30Mar 2017

Clinical profile of Central Nervous System Tuberculosis in Kanniya kumari medical college.

  • Assisstant Professor of Medicine, Kanniyakumari Govt. Medical College.
  • Professor of Medicine, Kanniyakumari Govt. Medical College.
  • Postgraduate in General Medicine, Kanniyakumari Govt. Medical College.
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Background: Tuberculosis of the central nervous system is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Once a disease mainly of childhood, it is now seen at any age and is equally frequent in adults. They may present as Meningitis, Tuberculoma, Potts Paraplegia, Intraspinal Granuloma or Arachnoiditis. This study was conducted to analyse various clinical presentations of CNS tuberculosis and their sequelae. Methods :An observational study was conducted in 30 patients admitted in Kanniyakumari Government Medical College from Jan 2016 to December 2016 with CNS manifestations of Tuberculosis. Computed tomography(CT), electroencephalography (EEG) and clinical findings were taken. Results: In the present study, the most common CNS presentation was Tuberculous Meningitis followed by Tuberculoma. Common age group being between 15-19 yrs. Aseptic meningitis had a good prognosis compared to Obstructive Hydrocephalus which had a bad prognosis. In this series, complete recovery was 66.6%, mortality was 13.4% and Sequelae in 20%.Conclusion: CNS tuberculosis is being reported more often nowadays due to its awareness and improved diagnostic modalities. Resistance to drugs has added a new challenge. Morbidity and mortality can be reduced by a great extent with early recognition and timely treatment

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[Bhamini Prakash, Christopher Nesamony, Suhas Raj Sivakumar, Thirukumareswaran Vijayan and Sindhu Neelakandan. (2017); Clinical profile of Central Nervous System Tuberculosis in Kanniya kumari medical college. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (Mar). 2389-2395] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

Dr.Bhamini Prakash
Assisstant Professor of Medicine


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/3768      
DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/3768