BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF SOIL BORNE PATHOGENS (FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM F.SP. CUCUMERINUM.) OF CUCUMBER (CUCUMIS SATIVUS) BY TRICHODERMA SP.
- Center of Excellence, Department of Botany, University of Lucknow, Lucknow-226 007. India
- Cite This Article as
- Corresponding Author
Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) is very valuable crop plant in India. Direct application of Trichoderma sp .has proved effective in controlling the infection by Fusarium (soil borne pathogen) one of cucumber plants under greenhouse conditions. A wilt caused by Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Cucumerinum is a majer problem in the production of Cucumis sativus (Cucumber) plants. In dual culture a significant reduction was observed. Positive correlation between added Trichoderma and percentage of healthy cucumber seedlings were detected. Improved seedling vigour was noticed in fungal antagonist filtrate treated seeds evidenced by maximum shoot length (19.5 cm respectively) followed by fungal antagonist suspension treated pot (20 cm) while untreated seeds in inoculated control (respectively). Percent seedling mortality was recovered in untreated seeds in uninoculated soil was 40%, in coated seeds in inoculated soil was 6.25%, in filtrate treated seeds in inoculated soil was 12.5% and untreated seeds in inoculated soil was 87%.Percent disease control was calculated to be 86.99% for antagonist filtrate treated seeds in infected soil and 93.62% for antagonist coated seeds in infected soil over untreated seeds in Fusarium infested soil taken as check so the strongly suggest that Trichoderma sp can ve exploited for the biological control of soil borne pathogens ( Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. Cucumerinum.).
- Cho, C.T, Moon, B.J and Ha, S.Y. (1989). Biological control of Fusarium oxysporum cucumerinum causing cucumber wilt by Gliocladium virens and Trichoderma harzianum. Korean J. of Plant Pathology. 5:239-249.
- Elad, Y. Chet, I and Katan, J. (1980). Trichoderma harzianum: A bio control agent effective against Sclerotium rofsii and Rhizoctonia Phytopathology. 70: 119-121.
- Fernandez, M.R. (1992). The effect of Trichoderma harzianum on fungal pathogens infested soyabean residue. Soil BioI. Biochem.24:1027-1029.
- Freeman, S. Zveibil, A. Vintal, H and Maymon, M. (2002). Isolation of nonpathogenic mutants of Fusarium oxysporum f.sp. melonis for biological control of Fusarium wilt in cucurbits. : 92:164-168.
- Hadar, Y. Chet, I and Henis, Y. (1979). Biological control of Rhizoctonia solani damping off with wheat bran culture of Trichoderma harzianum. Phytopathology. 69:64-98.
- Jee, H.J and Kim, H.K. (1987). Isolation, identification and antagonisms of rhizosphere antagonists to cucumber wilt pathogen, Fusaium oxysporum fsp. cucumerinum Korean J. Plant Pathology. 3:187-197.
- Khurakrang, L. Kabitarani, A.Upadhyay, S and Upadhyay D.N.(2002). Disease control and growth promotion in tomato, potato and paddy by Trichoderma viride and T. harzianum. Indian J. Plan Pathology. 20(1 and 2) : 25-29.
- Kim, W.G; Cho, W.D; and Jee, H.J. (1999). Occurence of sclerotic rot on cucurbitaceous vegetable crops in green houses. Korea. J. of Mycology. 27: 198-205.
- Larena, I. Melgareja, P. and De Cal, V. (2002). Production, survival and evaluation of solid -substrate inocula of Penicillium oxalicum, a biocontrol agent against Fusarium wilt of tomato. 92:863-86\'9.
- Manoranjitham, S.K. Prakasam. V. and Rajappan, K. (1999). Effect of antagonists on Pythium aphanidermatum (edson) Fitz and the growth of Chilli seedlings. Bioi. Control. 13: 101-106.
- Moon, B.J. Chung, H.S and Cho, C.T. (1988). Studies on antagonism of Trichoderma sp. to Fusarium oxysporum .fr. fragariae Isolation, identification and antagonistic properties of Trichoderma species. Korean, J. Plant Pathology. 4:111-123.
- Weindling, R. (1934). Studies on lethal principle effective in parasitic action of Trichoderma lignorum on Rhizoctonia solani and other soil fungi. Phytopathology. 24: 1153-1174.
[Madhu Prakash Srivastava. (2017); BIOLOGICAL CONTROL OF SOIL BORNE PATHOGENS (FUSARIUM OXYSPORUM F.SP. CUCUMERINUM.) OF CUCUMBER (CUCUMIS SATIVUS) BY TRICHODERMA SP. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (1). 1-9] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/2713 DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/2713
Share this article
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.