18Sep 2017

KANCHNAR (BAUHINIA VARIEGATA) AS A MEDICINAL HERB: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW.

  • Research Officer (Ayu.), Regional Ayurveda Research Institute for Nutritional Disorders, CCRAS, Ministry of AYUSH, Mandi, HP.
  • Ph.D. Scholar, Dept. of Stree & Prasuti Tantra, National Institute of Ayurveda, Jaipur, Rajasthan.
Crossref Cited-by Linking logo
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Cite This Article as
  • Corresponding Author

Bauhinia variegata (Kachnar), a medicinal tree native to temperate and tropical Indian subcontinent is well practiced in Indian indigenous health science; Ayurveda. Kachnar bark is used in disorders like Gandamala (Lymphadenopathy), Galaganda (Goitre), Arbuda (Tumor), Ashthila (BPH) and Kapha-Pitta dosha disorders while flowers have Pittaghna (Pacify pitta dosha), Rakta Pradaraghna (Cures Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding), Kaasghna (Curing cough) and Kshyaghna (Anti tubercular) properties. In some parts of country (Himachal Pradesh, Northeast States), its buds and flowers are used as vegetable and various dishes like chutney and pickles. Accounting above said benefits, authors decided to review systematically the published researches on Kanchnar. A ?Pubmed? search using key word ?Bauhinia variegata? results a total of 72 citations. Results were dispersed, ranging from animal studies for medicinal properties to its use as a potential bio-resource for stable, reproducible nanoparticle. Studies demonstrated antidiabetic, anti-oxidant, analgesic, anti-dyslipidemia, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, cytotoxic and many more properties of B. variegata other than its conventional use. Studies supported, demonstrated and opens a way for further evaluation of medicinal properties of B. variegata as an herbal medicine.


  1. Kulkarni YA, Garud MS. Bauhinia?variegata?(Caesalpiniaceae) leaf extract: An effective treatment option in type I and type II diabetes. Biomed Pharmacother. 2016 Oct;83:122-129.
  2. Farag MA,?Sakna ST,?El-Fiky NM,?Shabana MM,?Wessjohann LA. Phytochemical, antioxidant and antidiabetic evaluation of eight?Bauhinia?L. species from Egypt using UHPLC-PDA-qTOF-MS and chemometrics. 2015 Nov;119:41-50.
  3. Frankish N, de Sousa Menezes F, Mills C, Sheridan H. Enhancement of insulin release from the beta-cell line INS-1 by an ethanolic extract of Bauhinia variegata and its major constituent roseoside. Planta Med. 2010 Jul;76(10):995-7.
  4. Hussain Z, Waheed A, Qureshi RA, Burdi DK, Verspohl EJ, Khan N, et al. The effect of medicinal plants of Islamabad and Murree region of Pakistan on insulin secretion from INS-1 cells. Phytother Res. 2004 Jan;18(1):73-7.
  5. Mishra A,?Sharma AK,?Kumar S,?Saxena AK,?Pandey AK. Bauhinia?variegata?leaf extracts exhibit considerable antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:915436.
  6. Mishra A, Kumar S, Bhargava A, Sharma B, Pandey AK. Studies on in vitro antioxidant and antistaphylococcal activities of some important medicinal plants. Cell Mol Biol. 2011 Feb 12;57(1):16-25.
  7. Dash JR,?Sar TK,?Samanta I,?Pal S,?Khan M,?Patra NC, et al. Efficacy evaluation of?Bauhinia?variegata?L. stem bark powder as adjunct therapy in chronic Staphylococcus aureus mastitis in goat. Pharmacogn Mag. 2014 Aug;10(3):S512-8.
  8. Mishra A,?Sharma AK,?Kumar S,?Saxena AK,?Pandey AK. Bauhinia?variegata?leaf extracts exhibit considerable antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:915436.
  9. Mishra A,?Sharma AK,?Kumar S,?Saxena AK,?Pandey AK. Bauhinia?variegata?leaf extracts exhibit considerable antibacterial, antioxidant, and anticancer activities. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:915436.
  10. Agrawal RC, Pandey S. Evaluation of anticarcinogenic and antimutagenic potential of Bauhinia variegata extract in Swiss albino mice. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2009;10(5):913-6.
  11. Rajani GP, Ashok P. In vitro antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic activities of Bauhinia variegata Linn. Indian J Pharmacol. 2009 Oct;41(5):227-32.
  12. Kamilla Monteiro dos Santos, Priscila Sant?Ana Gon?alves, Maria Jos? Nunes de Paiva, Guilherme Ara?jo Lacerda.?Acetylcholinesterase inhibition starting from extracts of Bauhinia variegata , Bauhinia var. candida (Aiton) Buch.-Ham., and Bauhinia ungulata L. Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop. 2011Dec;44(6):781-83
  13. Agarwal K, Varma R. Ethnobotanical study of antilithic plants of Bhopal district. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Nov 4;174:17-24.
  14. Pani SR, Mishra S, Sahoo S, Panda PK. Nephroprotective effect of Bauhinia variegata (Linn.) whole stem extract against cisplatin-induced nephropathy in rats. Indian J Pharmacol. 2011 Apr;43(2):200-2.
  15. Mohamed MA, Mammoud MR, Hayen H. Evaluation of antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of a new triterpene saponin from Bauhinia variegata leaves. Z Naturforsch C. 2009 Nov-Dec;64(11-12):798-808.
  16. Mohamed MA, Mammoud MR, Hayen H. Evaluation of antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of a new triterpene saponin from Bauhinia variegata leaves. Z Naturforsch C. 2009 Nov-Dec;64(11-12):798-808.
  17. Rajani GP, Ashok P. In vitro antioxidant and antihyperlipidemic activities of Bauhinia variegata Linn. Indian J Pharmacol. 2009 Oct;41(5):227-32.
  18. Govindarajan M, Rajeswary M, Veerakumar K, Muthukumaran U, Hoti SL, Mehlhorn H, et al.? Novel synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Bauhinia variegata: a recent eco-friendly approach for mosquito control. Parasitol Res. 2016 Feb;115(2):723-33.

[Vikas Nariyal and Priyanka Sharma. (2017); KANCHNAR (BAUHINIA VARIEGATA) AS A MEDICINAL HERB: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (Sep). 587-591] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com


DR. VIKAS NARIYAL
RARIND

DOI:


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/5364       DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/5364


Share this article