EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ETIOLOGY OF CORNEAL ULCER WORLDWIDE SYSTEMATIC REVIEW
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Background: Infectious keratitis (corneal ulcer) is defined as a corneal characterized as a corneal inflammatory process connected with an overlying epithelial damage and it’s a vision-threatening medical condition displaying in all age population and either sex that changes in morbidity rate through worldwide, its caused by bacteria, fungi, protozoa or viruses, and presents with pain, photophobia and redness. If left untreated, apart from scar formation, it can lead to endophthalmitis and even corneal perforation and blindness. Objectives: The aims of this corneal ulceration study was therefore to establish the incidence of different types infectious corneal ulcers and to discuss the evidence based treatment that were approved in different world wide studies. Methodology:we conducted a systematic review study that performed through Comprehensive literature search was performed in MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials using combinations of the following search terms: \\\"corneal diseases, corneal keratitis\\\" or \\\"corneal ulcer. Epidemiology, Etiology, treatment\\\" our search was ended on 14th of July 2016. Conclusion: Corneal Keratitis is an important cause of ophthalmic disorders worldwide. Most common causes of corneal ulceration include including the infectious keratitis which is caused by bacterial, fungal, viral, and protozoan, the diagnosis of which is made on clinical examination aided by microbiological demonstration in smears or cultures from corneal tissues.
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[Lama H. Saleh. (2017); EPIDEMIOLOGY AND ETIOLOGY OF CORNEAL ULCER WORLDWIDE SYSTEMATIC REVIEW Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (1). 198-204] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
king Fahad Specialist hospital
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/2738 DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/2738
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