SMOKING PATTERN IN A GROUP OF TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS, EXPERIENCE OF A MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL OF BANGLADESH.
- Assistant Professor of Pathology, Jahurul Islam Medical College, Kishoregonj, Bangladesh. Registrar, National Institute of ENT, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Medical Officer, Jahurul Islam Medical College Hospital, Kishoregonj, Bangladesh. Assistant Professor of Pathology, Abdul Malek Ukil Medical College, Noakhali, Bangladesh.
- Cite This Article as
- Corresponding Author
Background: Tuberculosis is among the major causes of illness and death worldwide especially in Asia. Smoking is associated with recurrent tuberculosis and its related mortality. Also, it could affect clinical manifestations, bacteriological conversion and outcome of treatment. This study aimed to evaluate the pattern of tobacco smoking, history of previous quit attempts and attitude towards quitting in tuberculosis patients. Materials and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study done amongst tuberculosis patients coming to DOTS corner of Jahurul Islam Medical College Hospital. 630 patients were included in the study over the period of two years. Data was collected according to the standard questionnaires of smoking pattern. Results: Sixty one percent (61%) patients (n=384) were smoker before the diagnosis of tuberculosis. 50.8% were current smokers at the time of interview and were continuing smoking after the diagnosis of tuberculosis. Only 10.2% discontinued smoking after diagnosis. 68.2% smokes smokes less than 10 cigarettes per day. 53.1% was between 31-50 age group. 21-30 is the commonest age group (62%) to start smoking. To reduce stress was the most common cause to continue smoking (48.9%). 71.9% smokers showed keen interest to stop smoking. Conclusion: Considering the prevalence of smoking in tuberculosis patients, evaluation of tobacco smoking status in these group of patients and motivating them to quit smoking could be considered as important steps in their treatment process.
- WHO report 2008, Global tuberculosis control surveillance, planning, financing. who.int/tb/publications/global_ report/2008/pdf/fullreport.pdf.
- WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic, 2008. The MPOWER Package. http://www.who.int/tobacco/ mpower/en/index/html.
- Mohammad K, Noorbala AA, Majdzadeh SR, Karimloo M. Trends of Prevalence of Tobacco consumption in Iran (1370- 78). According to two National Health and disease projects. Hakim Journal. 2000; 197: 290- 294.
- Gullón Blanco JA, Suárez Toste I, Lecuona Fernández M, Galindo Morales R, Fernández Alvarez R, Rubinos Cuadrado G et al. Tobacco smoking and sputum smear conversion in pulmonary tuberculosis. Med Clin (Barc). 2007; 128 (15): 565- 568.
- Slama K, Chiang CY, Enarson DA. Educational series: Tobacco and Tuberculosis. Tobacco cessation intervention for tuberculosis patients. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007; 11(6): 612- 616.
- Abal AT, Jayakrishnan B, Parwer S, El Shamy A, Abahussain E, Sharma PN. Effect of cigarette smoking on sputum smear conversion in adults with active pulmonary tuberculosis. Respir Med. 2005; 99 (4): 415- 420.
- Peto R, Chen ZM, Boreham J. Tobacco – the growing epidemic. Nat Med 1999, 5(1):15-17.
- Sopori M: Effects of cigarette smoke on the immune system. Nat Rev Immunol 2002, 2(5):372-377.
- Chiang CY, Slama K, Enarson DA: Tobacco use and tobacco control. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 2007, 11(4):381-385.
- Gajalakshmi V, Peto R, Kanaka TS, Jha P. Smoking and mortality from tuberculosis and other diseases in India: Retrospective study of 43000 adult male deaths and 35000 controls. Lancet. 2003; 362 (9383): 507- 515.
- Thomas A, Gopi PG, Santha T, Chandrasekaran V, Subramani R, Selvakumar N et al. Predictors of relapse among pulmonary tuberculosis patients treated in a DOTS program in South India. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2005; 9 (5): 556- 561.
- El Sony A, Slama K, Salieh M, Elhaj H, Adam K, Hassan A et al. Feasibility of brief tobacco cessation advice for tuberculosis patients: A study from Sudan. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2007; 11 (2): 150155.
[Abu Khalid Muhammad Maruf Raza, Muhammad Rafiqul Islam, Mahfujun Nahar and Zaman Ahmed. (2017); SMOKING PATTERN IN A GROUP OF TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS, EXPERIENCE OF A MEDICAL COLLEGE HOSPITAL OF BANGLADESH. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (1). 144-148] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
Assistant Professor of Pathology, Jahurul Islam Medical College, Bajitpur, Kishoregonj, Bangladesh.
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/2731 DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/2731
Share this article
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.