of freedom of parameter is six which is suitable for L9 orthogonal array for three independent parameter. Performing with all nine set of parameter amount of heat exchange have been observe and cooling in degree centigrade have been calculated. With the check of S/N ratio optimum parameter for maximum level of performance of heat exchanger have been observed. The study includes selection of parameters, utilizing an orthogonal array, conducting experimental runs, data analysis, determining the optimum combination. Finally the experimental verification has been done. Experimental results are provided to illustrate the proposed approach. Finally we derived a mathematical model maximum cooling load with the help of MATLAB software. After the whole work comparative analysis of results from different theories has been done in which we found that all results are approximately similar. Hence author concluded that the values of parameters can be selected for other vital experiment on the basis of mathematical model generated by this research.
Nor Azri Shah Norhan, Nurul Ulfah Karim, Hassan Mohd Daud, Anur Abdalah Nagi Melad, Mohd Ihwan Zakariah, Marina Hassan
Abstract A 96 hours acute toxicity test was completed in order to determine paraquat lethal concentration 50% (96H LC50) value towards Anabas testudineus. The fish was subjected to 0, 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 mgL-1 of paraquat under laboratory conditions. Fish mortality rate was directly proportional to paraquat concentration with a total 100% mortality recorded at 30 mgL-1 in 48 hours. The 96H LC50 value of paraquat was 16.81 mgL-1 which is slightly toxic according to United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Regarding behavioural study, a 48 hours sublethal toxicity test was carried out with 2, 5, 12, and 15 mgL-1 of paraquat. Exposed fish exhibited agitated, respiratory distress and abnormal nervous behaviours which were the earliest response to paraquat The results of present study showed that paraquat is toxic to A. testudineus and any application towards aquatic environment must be handled with caution. Keyword: Acute toxicity, Mortality, Behaviour, Anabas testudineus, Paraquat
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EFFECT OF DELAYED UMBLICAL CORD CLAMPING AND UMBLICAL CORD MILKING IN TERM NEONATES IRON STATUS: A RANDOMISED CONTROL TRIAL
CHITRANGADA GUPTA, MANGALA GOWRI
Dr. Khulem Stellone Singh, Dr. Midhun chowdary Kothari, Dr. Shilpa Patankar, Dr. Pankaj Bansode
Varicose veins are very common clinical condition characterised by permanently dilated torturous elongated veins in the leg which is due to incompetence of valves. Risk factors being heredity, occupations of prolong standing, immobility, raised intra abdominal pressure, raised progesterone level, altered oestrogen-progesterone ratio etc. A 27 years old patient with no h/o any systemic disease or co morbidities came with complaints of dilated, tortuous veins in the left lower limb extending from mid-thigh to ankle region since 2 months. Since 1 month the patient was having dull aching pain over the left lower limb on walking and prolonged standing. A thorough clinical examination was done with findings of incompetent Sapheno-femoral junction(SFJ) and perforator incompetence of the left lower limb. A venous Doppler of the left lower limb revealed SFJ dilated and incompetent and Incompetent perforators along the GSV 5 cm below the knee. Following all routine preoperative work-ups, patient was posted for surgery. After ligating all the tributarirs of GSV, while checking the metallic stripper, it snapped in between and was not in a useable condition and there was no other metallic stripper in the OT. Decision had to be taken for an alternative the GSV was sucessfully stripped using a 14F Nelton’s catheter. Thus as an alternative to metallic stripper, a Nelton’s catheter can also be used for stripping varicose veins.
k kamalakanth shenoy, sanath shetty, rajesh shetty, savita dandekeri, mallikarjuna ragher, zaid malik
Abstract Clinicians find it challenging to manage patients with Ectodermal Dysplasia because of their extremely thin alveolar ridge and partial or complete edentulism.Various options can be opted from while treating a hypohydrotic ectodermal dysplasia patient, such as CD, RPD, FPD or implants. Among these removable prosthesis has become a common option. Patients age and clinical condition has to be taken into consideration before choosing a path of treatment. For example, a child patient can\'t be given a FPD or implant as it hinders cranio facial growth. Taking this into consideration, various treatment options has been discussed in present article.
An Appraisal of Livestock Sub-sector and its Contribution to the Economic Development of Northern Nigeria: A Perspective on Zamfara State
Anas Sani Anka and Masud Bello
DIPLOMACY IN THE SOUTHERN BALKANS AND THE IMPACT OF THE PERCEPTION OF DONALD TRUMP BY BALKAN BORN CITIZENS LIVING IN THE UNITED STATES.
Joseph E. Przybyla and Anthony W. Preston.
Few world leaders evoke such a range of reactions as Donald Trump. The President of the United States carries power well beyond his country. The Balkan Region has long relied upon the United States as an ally and partner in being successful. This project sought to solicit the opinion of Balkan born persons who now reside in the Chicago metropolitan region. There does not appear to be any research that has taken place to solicit the opinion of those from the Balkans about Trump. This research was conducted using a mixed methods approach: using both a survey, designed to gather quantitative data as well as focus group interviews, designed to elicit more detailed information related to the reasons behind the opinions held by focus group participants. The results will provide a comprehensive analysis of what motivates survey participants in their perception and support (or lack of) for Trump. These results can be used to improve the relationship between the Trump Administration and the Balkan Region and identify positive areas to build open for the future.
Manha H.Slman,Salamya E.Slman,Shadha Abud Algabar
Abstract Echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection caused by developmental stages (larvae, hydiatid,metacetodes) of two kinds of tapeworms, Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis, Sources of infection are final hosts (i.e. dogs for E. granulosus and mainly foxes for E. multilocularis) and food contaminated with parasite eggs. After oral ingestion of parasite eggs by humans (intermediate hosts) and hematogenous distribution inside the host, E. granulosus larvae (oncospheres) begin to vesiculate mainly in the liver and lungs and in other organs. The difficulty and the similarity of clinical symptoms with other diseases, the disease is diagnosed Serological ways including ELISA test.82 serum samples collected from some hospitals in Baghdad randomly. To detect the Human Hydatid Cyst disease non-visible symptoms in humans and used the ELISA test, results showed 18.29% positive case
Evaluation of the quality of life of schizophrenic patients treated with first and second generation antipsychotics
A. AKANOUR, Y.OTHEMAN, A. KADDAF, M.KADIRI, J.MEHSSANI, MZ.BICHRA
Introduction- The quality of life of patients with schizophrenia has been extensively studied, however the benefit of using second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) on the subjective quality of life of patients needs to be clarified. Objective- To compare the quality of life in patients with schizophrenia treated with first generation antipsychotics (FGA) to those treated with SGA. Method - This is a cross-sectional study that included patients with schizophrenia according to the criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), treated with FGA or SGA, stabilized under the same treatment for at least 2 months, and having no psychiatric or somatic comorbidity. The evaluation of the clinical profile of the patients was performed by PANSS (Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale). The quality of life assessment was made using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (MOS-SF36). Results - from a total of 67 patients, 37 were under FGA and 30 under SGA. The two groups are clinically comparable based on the PANSS scale. No significant differences were found in overall scores in terms of physical and mental health, and in their sub-scales scores, between both groups. Conclusion - In our study, we found no significant difference in subjective quality of life in patients with schizophrenia based on the use of FGA and SGA. This study, as well as the contradictory results encountered in the literature, prove that the concept of quality of life is complex, and cannot be reduced to the biologic dimension alone.
DR. VEENA PAUL,DR, ABY MATHEW,DR. ELIZABETH K SUNNY, DR. SHOMA SASIDHARAN
A surging significance in implant dentistry has demanded and hence promoted research within the field to bring about the current trends in dental implantology.surface topography and the modifications brought about to improve the surface characteristics are promising for the betterment of osseointegration resulted.this article reveiws different surface modifications,methods to improve the surface characteristics of dental implants and the future of dental implant surfaces.
COMPARISON OF LOAD DEFLECTION PROPERTIES AND FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF CONVENTIONAL NITI ARCHWIRES AND COATED NITI ARCHWIRES GENERATED IN VARIOUS CERAMIC BRACKET SLOTS- AN IN-VITRO STUDY
Dr. Rahul Aghera, Dr. Hina Desai, Dr. Kalpesh Patel, Dr. Udita Thakkar, Dr. Nikunj Patel
Introduction: Two main groups of materials used in fixed orthodontics are brackets and archwires. The present study was done to compare the frictional resistance and load-deflection properties of conventional NiTi archwire, Teflon coated NiTi archwire and Epoxy resin coated NiTi archwire when placed within the slot of ceramic brackets, metal-insert ceramic brackets and self- ligating ceramic brackets. Method: The frictional resistance (static friction and kinetic friction) and load-deflection properties (loading and unloading forces) of conventional NiTi, Teflon coated NiTi and Epoxy resin coated NiTi archwires (0.019”x0.025”) were evaluated when placed within the slot of ceramic bracket, ceramic bracket with metal slot and ceramic self ligating bracket (0.022”x0.028” MBT prescription). 54 samples were tested (6 per group) using Universal Testing Machine. Results: Least static and kinetic friction was found when Epoxy resin coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Highest static friction was found when Teflon coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Least loading and unloading forces were found when Epoxy resin coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Highest loading and unloading forces were found when Teflon coated NiTi was wire used with ceramic bracket. Conclusion: Epoxy resin coated archwire showed had more potential to reduce the friction and produced less loading and unloading forces as compared to Teflon coated archwire and conventional NiTi arch wire. Ceramic self ligating brackets and ceramic brackets with metal slot produced low frictional forces as compared to conventional ceramic brackets.
ICU ADMISSIONS IN OBSTETRICS: ANALYSIS OF INDICATIONS , INTERVENTIONS AND MORTALITY IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE
Preeti Sharma,Deepti Rana,Ashok Verma,Nikita gandotra,Sabia Raashed
Y KARTHIK SHETTY and PS VISHWAPURNA
Ahd Zaghba, Hicham Soualhi
An anterior tooth restoration is optimally imitation natural appearance when it offers a perfect harmony between natural and artificial structures, especially when it comes to interference with the light. The \"right\" choice of anterior crown reconstruction material is the basis for successful restoration. This choice has become difficult because of the large number of existing processes. Only a systematic analysis of each case makes it possible to make the right decision.
DOES PRP INJECTION ACCELERATE ORTHODONTIC TOOTH MOVEMENT WHEN RETRACTING UPPER CANINES? A SPLIT-MOUTH-DESIGN RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sleiman Ahmad1, Hazem Hassan2
R.Banupriya 1, T.Janani 2 , P.Jeya lakshmi
Soad A. Treesh a*, Medeha T. Elghedamsib, Suhera M. Aburawi b , Habiba A. El Jaafari c , Marwa A. Shneba b , Mawada M. Elfellan b , Naema Shibani b.
Exposure to fluoride significantly decrease the cell membrane integrity and mitochondrial activity in murine renal cells
Thanusha Perera, Kasun Godakumara, Shirani Ranasinghe, Neil Alles
Background: Kidney Disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka is not related to the diabetes-related kidney damage and extensive contamination of groundwater by fluoride was one of the main suspected reasons for the crises. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the effect of fluoride on kidney cell viability with increasing concentrations of fluoride for different time periods. Method: Kidneys from four weeks old mice were removed aseptically and cultured with ?-MEM media supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 1% Penicillin / Streptomycin solution, overnight incubation at 370 C in a CO2 incubator. After 2 days, cells were divided into 0.5 × 106 cells / 25cm2 culture flasks and 1x104 cells/ well in 96-well plates. Culture flasks were treated with Sodium fluoride (NaF) at concentrations of 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 mM for 12 hr and the viable cell number was calculated by trypan blue assay. Then 96-well plates were exposed to same concentrations of NaF for 12 - 36 hr and mitochondrial activity was evaluated by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results: Renal cell damage was significantly decreased at 1, 2, 4 and 8mM NaF concentrations compared to control group with 20.13%, 28.5%, 30.88% and 38.45% respectively. The mitochondrial activity of renal cells was started to show a significant decrease at 8Mm NaF concentration after 12h. Moreover, by increasing the incubation time from 12 to 24h and 36h, the mitochondrial activity was further decreased at 2, 4 and 8mM NaF at 24h and 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8Mm NaF at 36h with respect to control groups. Conclusion: Fluoride exposure resulted renal cell damage and concentration dependent decrease in mitochondrial activity with increased exposure time.
Dr. Rahul Yadav*, Dr. Ganesh P**,Dr. S. Shanmuganathan***,Dr A.K. Koushik**** *Post graduate, **Head of the department,Department of Medical gastroenterology ***Professor ,Department of Medical gastroenterology ****Assistant Professor,Department of Medical gastroenterology Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research,Chennai,India
Aim : To study the prevalence,histopathological types and pattern of distribution of colonic polyps in a cohort of patients evaluated in our tertiary care centre. Materials and Methods : Data of patients undergoing colonoscopy between 2017-2018 for various abdominal complaints were analysed retrospectively for presence of colonic polyps.Age , gender, clinical symptoms and histopathological analysis were also included in the study.Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 23.0 version to arrive at correlations between pattern of distribution and histopathological types. Results : A total of 1423 Colonoscopies were done during the 2 year period. Of them 152 cases were found to have Polyps including few patients with multiple polyps and overall a total of 207 Polyps were studied.Mean age of the study population was 57.61 years and most of them were males (77.6%).Polyps were more commonly located in rectum (20.3%) and sigmoid (25.1%).Most of the polyps were smaller in size <1cm (75.8%) and only few were >2cm (6.3%).Sessile polyps (77.3%) were more common then pedunculated (22.7%).Histology showed Adenomatous (63.7 %) followed by Hyperplastic (28%) and serrated (6.3%) were most common variety.Around 5.8% of polyps had high grade dysplasia and was more commonly seen in tubulovillous adenomas then tubular adenomas and also amongst serrated polyps. Conclusion : Colonic polyps were noted in around 10 % all colonoscopies and are less common in south Indian population then their western counterparts,however similar to west adenomatous polyp is the most predominant type of histology.Larger polyps and polyps with villous component and serrated polyps have more chances of having high grade dysplasia. Key words : Colonic polyps,adenomatous,serrated,dysplasia.
After review of the dynamic interaction between the soil and structure, it is visible that the piles improve the dynamic characteristics of the weak ground base. A short review of the possibilities for reduction of seismic effects on the building project has been made; respectively a decrease in its construction cost. The thesis about the increase of the soil stiffness after the construction of the pile foundation has been set out. The principles for evaluation of the improvement of the characteristics and the ways for their experimental determination have been exposed. A statement has been highlighted that following the construction of the pile foundation, the improved soil characteristics should be measured again and using the results obtained an authoritative dynamic analysis of the entire design structure shall be made.
méatoplastie urétrale pour une béance iatrogène chez une patiente présentant un hématocolpos ( à propos d\'une observation
mOULAY EL MEHDI EL HASSANI, SAAD BENALI, RACHID AIT BOUHOU, JAOUAD KOUACH, DRISS MOUSSAOUI
Hematocolpos is the menstrual blood rétention in the vagina at puberty. it is easy to diagnose and to take care of, when it is due to an imperforation of the hymen; however, when it\'s secondary to a vaginal malformation, like partial atresia or diaphragm. MRI is essential for diagnosis, it allows to search for other genitourinary malformations and to guide the surgical procedure. This surgery must be performed by a specialized team, to prevent recurrence and iatrogenic complications which can induce sexual and fertility disorders in the future. The autors relate a case of hematocolpos which is secondary to an atresic of a lower third vagina, diagnosed in the 14 old year girl. This observation is an example of a lack of knowledge of the diagnosis and wrong first management, complicated by iatrogenic urinary incontinence. The diagnosis of the hematocolpos and the vaginal malformation was made by the MIR. The treatment consisted of a hematocolpos evacuation associated with a vaginoplasty and a urethral méatoplasty.
The Effect of Flypaper Phenomenon and Budgetary Slack on Regional Expenditure in The regional Government of South Sulawesi Province
Subagio Makodongan, Kartini, Sanusi Fattah
SUBAGIO MOKODONGAN. The Effect of Flypaper Phenomenon and Budgetary Slack on Regional Expenditure in The regional Government of South Sulawesi Province (Supervised by Kartini and Sanusi Fattah) This study aims to know and explain the influence of flypaper effect and budgetary slack against indirect expenditures and direct expenditure in 23 districts/cities in south sulawesi. This research used pooled data 23 districts/cities in South Sulawesi with purposive sampling. Using multiple linear regression analysis, that was the t test to examine four hypothesis. The research was to explain local expenditure side of flypaper effect and budgetary slack, was proxied to PAD actual toward local expenditure which break down in indirect expenditures (BTL) and direct expenditure (BL). The Results of the research find that partially independent variables that proxy fylpaper effect on DAU is very influential in the planning of the budget allocation for indirect expenditure (BTL), but the budgetary slack is proxied to the PAD was not significant. On the other hand, this research finds that the independent variable partially fylpaper effect proxy on DAU and the budgetary slack proxy on the PAD is very influential in planning the budget allocation for direct expenditure (BL). This fact means that the agent as a claimant on a budget BTL and BL will be stimulated first budgeted revenue budgets the nature of more certain (from the side amount, timing and flexibility) to maximize his personal preferences. Keyword: Flypaper Effect, Budgetary Slack, Indirect Expenditure, Direct Expenditure.
Sailendra Mohan Das, Tikendrajit Gogoi, Mridupaban Phukan
Keywords : Odonata, Anisoptera, Zygoptera, Eastern Assam, India. ODONATES OF EASTERN ASSAM, INDIA *S. M. Das1, T. Gogoi2 & M. Phukan3 1.Department of Biology, Guru Teg Bahadur Academy, Tinsukia, Assam, India. 2. Department of Zoology, DHSK College, Dibrugarh, Assam India. 3. Rainforest Conservation Center, Jeypore, Dibrugarh, Assam, India. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract Eastern Assam of India is located under Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot and gifted with diverse habited for odonate diversity. The paper provides information on composition of odonet fauna sampled during random surveys from March, 2015 to April, 2019, covering two districts (Tinsukia and Dibrugarh districts) in the eastern part of Assam (India). The survey revealed 76 species of odonates from the region. Out of these, 48 species are Dragonflies (Sub-order: Anisoptera) under 31 genera and 3 families; whereas 28 species of Damselflies (Sub- order: Zygoptera) under 16 genera and 6 families. A species of Gomphidae family, Burmagomphus asahinai Kosterin, Makbun & Dawwrieng, 2012, recorded from Dibrugarh, which is a new record within Indian limit. We also recorded Lestes dorothea Fraser, 1924 and Orthetrum luzonicum Brauer,1886, which is the first formal record from Assam. Two rare species of odonates Pseudocopera ciliate (Selys,1863) and Gynacantha khasiaca MacLachlan, 1896, were recorded from Tinsukia and Baragolai respectively, confirmed its distribution range up to eastern Assam within India. Rediscovery of Lyriothemis bivittata Rambur, 1842, after eight decades, from Pengeri area of Tinsukia district, established its presence in the state. Although, this study has enlightened the status and distribution of Odonates in eastern Assam; however, further study needs to be carried out for the effective conservation of this charismatic group of insect.
FREE CONVECTION IN A SATURATED POROUS MEDIUM WITH VARYING TEMPERATURE ADJACENT TO A VERTICAL IMPERMEABLE PLATE AT 4°C
DEGAN Gérard, EGBOHO Mahuna Franck, AKOWANOU Djidjoho Christian
Several studies on convective flow in boundary layer regime were analyzed for the case of an isothermal vertical plate or variable temperature dipped in a porous medium saturated with water at 3.98 ° C. However, in the situations where the vertical plate is at a constant temperature of 3.98 ° C and the porous medium saturated with water at the variable temperature are also realistic. In this study we are interested in the study of natural convection around a vertical plate at a temperature of 3.98 °C under the conditions previously described. The influence of the anisotropic parameters such as the permeability ratio and the anisotropic angle, as well as the Nusselt number and the effect of the maximum density were analyzed. The main conclusion is that the flow is downward, and the convective heat transfer rate admits a minimum and a maximum depending on the different parameters. The governing equations and boundary conditions were solved numerically by the 4th order of Runge-Kutta and shooting method before the scaling analysis.
ASSESSMENT OF DENTAL CARIES USING CAST INDEX AMONG SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN OF AGE 12-15 YEARS IN KHAMMAM, TELANGANA STATE. A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY
Dr. V. Srujan kumar, Dr. K.V.N.R. Pratap, Dr.T. Madhavi Padma, Dr.V. Siva Kalyan and Dr.P.Srikanth
MODELING OF URBAN WATER SUPPLY AND WATER LOSS IN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OF ADWA TOWN USING Water GEMS V8i SOFTWARE
Tsegay brhane beyene and Sisay demeku
Nawal N S Binhashr
Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of morbidity and leads to microvascular (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy) and macro-vascular (coronary artery, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular disease) complications. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find innovative and effective solutions to help people successfully manage their diabetes. This study was conducted to determine the knowledge and practice of patient with diabetes toward the care of their foot. The study includes 93 males and 104 females suffering from diabetes. The findings of the current study highlighted the insufficient level of knowledge and poor practice. There was a significant association between male gender and sound knowledge level and proper practice. There is an urgent need to increase the level of knowledge and practice about foot care.
GENDER DIFFERENCE IN OCCUPATIONAL PERFORMANCE, QUALITY OF LIFE AND TRUNK MUSCLE ENDURANCE IN PHYSICAL THERAPISTS WITH LOW BACK PAIN
SALMA E AHMAD1, EBTESSAM F GOMAA2, NADIA A FAYAZ2, AHMAD H AZZAM3
GLINMA Bienvenu, MEDEGAN Sèdami, YAYI Eléonore, AGNIMONHAN F. Hyacinthe, KPOVIESSI D.S. Salomé, QUETIN-LECLERCQ Joëlle, ACCROMBESSI C. Georges, KOTCHONI O. Simeon, POUPAERT H. Jacques and GBAGUIDI A. Fernand
Le kyste hydatique chez la femme enceinte pose un problème de choix et le moment de l’intervention; nous rapportons un cas de kyste hydatique non compliqué
The Prevalence and characters of hospital acquired infections in three private hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
Maram Ahmed Enani, Razan Mohammed Alzahrani, Khlood Aziz Alzubaidy, Refal Ghassa Ajjaj, Amal M Saeed
Aim To estimate the prevalence of NI in three private hospitals and identify the related risk factors in Jeddah , Saudi Arabia. Method This was a retrospective observational study conducted at three private hospitals, Jeddah , Saudi Arabia . It included all hospitalized patient in ICU and surgical ward from January 2017 to August 2018. Result The samples mean age (48.58) with SD+16.65. Out of 398 inpatients, 234 (58.7%) were admitted to ICU and 164 (41.3%) were admitted to surgical ward. The most common diagnosis were as following; HTN (20.6%), followed by CNS (19.8%). Fourth of the cases 111 (27.9%) had DM. The median score of LOS was 4 days. Out of 398 patients, 14 (3.5%) were HAI, 12 positive cases were ICU patients, and 2 were ward patients. Infection sites were as following UTI (2.5%), RTI (2.3%), 3 (0.8%) and 2 (0.5%). The most common organism were E-Coli alone or in combination in 6 (40.1%) cases, followed by “Klebsilla Pneumonia” and “Staph aureus” equally 3 (20.0%). Less than tenth 27 (6.8%) died. Those who were older age , those with longer hospitalization, presence of drain, bedridden and death having significantly higher HAI than others (p <0.0001). conclusion This study provides a baseline information of HAIs and associated risk factors for future surveillance . -The proportion of hospital acquired infection was (3.5%). The current findings can be utilized toward planning a surveillance program for nosocomial infection as a step toward a better infection control policy.
A CLINICAL STUDY OF EFFICACY OF VIRECHAN KARMA ON INSULIN RESISTANCE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SANTARPANJANYA VIKAR”:A PILOT STUDY
VIDYA SHIVRAM BOINWAD
Ghaida’a Saleh Almohammadi.
Background: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is a malignant disorder that originates in a single B or T lymphocyte progenitor. Worldwide, it is the most common childhood cancer. It accounts 25% of all childhood cancers and approximately 75% of all cases of childhood leukemia. Although contemporary treatments have been effective in curing more than 80% of children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia; however, some patients develop fatal acute and delayed complications as a result of side effects from the medications requiring more aggressive management. Objective: Detect the recent incidence of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and causes of that. Also discuss the treatment strategies of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia and their late possible effects. Methods: The data was collected from PubMed, Medline, SDL, Up to date and Springer databases. The search terms were childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia, incidence, classification, biology, pathophysiology, clinical manifestations, causes, risk factors, treatment, survival rate, long-term outcomes, worldwide and Saudi Arabia. Conclusion: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia incidence rates are generally higher in developed than in developing countries. The risk factors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia are environmental and genetic factors. The late effects of acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment mainly are increasing of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, neurocognitive impairment, endocrine dysfunction and metabolic abnormalities. There are multiple new treatments that might improve the overall response of patients like molecular therapies that target genetic abnormalities of the leukemic cells and their affected signaling pathways. Keywords: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia; incidence; risk factors; treatment; long-term outcomes.
M.Hajji; H.Hamri ; F.Z L.aamrani ; L.Jroundi
Langerhans\\\'s histiocytosis, or histiocytosis X is a systemic disease related to accumulation in Langerhans cell tissues, most often organized into granulomas. Its thyroid localization is relatively rare, and poses special diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. His diagnosis often requires the use of a clinical, radiological and anatomopathological confrontation.
NAEMA W. M. ALDAQSHA
The purpose of this paper was to assess the perfectness of Poulo Freire\\\'s, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, in regard to philosophy, education and politics. The study employed critical thinking using interpretive and descriptive approaches. Data were collected from Pedagogy of the Oppressed and other books, journals and articles on Poulo Freire and his writings. This book review systematically arranged, organized and analysed collected data to come up with a precise critical analysis of the book. This book review criticised the \\\"Banking model\\\" of education and considered how exploitative oppressors dehumanise the oppressed. The Author recommended dialogue pointing out that it entailed the positive transformation of individuals.
Assessment of Patient Satisfaction on Teledermatology services in Bamyan Provincial Hospital, Afghanistan
Dr Mohammad Saleem Naikpai
Grasiella K. Harb
Jagdeep Singh, Mamta Kumari
The world becomes smaller place on earth and competition increases, everyone has to compete as no one has choice to complain. This is quite true in engineering education as well. Engineering is one of the oldest field exists on earth. It should be considered as the ‘father’ of human development as it exists in all fields whether it is engineering, medical, education, commerce, or any other fields etc. Being so much demanding field of study, it is not growing in a way as desired due to skills among the graduates, technological changes, and the scope of employability. Methodology used in this study is to collect secondary data and analyze it for conclusion & recommendations. This study attempts to understand the current situation of skills and employability among the engineering graduates in India. After a rigorous review of literature, it is found that the majority of engineering passed graduates do not contain right, and required skills for the job they apply. It is also found that most of the candidates learn while they earn and grow as professional in the private or government jobs. This study proposed a framework of skills and employability to bridge the gaps and also proposed a career decision process for engineering graduates so that they could be able to choose right path! Right future career! This study concluded that educational Institutes and Industries should come together and make joint efforts to develop a curriculum so that it makes employable India and hence nations progressive growth. This study may help engineering graduates, students who are willing to jump into engineering field, Government organizations related to engineering education, educationists and industries. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Keywords: Skills, Employability, Engineering Graduate, Curriculum, Education, Jobs, Career
Quality performance of mono crystalline silicon solar cells in 137Cs based radiation rich environment
AFRA, K, K, Konda
Comparative structural studies of LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 cathode materials prepared by sol-gel versus solid-state-reaction method
V. Kondala Rao, N. Murali, V. Veeraiah, K. Samatha
In the present work, the layered structure oxide LiNi0.8Co0.1Mn0.1O2 (NCM 811) is synthesized by sol-gel auto combustion and solid state reaction methods. Microstructural and optical properties are investigated by XRD, FE-SEM with EDS, FT-IR and bonding nature studies. Characterization of the crystalline powders, phase identification, particle size examination, and morphological studies are done using XRD and FE-SEM. From FT-IR and UV-NIR studies, vibrational bands are identified in the range of 400-2000 cm-1 representing the MO2 (M = Ni, Co & Mn) layers.
Sultanova.U.N, senior teacher A. Eshkarayev, assistants B.Sokieva, S.Abdullaeva, teacher G.Jumayeva, S.Sultonov
FORECASTING AND COMPARING THE RESULTS FROM ALTMAN Z-SCORE AND MERTON DISTANCE TO DEFAULT MODEL IN THE INDIAN SCENARIO
Pulkit Gaba, Shreya Arora, Anupreet Lall, Vidushi Khurana and Ankush Rathi
Les léiomyomes représentent environ 3,8% de toutes les tumeurs bénignes des tissus mous. Les léiomyomes utérins sont fréquents et peuvent toucher jusqu\'à 30% des femmes de plus de 35 ans  La localisation de la vulve est très rare. Ces tumeurs des muscles lisses sont généralement indolores, solitaires et bien circonscrites et peuvent toucher les femmes de tout groupe d’âge. Nous présentons deux cas de léiomyome vulvaire et discutons des caractéristiques diagnostiques et thérapeutiques de cette maladie.
Rini Nurahaju¹*, Dessy Nur Utami²
Dr. Ashutosh Jangwan, Dr Pallavi Upreti
Occupational structure is often referred to as aggregate distribution of occupations in society, classified according to skill level, economic function, or social status. The word occupation is often related to industry’. Therefore, the classification of occupation (occupational structure) of population is also known as industrial classification of population. There are different types of economic activities in all over the world which are different by types and quantity. It is not easy to merge all of them into same category. Therefore, United Nations has made a standard of the occupational structure at the global level. Many countries provide the occupational data to the United Nations according to this standard, although these countries might use some other standard for their own country. The industrial classification of India also follows the same but with some necessary modifications depending upon the regional context. Using the same classification, the paper tries to classify the occupational structure of Rudraprayag district in Uttarakhand. Since the region is predominantly dependent upon primary activities especially agriculture and allied activities, engagement of large section f population in this sector was observed, however with the constant socio economic changes the proportion of population share in the primary activities have been constantly declining. Improved access to education and growing dominance of the service sector have diverted the occupational engagement especially millennial population from primary directly to tertiary sector specifically. The occupational engagement in the secondary sector was observed to be least in the region. Key Words: Industrial Classifications, Occupational structure.
MARKETING PERFORMANCE MEDIATES BETWEEN ICONIC PRODUCT INNOVATION AND SUSTAINABLE COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
Muh. Hasbi Abbas, Abd.Rahman Kadir, Syamsu Alam, Madris
Dr.ABHILASH TADIBOINA , Dr.KANDULA VENKATESWARA REDDY
BACKGROUND: as liver is the principal organ for metabolism of the carbohydrates, chronic liver disease (CLD) may affect carbohydrate metabolism. Hence we can utilise oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to study the disturbances in carbohydrate metabolism in CLD. Objectives include: 1) To know clinical features and laboratory manifestations of chronic liver disease. 2) To know various results of OGTT in CLD. 3) To study various classes of cirrhosis (as in child-grading) METHODS: Study was conducted over a period of 18 months in Katuri medical college where clinical, laboratory manifestations and OGTT results in 30 cases of CLD and 30 controls (age and sex matched) with cured respiratory tract infection. Age more than 65 years, pregnant women, patients with h/o diabetes, clinical features suggestive of chronic cholestatic diseases and h/o alcoholism in controls were excluded from the present study. RESULTS: CLD was found to be more common in males (73.3%) than females. CLD was more common in lower socioeconomic status (63%). Male: female ratio is equal for chronic hepatitis C equals to one. Alcoholic cirrhosis, chronic alcohol hepatitis and primary hepatoma with cirrhosis were seen only in male and cryptogenic cirrhosis was seen in only female. Most of the cases had anemia. Cirrhosis is the most common cause for CLD (66.6%/20 cases). OGTT showed rise in blood sugar levels in cases which was significant when compared with control group (p<0.05). OGTT showed impaired response in 46.6% cases, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in 23.3%, diabetic response in 23.3% and normal response in 53.3% cases. Cirrhosis is the most common (78.5%) cause for impaired glucose response. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that CLD is more common in male and lower socioeconomic status. There is significant impaired response to glucose load in CLD. Cirrhosis, among CLD’s is the most common etiology for impaired response.
Janet Raymundo – Valdez La Consolacion University Philippines, Ryan Jay Dayao La Consolacion University Philippines, Emily J. Calupas, La Consolacion University Phil., Cherry - Anne Leti, Malinta National High School, Aprille V. Bantigue, Richwell Colleges Incorporated
Aggarval (2011) asserted the relevance of language in sending social messages about identity, status, origin, and social affiliation which could reveal the intellectual capacity and, even, education of an individual based on the acquired and spoken vocabulary. Using highfalutin words in speech impressed the educational and economic statuses of the speaker; thus, in the academic milieu, communication is part of the curriculum and public speaking has been integrated in all subjects through class presentations and oral participation or recitation. Students, therefore, need to hone their public speaking skills. The teachers’ apprehension on the public speaking anxiety of students brought a collaborative effort to assess the impact of receptive vocabulary level on the public speaking anxiety of three hundred eighty-six (386 ) Senior High School students from the First Semester of Academic Year 2019-2020 randomly selected from the ten thousand, six hundred fifty-three (10,653) in the eleven (11) different schools in Luzon where the Masterate student-researchers were employed. The study utilized the descriptive correlative research design which included the researcher’s interest, process, meaning, and understanding of words or pictures; thus, making a descriptive research qualitative in its method. Results of regression analysis suggested that the receptive vocabulary had significant impact on four (4) indicators including: perception, practice, delivery, and after delivery of the speech. Non-significant impact was found on preparation of the speech. Keywords: public speaking, public speaking anxiety, receptive vocabulary level
EVALUATION QUANTITATIVE DES RISQUES SANITAIRES ET ESTIMATION DE L’IMPACT SANITAIRE LIES A L’INGESTION D’UNE POLLUTION METALLIQUE DES EAUX DE CONSOMMATION EN MILIEU RURAL (HIRE, CÔTE D’IVOIRE)
Yapo Hermann Aristide Yapi, Amadou Kouyaté, Marc Irié Gouli Bi, Bini Kouamé Dongui, Albert Trokourey
The present study aims to make the quantitative assessment of health risks and to estimate the impact to evaluate the health impact related to the ingestion of arsenic, cadmium, lead, nickel and zinc contained in groundwater of the Bonikro gold prospect and the city of Hiré. The contents of these metal trace elements were determined by ICP-AES. From the concentrations obtained, we calculated the Hazard Quotients, determine the different probabilities of occurrence of skin cancer and count the number of cases of skin cancer likely to appear within the population. From these results, it is noted that this population runs health risks with hazard quotients evaluated greater than 1. Also, high probability of occurrence of skin cancer that far exceed the reference value of 1.10-5 with cases of skin cancer that could reach 4.3% of village populations.
CLINICAL, HEMATOLOGICAL,BIOCHEMICAL AND RADIOLOGICAL PREDICTORS OF SEVERITY AND OUTCOME IN DENGUE INFECTION
Dr.SUVARNA REKHA PUVVADA , Dr. LAKSHMIKANTH JAMALLA
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Dengue infection, the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral illness in humans, is caused by the dengue virus and is one of the most important tropical infectious diseases of the world. Several outbreaks of dengue infection have been reported from India. There are very few studies in children regarding predictors of severity and outcome in dengue infection. This study was undertaken to see if we can predict the severity and outcome of dengue infection based on clinical and laboratory parameters at time of admission. Objectives of the study: • To document the clinical profile of patients with Dengue. • To assess the association of AST, ALT and ultrasoundwith the severity of dengue infection. • To assess the association of CPK-MB with myocarditis in dengue infection. Methodology A hospital-based prospective observational analytical study was performed on 65 patients proven to be dengue positive [NS1 or IgM or IgG positive (card test or ELISA)] admitted in pediatric ward and pediatric intensive care unit. For these patients, specific investigations like complete hemogram which includes even platelet count and hematocrit, liver function tests (bilirubin, serum protein, AST, ALT, ALP), coagulation profile(PT,APTT), CPK-MB, chest x-ray, ultrasound abdomen and pelvis were done after admission. In these patients, we tried to predict the severity and outcome of dengue infection by assessing clinical, haematological, biochemical & radiological parameters Results: Among the 65 cases of dengue infection proven through rapid card test NS1, IgM, IgG positive or ELISA IgM positive ,25.4% , 40% & 34.6% cases belong to 0-5yrs, 6-10yrs & 11-14yrs respectively. 63% were males, and 37% were females. According to 2009 WHO classification 38.5% had dengue fever without warning signs (DF), 47.7% had dengue fever with warning signs (DFWS), and 13.8% had severe dengue(SD). Most common symptoms that they present within decreasing order are fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, myalgia, headache, loose stools, arthralgia, cough, cold, rashes, nausea etc& warning signs in decreasing order areabdominal pain, hepatomegaly , abdomen tenderness , raised hematocrit with reduced platelet count etc.TLC <4000 cells/mm3 was seen in 27 cases (41.5%), PCV ? 35% in 41 cases , PLT < 50,000/mm3 in 17 cases , PLT: 50,000 – 1 lakh/ mm3 in 11 cases, PLT > 1 -1.5 lakhs/ mm3 in 17 cases, PT > 13.5 sec. in 54 cases and APTT > 34 sec. in 47 cases, AST > 41U/L in 56 cases, ALT > 41U/L in 30 cases, CPK-MB > 26 U/L in 54 cases & albumin < 3.5g/dl in 34 cases. Chest X-ray finding was mainly consolidation and is seen in 44.4% of severe dengue cases and 6.5% of DFWS cases. Pleural effusion constituted about 0%, 25.8% & 33.3% in DF, DFWS & SD respectively which shows statistical significant difference with p=0.014 stating it is specific for DFWS & SD.Prolonged duration of stay is specific for severe dengue.Out of 65 cases 2 cases of SD (22.2%) expired. In ROC the composite index (AST2/ALT) was the most accurate (AUC 0.813; 95% CI 0.615 – 1.000) when optimal cut off is ? 400.4 with highest sensitivity (88.9%) and specificity (76.8%) stating that it may be used as a marker for identification of severe dengue based on admission AST and ALT Conclusion: PCV ? 35.95%, TLC< 6200/mm3, deranged coagulation profile, AST ? 156U/L, ALT ? 44U/L ,the composite index AST2/ALT (AUC 0.813; 95% CI 0.615 – 1.000) optimal cut off ?400.4 with a sensitivity of 88.9% and specificity of 76.8% and presence of polyserositis on USG/X-ray are predictive of Severe Dengue and should alert the clinician for more vigilant monitoring. Early prediction and anticipation of Severe Dengue and its prompt management can reduce the mortality associatedwith the diseaseand for proper counselling of the patients and their relatives. KEYWORDS: Dengue fever without warning signs, dengue fever with warning signs, severe dengue, AST, ALT, Composite Index, predictors.
Vijaya Yata, Okeke Chukwugoziem Bright
Haloperidol is a known antipsychotic that is administered in the treatment of neurological conditions such as hallucinations, mild to severe psychosis, agitated schizophrenia and other conditions related to mental impairment. This review consists of a base study of a seizure case (which occurs as a result of haloperidol poisoning), and a compilation of examined cases which detail the neurological complications associated with the use of haloperidol and antipsychotics in general, such as laryngeal dystonia, rhabdomyolysis associated seizures, etc.
Numerical Analysis of Single and Two Relay Cooperative Communication System with Different Diversity Protocols
Md. Mahabub Hossain, Md. Dulal Haque, and Md. Mehedi Islam
In this paper the comparative study of a cooperative communication system is analyzed under single and two-relay as well as different diversity protocol. The single and two relays with two retransmission protocols amplify and forward (AAF) and decode and forward (DAF) are implemented as well as four diversity combining techniques such as equal ratio combining (ERC), fixed ratio combining (FRC), signal to noise ratio combining (SNRC) and equal signal to noise ratio combining (ESNRC) are used at the destination for each protocol. When ERC or FRC is implemented for both AAF and DAF diversity protocols the two-relay system presents better performance compared to the single relay. On the other hand, two-relay cooperative system has shown improved system performance at lower SNRs for SNRC or ESNRC. The proposed two relays system using cooperative diversity can achieve remarkable benefits in wireless transmission and the performance can be enhanced of the transferred signal with improved channel quality.
Aditi Dand , Manasi Desai , Sukhada Prabhu
Aim: The purpose of the study was to compare risk factors of ankle sprains in karate players with and without ankle sprain. Materials and Method: Community based cross sectional study was conducted on fifty karate players, 25 players with history of ankle sprains and 25 players without history of ankle sprains. The karate players were recruited from various Karate institutes across Mumbai, Maharashtra. The subjects were evaluated and compared for Body Mass Index (BMI), balance using Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) , Range of Motion using goniometer, Ankle Strength using Manual Muscle Testing and Ankle joint position sense in players with and without ankle sprains. Results: The mean values of right ankle range of motion, ankle strength and ankle joint position sense and the normalized reach distance percentages for SEBT showed no significant difference in players with and without ankle sprain. The mean values for left ankle dorsiflexion range of motion showed a significant difference in players with and without ankle sprain where p<0.05. Conclusion: Based on the results of our study it can be concluded that the intrinsic risk factors for ankle sprain considered for this study like impaired balance, reduced ankle strength, reduced range of motion and affected joint position sense were not significantly different in karate players with and without ankle sprain and dorsiflexion range of motion in left leg was significantly different among the karate players with and without ankle sprain.
Dr Shruti Gupta¹ , Dr Ch. Nagesh², Dr Mohit Trivedi ³, Dr Ambrish Kumar Gupta?, ?, Shruti Dubey ?
Effects of Early Minimal Enteral Nutrition in Preterm Very Low Birthweight Infants with Absent or Reversal of End Diastolic Flow in Umbilical Arteries (AREDF) before Birth.
JayasreeChandramati, MD, Prasanth Karakad, MD, Sasidharan Ponthenkandath, MD.
Preterm very low birth infants are not fed early if there is shock or severe sepsis or respiratory distress. Traditionally if infants are sick enteral feedings are introduced slowly (at 4-5 days of age). Infants born with history of AREDF are given parenteral nutrition till enteral intake is adequate (7-10 days). We studied the effect of early MEN (at 24 hours of age) in VLBW (<32 weeks gestation) infantswith AREDF (MEN group- n=12;controls-n=14). The results of this study reveals that the outcome of infants fed with early MEN is better with shorter length of stay, faster regaining of birth weight, shorter duration of parenteral nutrition and better tolerance of feedings. These data suggest that early MEN can be safely implemented in preterm VLBW infants with history of AREDF with no adverse outcomes.
Abstract Background : Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine condition affecting women of reproductive age and characterized by chronic anovulation, hyperandrogenism, and polycystic ovaries. PCOS patients usually develop thyroid disorders which have an adverse effect on fertility and other hormones. Hence this study was done to estimate levels of TSH , LH, FSH, and Prolactin. Aims &Objectives: To study levels of TSH , LH, FSH, and Prolactin and to compare it with healthy matched controls Materials & Methods: The study was conducted in Department of Biochemistry ,Kurnool Medical College and Department of Obstetrics & Gynaecology , Government General Hospital , Kurnool Results:The PCOS group exhibited significantly higher mean thyroidstimulating hormone level , luteinizing hormone level.The study showed that LH is raised in PCOS with p value of 0.0001 which is statistically significant. The ratio of LH/FSH was more than 2:1in cases. and a non-significantly higher follicle-stimulating hormone level than the control group. Prolactin levels were normal. Conclusion: The findings of the study showed that PCOS is associated with hypothyroidism and other hormonal imbalance as compared to normal population. So Hormonal dysfunctions in PCOS manifested together or independently. PCOS women can be sub grouped based on clinical features suggestive of endocrinological malfunctions and can be investigated accordingly for selection of appropriate treatment modalities. Keywords: Polycystic ovarian syndrome(PCOS), hormonal profile. TSH, LH, FSH ,Prolactin.
Ado Salifou Hadiza1,2, Abarchi Idrissa3, Oumani Amadou Abdoulaye4, Yamba Boubacar1
Peng Lin, Lixin Yang
This paper discussed the research content from five parts. The first chapter mainly introduced the background and significance of the research and the research status at home and abroad. The second chapter introduced the theoretical knowledge and implementation of the research method, namely the random forest algorithm. The third chapter introduced the index system of city classification.The fourth chapter introduced the establishment of stochastic forest algorithm model and discusses the feasibility of the model from the model results. The fifth chapter made a summary of the whole thesis.
Hypertension portale et grossesse : Experience du service de gynecologie-obstetrique II du CHU Hassan II de Fes, a propos de cinq cas colligés durant l année 2017-2018.
NYINGONE Solène, KRIOUILE Meryem, CHAARA Hikmat, FDILI ALAOUI Fatima-Zahra, JAYI Sofia, MELHOUF Moulay Abdelilah
Il s\\\'agit d\\\'une étude faite dans notre service, exposant la prise en charge de l\\\'hypertension portale chez la femme enceinte.
NYINGONE Solène, FDILI ALAOUI Fatima-Zahra, JAYI Sofia, CHAARA Hikmat, LAMRANI ALAOUI Moulay Youssef, MELHOUF Moulay Abdelilah
Il s\\\'agit d\\\'une expérience du service de gynécologie obstétrique du CHU Hassan II de Fès portant sur la Prise en charge des grossesses ovariennes se rapportant à la littérature.
CONCEPTUAL STUDY OF NIDANARTHAKARA ROGA [A DISEASE ITSELF BECOME CAUSATIVE FACTOR FOR SOME OTHER DISEASE] PRATISHYAY [RHINITIS], KASA [COUGH], KSHAYA [TUBERCULOSIS] AND SHOSHA [WASTING]
Dr.Ambika K. Gutthe, Dr. Sachin Deva
Nidan [causative factor] plays an important role in course and onset of any disease. It may become the cause of another disease. This concept is explained by Acharya Charaka under the heading ‘’Nidanarthakara roga’’ [a disease itself become causative factor for some other disease].Further he has narrated the example of nidanarthakara roga [a disease itself become causative factor for some other disease] as ‘’Pratishyaya [rhinitis] kasa [cough] kshaya [Tuberculosis] shosha [wasting] .In day to day practice it is very important to know the nidanarthakaratwa of any disease. It not only leads to development of another disease but also hamper the immunity of patient. In this attempt an effort is made to understand nidanarthakara vyadhi [a disease itself become causative factor for some other disease] and to make ware people about Nidanartharatwa of Pratishyaya [rhinitis]
INFLUENCE OF TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP, ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE, AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT TOWARDS WORK ETHICS OF EMPLOYEE EDUCATION SERVICES IN NORTH BENGKULU REGENCY
Hendra, Mukhneri, Maaruf
The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of transformational leadership, organizational culture and organizational commitment on the work ethic of North Bengkulu Regency Education Office employees. The study was conducted on a work ethic with a study population of 84 and a sample selection of 69 employees of the North Bengkulu Education Office. This research uses a quantitative approach with a path analysis method. The results showed that: (1) transformational leadership had a direct positive effect on work ethic, (2) organizational culture had a positive direct effect on work ethic, (3) organizational commitment had a positive direct effect on work ethic, (4) transformational leadership had a direct positive effect on organizational commitment, (5) organizational culture has a direct positive effect on organizational commitment, (6) transformational leadership has a direct positive effect on organizational culture. Based on the results of research to improve the work ethic of North Bengkulu district education office employees that need to be improved are Transformational leadership, organizational culture and organizational commitment.
MS. BHAVNA AGARWAL DR. HIMANSHU AGARWAL DR. PARVEZ TALIB
THE IMPLEMENTATION OF FUZZY FAILURE MODE AND EFFECT ANALYSIS (FFMEA) IN REDUCING THE RISK OF RUBBER AUTOMOTIVE SPARE PARTS
D A Marizka, Y Arkeman, S Rahardja, H Hardomidjojo, O Suparno
Reducing a risk cannot be separated from the implementation of an integrated production systems quality control, so that, the output is marketable. Hence, the implementation of Fuzzy Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FFMEA) will generate many problems especially in terms of increasing the cost, time and work as existences of the problems in the implementation of FFMEA in reduced the risk. Rubber automotive SME’s needs to apply a method of FFMEA that is easy to apply and give good results to reduce and prevents the occurrence of such damage. Furthermore, to explore the impact of the implementation FFMEA in quality control and reducing production risk of SMEs, a total of 8 rubber automotive spare parts companies in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. It found, that in Indonesian SMEs, the implementation of FFMEA is not an easy task to give good results. Some problems faced by SME’s are still high damage on Rubber Seal production process. The results of the discussion show that the biggest problem experienced by the injection forming process section because it has the highest Fuzzy Risk Priority number (FRPN) value of 717. This method has advantages, which can prevent or detect earlier from the damage experienced and can determine which type of damage should be prioritized to be given the solution gradually.
Ibrahim Tasneem, Peerally Sakina
In this work, we aimed to study the existence of any relationship between knowledge about health effects of Cigarette smoking and the intention to quit smoking among Mauritian secondary schools students. The objectives were to identify the prevalence of intention to quit smoking among current smokers, determine smokers’ knowledge about health hazards of smoking and to assess the impact of knowledge about health risk of smoking on the intention to quit smoking. A survey was carried out by means of questionnaires which were distributed to the secondary school students. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS, version 24. The findings of the study revealed that 85% of current smoker had an intention to quit smoking; it was also found that none of the smoker had complete awareness towards all the health effects of smoking assessed and a direct linear relationship between knowledge about health hazards of smoking and intention to quit smoking was noted (Pearson correlation coefficient, r = 0.729).
The ideology of ‘Socialism’ is the outcome of philosophy of Karl Marx; according to him Socialism, is a society which serves the needs of man. For Marx, socialism meant the social order which permits the return of man to himself, the identity between existence and essence, the overcoming of the separateness and antagonism between subject and object, the humanization of nature; it meant a world in which man is no longer a stranger among strangers, but is in his world, where he is at home. However the term Socialism is often associated with the concept of state ownership of the means of production. However, there are several variants of socialism such as Fabian socialism, utopian socialism and likewise. One such variant is ‘Democratic socialism’. The democratic socialism is a way of organizing society that guarantees all people decent and dignified lives. Democratic socialists believe that both the economy and society should run democratically with the aim of fulfilling public needs, and not merely to make profits for a few. Democratic socialism means the blending of socialist and democratic methods together in order to build up an acceptable and viable political and economic structure. To put it in other words, to arrive at socialist goals through democratic means.
OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESS PARAMETERS FOR ENHANCED THERMOSTABLE LIPASE PRODUCTION BY BACILLUS SUBTILIS SHVSC04
Leena Ambasana, Dr. Neepa Pandhi
Thermophilic lipases are stable at higher temperatures, which enhance their demand in industrial applications. In the present study, thermostable lipase was produced from bacterial strain Bacillus subtilis SHVSC04 (MN565992) isolated from Tuva Timba hot spring, Gujarat, India. Isolate displayed maximum growth in basal medium augmented with 3% sucrose, 3% yeast extract and 2 % salt at pH 7 and 50°C in 48 h. Whereas, isolate produced maximum lipase in tributyrin agar medium with pH 7, enriched with 3% sucrose, 3% yeast extract and incubated at 50°C in 72 h. Tributyrin (2%) was found to be the best substrate for lipase production in submerged conditions. The amount of lipase was increased by 1.5 fold upon optimization of different environmental and nutritional parameters. The enzyme retained 84% activity at 60°C and 70% of activity at 70°C for 1h. The present findings advocate that hot springs in Gujarat are a substantial source of thermostable bacteria producing enzymes of industrial importance.