COMPARISON OF RISK FACTORS FOR ANKLE SPRAINS IN KARATE PLAYERS WITH OR WITHOUT ANKLE SPRAINS
- B.P.Th, D.Y. Patil University, School of Physiotherapy, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
- M.P.Th in Neurosciences, Department of Neuro - physiotherapy, Assistant Professor, D. Y. Patil University, School of Physiotherapy, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
- M.P.Th in Cardio Vascular and Respiratory Physiotherapy, Department of Kinesiotherapeutics, Assistant Professor, D. Y. Patil University, School of Physiotherapy, Nerul, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra
- Cite This Article as
- Corresponding Author
Aim: The purpose of the study was to compare risk factors of ankle sprains in karate players with and without ankle sprain. Materials and Method: Community based cross sectional study was conducted on fifty karate players, 25 players with history of ankle sprains and 25 players without history of ankle sprains. The karate players were recruited from various Karate institutes across Mumbai, Maharashtra. The subjects were evaluated and compared for Body Mass Index (BMI), balance using Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) , Range of Motion using goniometer, Ankle Strength using Manual Muscle Testing and Ankle joint position sense in players with and without ankle sprains. Results: The mean values of right ankle range of motion, ankle strength and ankle joint position sense and the normalized reach distance percentages for SEBT showed no significant difference in players with and without ankle sprain. The mean values for left ankle dorsiflexion range of motion showed a significant difference in players with and without ankle sprain where p<0.05. Conclusion: Based on the results of our study it can be concluded that the intrinsic risk factors for ankle sprain considered for this study like impaired balance, reduced ankle strength, reduced range of motion and affected joint position sense were not significantly different in karate players with and without ankle sprain and dorsiflexion range of motion in left leg was significantly different among the karate players with and without ankle sprain
- Arriaza, Rafael & Leyes, Manuel. (2005). Injury profile in competitive karate: Prospective analysis of three consecutive World Karate Championships. Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy: official journal of the ESSKA. 13. 603-7. 10.1007/s00167-004-0593-6.
- Foot and Ankle injuries in martial arts (4th August 2014). Kansas City Foot Specialists, P.A. <http://www.kcfoot.com/blog/261-foot-and-ankle-injuries-in-martial-art>
- McLatchie, G. (1981) ?Karate and karate injuries.??British journal of sports medicine 15,1: 84-6.
- Tom Harris \"How Karate Works\" (17 August 2001). com. <https://entertainment.howstuffworks.com/karate.htm> 15 April 2019
- Peeri, Maghsoud et al (2011). The Rate of Prevalence and Causes of Sport Injuries in Males Karate Kumite Players. World Applied Sciences Journal. 15.
- Sterkowicz S, Sterkowicz-Przybycień K. (2013) Injuries in karate: A review. OA Sports Medicine Aug 01;1(2):14.
- Willems, Tine. (2005). Intrinsic Risk Factors for Inversion Ankle Sprains in Male Subjects: A Prospective Study. American Journal of Sports Medicine. 33. 415-423.
- Murphy, D F et al. (2003). Risk factors for lower extremity injury: a review of the literature.?British journal of sports medicine 37,1: 13-29. doi:10.1136/bjsm.37.1.13
- Timothy F Tyler et al (2006). Risk factors for noncontact ankle sprains in high school football players: the role of previous ankle sprains and body mass index. American Journal of sports medicine Volume: 34 issue: 3, page(s): 471-475
- Knapik JJ et al (2001).? Risk factors for training-related injuries among men and women in basic combat training. Med Sci Sports Exerc;33:94654.
- Baumhauer JF et al? (1995). A prospective study of ankle injury risk factors. Am J Sports Med;23:564?70.
- Twellaar M et al (1997). Physical characteristics as risk factors for sports injuries: a four year prospective study. Int J Sports Med;18:66?71.
- Hertel J et al (2000). Intratester and intertester reliability during the Star Excursion Balance Tests. J Sport Rehab. :9:104-116.
- Olmsted, Lauren C et al (2002). ?Efficacy of the Star Excursion Balance Tests in Detecting Reach Deficits in Subjects With Chronic Ankle Instability.??Journal of athletic training 37,4: 501-506.
- McGuine TA et al (2000).? Balance as a predictor of ankle injuries in high school basketball players. Clin J Sport Med 10:239?44.
- Hopper DM et al (1995). Do selected kinanthropometric and performance variables predict injuries in female netball players? J Sports Sci 13:213?22.
- Beynnon BD et al (2001). Ankle ligament injury risk factors: a prospective study of college athletes. J Orthop Res 19:213?20.
- Barrett J, Bilisko T (1995). The role of shoes in the prevention of ankle sprains. Sports Med 20:277?80.
- Florence P. Kendall (2005). Muscles testing and function with posture and pain; 5th Place and year of publication.
- Elveru RA et al (1988).? Goniometric reliability in a clinical setting. Subtalar and ankle joint measurements. Phys Ther? 68:6727.
- Jeffrey Boyle, Vicki Negus (1998). Joint position sense in the recurrently sprained ankle. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy, vol 44:3: 159-163.
- Colby Kisner & Lynn Allen Colby (2013). Therapeutic Exercise Foundations and Techniques, 6th Edition
- Cynthia C. Norkin & D. Joyce White (2012). Measurement of Joint Motion- A guide to Goniometer, 4th
- William W. Campbell (2013). Dejong?s The Neurologic Examination, 7th?
[Aditi Dand, Manasi Desai and Sukhada Prabhu (2019); COMPARISON OF RISK FACTORS FOR ANKLE SPRAINS IN KARATE PLAYERS WITH OR WITHOUT ANKLE SPRAINS Int. J. of Adv. Res. 7 (11). 121-133] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/9983 DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/9983
Share this article
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.