GROWTH AND CONTRIBUTION OF HORTICULTURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH: A CASE STUDY OF KOTGARH VALLEY OF SHIMLA DISTRICT, HIMACHAL PRADESH.
- Department of Economics, Himachal Pradesh University, Shimla (H.P.) India.
- Department of Civil Engineering, Indus International University, Bathu (Haroli), Una (H.P.) India.
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The Kotgarh valley is the apple heartland of Himachal; also known as the apple bowl of India. It is located at about 6,500 feet above sea level. The study is aimed to analyze the growth and contribution of horticulture crops (Apple, Pear, Plum and Almond) in this region of Himachal Pradesh. A data set of 140 samples of horticulture farmers (marginal, small, semi-medium and medium farmers) in year 2016-2017 has been used in this study. The results showed the total cost of horticulture cultivation is ? 2,45,124.79 per hectare for all marginal, small, semi-medium and medium farmers; which is highest (? 3,45,110.55) for marginal farmers and minimum (? 1,80,924.52) for medium farmers. The different costs have been studied. The overall C3 cost is ? 4,30,863.77. The average yield is ? 8,86,258.29 per hectare. It ranged from ? 9,86,313.35 on medium farms to ? 7,70,226.50 on small farms. Net gain over different costs per hectare is also studied. The farm business income (FBI), family labour income (FLI), farm investment income (FII) and net income over cost C3 are ? 3,96,008.71, ? 3,96,008.71, ? 3,66,593.74 and ? 2,10,269.70 respectively. To study the elasticity of different input variables, the log linear type Cobb-Douglas production function has been applied. Functional analysis of horticulture crops revealed that, cultivated human labour, plucking & carriage charge/harvesting Charging, value of packing material, freight charges, transportation charges and marketing charges i.e. -3.0166, 3.0071, 0.1717, 0.2595, 0.1882 and 0.3256 respectively. These coefficients are significant with >95% confidence, which indicated that if expenses made on these resources, then it will gives profitable returns.
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[Richa Kaushal, D. S. Thakur and Arjun Kumar. (2017); GROWTH AND CONTRIBUTION OF HORTICULTURE OF HIMACHAL PRADESH: A CASE STUDY OF KOTGARH VALLEY OF SHIMLA DISTRICT, HIMACHAL PRADESH. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (7). 393-400] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
Department of Civil Engineering, Arni University, Kathgarh (Indora), Kangra (H.P.) INDIA
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/4731 DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/4731
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