THE EFFECT OF INDIGENOUS AZOTOBACTER ISOLATE ON RICE RESULTS OF SRI AND LAND QUALITY METHODS
- Department of Plantation Cultivation, State Agricultural Polytechnic Payakumbuh, Tanjung Pati Highway 7 km District District Limapuluh Kota Harau 26271
- Department of Food Crop Cultivation, State Agricultural Polytechnic Payakumbuh, Tanjung Pati Highway 7 km District District Limapuluh Kota Harau 26271
- Cite This Article as
- Corresponding Author
Nonsymbiotic N-fixing bacteria including rhizobacteria play a role in providing N elements for plants. Some types of rhizobacteria can function as Ryzobacteria Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR). Indigenous rhizobacteria are more adaptive and efficient because rhizobacteria colonies develop well in the soil in accordance with their habitat, so N fixation is greater. Pot experiments were carried out using a Completely Randomized Design with a combination of 3 types of indigenous N fixing isolates, namely: I1: Isolate A1.bk, I2: Isolate A2.bb.p, I3: Isolate A3.tt.k, I4: Isolate (Isolate A 1.bk + A 2.bb.p), I5: Isolate (Isolate A 1.bk + A3.tt.k), I6: Isolate (A 2.bb.p + A3.tt.k), I7: Isolate (A1.bk + A2.bb.p + A3.tt.k), repeat 3 times with 21 pots. Analysis of the quality of the initial and final rice field research. Azotobacter single isolate for fixing N is very low so that the protection of vegetative and generative growth is not significantly different, except single isolate I3 for observation of the number of filled grains and production ha-1 shows significant differences with other single isolates. The response of Azotobacter isolates to the growth and rice production of the SRI method was determined by the type and combination of indigenous Azotobacter isolates. Azotobacter indigenous isolates are stronger giving high yields for vegetative, generative growth and soil quality. The results of rice plants showed that the combination isolate I4 (A1.b.k + A2.bb.p) was the best isolate for all observations of vegetative and generative growth parameters. The stronger the ability of indigenous Azotobacter isolates to live the better N fixation and soil nutrient content. The results of the analysis of soil nutrients at the end of the study there is an increase in soil nutrients in pH, N, P, K, base saturation, which shows the characteristics of moderate soil fertility.
- Uphoff, Fasuola, Iswandi, Kassam dan Thakur,? Improving the phenotype expression of rice genotypes: Rethinking\"Intensification\" for production system and selection practices for rice breeding. The Crop Journal, vol 3, pp. 174-189. June.? 2015
- Berkhout, Glover, Kuyvenhoven, ? On-farm impact of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI)?: Evidence and
- knowledge gaps. ? Agricultural Systems, vol. 132, pp. 157 ? 166. 2015.
- Get home-Hardy, A, Reddy, D.N., Venkatanarayana, M, Hamsis-White, Barbara, ? System of Rice Intensification provides environmental and economic gains but at the expense of social sustainability-A multidisciplinary analysis in India.? Agriculture System, vol. 143, pp. 159 ? 168. March. 2016.
- Rakotoson, T, Dusserre, J.Stormy, P, Ratsimiala Ramona, I, Vi Cao, T, Ramanantsoanirina, A, Roumet, P., Ahmadi, N., Marie Raboin, L.? Genetic variability of nitrogen use efficiency in rainfed upland rice.? Field Crops Research, vol. 213,? 194-203. Nov. 2017.
- Kumar, U., Panneerselvam., Govindasamy.V., Vithalkumar.L., Senthilkumar, M., Avishek Banik., Annapurna, K. ? Long-term aromatic rice cultivation effect on frequency and diversity of diazotrophs in its rhizosphere. ? Ecological Engineering., vol. 101, pp. 227 ? 236. 2017.
- Hawkesford, M. J. ?Genetic variation in traits for nitrogen use efficiency in wheat.? Journal of Experimental Botany, vol. 68, pp. 2627-2632. May. 2017.
- Smith-Ramesh, L. M., & Reynolds, H. L. ? The next frontier of plant-soil feedback research: unraveling context dependence across biotic and abiotic gradients.? Journal of Vegetation Science, vol. 28 (3), pp. 484?494. January. 2017.
- PII, Y., Borruso, L., Brunetti, L., Crecchio, C., Cesco, S., & Mimmo, T. ?The interaction between iron nutrition, plant species, and soil type shapes the rhizosphere microbiome.? Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, vol. 99, pp. 39?48. February. 2016.
- Thokchom, E., Thakuria, D., Kalita, M. C., Sharma, C. K., & Talukdar, N. C. ? Root colonization by host-specific rhizobacteria alters indigenous root endophyte and rhizosphere soil bacterial communities and promotes the growth of mandarin orange.? European Journal of Soil Biology, vol, 79, pp. 48?56. March-April. 2017.
- Jha, C. K., & Saraf, M.? Plant growth-promoting Rhizobacteria ( PGPR ): a review.? Journal of Agricultural Research and Development, vol. 5, pp. 108?119. March. 2015.
- Tariq, M., Noman, M., Ahmed, T., Manzoor, N., & Zafar, M..? Antagonistic features displayed by Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria (PGPR):? A review. Journal of Plant Science and Phytopathology, vol. 1, pp. 38?43. June. 2017.
- Elita, N., Rita Erlinda and Agustamar., ? Buku Proses Penemuan Isolat Bakteri Azotobacter Pada Rhizosfir Tanaman Padi Metode SRI?. Surat Pencatatan Ciptaan. EC00201823121, 7, 2018.
- Elita, N.Agustamar, Yulensri and Auzia Asman. Exploration and Application of N Indigenous Bacteria Blocking of Vigor and Viability of Paddy. Proceeding National Seminar on Policy and Development of Downstream Technology in Efforts to Increase Added Value of Agricultural Products, Wednesday 3 December 2014. State Agricultural Polytechnic Payakumbuh. ISBN. 978-979-98691-6-6.
- Samah, Abdel Arez, Was. G-E Weda, NG.Z, Girgis, Bethania. F Abdel Ghany ?.Improving the productivity and quality of black cumin (Nigella sativa) by using Azotobacter as an N2 biofertilizer. ? Annals of Agricultural Sciences, vol.? 59, pp. 95-108. June. 2014.
- Prasanna, R. Adak, A, Verma, S., Bidyarani, N. Babu, S., Pal, M, Singh, Yand Nain, L? ? Cyanobacterial inoculation in rice grown under flooded and SRI modes of cultivation elicits differential effects on plant growth and nutrient dynamics.? Ecological Engineering, vol.? 84, pp. 532 -541. Nov. 2015.
- Hirsch, Penny, and H, Machine, ? Chapter Two-The Importance of the Microbial N Cycle ? in Soil for Crop Plant Nutrition.Advances in Applied Microbiology, vol, 93, pp. 45-71. Oct .2015.
- Government of Manitoba. ?Soil Management Guide?. Agriculture. 2016.
- Kai-Lou, L., Ya-Zhen, L., Li-jun, Z., Yan, C., Qing-hai, H., Xi-chu, Y., & Da-ming, L. Comparison of crop productivity and soil microbial activity among different fertilization patterns in red upland and paddy soils. Acta Ecologica Sinica, vol. 38, pp. 262-267. June. 2018.
- Kartina, AM. Nurmayulis, Andi Apriany Fatmawaty dan Dewi Virginia. ? Exploring the Potential of Plant-Microbe in Increasing the yield of soybean (Glycine max) on the Keding field. ? Jurnal. Agroekotek, vol. 7, pp. 121-128. Des. 2015.
- Suliasih, & Widawati, S.\" The Effect of Biofertilizer Combined with Organic or Inorganic Fertilizer on Growth of Caesalpinia pulcherrima and Bacterial Population in Soil.\" in IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 2018. paper 012024, p.166
- Cavagnaro, T, R., Bender, S.F, Asghari, R.H. G.A van der Heijden, M.? The role of arbuscular mycorrhizas in reducing soil nutrient loss.? Trends in Plant Science, vol. 20, pp. 283-290.? 2015.
- Belogolova, G, A., Sokolova, M.G., Gordeeva, O, N, Vaishya, O.B., \"Speciation of arsenic and its accumulation by plants from rhizosphere soils under the influence of Azotobacter and Bacillus bacteria. \" Journal of Geochemical Exploration, vol.149, pp. 52 ? 58.? 2015.
- Mohd, S., Kushwaha, A. S., Shukla, J., Mandurah, K., Shankar, J., Ajaria, N., Kumar, M. ? Fungal mediated biotransformation reduces the toxicity of arsenic to soil-dwelling microorganism and plant.? Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, vol. 176, pp. 108-118. July..2019.
- Normas, Andi, Niantic, Abdul Rahman, Andi Khaeruni. \" Exploration and Characterization of Indigenous Azotobacter for biofertilizer Development of Local Upland Rice of Marginal Land.\" Jurnal Agroteknos, vol. 4, pp. 127 ? 133. .July. 2014.
- Hindersah, R., Handyman, Z., Indriani, F. N., Suryatmana, P., & Nurlaeny, N. ? Azotobacter population, soil nitrogen and groundnut growth in mercury-contaminated tailing inoculated with Azotobacter.? J. Degrade. Min. Land Manage, vol. 5, pp.1269-1274. April.2018.
- Hashemabadi, D., Sabzevari, F., Kaviani, B., & Ansari, M. H. ? Organic N-fertilizer, rhizobacterial inoculation, and fungal compost improve nutrient uptake, plant growth and the levels of vindoline, ajmalicine, vinblastine, catharanthine and total alkaloids in Catharanthus roseus L. ? Folia Horticulturae, vol. 30, pp. 21-30. June. 2018.
- Elita, N., Susila, E., & Yefriwati. ? The potential types of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi as sources of inoculum and their effect on rice production using the system of rice intensification method. ? Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, vol. 17, pp. 696-701. Nov. 2018.
- Erlinda, R., Elita, N., & Susiawan, E.? The Utilization of For Bioorganic Plus Fertilizer for Improving the SRI Rice Production.? Journal of Applied Agricultural Science and Technology, vol. 3, pp. 57-66. February. 2019.
- Tripathi, B. M., Stegen, J. C., Kim, M., Dong, K., Adams, J. M., & Lee, Y. K, ? Soil pH mediates the balance between the stochastic and deterministic assembly of bacteria,? ISME Journal, vol.12, 1072-1083, March. 2018
- Creamer, C. A., de Menezes, A. B., Krull, E. S., Sanderman, J., Newton-Walters, R., & Farrell, M. ?Microbial community structure mediates the response of soil C decomposition to litter addition and warming.? Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 80. Pp. 175-188. January.2015
- Rodrigues, M. ?., Ladeira, L. C., & Arrobas, M.. ?Azotobacter-enriched organic manures to increase nitrogen fixation and crop productivity.? European Journal of Agronomy, vol. 93, pp.88-94. February. 2018.
[Rita Erlinda, Nelson Elita and Agustamar (2020); THE EFFECT OF INDIGENOUS AZOTOBACTER ISOLATE ON RICE RESULTS OF SRI AND LAND QUALITY METHODS Int. J. of Adv. Res. 8 (1). 185-193] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
Department of Food Crop Cultivation, State Agricultural Polytechnic Payakumbuh
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/10281 DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/10281
Share this article
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.