List of Articles to be published in the coming issue.
COMPARATIVE EFFICACY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF NAYANTARA, TELAKUCHA AND THEIR COMBINATIONS USED IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
1*Mohammad Abu Bin Nyeem, 1Mohammad Abu Taher, 2A.K.M. Mamun Ur Rashid, 3B. M. Rabiul Islam 4Mohammad Tanzim Ullah and 4Mahbub Mostofa
Plants have been the major source of medicine throughout human history. Even today, this trend continues. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of the methanolic extract of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Cephalandra indica (Telakucha) and their combination compared to standard drug Glimepride (Amaryl®). Diabetes was induced experimentally in the rats with Streptozotocin (STZ; 55 mg/kg, i.p.). The extract of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Cephalandra indica (Telakucha) & their combination were administered orally at the rate of 500mg/kg and Glimepride 800µg/kg body weight daily. The herbal preparations of these plants significantly increased body weight and decreased blood glucose as compared with the patent drug Glimepride (Amaryl®). The present study clearly indicated the significant antidiabetic activity of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Telakucha (Cephalandra indica) combination of Nayantara & Telakucha. Telakucha was more effective which decreased the blood glucose, thereby justifying the use of those plants in the Unani & Ayurvedic system of medicine.
Amit Rajpoot and Amit Agrawal.
Heat Exchanger is the key part in a thermal industry .Hence performance of heat exchanger affects the quality and productivity of any thermal plant .Recent economics research has focused on developing the reliable machinery database to ensure optimum design. There are many parameters whose selection contributes to the performance of heat exchanger as they all affect the cooling and to a larger extent. Some of them are Ambient temperature, Inlet temperature, Flow rate of fluid. In this research process parameters have been optimize for best performance of heat exchanger by Taguchi optimization technique. Larger is better option has been taken for the analysis and level of parameter are three (Lower, Mediam, High). Degree of freedom of parameter is six which is suitable for L9 orthogonal array for three independent parameter. Performing with all nine set of parameter amount of heat exchange have been observe and cooling in degree centigrade have been calculated. With the check of S/N ratio optimum parameter for maximum level of performance of heat exchanger have been observed. The study includes selection of parameters, utilizing an orthogonal array, conducting experimental runs, data analysis, determining the optimum combination. Finally the experimental verification has been done. Experimental results are provided to illustrate the proposed approach. Finally we derived a mathematical model maximum cooling load with the help of MATLAB software. After the whole work comparative analysis of results from different theories has been done in which we found that all results are approximately similar. Hence author concluded that the values of parameters can be selected for other vital experiment on the basis of mathematical model generated by this research.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EFFECT OF DELAYED UMBLICAL CORD CLAMPING AND UMBLICAL CORD MILKING IN TERM NEONATES IRON STATUS: A RANDOMISED CONTROL TRIAL
CHITRANGADA GUPTA, MANGALA GOWRI
Dr. Khulem Stellone Singh, Dr. Midhun chowdary Kothari, Dr. Shilpa Patankar, Dr. Pankaj Bansode
Varicose veins are very common clinical condition characterised by permanently dilated torturous elongated veins in the leg which is due to incompetence of valves. Risk factors being heredity, occupations of prolong standing, immobility, raised intra abdominal pressure, raised progesterone level, altered oestrogen-progesterone ratio etc. A 27 years old patient with no h/o any systemic disease or co morbidities came with complaints of dilated, tortuous veins in the left lower limb extending from mid-thigh to ankle region since 2 months. Since 1 month the patient was having dull aching pain over the left lower limb on walking and prolonged standing. A thorough clinical examination was done with findings of incompetent Sapheno-femoral junction(SFJ) and perforator incompetence of the left lower limb. A venous Doppler of the left lower limb revealed SFJ dilated and incompetent and Incompetent perforators along the GSV 5 cm below the knee. Following all routine preoperative work-ups, patient was posted for surgery. After ligating all the tributarirs of GSV, while checking the metallic stripper, it snapped in between and was not in a useable condition and there was no other metallic stripper in the OT. Decision had to be taken for an alternative the GSV was sucessfully stripped using a 14F Nelton’s catheter. Thus as an alternative to metallic stripper, a Nelton’s catheter can also be used for stripping varicose veins.
k kamalakanth shenoy, sanath shetty, rajesh shetty, savita dandekeri, mallikarjuna ragher, zaid malik
Abstract Clinicians find it challenging to manage patients with Ectodermal Dysplasia because of their extremely thin alveolar ridge and partial or complete edentulism.Various options can be opted from while treating a hypohydrotic ectodermal dysplasia patient, such as CD, RPD, FPD or implants. Among these removable prosthesis has become a common option. Patients age and clinical condition has to be taken into consideration before choosing a path of treatment. For example, a child patient can\'t be given a FPD or implant as it hinders cranio facial growth. Taking this into consideration, various treatment options has been discussed in present article.
An Appraisal of Livestock Sub-sector and its Contribution to the Economic Development of Northern Nigeria: A Perspective on Zamfara State
Anas Sani Anka and Masud Bello
DIPLOMACY IN THE SOUTHERN BALKANS AND THE IMPACT OF THE PERCEPTION OF DONALD TRUMP BY BALKAN BORN CITIZENS LIVING IN THE UNITED STATES.
Joseph E. Przybyla and Anthony W. Preston.
Few world leaders evoke such a range of reactions as Donald Trump. The President of the United States carries power well beyond his country. The Balkan Region has long relied upon the United States as an ally and partner in being successful. This project sought to solicit the opinion of Balkan born persons who now reside in the Chicago metropolitan region. There does not appear to be any research that has taken place to solicit the opinion of those from the Balkans about Trump. This research was conducted using a mixed methods approach: using both a survey, designed to gather quantitative data as well as focus group interviews, designed to elicit more detailed information related to the reasons behind the opinions held by focus group participants. The results will provide a comprehensive analysis of what motivates survey participants in their perception and support (or lack of) for Trump. These results can be used to improve the relationship between the Trump Administration and the Balkan Region and identify positive areas to build open for the future.
Manha H.Slman,Salamya E.Slman,Shadha Abud Algabar
Abstract Echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection caused by developmental stages (larvae, hydiatid,metacetodes) of two kinds of tapeworms, Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis, Sources of infection are final hosts (i.e. dogs for E. granulosus and mainly foxes for E. multilocularis) and food contaminated with parasite eggs. After oral ingestion of parasite eggs by humans (intermediate hosts) and hematogenous distribution inside the host, E. granulosus larvae (oncospheres) begin to vesiculate mainly in the liver and lungs and in other organs. The difficulty and the similarity of clinical symptoms with other diseases, the disease is diagnosed Serological ways including ELISA test.82 serum samples collected from some hospitals in Baghdad randomly. To detect the Human Hydatid Cyst disease non-visible symptoms in humans and used the ELISA test, results showed 18.29% positive case
Evaluation of the quality of life of schizophrenic patients treated with first and second generation antipsychotics
A. AKANOUR, Y.OTHEMAN, A. KADDAF, M.KADIRI, J.MEHSSANI, MZ.BICHRA
Introduction- The quality of life of patients with schizophrenia has been extensively studied, however the benefit of using second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) on the subjective quality of life of patients needs to be clarified. Objective- To compare the quality of life in patients with schizophrenia treated with first generation antipsychotics (FGA) to those treated with SGA. Method - This is a cross-sectional study that included patients with schizophrenia according to the criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), treated with FGA or SGA, stabilized under the same treatment for at least 2 months, and having no psychiatric or somatic comorbidity. The evaluation of the clinical profile of the patients was performed by PANSS (Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale). The quality of life assessment was made using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (MOS-SF36). Results - from a total of 67 patients, 37 were under FGA and 30 under SGA. The two groups are clinically comparable based on the PANSS scale. No significant differences were found in overall scores in terms of physical and mental health, and in their sub-scales scores, between both groups. Conclusion - In our study, we found no significant difference in subjective quality of life in patients with schizophrenia based on the use of FGA and SGA. This study, as well as the contradictory results encountered in the literature, prove that the concept of quality of life is complex, and cannot be reduced to the biologic dimension alone.
DR. VEENA PAUL,DR, ABY MATHEW,DR. ELIZABETH K SUNNY, DR. SHOMA SASIDHARAN
A surging significance in implant dentistry has demanded and hence promoted research within the field to bring about the current trends in dental implantology.surface topography and the modifications brought about to improve the surface characteristics are promising for the betterment of osseointegration resulted.this article reveiws different surface modifications,methods to improve the surface characteristics of dental implants and the future of dental implant surfaces.
COMPARISON OF LOAD DEFLECTION PROPERTIES AND FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF CONVENTIONAL NITI ARCHWIRES AND COATED NITI ARCHWIRES GENERATED IN VARIOUS CERAMIC BRACKET SLOTS- AN IN-VITRO STUDY
Dr. Rahul Aghera, Dr. Hina Desai, Dr. Kalpesh Patel, Dr. Udita Thakkar, Dr. Nikunj Patel
Introduction: Two main groups of materials used in fixed orthodontics are brackets and archwires. The present study was done to compare the frictional resistance and load-deflection properties of conventional NiTi archwire, Teflon coated NiTi archwire and Epoxy resin coated NiTi archwire when placed within the slot of ceramic brackets, metal-insert ceramic brackets and self- ligating ceramic brackets. Method: The frictional resistance (static friction and kinetic friction) and load-deflection properties (loading and unloading forces) of conventional NiTi, Teflon coated NiTi and Epoxy resin coated NiTi archwires (0.019”x0.025”) were evaluated when placed within the slot of ceramic bracket, ceramic bracket with metal slot and ceramic self ligating bracket (0.022”x0.028” MBT prescription). 54 samples were tested (6 per group) using Universal Testing Machine. Results: Least static and kinetic friction was found when Epoxy resin coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Highest static friction was found when Teflon coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Least loading and unloading forces were found when Epoxy resin coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Highest loading and unloading forces were found when Teflon coated NiTi was wire used with ceramic bracket. Conclusion: Epoxy resin coated archwire showed had more potential to reduce the friction and produced less loading and unloading forces as compared to Teflon coated archwire and conventional NiTi arch wire. Ceramic self ligating brackets and ceramic brackets with metal slot produced low frictional forces as compared to conventional ceramic brackets.
ICU ADMISSIONS IN OBSTETRICS: ANALYSIS OF INDICATIONS , INTERVENTIONS AND MORTALITY IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE
Preeti Sharma,Deepti Rana,Ashok Verma,Nikita gandotra,Sabia Raashed
Y KARTHIK SHETTY and PS VISHWAPURNA
Ahd Zaghba, Hicham Soualhi
An anterior tooth restoration is optimally imitation natural appearance when it offers a perfect harmony between natural and artificial structures, especially when it comes to interference with the light. The \"right\" choice of anterior crown reconstruction material is the basis for successful restoration. This choice has become difficult because of the large number of existing processes. Only a systematic analysis of each case makes it possible to make the right decision.
DOES PRP INJECTION ACCELERATE ORTHODONTIC TOOTH MOVEMENT WHEN RETRACTING UPPER CANINES? A SPLIT-MOUTH-DESIGN RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sleiman Ahmad1, Hazem Hassan2
R.Banupriya 1, T.Janani 2 , P.Jeya lakshmi
Exposure to fluoride significantly decrease the cell membrane integrity and mitochondrial activity in murine renal cells
Thanusha Perera, Kasun Godakumara, Shirani Ranasinghe, Neil Alles
Background: Kidney Disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka is not related to the diabetes-related kidney damage and extensive contamination of groundwater by fluoride was one of the main suspected reasons for the crises. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the effect of fluoride on kidney cell viability with increasing concentrations of fluoride for different time periods. Method: Kidneys from four weeks old mice were removed aseptically and cultured with ?-MEM media supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 1% Penicillin / Streptomycin solution, overnight incubation at 370 C in a CO2 incubator. After 2 days, cells were divided into 0.5 × 106 cells / 25cm2 culture flasks and 1x104 cells/ well in 96-well plates. Culture flasks were treated with Sodium fluoride (NaF) at concentrations of 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 mM for 12 hr and the viable cell number was calculated by trypan blue assay. Then 96-well plates were exposed to same concentrations of NaF for 12 - 36 hr and mitochondrial activity was evaluated by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results: Renal cell damage was significantly decreased at 1, 2, 4 and 8mM NaF concentrations compared to control group with 20.13%, 28.5%, 30.88% and 38.45% respectively. The mitochondrial activity of renal cells was started to show a significant decrease at 8Mm NaF concentration after 12h. Moreover, by increasing the incubation time from 12 to 24h and 36h, the mitochondrial activity was further decreased at 2, 4 and 8mM NaF at 24h and 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8Mm NaF at 36h with respect to control groups. Conclusion: Fluoride exposure resulted renal cell damage and concentration dependent decrease in mitochondrial activity with increased exposure time.
After review of the dynamic interaction between the soil and structure, it is visible that the piles improve the dynamic characteristics of the weak ground base. A short review of the possibilities for reduction of seismic effects on the building project has been made; respectively a decrease in its construction cost. The thesis about the increase of the soil stiffness after the construction of the pile foundation has been set out. The principles for evaluation of the improvement of the characteristics and the ways for their experimental determination have been exposed. A statement has been highlighted that following the construction of the pile foundation, the improved soil characteristics should be measured again and using the results obtained an authoritative dynamic analysis of the entire design structure shall be made.
Many studies have examined the differences in DRM tasks that use semantically, phonologically, and orthographically associated lists with a false target. Similar studies comparing children to adults have not came to a consensus about whether significant differences exist based on age. The present study examines both children and adults and uses three DRM tasks. The first list contains a semantically associated false target that is not orthographically or phonologically associated with any other words on the list. The next list uses a phonologically associated false target that is not semantically or orthographically associated to the words on the list. Lastly, the final list uses an orthographically associated false target that is not semantically or phonologically associated to the words on the list. This study directly examines isolated versions of these three types of associates finding significant differences between all three and suggests how this may impact results of similar previous studies and what this means in terms of the fuzzy-trace theory.
The Effect of Flypaper Phenomenon and Budgetary Slack on Regional Expenditure in The regional Government of South Sulawesi Province
Subagio Makodongan, Kartini, Sanusi Fattah
SUBAGIO MOKODONGAN. The Effect of Flypaper Phenomenon and Budgetary Slack on Regional Expenditure in The regional Government of South Sulawesi Province (Supervised by Kartini and Sanusi Fattah) This study aims to know and explain the influence of flypaper effect and budgetary slack against indirect expenditures and direct expenditure in 23 districts/cities in south sulawesi. This research used pooled data 23 districts/cities in South Sulawesi with purposive sampling. Using multiple linear regression analysis, that was the t test to examine four hypothesis. The research was to explain local expenditure side of flypaper effect and budgetary slack, was proxied to PAD actual toward local expenditure which break down in indirect expenditures (BTL) and direct expenditure (BL). The Results of the research find that partially independent variables that proxy fylpaper effect on DAU is very influential in the planning of the budget allocation for indirect expenditure (BTL), but the budgetary slack is proxied to the PAD was not significant. On the other hand, this research finds that the independent variable partially fylpaper effect proxy on DAU and the budgetary slack proxy on the PAD is very influential in planning the budget allocation for direct expenditure (BL). This fact means that the agent as a claimant on a budget BTL and BL will be stimulated first budgeted revenue budgets the nature of more certain (from the side amount, timing and flexibility) to maximize his personal preferences. Keyword: Flypaper Effect, Budgetary Slack, Indirect Expenditure, Direct Expenditure.
Sailendra Mohan Das, Tikendrajit Gogoi, Mridupaban Phukan
Keywords : Odonata, Anisoptera, Zygoptera, Eastern Assam, India. ODONATES OF EASTERN ASSAM, INDIA *S. M. Das1, T. Gogoi2 & M. Phukan3 1.Department of Biology, Guru Teg Bahadur Academy, Tinsukia, Assam, India. 2. Department of Zoology, DHSK College, Dibrugarh, Assam India. 3. Rainforest Conservation Center, Jeypore, Dibrugarh, Assam, India. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract Eastern Assam of India is located under Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot and gifted with diverse habited for odonate diversity. The paper provides information on composition of odonet fauna sampled during random surveys from March, 2015 to April, 2019, covering two districts (Tinsukia and Dibrugarh districts) in the eastern part of Assam (India). The survey revealed 76 species of odonates from the region. Out of these, 48 species are Dragonflies (Sub-order: Anisoptera) under 31 genera and 3 families; whereas 28 species of Damselflies (Sub- order: Zygoptera) under 16 genera and 6 families. A species of Gomphidae family, Burmagomphus asahinai Kosterin, Makbun & Dawwrieng, 2012, recorded from Dibrugarh, which is a new record within Indian limit. We also recorded Lestes dorothea Fraser, 1924 and Orthetrum luzonicum Brauer,1886, which is the first formal record from Assam. Two rare species of odonates Pseudocopera ciliate (Selys,1863) and Gynacantha khasiaca MacLachlan, 1896, were recorded from Tinsukia and Baragolai respectively, confirmed its distribution range up to eastern Assam within India. Rediscovery of Lyriothemis bivittata Rambur, 1842, after eight decades, from Pengeri area of Tinsukia district, established its presence in the state. Although, this study has enlightened the status and distribution of Odonates in eastern Assam; however, further study needs to be carried out for the effective conservation of this charismatic group of insect.
ASSESSMENT OF DENTAL CARIES USING CAST INDEX AMONG SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN OF AGE 12-15 YEARS IN KHAMMAM, TELANGANA STATE. A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY
Dr. V. Srujan kumar, Dr. K.V.N.R. Pratap, Dr.T. Madhavi Padma, Dr.V. Siva Kalyan and Dr.P.Srikanth
Effect of Aloin (aloevera extract) on the levels of Porphyromonas Gingivalis and Aggregatibacter Actinomycetemcomitans in Chronic Generalized Periodontitis: A Clinical & Microbiological study.
Dr, Anushree Choudhary, Dr Kabbur Thipanna Chandrashekar, Dr. Rohit Mishra, Dr. Vandana Dubey Tripathi, Dr. Vibhor Hazari, Dr, Ashima Trivedi
Background- Scaling and root planing is the basic treatment modality for periodontal disease. However, mechanical treatment is limited by physical impediments and biochemical considerations. Herbal agents may be used as an adjunct to overcome limitations of mechanical therapy. Thus the aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of Aloin, (aloevera extract) as a local drug delivery (LDD). LDD was used as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP). Study was aimed to compare the clinical and microbiological effect of Aloin on the levels of Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.gingivalis) and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A.A comitans) in the treatment of chronic generalized periodontitis (CGP). Methods- Thirty chronic generalized periodontitis patients with 90 sites were selected including both males and females in the age group of 25–55 years. Three groups were made, 30 sites in each group were assigned. Group A was treated with aloin alone as LDD. Group B was treated with SRP and Aloin, whereas Group C was treated with SRP alone. Plaque sample was collected on baseline, 15th, 30th day for quantitative and qualitative analysis of P.gingivalis and A.A comitans. Results- There was a statistically significant improvement in all clinical and microbiological variables, including plaque and gingival index. However greatest improvement was evident in Group B in terms of reduction in colony forming units(CFU) of P.gingivalis and A.A comitans. Conclusion- Aloin as LDD is a valuable adjunct to SRP in the treatment of chronic generalized periodontitis.
Determination of Hg in hair of miners in Abu hammed city (indiscriminate mining area) using Direct Mercury Analyzer, Sudan
The aim of this study was to evaluate the total mercury in hair samples of miners in Abu hammed (indiscriminate mining area) city using Direct Mercury Analyzer (DMA). Thirty samples were collected from different locations. Locations are divided depending on which type of work was done. Direct Mercury Analyzer (DMA) was used to determine the mercury in hair samples. The results show that the mean elemental concentration of Hg were 9.4 and 24 ppb in location one and location 2, respectively and standard division of value of 15 and 21 ppb in location one and location 2, respectively.
ICP/AAS analysis of hair samples of miners in indiscriminate mining area of gold in Abu hammed city, Sudan
In present study, human head hair samples were collected from River Nile State, Abu-hamad locality. The sampling area was divided in two locations with 30 samples were taken from Washer’s (location one) and Evaporator’s (location two). Inductively Coupled Plasma (ICP) was used to identify these elements (Ni, Cu, Pb and As) and Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) used to determine the elements (Cu, Cd and Pb) in human hair samples. The mean elemental concentration of Ni, Cu, As and Pb in location one by ICP were 0.13, 0.10, 0.21 and 0.23 ppm while the mean elemental concentrations in location two were 0.14, 0.09, 0.23 and 0.30 ppm respectively. The mean elemental concentration of Cu, Cd and Pb in location 1 by AAS were 0.038, < LOD, < LOD ppm and 0.012 ppm while the mean elemental concentrations in location 2 were 0.027, 0.024, 0.069 ppm and 0.048 ppm respectively. The obtained results show that the lowest concentration values of elements were found in Location (Loc1) compared to elemental concentration found in Location (Loc2). The correlation for the various elements was determined. Also clusters analysis was performed. The enrichment factor (EF) of elements was calculated using Fe as a reference element. Comparisons between this study and data from literature were done.
G V Sowmya
In Wireless sensor networks, sensor nodes sense the data from environment according to its functionality and forwards to its base station. This process is called Data collection and it is done either direct or multi-hop routing. In direct routing, every sensor node directly transfers its sensed data to base station which in?influences the energy consumption from sensor node due to the far distance between the sensor node and base station. In multi-hop routing, the sensed data is relayed through multiple nodes to the base station, it uses less energy. This paper introduces a new mechanism for data collection and routing based on biased back off scheme. The proposed algorithm is termed as BDRRP: Back off delay Reliable Routing Protocol. This algorithm is explained and implemented using MATLAB. The performance results are compared with LEACH. The comparison reveals that the proposed algorithm performs better than LEACH.
MODELING OF URBAN WATER SUPPLY AND WATER LOSS IN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OF ADWA TOWN USING Water GEMS V8i SOFTWARE
Tsegay brhane beyene and Sisay demeku
Biodiversity, distribution and morphological characterization of macrofungi in Sylhet and Moulvibazar under tropical evergreen and semi-evergreen forest regions of Bangladesh
A. Tanjim, F. M. Aminuzzaman*, M. Rahaman, and J. F. Tanni
BEN MALESI MUGODO
NAEMA W. M. ALDAQSHA
The purpose of this paper was to assess the perfectness of Poulo Freire\\\'s, Pedagogy of the Oppressed, in regard to philosophy, education and politics. The study employed critical thinking using interpretive and descriptive approaches. Data were collected from Pedagogy of the Oppressed and other books, journals and articles on Poulo Freire and his writings. This book review systematically arranged, organized and analysed collected data to come up with a precise critical analysis of the book. This book review criticised the \\\"Banking model\\\" of education and considered how exploitative oppressors dehumanise the oppressed. The Author recommended dialogue pointing out that it entailed the positive transformation of individuals.
Grasiella K. Harb
Jagdeep Singh, Mamta Kumari
The world becomes smaller place on earth and competition increases, everyone has to compete as no one has choice to complain. This is quite true in engineering education as well. Engineering is one of the oldest field exists on earth. It should be considered as the ‘father’ of human development as it exists in all fields whether it is engineering, medical, education, commerce, or any other fields etc. Being so much demanding field of study, it is not growing in a way as desired due to skills among the graduates, technological changes, and the scope of employability. Methodology used in this study is to collect secondary data and analyze it for conclusion & recommendations. This study attempts to understand the current situation of skills and employability among the engineering graduates in India. After a rigorous review of literature, it is found that the majority of engineering passed graduates do not contain right, and required skills for the job they apply. It is also found that most of the candidates learn while they earn and grow as professional in the private or government jobs. This study proposed a framework of skills and employability to bridge the gaps and also proposed a career decision process for engineering graduates so that they could be able to choose right path! Right future career! This study concluded that educational Institutes and Industries should come together and make joint efforts to develop a curriculum so that it makes employable India and hence nations progressive growth. This study may help engineering graduates, students who are willing to jump into engineering field, Government organizations related to engineering education, educationists and industries. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Keywords: Skills, Employability, Engineering Graduate, Curriculum, Education, Jobs, Career
Quality performance of mono crystalline silicon solar cells in 137Cs based radiation rich environment
AFRA, K, K, Konda
Physically and culturally Kerala is one of the most unique regions in India. The state is a blessed land wedged between palm fringed sea on the west and the lush green Western Ghats on the east. Constituent exploitation of these forest lands without any systematic and scientific methods have led to considerable damage to the whole environment. The very early history of Kerala provides us evidence of a constant and continuous relationship between forest and primitive tribal groups. As forest is the store house of tremendous wealth, it is mentioned as the first university of human beings. It is said because from forest he learned many lessons of social and settled life, lessons of agriculture, food habits, etc. More than that forests have witnessed the growth of human beings from a primitive beast to culturally civilised man. Influence of this forest atmosphere had helped them to develop their own unique culture, which treated forest as their first home land. But later wards the high level encroachment of outsiders and extreme deforestation have challenged the value of tribal culture in Kerala are facing great threat from encroachers. Therefore, the present paper is deliberating upon the dependence of forest and tribal culture. It also talks about the problems and prospects of traditional tribal culture of Kerala.
Liang liqin, Xue ruiting, Yang rui, Huang yating
Biochemical experiment is an important basic experimental course in life science and related disciplines. Its teaching effect plays an inestimable role in other experiments, undergraduate papers, graduate study and work in the future. In order to improve the students\' basic experimental skills and comprehensive ability, this paper carries out the teaching reform of the basic experiment in the biochemistry course, that is, the teaching mode based on the group cooperative autonomous learning, taking the use and making of the micro-class the teaching means. With mind mapping as the main line of teaching, and the goal of students being able to design and complete experiments quickly and efficiently, on the basis of improving students\' basic experimental skills, The purpose of this paper is to improve students\' autonomous learning ability, teamwork ability, emotional communication ability, educational information technology level, logical thinking ability, theory with practical ability and so on, so as to lay the foundation for the society to transport innovative talents with comprehensive quality.
Dr. Jibi Varghese T. 1 Dr. Jonah S. 2 Dr. Vaishali Deshpande 3 Manna Mathew
Dr.ABHILASH TADIBOINA , Dr.KANDULA VENKATESWARA REDDY
BACKGROUND: as liver is the principal organ for metabolism of the carbohydrates, chronic liver disease (CLD) may affect carbohydrate metabolism. Hence we can utilise oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) to study the disturbances in carbohydrate metabolism in CLD. Objectives include: 1) To know clinical features and laboratory manifestations of chronic liver disease. 2) To know various results of OGTT in CLD. 3) To study various classes of cirrhosis (as in child-grading) METHODS: Study was conducted over a period of 18 months in Katuri medical college where clinical, laboratory manifestations and OGTT results in 30 cases of CLD and 30 controls (age and sex matched) with cured respiratory tract infection. Age more than 65 years, pregnant women, patients with h/o diabetes, clinical features suggestive of chronic cholestatic diseases and h/o alcoholism in controls were excluded from the present study. RESULTS: CLD was found to be more common in males (73.3%) than females. CLD was more common in lower socioeconomic status (63%). Male: female ratio is equal for chronic hepatitis C equals to one. Alcoholic cirrhosis, chronic alcohol hepatitis and primary hepatoma with cirrhosis were seen only in male and cryptogenic cirrhosis was seen in only female. Most of the cases had anemia. Cirrhosis is the most common cause for CLD (66.6%/20 cases). OGTT showed rise in blood sugar levels in cases which was significant when compared with control group (p<0.05). OGTT showed impaired response in 46.6% cases, impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) in 23.3%, diabetic response in 23.3% and normal response in 53.3% cases. Cirrhosis is the most common (78.5%) cause for impaired glucose response. CONCLUSIONS: It can be concluded that CLD is more common in male and lower socioeconomic status. There is significant impaired response to glucose load in CLD. Cirrhosis, among CLD’s is the most common etiology for impaired response.
A Comparative in vivo study of antidiabetic potentiality and evaluation of safety profile of Gynura procumbens, Terminalia chebula and Ficus racemosa on alloxan-induced diabetic rats.
Zahirul Islam, Md. Naeem Hossain Rony, Farhana Farin, Amatun Noor Prapty Md. Mehedi Hasan Khandoker, Sanjida Jannath, Tahmina Sharif Nila, Jannatul Nayeem, Fatema-Tuz-Zohra
Leaves of Gynura procumbens (L.) (Family: Asteraceae) is one of the eminent leafy vegetable that is utilized for this purpose conventionally. It has been consumed against diabetes for long while. Diabetes was induced in rats by intraperitoneal injection of alloxan at a dose of 150mg/Kg bodyweight and ethanolic extract of leaves of Gynura procumbens was foraged to the rats at a dose of 750 mg/kg. We determined blood glucose level, and safety profile by determining SGOT, SGPT and creatinine on diabetic and non-diabetic rats before and after administration of the extract. After determining blood glucose level, it was detected that the hypoglycemic efficiency was analogous to that of metformin (p> 0.05) which was imparted at a dose of 500 mg/kg. Safety profile were probed by inspecting SGOT, SGPT and creatinine level. It was discerned that both metformin and leaf extract of Gynura procumbens recuperated the pathological state induced by diabetes. In addition to that, in healthy individual rats both metformin and leaf extract of Gynura procumbens did not substantially alter conventional physiological state. It can, hence, be conjectured that extract of leaves of Gynura procumbens could be exploited as a good alternative therapy to treat diabetes.
CLINICAL, HEMATOLOGICAL,BIOCHEMICAL AND RADIOLOGICAL PREDICTORS OF SEVERITY AND OUTCOME IN DENGUE INFECTION
Dr.SUVARNA REKHA PUVVADA , Dr. LAKSHMIKANTH JAMALLA
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND Dengue infection, the most prevalent arthropod-borne viral illness in humans, is caused by the dengue virus and is one of the most important tropical infectious diseases of the world. Several outbreaks of dengue infection have been reported from India. There are very few studies in children regarding predictors of severity and outcome in dengue infection. This study was undertaken to see if we can predict the severity and outcome of dengue infection based on clinical and laboratory parameters at time of admission. Objectives of the study: • To document the clinical profile of patients with Dengue. • To assess the association of AST, ALT and ultrasoundwith the severity of dengue infection. • To assess the association of CPK-MB with myocarditis in dengue infection. Methodology A hospital-based prospective observational analytical study was performed on 65 patients proven to be dengue positive [NS1 or IgM or IgG positive (card test or ELISA)] admitted in pediatric ward and pediatric intensive care unit. For these patients, specific investigations like complete hemogram which includes even platelet count and hematocrit, liver function tests (bilirubin, serum protein, AST, ALT, ALP), coagulation profile(PT,APTT), CPK-MB, chest x-ray, ultrasound abdomen and pelvis were done after admission. In these patients, we tried to predict the severity and outcome of dengue infection by assessing clinical, haematological, biochemical & radiological parameters Results: Among the 65 cases of dengue infection proven through rapid card test NS1, IgM, IgG positive or ELISA IgM positive ,25.4% , 40% & 34.6% cases belong to 0-5yrs, 6-10yrs & 11-14yrs respectively. 63% were males, and 37% were females. According to 2009 WHO classification 38.5% had dengue fever without warning signs (DF), 47.7% had dengue fever with warning signs (DFWS), and 13.8% had severe dengue(SD). Most common symptoms that they present within decreasing order are fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, myalgia, headache, loose stools, arthralgia, cough, cold, rashes, nausea etc& warning signs in decreasing order areabdominal pain, hepatomegaly , abdomen tenderness , raised hematocrit with reduced platelet count etc.TLC <4000 cells/mm3 was seen in 27 cases (41.5%), PCV ? 35% in 41 cases , PLT < 50,000/mm3 in 17 cases , PLT: 50,000 – 1 lakh/ mm3 in 11 cases, PLT > 1 -1.5 lakhs/ mm3 in 17 cases, PT > 13.5 sec. in 54 cases and APTT > 34 sec. in 47 cases, AST > 41U/L in 56 cases, ALT > 41U/L in 30 cases, CPK-MB > 26 U/L in 54 cases & albumin < 3.5g/dl in 34 cases. Chest X-ray finding was mainly consolidation and is seen in 44.4% of severe dengue cases and 6.5% of DFWS cases. Pleural effusion constituted about 0%, 25.8% & 33.3% in DF, DFWS & SD respectively which shows statistical significant difference with p=0.014 stating it is specific for DFWS & SD.Prolonged duration of stay is specific for severe dengue.Out of 65 cases 2 cases of SD (22.2%) expired. In ROC the composite index (AST2/ALT) was the most accurate (AUC 0.813; 95% CI 0.615 – 1.000) when optimal cut off is ? 400.4 with highest sensitivity (88.9%) and specificity (76.8%) stating that it may be used as a marker for identification of severe dengue based on admission AST and ALT Conclusion: PCV ? 35.95%, TLC< 6200/mm3, deranged coagulation profile, AST ? 156U/L, ALT ? 44U/L ,the composite index AST2/ALT (AUC 0.813; 95% CI 0.615 – 1.000) optimal cut off ?400.4 with a sensitivity of 88.9% and specificity of 76.8% and presence of polyserositis on USG/X-ray are predictive of Severe Dengue and should alert the clinician for more vigilant monitoring. Early prediction and anticipation of Severe Dengue and its prompt management can reduce the mortality associatedwith the diseaseand for proper counselling of the patients and their relatives. KEYWORDS: Dengue fever without warning signs, dengue fever with warning signs, severe dengue, AST, ALT, Composite Index, predictors.
Eddy Setyanto, Matin, Totok Amin Soefijanto
The purpose of this study is to Evaluate the Implementation of cultural-based education policies at the high school level in the Special Region of Yogyakarta. Culture-based education is the mandate of the Law on Privileges (Privileges Law) which upholds the values of the sublime culture typical of Yogyakarta. This research uses a qualitative approach with an evaluative method. The model developed by Stufflebeam is the CIPP model (context, input, process, product). The results of this study indicate that the implementation of cultural-based education policies at the high school level in Yogyakarta in some aspects have not yet reached the evaluation criteria and improvements are needed, but in general these policies are going well and must continue. Implement for the management and implementation of cultural-based education in the Special Region of Yogyakarta (DIY) based on the National Education System and graduation standards. The results of the study can be implemented in all subjects in 3 model school environments with 100% student graduation results. The implementation of culture-based education referred to in this research is on the cultural values of the Special Region of Yogyakarta that respects other regional cultures, national cultures, and global cultures.
Dr Shruti Gupta¹ , Dr Ch. Nagesh², Dr Mohit Trivedi ³, Dr Ambrish Kumar Gupta?, ?, Shruti Dubey ?
Peng Lin, Lixin Yang
This paper discussed the research content from five parts. The first chapter mainly introduced the background and significance of the research and the research status at home and abroad. The second chapter introduced the theoretical knowledge and implementation of the research method, namely the random forest algorithm. The third chapter introduced the index system of city classification.The fourth chapter introduced the establishment of stochastic forest algorithm model and discusses the feasibility of the model from the model results. The fifth chapter made a summary of the whole thesis.
Giant cell granuloma is an infrequent benign lesion of the maxillae, sometimes she presents an aggressive behavior . It is characterized by destruction of the bone, loss of facial symmetry, this lesion occurs more frequently in women than in men with a location twice as common in the mandible than in the maxilla Our case is about a 46-year-old patient with no previous history, presenting a painless and fixed mandibular swelling and in whom a panoramic radio showed a lytic lesion, maxillofacial CT had described an aspect in favor of bone metastasis probably of thyroid origin
Khushboo Dubey , Abhinav Mishra , Ratnesh Dubey and Sanghmitra
Indian mustard is one of the major rabi oilseed crop in India. Continuous improvement in rapeseed-mustard has resulted in nutritionally superior edible oil, and meal as an important source of protein in animal feed. The crop is affected by various biotic and abiotic stresses. There are many biotic stresses which affect the production of Mustard .Many attempts have been made by the scientists to improve Brassica using molecular markers like Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP), Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR), Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) based maps (Ramen et al., 2014) etc. Somaclonal variation as a tool for creating in vitro variability offers a unique opportunity for desirable attributes. Molecular markers such as Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD), Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP), AFLP and SSR have been used for improving selection efficiency and selecting plant genotypes with the desired combinations of traits. Transgenic approaches have been followed to develop the transgenic for aphid resistance, male sterility, AB tolerance, herbicide resistance and drought tolerance. Bar, Barnase and Barstar based herbicide resistance and genetic male sterility have been used in the development of experimental hybrids. Keyword- major disease, Biotechnology tools, transgenic approaches.
The ideology of ‘Socialism’ is the outcome of philosophy of Karl Marx; according to him Socialism, is a society which serves the needs of man. For Marx, socialism meant the social order which permits the return of man to himself, the identity between existence and essence, the overcoming of the separateness and antagonism between subject and object, the humanization of nature; it meant a world in which man is no longer a stranger among strangers, but is in his world, where he is at home. However the term Socialism is often associated with the concept of state ownership of the means of production. However, there are several variants of socialism such as Fabian socialism, utopian socialism and likewise. One such variant is ‘Democratic socialism’. The democratic socialism is a way of organizing society that guarantees all people decent and dignified lives. Democratic socialists believe that both the economy and society should run democratically with the aim of fulfilling public needs, and not merely to make profits for a few. Democratic socialism means the blending of socialist and democratic methods together in order to build up an acceptable and viable political and economic structure. To put it in other words, to arrive at socialist goals through democratic means.
S.EL HADDAD1, L.HESSISSEN2, N.ALLALI1, L.CHAT1
Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a proliferative histiocytic disorder relativily rare in the perdiatric group. This complex disease has no specific clinical or radiographic presentation. The scapula is one of the rarest site of LCH. Imaging and specially MRI are particularly helpful for characterizing the lesion and delineating the local and systemic extent. In this report, we present a rare case of Langerhans cell histiocytosis of the scapula in a 07 month-old baby.
Janter Napitupulu, Nasruddin M.N, Immanuel Munthe, Setia Megawati
Electric power is an essensial energy used all the time for human life. Even, the used of electric power could be as a parameter for showing the prosperity of a nation. Recently, lack of electric power causes the transfer of conventional energy consumption to renewable energy. North Sumatera Province lies on the equator. Therefore solar cell becomes one of the option used to generate electricity by converting sunlight into electricity. Solar cell can be used as a source of energy for street lighting at night. The length of national roads is always increasing every year built by government. In 2019, the overall length of national roads becomes 2632.22 Kms. The increase of the length of this national road causes the need for increased electrical power. By using solar cells as a source of energy replacing conventional energy sources, so energy conservation can be generated. All the lamps SON, 400 Watts, 220 Volts are changed to LED, 100 Watt, 24 Volts. By replacing SON lamp into LED lamps which the solar cells as an energy source will provide a carbon dioxide emission reduction. Energy conservation and Carbon emission reduction in a region will have an impact on air condition.
Dr. Nitin Tyagi, Dula Asma, Dula Ayesha
Area- Homoeopathy role of homoeopathy in the management of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Ajinkya P Patil
Abstract Background: Hyperuricemia is common in chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study evaluated the associations between baseline serum uric acid levels with mortality and end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a serious condition associated with premature mortality, decreased quality of life, and increased health- care expenditures. Chronic kidney disease occurs when one suffers from gradual and usually permanent loss of kidney function over time. Material and Method: This is a prospective observational study conducted in Nephrology Dept affliated to Biochemistry Dept, Govt.General Hospital,Kurnool From June 2018 to may 2019. In this study, 158 CKD patients were studied with detailed clinical and laboratory examination and divided into two groups: one group included 60 CKD patients with raised serum uric acid and another group containing 98 CKD patients with normal serum uric acid. Both groups were age matched. Results: In our study, prevalence of raised serum uric acid in CKD patients was found to be 38.4%. It is observed that, CKD patients with raised serum uric acid were predominantly male and presented mainly in later part of life. There is statistically significant (p<0.05) positive correlation is found between serum uric acid and stages and severity of CKD, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, serum BUN, serum creatinine, urine albuminuria, anaemia, cardiovascular disease, mortality and negative correlation with eGFR . Conclusion: In CKD patients, higher serum uric acid levels were associated with higher degree of renal dysfunction, hypertension, diabetes, urine albuminuria, anaemia, cardiovascular disease and mortality. It is found that most common cause of mortality in CKD patients with raised serum uric acid was cardiovascular disease/events. Key words: Chronic Kidney Disease, Uric Acid ,Cardiovascular disease
AWARENESS. KNOWLEDGE. AND PERCEPTION OF AMBLYOPIA AMONG PARENTS ATTENDING PEDIATRIC AND OPHTHALMOLOGY CLINICS AT KASCH. RIYADH
Malak, Mansour, Al-Haddab
Abstract Objective: To assess the levels of awareness. knowledge and perception of amblyopia in Saudi parents of children attending pediatrics and ophthalmology clinics at King Abdullah Specialist Children Hospital. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study utilizing a convenient sampling technique. Face-to-face interviews using a structured questionnaire assessed parents’ knowledge of amblyopia. Data was analyzed using SPSS version22-Independent sample t-test or ANOVA were used as applicable. Results: A total of 399 participants (40.9 % male) were included with a mean age ± SD of 34.0 ±8. Almost a third participant (36.3%) were aware of amblyopia and 25.6% were identified the correct amblyopia definition. Additionally. refractive errors and cataract were appropriately perceived as amblyopia etiologies among 28.6% and 10.0% of the participants. respectively. Knowledge about the suitable treatment options also was low. whereby only a quarter gave correct answers. Knowledge level was significantly higher among females compared to males (p=0.04). and among those being in ophthalmology clinic compared to pediatric clinic (p=0.003). Internet/social media and relatives/friends were the main sources of knowledge for the amblyopia-aware parents. Conclusion: This study revealed that the awareness of the definition and causes of amblyopia was low. Also. knowledge about treatment options was inadequate. However. the perception of early detection was high. Parents need have a higher level of awareness about amblyopia and this can be achieved by conducting planned educational programs and awareness campaigns. This in addition to the physician’s role in educating parents about the guidelines of children vision screening. Keyword: Amblyopia. awareness. knowledge. ophthalmology. pediatric. Riyadh. Saudi Arabia.
Achraf Mouden ,Smiti Yassine, Oussama Ssouni , Abdelilah Ghannam , Brahim El Ahmadi , Zakaria Belkhadir
INTRODUCTION Thrombosis of the right cavities is rare, it concerns 4% of pulmonary emboli in the ICOPER register. This prevalence is probably underestimated . It must be considered as an immediate vital threat; untreated, mortality is 80 to 100% OBSERVATION We will report the case of a patient, hospitalized in the intensive care unit after a neoplastic surgery of the esophagus and for whom a transthoracic ultrasound performed because of respiratory distress and tachycardia objectified a right ventricular intracavitary thrombosis. DISCUSSION The presence of a moving right intra-atrial mass during pulmonary embolism confers a higher risk of death to the patient. This localization of thrombi could be explained by an embolization resulting from peripheral venous thrombosis , an impaired right ventricular systolic function; an atrial rhythm disorder or a simple dilation of the atria. Authors have reported mechanisms caused by central venous catheter ; carbon monoxide poisoning . Heparin alone is insufficient in these patients, treatment may involve either surgical thrombectomy or intravenous thrombolysis. the generalization of ultrasound in the emergency and resuscitation departments as well as the training of practitioners should make it possible to diagnose thrombosis of the right heart chambers more early and, more generally, the existence of an acute pulmonary heart . CONCLUSION Thrombosis of the right cavities is rare, it concerns 4% of pulmonary emboli; Heparin alone is insufficient in these patients, even when the clinical condition is stable. Treatment may involve either surgical thrombectomy or intravenous thrombolysis. Therapeutic diagnosis and management is an emergency, because if not treated in time, the mortality is 80 to 100%.
Dr. Cassandra Fay Goes, Dr. Anita Spadigam, Dr. Anita Dhupar, Dr. Jochima Cota
Aim: To establish a correlation between the clinical and histopathological features in the diagnosis of Oral Lichen Planus (OLP) and Oral Lichenoid Lesions (OLL). Objective: To compare the clinicopathological features in the diagnosis of OLP and OLL based on modified WHO diagnostic criteria proposed by Van der Meij and Van der Waal in 2003 and the criteria proposed by Cheng at al (2016) for OLP. Materials and Methods: Thirty patients with a clinical provisional diagnosis of oral lichen planus, referred for incisional biopsy were clinically and histologically evaluated using haematoxylin and eosin stained sections based on the modified WHO criteria. This was compared with Cheng’s proposed criteria for OLP. Results: The number of patients diagnosed with Oral Lichenoid lesions was higher using the criteria proposed by Cheng et al.
By performing numerical calculations of the quasi-two-dimensional GP equation, the dynamical generation and evolution of vortex excitations under collision between a superflowing ring-shaped BEC and a centered static BEC are investigated. We study the collision between a superflowing ring-shaped BEC and a static centered BEC. Symmetrically positioned singly quantized vortices can be created and their time evolution mainly depends on the atomic interactions.
ASSESSMENT OF NOISE EXPOSURE LEVEL OF SAWMILL WORKERS AT OGBOSISI AND MBIERI TIMBER AND ALLIED INDUSTRIAL MARKET IN OWERRI, IMO STATE
EBE, T. E.1, NJOKU-TONY, R. F.1, EMEREIBEOLE, E. I. 1, IHEJIRIKA, C. E. 1 UDENSI, J. U2., UGWUEGBU,C. M.1 AND EZIKUDU, C. E.1
Nare R. W. Alice, *, Sogli Tienoupagri , Sawadogo/Ilboudo T. Cathérine, Erinle O. Kehinde
Abstract Environmental contamination by used engine oil is common in developing countries, causing various occupational health hazards. In this study, a structured questionnaire was administered through personal interviews on the common practices of disposal of used engine oil among motor and auto garage workers in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Results showed that the majority (30%) of the garage workers have never had any form of formal education. While most of them (93.33%) have never had a training on handling and disposal of used engine oil. Among the respondents, 96.7% indicated they do not use any personal protective equipment when handling the used engine oil, and 93.33% do not change their clothes after handling used engine oil. The awareness among garage workers regarding the health and environmental impacts of used engine oil is very primitive. Only 64.17% of respondents are aware that used engine oil could adversely affect human health, but are not aware of its carcinogenic and mutagenic potentials. Results obtained from this survey emphasis the need to take garage workers’ education as priority. Furthermore, there is a need to encourage research into the occupational health risk and the impacts of used engine oil on soil microorganisms.
Isolation, Identification and Screening of Halophilic Bacteria for Polyhydroxylalkanoate (PHA) in Hypersaline Lagos Water Body, Nigeria
FAYEMI Scott Oluremi, BOBOYE Bola Esther, OLUKUNLLE Oluwatoyin F
This study aims to identify bacteria associated with hypersaline water body in Lagos State, Nigeria, screen them for their potential to produce polyhydroxylalkanoates (PHA) and determine the physicochemical properties of the water. Enumeration, identification and testing for growth at 3% w/v NaCl were carried out using standard microbiological techniques. Screening for PHA production potential of the bacteria was carried out using Sudan Black B staining techniques. Physicochemical analysis of the water (at depths of 0-0.07m, 50m and 100m) was determined using the methods of Association of Official Analytical Chemists. The highest and lowest bacterial loads of 20.66 ± 0.47 Cfu/mL and 10.00 ± 0.82 Cfu/mL were obtained from depth 50m respectively. Eighteen (18) bacteria namely Micrococcus varians, M. luteus, Bacillus badius, B. macquariensis, B. megaterium, Corynebacterium kutsceri, Mycobacterium delbrueckii, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus saprophyticus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Lactobacillus delbrueckii, Klebsiella pneumoniae subsp. pneumoniae, Neisseria veillonella, Enterobacter intermedius, Enterobacter amnigenus, Serratia marcescens and Yersinia pestis were phenotypically identified from this study using Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology. The test for growth at 3% w/v NaCl revealed that Bacillus badius had the highest optical density (OD) (2.84) at 520nm, while Serratia mercescens had the lowest OD (2.61) at 520nm. The physicochemical parameters of the hypersaline water ranged from 0.17 to 37.4NTU, 37300 to 43500?S/cm and 10 to 130mg/mL for turbidity, conductivity and alkalinity respectively. The values obtained for Dissolved Oxygen, Chemical Oxygen Demand and Biochemical Oxygen Demand ranged from 4.08 to 4.42mg/L, 4.21 to 3699mg/L and 4.21 to 924.75mg/L respectively. Findings from this study revealed that 88.1% of the bacteria tested positive to PHA production and the presence of PHA producing bacteria has been established in the hypersaline water body of Lagos State, Nigeria. Keywords: Halophilic bacteria, Hypersaline water, Polyhydroxylalkanoate, PHA producing bacteria, Physicochemical characteristics, Phenotypic characterization.
Mrs. G.Jamunarani, Dr.Prof.B.Sreelekha, Dr.Prof.J.Jasmin
Pilot study was conducted to assess the effectiveness of Senobi breathing exercise on perimenopausal symptoms among women in selected villages at Cuddalore, Tamilnadu. 30 samples were selected randomly. Consent obtained from each sample before the data collection. After collection of demographic variables, Senobi breathing exercises were thought to the samples. The pretest and post test was conducted with the Sheldon perceived stress scale, Modified Greene Climatic Scale and the WHO BMI Scale. The tool reliability assessed by test – retest and inter rater method. The ‘r’ value obtained for the Sheldon perceived stress scale was0.9, Modified Greene Climatic Scale was1.0, and the WHO BMI Scale was 0.9.
Charifa.bassit, Mouna.Zahlane, Leila.Benjilali, Lamiaa.Essaadouni
Kidney amyloidosis is mainly seen in chronic inflammatory and infectious diseases ,rheumatoid arthritis , ankylosing spondylitis and auto-immune diseases. It is exceptional during systemic lupus erythematosus. We report the case of a patient with systemic lupus erythematosus associated with the early onset of kidney amyloidosis type AA .The kidney biopsy shows amyloidosis type AA. This association has been reported in the literature in twenty cases previously. This case study emphasizes the importance of considering the diagnosis of amyloidosis when the findings include massive proteinuria in all stages of systemic lupus erythematosus.
Dr Juhi Hussain, Dr Mohammad Iqbal
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: The field of forensics in dentistry is a growing area of research in the recent times. Dental Radiographs are an important tool when it comes to identification of human remains when there is no other way to discern the identity of a missing person. This study aims to establish the use of Frontal Sinus for Gender Determination by using common Dental Radiographs and thus providing an uncomplicated option to decide sex from skeletal remains. METHODOLOGY: One hundred Digital Caldwell’s Radiographs of 50 Males and 50 Females were studied using AutoCAD 2004 software for right, left and total area. RESULTS: ROC curve analysis,Pearson Correlation and Simple Regression Analysis were used as statistical tools. The mean right, left and total frontal sinus area of males was comparatively higher than females. CONCLUSION: It was concluded that AutoCAD method to measure frontal sinus area in radiographs is a reliable method and can be used for determination of gender.
DR.S.GANGA BHAVANI M.S., M.Ch(plastic surgery)., Assistant professor Plastic Surgery, Department Of Plastic Surgery, Guntur Medical College. Guntur
MANAGEMENT AND OUTCOME IN MAJOR HEAD AND NECK ELECTRICAL BURNS S.GANGA BHAVANI.,DR.N.NAGA PRASAD Prof &HOD BACKGROUND.Electricity is now an indispensable part of civilization. Electrical burns are the most devastating of all thermal injuries. The spectrum of electrical injuries is complex due to extensive tissue loss and damage to essential structures of the involved areas often requiring extensive plastic-reconstructive procedures. Electrical injuries are unique with very high morbidity, requiring lengthy hospital stay and multiple operations. OBJECTIVES: 1.To study the clinical profile of the high voltage electrical injuries to the head and neck region.2. Etiology of the incidence of such injuries 3.To study the region wise surgical management and reconstructive options .MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with high voltage electrical injuries to the head and neck region reporting to our center were included in the study This is a prospective study conducted at Osmania General Hospital Hyderabad from September 2013 to september 2015.A total of 64 patients were included in the study. RESULTS: Out of the 64, 32 of them had major head and neck involvement. the most commonly affected were in between 20-30yrs.(53%) followed by 11 to 20 yrs. The most commonly affected occupational group were the elecrtical workers,followed by farmers and the construction labourers. Scalp is the most commoly affected part of the head and neck.Almost 95 % of major head and neck electrical burns required reconstructive procedures the flap covers.Average hospital stay was 35days. CONCLUSIONS: Electrical burns of head and neck are more common in the electrical workers and farmers. Electrical injuries are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Timely intervention to save life and limb,followed by efforts to maximize functional and cosmetic outcome are necessary.
Juliet Adu, Emmanuel Opoku Kumi
Industrial development potentially engender economic development. To achieve the Sustainable Development Goals in developing economies, inclusive and sustainable industrial growth must be promoted through small-scale enterprises for employment creation and also balance of trade deficit. Utilizing Losch’s Industrialized Location Theory, this study tentatively assessed Ghana’s policy on industrialization dubbed “One District One Factory Policy (1D1FP)”to determine its plausibility for economic opportunities. A qualitative approach was employed to gather expert views on the policy potentials and likely constraints. A purposive sampling of experts from academia, research institutes, policy think-tanks and INGO’s were the respondents for this work. The analysis showed that the policy has a potential to induce socio-economic transformation. However, most experts believe that the policy framework needs to be clearly developed to attract foreign investment. Further, about 60% of the respondents opined that the policy should prioritized sustainability of the intended factories rather than wholesale establishment of factories in each political district of the country.
PRACTICALITY OF SCIENCE TEACHER\\\'S BOOK WITH THE THEMES OF BLOOD FLUID USING LEARNING OF INTEGRATED CONNECTED TYPE 21ST CENTURY LEARNING
Riza Helfira, Tri Anidya Putri, Ratnawulan, Syafriani
Abstract. Teacher\\\'s book is a guide for teachers in carrying out learning as well as guidelines for the use of student books. One way to find out the quality of the teacher\\\'s book that was developed was by the practicality test. The purpose of this study is to determine the practicality of Integrated Science teacher books on the theme of blood fluid using integrated learning integrated type learning in the 21st century. The type of research used is Plomp model development research, practicality is carried out at the development stage. The research instrument used was the practicality assessment instrument sheet. The practicality assessment instrument sheet was filled out by several junior high school science teachers in West Pasaman. Data analysis is descriptive analysis with a Likert scale and practicality is calculated as a percentage. The results of the practicality analysis state that the teacher book that has been developed has very practical criteria. From the results of the analysis it can be concluded that the Tepadu Science Teacher\\\'s book with the theme of blood fluid using integrated learning integrated type 21st century learning is very practical to be used in the learning process. Keywords: Practicality, Teacher\\\'s Book , connected type, 21st Century Learning.
DIETARY FIBRE AND VITAMIN E CONTENTS OF FIVE CUCURBITACEAE OILSEEDS FROM DIFFERENT REGIONS IN CAMEROON
*M. B. Achu Loh1 R. A. Yiagnigni1, G. Yadang Souley2, E. Fokou1, E. A. Panyo2, G. Kansci1, L. Ribourg3 and C. Genot3
Dietary fibre and vitamin E levels were evaluated in five species of Cucurbit oilseeds (Cucumeropsis mannii, Cucurbita maxima, Cucurbita moschata, Lagenaria siceraria and Cucumis sativus) from different agro-ecological zones in Cameroon, to supplement the available food composition data on these seeds. The results showed that the dietary fibre and vitamin E levels did not depend on the region of origin but on the species. The seeds were rich in dietary fibre especially insoluble dietary fibre, which varied from 15.70 ± 1.61 (C. sativus) to 19.21 ± 1.29 g/100 Edible Portion (EP) (C. mannii), making up 74 - 81 % of the total dietary fibre. Soluble dietary fibre ranged from 4.35 ± 1.18 (C. maxima) to 6.60 ± 0.86 g /100g EP (L. siceraria) and total dietary fibre was from 20.19 ± 1.81 (C. sativus) to 25.13 ± 1.68 g /100 g EP (L. siceraria). Alpha (?), ? and ?-tocopherols were present in all the samples. The ? - tocopherol level was from 0.23 ± 0.32 (C. moschata) to 8.52 ± 1.64 (C. sativus), ?-tocopherol from 3.87 ± 3.14 (C. maxima) to 9.84 ± 6.00 (L. siceraria) and gamma (?) tocopherol from 87.12 ± 39.42 (C. moschata) to 644.86 ± 130.50 ?g/g of lipid (L. siceraria), making up 94-99% of total tocopherols in these seed oils. Total tocopherols were from 92.72 ± 42.19 (C. moschata) to 662.03 ± 134.33 ?g /g of lipid (L. siceraria). Consumption of 100 g of these seeds (especially L. siceraria), can cover the dietary fibre needs per day for children of 1 - 8 years old, women and 70% in men and the vitamin E needs per day for all age groups. The dietary fibre and vitamin E (antioxidants) levels in these seeds suggest their potential to fight against overweight, obesity and oxidative stress, preventing cancer. Keywords: Soluble and insoluble dietary fibre, tocopherols Cucurbit seeds.
This article deals with the social milieu of Kerala about a century ago when casteism with all it social vices prevailed and the movements organized against it. A number of literary works also had a major role in the process. Jathikummi, a poem, authored by Pandit Karupppan who had emerged from the fisherman community at Kochi is sought to be examined in this article. The study juxtaposes and examines the casteist scenario at the time of the composition of Jathikummi and the current social situation in Kerala vis-a vis the caste system.
Antidiabetic activity of the fruits powder of cissus rotundifolia on alloxan-induced diabetic rabbits
Dr.Wael Mustafa Ali Mohammed
Ekaterina Setyawati, Sukardi, Yandra Arkeman, Muslich
The aim of this study is to find out rice stock which classified based on quality in Karawang Regency. Approaching simulation model with PowerSim used in this study . Results of the study showed that dynamic modeling of rice stock in Karawang Regency consisted of two submodel were consumption and production. Relationship between submodels was depicted in a form of causative diagram. Causative relationship (causal diagram) showed that there was positive feedback Model simulation with combined scenario, such as increasing yield production in rice milling and the level absorption grain paddy , is needed to maintaning the quality rice stock in Karawang District
Practice of Self-Medication with Antibiotics Among Basic Medical Science Students of a Nigerian Tertiary Institution
Emuesiri Goodies Moke, Emuesiri K. Umukoro, Kesiena Emmanuel Edje, Divine Udele
Increased irrational use of antibiotics without medical guidelines has resulted to a great incidence of absurd and incorrect therapy, development of resistance, treatment failure and high mortality rate. An investigation among tertiary institution is therefore important because this population constitutes a segment of the society that is highly educated and vast in knowledge and more importantly, it is useful to students in the health related faculties who would represent the future generation of drug prescribers and health educationist. A cross-sectional survey was carried out among Basic Medical Science students in Delta State University, Abraka, to assess the practice of self-medication with antibiotics. A total of 220 students were assessed using a simple frequency method and percentage in data analyses. The distribution showed that majority of the students 91 (41%) were between the ages of 21-23; twenty-seven (27%) of the student were males and while 73% were females. More than half of the students agreed to have practiced self-medication with antibiotics, and see it as an acceptable practice. Amoxicillin was the most commonly used antibiotics (26.4%), with the pharmacy as the major source of procurement. This study showed that antibiotic self-medication is rampant and seen as an acceptable practice.
SHASHANK DIGAMBER SHENDE , DR. MEHAL PANDYA
ABSTRACT The impact of Systematic Literature Reviews on research study carried out on social and economic aspects of SEZs Internationally and in the Indian context The review of literature is structured around: conceptualisation of social and economic measures adopted by the Special Economic Zones globally and in Indian context during the period from 1980 till 2019. 17 studies supported that SEZs have provided impetus to country’s economy, while 19 studies highlighted on the lack of social infrastructure. Need of Better working conditions and provision of other social measures like employee health, safety, education and recreational facilities. One conclusion on review of the literature is that the SEZs in developed nations like China and Poland, which have robust Infrastructure and structured policies are successful in meeting the goals of promoting economic growth and employee welfare. On the other hand developing nations like India have yet to put in place a systematic framework of land and labour law reforms. Other areas of concern are lack of social infrastructure and poor working conditions. The paper also discusses the relevant problems faced by the SEZs and highlights direction for future research. Key words: Special Economic Zones, Social, Economic, India, International JEL Classification Code: M19 ______________________________________________________________________
Maria del Carmen De la Luz Lanzagorta, Guadalupe Janet Rojas Hernández, Diego Enrique Sánchez López
Most institutions of higher education explicitly mention or implicitly show that among their main functions or the most important is the comprehensive training of students. For each institution it can have different connotations and, depending on that, strategies are defined to strengthen it. Therefore, students have different concepts about integral training. However, those actions that contribute to improve human beings, aware of current problems and act to build better societies, can be considered socially responsible. Therefore, this investigation investigates the perception that students have in the first and last semesters of the Educational Processes career about the relationship between integral training and university social responsibility. In this study it was found that many students do not know the terms formally, but make inferences; others, have had even theoretical approaches and finally, find a close relationship between both terms.
Rony Rani, A.K.M. Rafiul Islam and A.H.M. Mahbubur Rahman*
Diversity angiosperm climber species in Rajshahi region, Bangladesh was carried out from January 2015 to November 2019. An extensive floristic survey an angiosperm climbers and collection have been made throughout the study area. A total of 88 species belonging to 55 genera under 25 families were recorded. Distribution of angiosperm plant species in the families shows variation. The family Cucurbitaceae is represented by 27 species. Fabaceae is represented by 12 species. Convolvulaceae is represented by 9 species. A single species is represented by 13 families while 2 to 4 species is represented by 9 families. Out of 88 species, 53.40% species was common and 46.59% was rare species in the study area. For each species scientific name, local name, family, flowering and fruiting time and status of occurrence are provided with specimen citation.
Multiple Myeloma Oncogene-1 (MUM-1) Detection by Flow Cytometry Technique in Some B-cell Malignancies
Ahmed M. Moharam1*, Karima A. Mahfoz2, Ashraf A. Sayed2.
Dr. Sarla Mahawar
ABSTRACT Background: Chronic kidney disease is a progressive loss in renal function over period of many months or years. There is decline in nephron function and number generally quantitated as reduction in glomerular filtration rate. As the GFR declines there is accumulation of metabolic end products excreted by kidney. Serum lipase is mainly marker of pancreatic & hepatobiliary disease but its level is also high in chronic renal disorder. Lipase is filtered by glomerulus and almost completely reabsorbed and metabolised by renal tubules, thus chronic kidney disease patient have elevated serum lipase level. Our study was aimed to find out the status of serum lipase in non diabetic chronic kidney disease subjects and healthy controls. Materials and Methods: The present study is a case control study, conducted on 100 non diabetic chronic kidney disease patients . Cases were selected from Urology and Medical ward of Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Ajmer. Age and sex matched healthy controls (n = 50) were selected from MOPD of Jawahar Lal Nehru Medical College and Associated Group of Hospitals, Ajmer. The present study is approved by Institutional Ethical Committee. Results: The mean activity of serum lipase was significantly higher in non diabetic chronic kidney disease subjects compared to that in the healthy controls (p < 0.0001). 85 out of 100 non diabetic chronic kidney disease patients have higher serum lipase levels than normal (>70 U/L). Conclusion: Serum lipase level was found to be elevated in non diabetic chronic kidney disease patients. The observations of this study has also revealed that 85 out of 100 non diabetic chronic kidney disease patients have higher serum lipase levels than normal (>70 U/L). Serum lipase as a diagnostic tool in recognizing acute pancreatitis leads to false positive results in chronic kidney disease patients. Serum lipase can be used as a biomarker for the early detection of chronic kidney disease in the general population to prevent the morbidity and mortality which are associated with chronic kidney diseases. Keywords: Chronic kidney disease (CKD), End-stage renal disease (ESRD), Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), Chronic renal failure (CRF).
MEASUREMENT OF RADON PERMEABILITY THROUGH DIFFERENT MEMBRANE MATERIALS BY USING SURFACE BARRIER DETECTOR (SBD) TECHNIQUE
M. S. A. Khan
TRAINING MANAGEMENT CAPACITY FOR PROFESIONAL LEADERS AT VIETNAMESE ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS TO MEET REQUIREMENTS OF EDUCATION PROGRAM IN 2018
Phan Quoc Lam, Phung Quang Duong
Professional general leaders at elementary schools also have disadvantages in terms of quantity, structure, especially quality. Therefore, developing professional leaders in elementary schools, which satisfy the quantity, balanced structure, and high quality, is an urgent requirement to successfully implement the new primary education program. In the development of professional leaders, the most important and fundamental issue is training to improve the management capacity of schools and professional leaders.
Dr. ATUL KAMATH M, Dr DHANANJAY A BHOSALE, Dr NEHA A PANICKER
Background- Pseudoexfoliation (PEX) syndrome is one of the identifiable cause cataract worldwide. The reported prevalences in different parts of the world have varied from 0% to 38% in different populations. Aim- Our study, we report the prevalence and complications of PEX syndrome in a rural population in southern and northern India.Methods-1000 patients each from 6 geographically contiguous districts around Coimbatore district of the state of Tamil Nadu in South India and 6 geographically contiguous districts around Kanpur district of the state of Uttar Pradesh in North India for 1 year. Ophthalmic evaluation included recording of relevant ocular and medical history, were recorded. Results-1000 patients examined in South & North India, 600 people & 300 people had farming as their major occupation respectively. In south India, 100 (10%) were found to have PEX syndrome, whereas in North India, it was 60 (6%). The sex distribution reported a female preponderance. The mean age of subjects with PEX syndrome is 11.16 years older than the normal population. Conclusion- Majority of study population in South India had farming as occupation with an average of 12-16 hours exposure to direct sunlight whereas in North India, majority were labourers with an average of 6-8 hours exposure to sunlight. More solar rays can reach the eye during the earlier decades of life as pupil size is known to be larger with younger age. This may be the most likely explain as to why pseudoexfoliation syndrome is more common among South Indians as compared to North Indians.
Emergence of Imipenem resistant Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from various clinical samples in a tertiary care hospital in Kanchipuram district
M.Anitha* 1, Sumathi G 1, P.A.T. Jagatheeswary 2, Nithyalakshmi Jayakumar1
ASSESSMENT OF BLOOD GROUPS AND DACTYLOGLYPHIC PATTERN AMONG TRIBAL BELT PHYSIOTHERAPY COLLEGE STUDENT IN CHHATTISGARH
Rajni Thakur1, Deepti Gautam2.
Dr. Sudesh Kumar Bhambu
Klaibya is a multi-factorial condition, mainly involving Bahu Doshavastha as a whole and Sukrakhsaya in specific, Mano Dosa, and Sukravaha Sroto Dusti. The term \\\'Klaibya\\\' is known as \\\'Erectile dysfunction (E.D.) in modern texts. The male sexual dysfunction includes all sorts of disturbances of coital performance and sexual congress in male. Among the various phases of sexual response the most essential is the intercourse, the absence of which ends into failure and dissatisfaction. Main aim of present study was to comparatively assess the efficacy of Amalaka Yoga and Ashwini Mudra in the patients of Klaibya. For the above purpose 60 patients were selected and randomly divided into two groups, each group had been 30 patients. It can be concluded that the Klaibya can be better managed by administration of Ashwini Mudra.
Sofia Xesfingi, Georgia Papadopoulou, Dimitrios Karamanis, Hanno M. Martens
Understanding the factors that influence tourists’ satisfaction and the pre-trip destination image of potential visitors is particularly important for policy makers and tourism marketers. The objective of this study is twofold; first to assess the satisfaction level of tourists who have visited Dubai and further explore the factors that shape it and associate with it. Second, to assess the intention to visit Dubai according to the pre-trip destination image of potential tourists. This empirical study relies on a unique sample of 210 participants from all over the world for the year 2017. Several demographic characteristics as well as variables related to the trip process and the city attributes are collected and explored in order to document any relationship between the two groups. The major findings of the ordered logit analysis demonstrate that the city attributes are the most significant contributors to tourists’ satisfaction and to non-visitors’ intention to visit Dubai. Trip factors and demographic characteristics also play a significant role only for the group of visitors. The overall satisfaction is what creates loyalty and drives tourists to repeat their visit.
BHARADE SUNITA SAHADUJI and KAMBLE SHIVAJI S
It was found that there was variation in the MIC of carbendazim among 21 isolates of Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissler on agar plates and on pomegranate fruits. MIC on agar plates ranged from 500 to 1000 ?g/ml and Ed50 from 325.33 to 693.75 ?g/ml, while it was 100 to 350 ?g/ml and Ed50 33.76 to 136.48 ?g/ml, on fruits Collected from Kolar (Dist. Ahmednagar), Parali (Dist. Beed), Mahabaleshwar (Dist. Satara), Rahuri (Dist. Ahmednagar) and Sangli. It appears that with the increase of the concentration of fungicide in the medium and on the pomegranate fruits there was decrease in the radial growth of the pathogen. Keywords: Alternaria alternata, Carbendazim, Isolate, fruit, Pomegranate.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PULMONARY FUNCTION TESTS IN SEDENTARY INDIVIDUALS AND DYNAMIC EXERCISING PEOPLE
Dr.M.Sreenivasulu. Assistant professor of Physiology, Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool Dr.S.Amreenisa Begum professor & HOD of Physiology, Kurnool Medical College, Kurnool
Abstract Background: In the assessment of the respiratory system, pulmonary function tests (PFTs) have achieved a lot of importance nowadays due to an increase in the cardiorespiratory disease and to a steep rise in air pollution. These functional tests and their parameters tend to have a relationship with lifestyle such as regular exercise and non-exercise. Hence, the present study was undertaken to assess the effects of dynamic exercising people exercise in on the respiratory system which are compared with normal healthy sedentary individuals. Aim and Objective :To study the changes brought about in the respiratory physiology in response to exercise and also to note the changes that do occur as the age advances both in sedentary and exercising individuals Materials and Methods: PFTs such as forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), peak expiratory flow (PEF), VC, and maximum voluntary ventilation (MVV) of the study group were included in the study. The results were analyzed with standard spirometer. The arithmetic means and standard deviations of data have been obtained in the statistical evaluation. As a result of the findings obtained, independent sample t-test has been applied Results and Conclusion:The results showed significantly increased (p<0.001) mean FVC, mean FEV1, mean FEV% and mean PEF in male atheletes practicing regular dynamic exercise and more so in young persons. This suggests that regular dynamic exercise has improved lung function . Keywords:Pulmonary Function, Exercise, Sedentary, Athlete