Heavy metal stress in plants: a review
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Heavy metals, such as cadmium, copper, lead, chromium and mercury are major environmental pollutants, particularly in areas with high anthropogenic pressure. Heavy metal accumulation in soils is of great concern in agricultural production due to the adverse effects on food safety and marketability, crop growth due to phytotoxicity, and environmental health of soil organisms. The influence of plants and their metabolic activities affects the geological and biological redistribution of heavy metals through pollution of the air, water and soil. A common consequence of heavy metal toxicity is the excessive accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and methylglyoxal (MG), both of which can cause peroxidation of lipids, oxidation of protein, inactivation of enzymes, DNA damage and/or interact with other vital constituents of plant cells. This review focuses on effect of heavy metals on plant growth, yield and their mode of toxic effects in plants.
[Mukti Gill (2014); Heavy metal stress in plants: a review Int. J. of Adv. Res. 2 (6). 0] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
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