31Jan 2016

Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activities of Rhus mysorensis

  • Department of Environmental Sciences, JNTU, Hyderabad.
  • Department of Microbiology, Kakatiya University, Warangal, India.
  • Department of Biotechnology, Chaitanya PG. College (Autonomous), Kakatiya University, Warangal, India.
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Rhusmysorensis a bushy and thorny shrub belongs to the family Anacardiaceae commonly called as mysore sumac in English and Sita Sundari in Telugu. Sumacs grow in subtropical and temperate regions, especially in Africa and North America. In India, it is mostly found in hot dry places such as Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. The phytochemical analysis and antibacterial activity of methanol fractions of leaves, stem and root of Rhusmysorensis was performed and reported. The phytochemical analysis was carried out using standard methods that were reported and the antibacterial activity was carried out using agar well diffusion method. Alkaloids, carbohydrates, flavonoids, phenols, saponins, tannins, phytosterols are found to be present in all tested methanol fractions. According to the results, RMR fractions were highly active compared to the RML and RMS. Among the RMR fractions Acetone and Toluene extracts noticed significant antibacterial and antifungal activity. The highest zone of inhibitions were recorded at 100 µg/mL are 28, 27, 26, 27, 24, 25, 27, 30, 23 and 22, 26, 25, 24, 22, 21, 23, 27, 21 against bacterial strains M. tuberculosis, Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus, E.coli respectively. Salmonella typhi showed resistance against all fractions tested.

[Ganji Renuka rani, Singara Charya MA, M. Viswanadham, Murali Krishna Thupurani, Srinivas Gorripati, Konka. Rajashekar (2016); Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activities of Rhus mysorensis Int. J. of Adv. Res. 4 (Jan). 503-515] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

Ganji Renuka rani