25Jun 2024


  • Equipe Universitaire de Pedopsychiatrie, CHU Mohamed VI, Marrakech, Maroc.
  • Laboratoire de Recherche Enfance, Sante et Developpement , Universite Caddi Ayad, Marrakech, Maroc.
  • Equipe de Recherche Pour la Sante Mentale, Universite Caddi Ayad, Marrakech, Maroc.
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Objectives: Our work has three objectives: To analyze our prescribing practices for fluoxetine in the light of international recommendations, to evaluate the tolerance and effectiveness of this molecule in children and adolescent and to identify the rules for proper use in this age group.

Patients and method: We conducted a cross-sectional and descriptive clinical study spanning a period of 3 years, from January 2021 to January 2024, concerning children and adolescents aged between 8 and 17 years old who had been diagnosed with major depressive disorder, persistent depression, and/or anxiety disorders, or bulimia and placed on fluoxetine for a minimum follow-up period of 4 months and a maximum of 18 months.

Results: The prescription of fluoxetine concerned 76 patients out of 660 patients with mood and anxiety disorder out of a total of 2215 patients. Major depressive disorder is the most common child psychiatric diagnosis (90%), anxiety disorders are present in 10%. Fluoxetine is prescribed as first-line treatment with psychotherapy in 40% of cases. Indicated as second-line treatment in 60% of patients due to an insufficient response or non-response to psychotherapy. No pre-therapeutic assessment is carried out. Fluoxetine is prescribed as monotherapy at an initial dose of 20 mg/day taken in the morning for an average duration of 9 months for depressive disorders and 12 to 18 months for anxiety disorders. Consented cessation of treatment is gradual. We report good therapeutic compliance and good tolerance with an average effectiveness time of 10 days. Mainly two side effects are described: headache and nervousness. We report one case of manic conversion in a 14years old girl.

Discussion: The prescription of psychotropic medications in children and adolescents can only be considered as part of multimodal care, generally as second-line treatment when the adequate therapeutic response is not achieved or sometimes as first-line treatment when the clinical case is immediately severe or with there is an impact on the child and/or those around him. Only fluoxetine has label use in children aged over 8 years for moderate to severe depressive episodes. Fluoxetine is supported by the greatest results of evidence for its effectiveness and superiority compared to other SSRIs in this indication. Fluoxetine is also indicated in juvenile anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Conclusion: In the case of mood and anxiety disorders in children, notably depression, fluoxetine is the choice molecule with the best tolerance-effectiveness ratio.

[Bouchra Aabbassi, Mariam El Mekkaoui, Fatim Zahra Taoubane, Mohssine Arraji and Fatiha Manoudi (2024); RETOUR DEXPERIENCE CLINIQUE SUR TROIS ANS DE PRESCRIPTION DE LA FLUOXETINE EN PEDOPSYCHIATRIE UNIVERSITAIRE Int. J. of Adv. Res. (Jun). 301-307] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

Bouchra Aabbassi



Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/18880      
DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/18880