20Jan 2017

Some Aspects on the Taxonomy and Identification of Corals.

  • A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, National Scientific Center of Marine Biology, Far East Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok 690041.
Crossref Cited-by Linking logo
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Cite This Article as
  • Corresponding Author

A brief analysis of the taxonomy and the identification methods of corals are provided. The attention is drawn to difficulties and mistakes, which have occurred in their systematics, in the selection of type-species and their holotypes. Modern methods for morphometric, biochemical, and genetic researches are considered using examples in solving taxonomic problems and identifying corals. It is concluded that the taxonomy of corals came into the historical stage in the twenty-first century, when the previous nomenclature uncertainty began to be removed due to the availability of all data connecting taxonomic, phylogenetic, biogeographical, ecological, paleontological, and bibliographical, as well as environmental data.

  1. Agassiz, L. (1880): Report on the Florida reefs. Mem. Mus. Compar. Zool. Harvard College. 7: 1–61.
  2. Arrigoni, R., Stefani, F., Pichon, M., Galli, P., Benzoni, F. (2012): Molecular phylogeny of the robust clade (Faviidae, Mussidae, Merulinidae, and Pectiniidae): an Indian Ocean perspective. Molec. Phylog. Evol. 65 (1):183-93.
  3. Dana, J.D. (1846): Atlas of zoophytes. United States exploring expedition during the years 1838–1842. Philadelphia: Lea and Blanchard. 1–740 p. 61 pls.
  4. deBlainville, H.M.D. (1834): Manuel d’actinologie, ou de zoophytologie. Planches. Paris: F.G. Levrault, 1–101 p.
  5. Ellis, J., and Solander, D. (1786): The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes collected from various parts of the globe. London. 1: 1–208. pl. 1–63.
  6. Fukami, H. (2008): Short review: molecular phylogenetic analyses of reef corals Journal of Coral Reef Studies.10: 47-55.
  7. Gravier, Ch. (1911): Les recifs de corauxet les Madreporaires de la baie de Tadjourah (Golfed\'Aden). Ann. Inst, oceanogr. 2(3): 1-99.
  8. Haime, J. and, Milne Edwards H. (1857): Histoire Naturelle des CoralliairesouPolypesproprementdits. Vol. 2. In Milne Edwards H, Haime J. Paris: Roret, 1–633.
  9. Haeckel, E. (1876): EinAusflugnach der Korallenbänken des RothenMeeres und einBlick in das Leben der Korallenthiere. Berlin: Georg Reimer. 48.
  10. Huang, D., Meier, R., Todd, P.A. and, Chou, L.M. (2009): More evidence for pervasive paraphyly in scleractinian corals: Systematic study of Southeast Asian Faviidae (Cnidaria; Scleractinia) based on molecular and morphological data. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 50 (1):102-116.
  11. Latypov, Yu.Ya. (1984): M.: Nauka. 92 p, (In Russian)
  12. Latypov, Y.Y. (1990): KorallyskleraktiniiV’etnama. Tamnasteriidy, Astrotseniidy, Potsilloporidy, Dendrofilliidy [Scleractinian Corals of Vietnam. Thamnasteriidae, Astroceniidae, Pocilloporidae, Dendrophylliidae]. Nauka, Moscow, 80 p. (In Russian)
  13. Latypov, Yuri.Ya. (2014): SCLERACTINIAN CORALS OF VIETNAM. Science Publishing Group, p. I-XXXIV, 1-481.
  14. Latypov, Yu.Ya. (2015): Particular qualities of identification and taxonomy of some
  15. Species. 13(40): 29-41.
  16. Latypov, Yu. Ya. (2016a):  Particular Qualities of Identification and Taxonomy of Some ScleractinianFaviidae Gregory, 1900, (Scleractinia: Faviina). Intern. J. Mar. Scie. 6(11): 1-10.
  17. Latypov, Yu.Ya. (2016b): Particular Qualities of Identification and Taxonomy of Some Scleractinian (Scleractinia: Astrocoeniina) Family AcroporidaeVerrill, 1903. Intern. J. Mar.Sci. 6(16): 1-8.
  18. Latypov, Yu.,Ya., Dautova, T.,N., and Moshenko, A.,V,. (1998): The principles and
  19. Methods of the CNIDARIA classification. Vladivostok, Dalnauka, 244.
  20. Linnaeus, C. (1758): SystemaNaturae per regna trianaturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus I. Regnum Animale. Holmiae. EditioDecima. Reformata. 824 p.
  21. Manchenko, G.P. (1984): Handbook of detection of enzymes on electrophoretic gels. CRC Press. Boca Raton..
  22. Manchenko, G.,P., Dautova, T.,N., and Latypov, Yu.Ya.(2000): High level of genetic divergence between sympatric color morphs of the littoral sea anemone Anthopleuraoriennalis (Anthozoa: Actiniaria). Bioch. Syst. Ecol. 28: 737-750.
  23. Mayr, E.W. (1969): Principles of Systematic Zoology. McGraw-Hill. 411 p.
  24. Müller, P.L.S. (1775): Des Ritters Carl von LinnévollständigesNatursystemnach der zwölftenlateinischenAusgabe, und nachAnleitung des holländischenHouttuynischenWerks, miteinerausführlichenErklärung, ausgefertiget von Philipp Ludwig Statius.Nürnberg: Raspe. 6: 1–960. pl. 20–37.
  25. Pace, S. (1830): On the corallum of Turbinaria. J. Linn. Soc. Lond. 28: 358-365.
  26. Stutchbury, S. (1830): An account of the mode of growth of young corals of the genus Fungia. Linn. Soc.16: 493–498.
  27. Thorpe, J.,P., and Sole-Cava, A.,M. The use of allozyme electrophoresis in invertebrate systematic. Zool. Scr. 23: 3-18.
  28. Vaughan, T.,W. (1907): Recent Madreporaria of the Hawaiian Islands and Laysan. S. Natl. Mus. Bull. 59: 1-427.
  29. Verrill, A.E. (1864): List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. 1: 29-60.
  30. Vaughan, T.,W., and Wells, J.W. (1943): Revision of the sub-orders, families and genera of the Scleractinia. Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Pap. 44: 1-363.
  31. Veron, J.E.N. (1995): Corals in space and time. New York: Cornell University Press. 321 p.
  32. Veron, J.E.N. (2000): Corals of the World. Volumes 1–3. Darwin. Perth: Austral. Inst. Mar. Sci. 382 p.
  33. Veron ,J.E.N. (2013): Overview of the taxonomy of zooxanthellateScleractinia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 24 p.
  34. Veron, J.E.N., and Pichon, M. (1976): Scleractinia of Eastern Australia.I Families Thamnasteriidae, Astrocoeniidae, Pocilloporidae. Inst. Mar. Scie. Mon. Ser. 1:1–86.
  35. Wells, J.W. (1956): The Scleractinia .Treatise on invertebrate paleontology. Pt I TheCoelenterata. Lawrence: Univ. Kans. Press. P. 328-444.
  36. Wood-Jones, F. (1907): On the growth form and supposed species in corals. Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond. P. 318-585.
  37. Wright, S. (1978): Evolution and the genetics of populations. Vol. 4. Variability within and among natural population. Chicago. University of Chicago Press. 590 p.

[Yu.Ya. Latypov. (2017); Some Aspects on the Taxonomy and Identification of Corals. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (1). 363-370] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

Yuri Latypov
A.V. Zhirmunsky Institute of Marine Biology, National Scientific Center of Marine Biology


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/2755       DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/2755

Share this article