01Mar 2019


  • MDS Orthodontics and DentofacialOrthopaedics, Private Practice, Mumbai.
  • MDS Oral Medicine and Radiology, Private Practice, Mumbai.
  • MDS Endodontics and Conservative Dentistry, Private Practice, Nashik.
  • MDS Orthodontics and DentofacialOrthopaedics, Private Practice, Mumbai.
  • BDS, Private Practice Mumbai.
  • BDS, Private Practice Mumbai.
Crossref Cited-by Linking logo
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Cite This Article as
  • Corresponding Author

Recently there has been an increase in demand toward various conservative treatment methods to avoid extraction of healthy teeth and to increase patient compliance. Eliminating the need of extraction involves the correction of malocclusion which will result in improvement in facial profile, aesthetics and smile without loss of permanent tooth/teeth. In cases with minimal arch length discrepancy and angles class II molar relationship with orthognathic mandible and maxilla, distalization of molars creates additional space within the arch. Many appliances for class II correction need patient compliance, for example, headgears, elastics, etc. which may delay treatment results if the patient does not follow the instructions. Therefore there is a need for appliances which reduces patient compliance and gives effective results. This article reviews various intraoral appliances and methods for molar distalization.

  1. Guerrero James J. Posterior movement of the buccal segments. Am J Orthod.1959;45(2):125-30.
  2. Pancherz H. Treatment of Class II malocclusion by jumping the bite with the Herbst appliance. A cephalometric investigation. Am J Orthod. 1979;76(2):423? 42.
  3. Valant JR. Increasing maxillary arch length with modified Herbst appliance. J ClinOrthod. 1989;23(12):810-4.
  4. Jasper JJ, McNamara JA. The correction of interarch malocclusions using a fixed force module. Am J Orthod. 1995;108(6):641-50.
  5. Hilgers JJ. The Pendulum appliance for class II noncompliance therapy. J Clin Orthod.1992;26(11):706?14.
  6. Scuzzo G, F. Pisani, K. Takemoto and S. Della Vecchia. The Modified pendulum appliance with removable arms. J ClinOrthod. 2000;34:244-6.
  7. Kircelli BH, Pektas ZO, Kircelli C. Maxillary molar Distalization with a Bone-anchored Pendulum Appliance. Angle Orthod. 2006;76(4):650-9.
  8. Gianelly AA, Vaitas AS, Thomas WH, Berger DG. Distalization of molars with repelling magnets. A case report. J ClinOrthod. 1988; 22(1):40-44.
  9. Bvloff F, Darendeliler MA, Stoff F. Mandibular molar distalizationwith the franzulum appliance. J ClinOrthod. 2000;34(9):518-32.
  10. Jones RD, Whilt MJ. Rapid class II molar correction with open-coil jig. J ClinOrthod. 1992;26(10):661-4.
  11. Graber VanarsdallVig. Treatment options for sagittal corrections in Noncompliant Patients. 4th edition, Elsevier Mosby publication. Chapter 21: 879-900.
  12. Kalra V. The K-Loop molar distalizing appliance. J ClinOrthod. 1995; 29(5):298? 301.
  13. Vogt W.?The Forsus Fatigue Resistant Device.?J ClinOrthod.?2006;40(6):368?377.
  14. Jones G, Buschang PH, Kim KB, Oliver DR.?Class II non-extraction patients treated with the Forsus fatigue resistant device versus intermaxillary elastics.?Angle Orthod.?2008;78(2):332?338.
  15. Greenfield RL.?Fixed piston appliance for rapid class II correction.?J ClinOrthod.?1995;29(3)0:174?83.
  16. Carano, A. and Testa M .The Distal Jet for upper molar distalization.?J ClinOrthod.?1996;30(7):374?380.
  17. Gero S. M. Kinzinger GS, Gȕlden N, FarukYildizhan F, Diedrich PR. Efficiency of a skeletonized distal jet appliance supported by miniscrew anchorage for noncompliance maxillary molar distalization. Am J OrthodDentofacialOrthop. 2009;136(4):578-86.
  18. Locatelli R, Bednar J, Dietz VS, Gianelly AA. Molar distalization with superelasticNiTi wire. J ClinOrthod. 1992;26(5):277-9.
  19. Sugawara J et al. Distal movement of mandibular molars in adult patients with the skeletal anchorage system. Am J OrthodDentofacialOrthop. 2004;125(2):130-8.
  20. De Clerck H, Geerinckx V, Siciliano S. The zygoma anchorage system. J ClinOrthod. 2002;36(8):455-9.

[Apurva Nikte, Urvashi Nikte, Sushrut Niphadkar,Vaidehi Arekar, Paritrat Prakash and Utsav Nikte. (2019); INTRAORAL MOLAR DISTALIZATION APPLIANCES: A REVIEW. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 7 (3). 191-195] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

Dr. Apurva Nikte
Consultant Orthodontist, Private Practice, Mumbai


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/8620       DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/8620

Share this article