PREVALENCE AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ROAD TRAFFIC CRASH AMONG BAJAJ AND MOTOR BICYCLE DRIVERS IN NEGELLE ARSI TOWN, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, SOUTH EAST ETHIOPIA
- Department of Anesthesia, Negelle Arsi General Hospital and Medical College, Negelle Arsi, Ethiopia
- Department of Surgery, Negelle Arsi General Hospital and Medical College, Negelle Arsi, Ethiopia
- Cite This Article as
- Corresponding Author
Background: A road traffic accident is a serious public health problem in the world. It is an accident that occurred on a way or street open to public traffic. Objectives: To assess Prevalence and Factors Associated with Road Traffic Crash among Bajaj and Motor bicycle Drivers from March 2016 to April 2019 at Negelle Arsi Town, South-East Ethiopia. Methods: Quantitative cross-sectional studies with a sample size of 330 drivers were conducted from April 10-20, 2019. The study was conducted among Bajaj and Motor bicycle drivers. After proportion to size allocation for Bajaj (206) and Motor bicycle (124) drivers, we used simple random sampling method. Data was collected with face to face interview using pretested questioners. Bivariate and multivariate analysis was done using SPSS version 21. Results: Generally, among 322 total respondents, 92 (28.6%) of the Bajaj and Motorcycle drivers ever had experience of road traffic accident in the last three years. Eight respondents were excluded from the study as a result of not availed during data collection and incomplete response to the survey. Out of the total drivers who were experienced road traffic accident, 70 (76.1%) and 22(23.9%) were Bajaj and Motorcycle drivers respectively. The mean age of the respondents was 26.5. All of them were 322 (100.0%) males. Significant percent 261 (81.0%) had a habit of using mobile phone while driving and 57(17.7%) had experience of driving after drinking alcohol. More than half, 203 (63.0%) followed the recommended speed limit of driving.271 (84.2%) had not chewed chat and 120(37.3%) were listened FM radio while driving. About 124(38.5%) of them had experience of punishment or warning by traffic police. Conclusions: 92 (28.6%) of the Bajaj and Motorcycle drivers had experience of road traffic accident in the last three years. Risk factors identified includes vehicle Mechanical problems, Speedy driving, Listening Radio programme, Drink-driving, Chat-chewing and Mobile phone use while driving. Interventions targeted at developing negative attitude towards risky driving behaviors on drivers to bring positive behavioral changes.
- Abegaz, T., Berhane, Y., Worku, A., & Assrat, A. (2014). Effectiveness of an improved road safety policy in Ethiopia: an interrupted time series study. BMC public health, 14(1), 539.
- Al-Aseeri, B., & Oghuehi, K. C. (2013). Assessing the effects of mobile phone use, test messages and chatting on social media among Saudi and Non-Saudi drivers. International Journal of Applied, 3(7).
- Al-Ghaweel, I., Mursi, S. A., Jack, J. P., & Joel, I. (2009). Factors affecting road traffic accidents in Benghazi, Libya. Journal of family & community medicine, 16(1), 7.
- Al Reesi, H., Al Maniri, A., Plankermann, K., Al Hinai, M., Al Adawi, S., Davey, J., & Freeman, J. (2013). Risky driving behavior among university students and staff in the Sultanate of Oman. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 58, 1-9.
- Asefa, N. G., Ingale, L., Shumey, A., & Yang, H. (2016). 902 Prevalence and factors associated with road traffic crash among taxi drivers in mekelle town, Northern Ethiopia, 2014: a cross sectional study: BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.
- Beenstock, M., & Gafni, D. (2000). Globalization in road safety: explaining the downward trend in road accident rates in a single country (Israel). Accident Analysis & Prevention, 32(1), 71-84.
- Castle, I.-J. P., Yi, H.-Y., Hingson, R. W., & White, A. M. (2014). State variation in underreporting of alcohol involvement on death certificates: Motor vehicle traffic crash fatalities as an example. Journal of studies on alcohol and drugs, 75(2), 299-311.
- Chalya, P. L., Mabula, J. B., Dass, R. M., Mbelenge, N., Ngayomela, I. H., Chandika, A. B., & Gilyoma, J. M. (2012). Injury characteristics and outcome of road traffic crash victims at Bugando Medical Centre in Northwestern Tanzania. Journal of trauma management & outcomes, 6(1), 1.
- Chandran, A., Hyder, A. A., & Peek-Asa, C. (2010). The global burden of unintentional injuries and an agenda for progress. Epidemiologic reviews, 32(1), 110-120.
- de Carvalho Ponce, J., Mu?oz, D. R., Andreuccetti, G., de Carvalho, D. G., & Leyton, V. (2011). Alcohol-related traffic accidents with fatal outcomes in the city of Sao Paulo. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 43(3), 782-787.
- Getachew, S., Ali, E., Tayler-Smith, K., Hedt-Gauthier, B., Silkondez, W., Abebe, D., . . . Edwards, J. (2016). The burden of road traffic injuries in an emergency department in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Public health action, 6(2), 66-71.
- Gopalakrishnan, S. (2012). A public health perspective of road traffic accidents. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 1(2), 144.
- Harrison, E. L., & Fillmore, M. T. (2011). Alcohol and distraction interact to impair driving performance. Drug and alcohol dependence, 117(1), 31-37.
- Hassen, A., Godesso, A., Abebe, L., & Girma, E. (2011). Risky driving behaviors for road traffic accident among drivers in Mekele city, Northern Ethiopia. BMC research notes, 4(1), 535.
- Islam, M. M., & Al Hadhrami, A. (2012). Increased motorization and road traffic accidents in Oman. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences, 3(6), 907-914.
- La, Q. N., Lee, A. H., Meuleners, L. B., & Van Duong, D. (2013). Prevalence and factors associated with road traffic crash among taxi drivers in Hanoi, Vietnam. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 50, 451-455.
- Lam, L. T. (2004). Environmental factors associated with crash-related mortality and injury among taxi drivers in New South Wales, Australia. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 36(5), 905-908.
- Males, M. (2009). Traffic Crash Victimizations of California Children and Teenagers by Drinking Over-21 Drivers. Californian Journal of Health Promotion, 7(2).
- Mishra, B., Sinha, N. D., Sukhla, S., & Sinha, A. (2010). Epidemiological study of road traffic accident cases from Western Nepal. Indian journal of community medicine: official publication of Indian Association of Preventive & Social Medicine, 35(1), 115.
- Nordberg, E. (2000). Injuries as a public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa: epidemiology and prospects for control. East African medical journal, 77(12 Suppl), S1-43.
- Organization, W. H. (2010). Violence, injuries and disability: biennial report 2008-2009.
- Peden, M., Scurfield, R., Sleet, D., Mohan, D., Hyder, A. A., Jarawan, E., & Mathers, C. D. (2004). World report on road traffic injury prevention: World Health Organization Geneva.
- Violence, W. H. O. D. o., Prevention, I., Violence, W. H. O., Prevention, I., & Organization, W. H. (2009). Global status report on road safety: time for action: World Health Organization.
- Zhang, X., Hongyan, Y., Guoqing, H., Mengjing, C., Yue, G., & Xiang, H. (2013). Basic characteristics of road traffic deaths in China. Iranian journal of public health, 42(1), 7.
[Ashebir Nigussie Yirgu and Segni Bekele Wakwaya (2020); PREVALENCE AND FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ROAD TRAFFIC CRASH AMONG BAJAJ AND MOTOR BICYCLE DRIVERS IN NEGELLE ARSI TOWN, OROMIA REGIONAL STATE, SOUTH EAST ETHIOPIA Int. J. of Adv. Res. 8 (1). 145-153] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/10275 DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/10275
Share this article
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.