21Apr 2020


  • Vice Principal, St. Johns College of Nursing, St. Johns National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
  • Professor and HOD of OBG Department. Little Flower College of Nursing Angamaly.
  • Department of Surgery, Karuna Medical College, Palakkad, Kerala, India.
  • Department of Research, Saveetha University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Abstract
  • References
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  • Corresponding Author

Background: Aging is an inevitable developmental phenomenon. As a person ages, possibility of problems multiply. Psychological wellbeing is the basic requisite for the healthy life of the elderly. Recent years have seen the prevalence of depression and dementia. The bodys natural relaxation response is a powerful antidote to stress. Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, visualization, progressive muscle relaxation, music, physical exercise, meditation and yoga can help to activate the relaxation response. Objective: To assess the effect of relaxation therapy on psychological variables among elderly in selected homes for the aged. Materials and Methods: True experimental pre-test, post-test design. 120 elderly clients from 12 old age homes were selected by stratified proportionate random sampling technique(Control:60 Experimental:60). Pre test was done with Demographic data sheet, Psychological problem assessment questionnaire (PPAQ), and DASS 21 for Control and Experimental group. Control group had their normal routines, whereas exp group had Jacobsons progressive muscle relaxation technique (JPMR), music, physical exercise and laughter therapy.Posttest was done on 30th day and 120th Data analysis and interpretation was done by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The study showed the effectiveness of relaxation therapy on psychological problems among elderly people in control and experimental groups at < 0.001 respectively which was statistically significant. There was also effectiveness of relaxation therapy on depression, anxiety and stress at < 0.001 respectively.

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[Alphonsa K.K, Jijimole Mathew, Jaleel Abdul A and Vijayaraghavan R (2020); EFFECTIVENESS OF RELAXATION THERAPY ON PSYCHOLOGICAL VARIABLES AMONG ELDERLY RESIDING IN HOMES FOR THE AGED Int. J. of Adv. Res. 8 (Apr). 57-61] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

Alphonsa K K
Vice Principal, St. John’s College of Nursing, St. John’s National Academy of Health Sciences, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

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