A MOLECULAR UNDERSTANDING OF THE DETRIMENTAL IMPACT OF OXIDATIVE STRESS ON MALE FERTILITY
- PhD Scholor, Nims University Jaipur, Rajasthan.
- Associate Professor, Nims University Jaipur, Rajasthan.
- Assistant Professor, Nims University Jaipur, Rajasthan.
- Cite This Article as
- Corresponding Author
Male infertility is a widely discussed issue globally, involving various intricate processes. Oxidative stress stands out as a key culprit, where an overabundance of free radicals exerts a significant influence on both the quantity and quality of sperm. The bodys antioxidant defense system struggles to effectively regulate the surplus reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to potential disruptions in male fertility and adverse impacts on sperm quality metrics. Mitochondria, the powerhouses of sperm motility, play a pivotal role. Aberrations in their function can trigger apoptosis, alterations in signaling systems, and ultimately, diminished fertility. Moreover, research indicates that the presence of inflammation can impede sperm activity, with cytokine synthesis being triggered by an excess of reactive oxygen species. This complex interplay of factors underscores the multifaceted nature of male infertility, shedding light on the intricate mechanisms at play. Moreover, the interplay between seminal plasma proteomes, which significantly influence male fertility and oxidative stress, is a crucial aspect. Elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) poses a threat by causing damage to essential biological components, such as DNA, and hindering the sperms ability to fertilize the ovum. In this examination, we delve into the latest research to enhance our comprehension of the intricate relationship between oxidative stress and male infertility. The role of mitochondria, the cellular response mechanisms, inflammations impact on fertility, and the intricate interactions of seminal plasma proteomes with oxidative stress are also scrutinized. Additionally, we underscore the noteworthy influence of oxidative stress on hormonal regulation. Collectively, these elements are deemed crucial in the intricate control of male infertility. This article aims to contribute valuable insights to our understanding of male infertility and potential preventive measures.
[Anjali Goswami, Sonalika Singh, Devesh Kumar Joshi, Vivek Kumar and Archana Goswami (2024); A MOLECULAR UNDERSTANDING OF THE DETRIMENTAL IMPACT OF OXIDATIVE STRESS ON MALE FERTILITY Int. J. of Adv. Res. (Jan). 63-82] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/18095
DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/18095
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