IMPACTS OF FLOOD AND ITS MANAGEMENT – A CASE STUDY OF BIHAR.
- Professor, Deptt. of Water Resources Development & Management, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee-247667 India.
- PG Student, Deptt. of Water Resources Development & Management, IIT Roorkee, Roorkee-247667 India.
- Cite This Article as
- Corresponding Author
Floods are most recurring and frequent natural hazard in India causing enormous loss to life and livelihood, and damage to infrastructure. In India, Bihar is one of the worst affected states due to floods. As per one estimate, in Bihar flood affects about 6.880 million hectares of land out of about 9.416 million hectare, which is about 73.06%. It not only affects the infrastructure but also the socio-economic life in the state. So, there is a need to minimize negative consequences and ill effects of flooding by means of flood management. In Bihar, most of the times, the decision makers go for structural measures like construction of embankments, flood retention walls, flood levees and channel improvements, etc. However, it is felt that structural measures itself is not sufficient to reduce the adverse impacts of floods in the state. Hence non-structural measures like flood plain management policy, building bye-laws, flow and silt management policy are also required. It contemplates the use of flood plains judiciously, simultaneously permitting vacating of the same for use by the river whenever the situation demands. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the severity of flood impacts on development of state and to discuss the possible flood management measures in context of Bihar.
- Central Statistical Organization (CSO) (2015) Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of India, New Delhi, <http://mospi.nic.in>
- Directorate of Economics & Statistics Department of Planning & Development Government of Bihar (2013) Analysis of Budgetary Transactions of Bihar 2007-08 to 2011-12, Bihar, Patna
- Directorate of Rice Development (2015) Rice in India - A Status Paper, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer's Welfare, Patna, Bihar < http://drdpat.bih.nic.in/>
- Disaster Management Department Government of Bihar (2015) Annual Flood Damage Report, Bihar, Patna <http://disastermgmt.bih.nic.in/>
- Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) (2015) The impact of disasters on agriculture and food security, Rome, Italy
- Gautam, K.P. and Hoek, E.E.(2003) Literature Study on Environmental Impacts of Flood, Delf Cluster Publication, June 2003
- Gole, C. V. and Chitale, S. V. (1966) Inland delta building activity of Kosi river. Journal of the Hydraulics Division, American Society of Civil Engineers, v. 92, pp.111-126.
- Government of Bihar (2016), Bihar Economic Survey-2015-16, Ministry of Finance, Patna, March, 2016
- Institute of Applied Manpower Research (2011) India Human Development Report 2011: Towards Social Inclusion, Planning Commission, Government of India, New Delhi.
- Kansal, M.L., Kishore, K.A. and Kumar, P. (2016) Flood Impacts and Its Management in Bihar, 32nd National Convention of Civil Engineers on Role of Civil Engineers in Sustainable Development of India, Goa, October 21-22, 2016
- Kansal, M.L., Kumar, P. and Kishore, K.A. (2016) Need of Integrated Flood Risk Management (IFRM) in Bihar, National Conference on Water Resources and Flood Management with Special Reference to Flood Modeling, Surat, October 14-15, 2016
- Kansal, M.L., Kishore, K.A. and Kumar, P. (2016) Impact of Floods on Sustainable Development and its Management in Bihar, 31st Indian Engineering Congress, Kolkata, December 16-18, 2016
- Kumar, D. (2015) International Water Resources Association, XVth World Water Congress, Edinburgh, Scotland, May 25 - 29, 20015
- National Disaster Management Authority (2008) Government of India, National Disaster Management Guidelines, Management of Floods, New Delhi, India
- Reserve Bank of India (2015) Handbook of Statistics on Indian Economy 2014-15, Reserve Bank of India, New Delhi <https://www.rbi.org.in/scripts/ AnnualPublications.aspx> (Sep. 16, 2015).
- Sinha, C.P. (2008) Economic & Political Weekly, Management of Floods in Bihar, New Delhi, November 15, 2008
- Sinha, R., Burton, M., and Tiwari,. G. (2012) Strengthening the Institutional Framework for Flood and Water Management in Bihar, International Growth Centre, London
- United Nations (1992) “Declaration of the 1992 Rio Conference on Environment and Development”, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 1992
- Water Resources Department (2013) Flood Report 2013, Flood Management Improvement Support Centre (FMISC), Water Resources Department, Government of Bihar, Patna, <http://fmis.bih.nic.in/ publications.html> (2013).
[Mitthan Lal Kansal,Kumar Abhishek Kishore,Prashant Kumar (2017); IMPACTS OF FLOOD AND ITS MANAGEMENT – A CASE STUDY OF BIHAR. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (Mar). 1695-1706] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
Student, Deptt. of WRD&M, IIT Roorkee
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/3681 DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/3681
Share this article
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.