Bacteriological finding of urinary tract infection in diabetic patients

Abstract: Background: Diabetes mellitus has adverse effect on genitourinary system and patients suffering from diabetes mellitus are more prone to have urinary tract infection. Aims: To determine the prevalence of uropathogens in diabetic patient and to study their antibiotic susceptibility. Patients and Methods: urinary isolates and their patterns of susceptibility to the antimicrobials were evaluated in 60 diabetic patients with UTI (35 females-non pregnant and 25 males) from 122 diabetics attending National Center of diabetes Baghdad .Iraq . The specimens were examined for the various uropathogens using the standard microbiological procedures. Antibiotic susceptibility testing was performed for various antibiotics by Kirby Bauer disc diffusion method and the results were interpreted as per Clinical Laboratory and Standards Institute guidelines. The data was tabulated and analyzed. Results: The study showed that females are more vulnerable to pathogenic attack than males throughout a wide age distribution. Escherichia coli was the most common pathogen had been isolated followed by Staphylococcus aureus, Enterobacter species, Klebsiella pneumoniae and a few others. The isolates showed moderate to high level of sensitivity to various antibiotics tested. Conclusions: Diabetic patients are at a high risk of development of urinary tract infections. So continued surveillance of resistance rates among uropathogens is needed to ensure appropriate approach for the treatment of these infections.

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[Abdul-Hameed Al-Qaseer, Batool Hazim Abdul-wahab, Oruba Khalid Abbas (2014); Bacteriological finding of urinary tract infection in diabetic patients Int. J. of Adv. Res. 2 (10). 0] (ISSN 2320-5407).

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