06Apr 2020

A PATH ANALYSIS OF COVID-19 WITH THE INFLUENCE OF AIR PRESSURE, AIR TEMPERATURE, AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY

  • Agusandel Sur State College of Agriculture and Technology.
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Cite This Article as
  • Corresponding Author

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is one of the most infectious diseases and one of the greatest challenge due to global health crisis. The virus has been transmitted globally and spreading so fast with high incidence. While, the virus still pandemic, the government scramble to seek antiviral treatment and vaccines to combat the diseases. This study was conducted to investigate the influence of air pressure, air temperature, and relative humidity on the number of confirmed cases in COVID-19. Based on the result, the calculation of reproduced correlation through path decompositions and subsequent comparison to the empirical correlation indicated that the path model fits the empirical data. The identified factor significantly influenced the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19. Therefore, the number of daily confirmed cases of COVID-19 may reduce as the amount of relative humidity increases; relative humidity will increase as the amount of air temperature decreases; and the amount of air temperature will decrease as the amount of air pressure decreases. Thus, it is recommended that policy-making bodies consider the result of this study when implementing programs for COVID-19 and increase public awareness on the effects of weather condition, as it is one of the factors to control the number of COVID-19 cases.


  1. Ajadi, D. A., &Sanusi, Y. K. (2013). Effect of relative humidity on oven temperature of locally design solar carbinet dryer.?Global Journal of Science Frontier Research Physics and Space Science,?13(1).
  2. Bukhari, Q., &Jameel, Y. (2020). Will coronavirus pandemic diminish by summer?.?Available at SSRN 3556998.
  3. Chen, N., Zhou, M., Dong, X., Qu, J., Gong, F., Han, Y., ...& Yu, T. (2020). Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study.?The Lancet,?395(10223), 507-513.
  4. Cohen, J. (1992). Statistical power analysis.?Current directions in psychological science,?1(3), 98-101.
  5. Dalziel, B. D., Kissler, S., Gog, J. R., Viboud, C., Bj?rnstad, O. N., Metcalf, C. J. E., & Grenfell, B. T. (2018). Urbanization and humidity shape the intensity of influenza epidemics in US cities.?Science,?362(6410), 75-79.
  6. Dines, W. H. (1925). The correlation between pressure and temperature in the upper air with a suggested explanation. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 51(213), 31-38
  7. Hemmes, J. H., Winkler, K., & Kool, S. M. (1960). Virus survival as a seasonal factor in influenza and poliomyelitis.?Nature,?188(4748), 430-431.
  8. Hui, D. S., Azhar, E. I., Madani, T. A., Ntoumi, F., Kock, R., Dar, O., ...&Zumla, A. (2020). The continuing 2019-nCoV epidemic threat of novel coronaviruses to global health?The latest 2019 novel coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan, China.?International Journal of Infectious Diseases,?91, 264.
  9. Ma, Y., Zhao, Y., Liu, J., He, X., Wang, B., Fu, S., ...& Luo, B. (2020). Effects of temperature variation and humidity on the death of COVID-19 in Wuhan, China.?Science of The Total Environment, 138226.
  10. Pfahl, S., &Niedermann, N. (2011). Daily covariations in near‐surface relative humidity and temperature over the ocean.?Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres,?116(D19).
  11. Temp, A. Impact of Air Temperature on Relative Humidity ? A Study.
  12. Tosepu, R., Gunawan, J., Effendy, D. S., Lestari, H., Bahar, H., &Asfian, P. (2020). Correlation between weather and Covid-19 pandemic in Jakarta, Indonesia.?Science of The Total Environment, 138436.
  13. Ud-Dean, S. M. (2010). Structural explanation for the effect of humidity on persistence of airborne virus: seasonality of influenza.?Journal of Theoretical Biology,?264(3), 822-829.
  14. Wang, J., Tang, K., Feng, K., &Lv, W. (2020). High temperature and high humidity reduce the transmission of covid-19.?Available at SSRN 3551767.
  15. World Health Organization. (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): situation report, 70.
  16. Wooten, R. D. (2011). Statistical analysis of the relationship between wind speed, pressure and temperature. Journal of Applied Sciences, 11(15), 2712-2722.

[Marvin G. Pizon, Ronald R. Baldo, Ruthlyn N. Villarante and Jessica D. Balatero (2020); A PATH ANALYSIS OF COVID-19 WITH THE INFLUENCE OF AIR PRESSURE, AIR TEMPERATURE, AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY Int. J. of Adv. Res. 8 (Apr). 224-232] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com


Marvin G. Pizon
Agusan del Sur State College of Agriculture and Technology

Share this article