10Aug 2017

EFFECT OF SMOKING ON LEVELS OF CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM AND BLOOD PARAMETERS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS.

  • M.D.S Periodontology, BBDCODS, Lucknow.
  • H.O.D Department of Periodontology, BBDCODS, Lucknow.
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Background: Tobacco smoking is regarded as one of the most significant risk factors for the development and progression of periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the effect of smoking on salivary composition of whole saliva and blood parameters in subjects with chronic periodontitis. Materials and Methods: The study comprised of 40 subjects equally divided into 2 groups of non-smokers with chronic periodontitis and smokers with chronic periodontitis. Non-stimulated whole saliva and blood samples were obtained. Biochemical analysis of salivary total protein, calcium and magnesium was performed. Laboratory blood investigations included hemoglobin concentration. Results: On biochemical analysis of whole saliva, calcium and magnesium were reduced in smokers with periodontitis to 3.47?1.49 mg/dL and 0.80?3.87 mEq/L Neo from 13.89?10.34 mg/dL and 1.26?0.90 mEq/L Neo, in non-smokers with periodontitis. The hemoglobin concentration, was lower in smokers with chronic periodontiits. Conclusion: The present study exhibited reduced concentrations of calcium and magnesium in whole saliva in smokers with chronic periodontitis. Smoking also affects the RBC parameters in patients.


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[Pavni Avasthy and Vivek Govila. (2017); EFFECT OF SMOKING ON LEVELS OF CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM AND BLOOD PARAMETERS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC PERIODONTITIS. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (8). 1-5] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com


Dr. Pavni Avasthy


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Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/5028       DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/5028


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