THE EFFICACY OF LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSISTED THERAPY: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND METAANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
- Senior Resident, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar, Department of Psychiatry.
- Senior Resident, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar. Department of Psychiatry.
- Masters of Public Health, Government Medical College, Bhavnagar.
- MBBS Final Part-1, Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar.
- Cite This Article as
- Corresponding Author
Background:Classical psychedelics are a group of drugs which act as agonists on the serotonin-2A (5-HT2A) receptor. Evidence suggests they may have a uniquely rapid and enduring positive effect on mood. However, marked heterogeneity between methodological designs in this emerging field remains a significant concern.
Aims:To determine how differences in the type of psychedelic agent used and the number of dosing sessions administered affect subjects depression and anxiety outcomes and adverse drug reactions (ADR).
Methods:This review collected and screened 1591 records from the MEDLINE and Web of Science databases for clinical trials reporting objective data on mood for subjects with a known anxiety or depression.
Results:After screening, nine clinical trials met inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis of these studies showed significant, large positive effect sizes for measures of anxiety (Cohens dâ€‰=â€‰1.26) and depression (Cohens dâ€‰=â€‰1.38) overall. These positive effects were also significant at acute (â©½1â€‰week) and extended (>1â€‰week) time points. No significant differences were observed between trials using different psychedelic agents (psilocybin, ayahuasca or lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)), however, a significant difference was observed in favour of trials with multiple dosing sessions. No serious ADR were reported.
Conclusion:Psilocybin, ayahuasca and LSD all appear to be effective and relatively safe agents capable of producing rapid and sustained improvements in anxiety and depression. Moreover, the findings of the present analysis suggest that they may show a greater efficacy when given to patients over multiple sessions as compared to the more common single session used in many of the existing trials.
[Dimple Gupta, Chirag Ambaliya, Aman Ankur and Gorish Gupta (2023); THE EFFICACY OF LYSERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSISTED THERAPY: SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND METAANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS Int. J. of Adv. Res. 11 (Apr). 1469-1478] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
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Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/16812
DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/16812
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