List of Articles to be published in the coming issue.
COMPARATIVE EFFICACY OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF NAYANTARA, TELAKUCHA AND THEIR COMBINATIONS USED IN STREPTOZOTOCIN INDUCED DIABETIC RATS
1*Mohammad Abu Bin Nyeem, 1Mohammad Abu Taher, 2A.K.M. Mamun Ur Rashid, 3B. M. Rabiul Islam 4Mohammad Tanzim Ullah and 4Mahbub Mostofa
Plants have been the major source of medicine throughout human history. Even today, this trend continues. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of the methanolic extract of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Cephalandra indica (Telakucha) and their combination compared to standard drug Glimepride (Amaryl®). Diabetes was induced experimentally in the rats with Streptozotocin (STZ; 55 mg/kg, i.p.). The extract of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Cephalandra indica (Telakucha) & their combination were administered orally at the rate of 500mg/kg and Glimepride 800µg/kg body weight daily. The herbal preparations of these plants significantly increased body weight and decreased blood glucose as compared with the patent drug Glimepride (Amaryl®). The present study clearly indicated the significant antidiabetic activity of Catharanthus roseus (Nayantara), Telakucha (Cephalandra indica) combination of Nayantara & Telakucha. Telakucha was more effective which decreased the blood glucose, thereby justifying the use of those plants in the Unani & Ayurvedic system of medicine.
Amit Rajpoot and Amit Agrawal.
Heat Exchanger is the key part in a thermal industry .Hence performance of heat exchanger affects the quality and productivity of any thermal plant .Recent economics research has focused on developing the reliable machinery database to ensure optimum design. There are many parameters whose selection contributes to the performance of heat exchanger as they all affect the cooling and to a larger extent. Some of them are Ambient temperature, Inlet temperature, Flow rate of fluid. In this research process parameters have been optimize for best performance of heat exchanger by Taguchi optimization technique. Larger is better option has been taken for the analysis and level of parameter are three (Lower, Mediam, High). Degree of freedom of parameter is six which is suitable for L9 orthogonal array for three independent parameter. Performing with all nine set of parameter amount of heat exchange have been observe and cooling in degree centigrade have been calculated. With the check of S/N ratio optimum parameter for maximum level of performance of heat exchanger have been observed. The study includes selection of parameters, utilizing an orthogonal array, conducting experimental runs, data analysis, determining the optimum combination. Finally the experimental verification has been done. Experimental results are provided to illustrate the proposed approach. Finally we derived a mathematical model maximum cooling load with the help of MATLAB software. After the whole work comparative analysis of results from different theories has been done in which we found that all results are approximately similar. Hence author concluded that the values of parameters can be selected for other vital experiment on the basis of mathematical model generated by this research.
COMPARATIVE STUDY OF EFFECT OF DELAYED UMBLICAL CORD CLAMPING AND UMBLICAL CORD MILKING IN TERM NEONATES IRON STATUS: A RANDOMISED CONTROL TRIAL
CHITRANGADA GUPTA, MANGALA GOWRI
Dr. Khulem Stellone Singh, Dr. Midhun chowdary Kothari, Dr. Shilpa Patankar, Dr. Pankaj Bansode
Varicose veins are very common clinical condition characterised by permanently dilated torturous elongated veins in the leg which is due to incompetence of valves. Risk factors being heredity, occupations of prolong standing, immobility, raised intra abdominal pressure, raised progesterone level, altered oestrogen-progesterone ratio etc. A 27 years old patient with no h/o any systemic disease or co morbidities came with complaints of dilated, tortuous veins in the left lower limb extending from mid-thigh to ankle region since 2 months. Since 1 month the patient was having dull aching pain over the left lower limb on walking and prolonged standing. A thorough clinical examination was done with findings of incompetent Sapheno-femoral junction(SFJ) and perforator incompetence of the left lower limb. A venous Doppler of the left lower limb revealed SFJ dilated and incompetent and Incompetent perforators along the GSV 5 cm below the knee. Following all routine preoperative work-ups, patient was posted for surgery. After ligating all the tributarirs of GSV, while checking the metallic stripper, it snapped in between and was not in a useable condition and there was no other metallic stripper in the OT. Decision had to be taken for an alternative the GSV was sucessfully stripped using a 14F Nelton’s catheter. Thus as an alternative to metallic stripper, a Nelton’s catheter can also be used for stripping varicose veins.
k kamalakanth shenoy, sanath shetty, rajesh shetty, savita dandekeri, mallikarjuna ragher, zaid malik
Abstract Clinicians find it challenging to manage patients with Ectodermal Dysplasia because of their extremely thin alveolar ridge and partial or complete edentulism.Various options can be opted from while treating a hypohydrotic ectodermal dysplasia patient, such as CD, RPD, FPD or implants. Among these removable prosthesis has become a common option. Patients age and clinical condition has to be taken into consideration before choosing a path of treatment. For example, a child patient can\'t be given a FPD or implant as it hinders cranio facial growth. Taking this into consideration, various treatment options has been discussed in present article.
An Appraisal of Livestock Sub-sector and its Contribution to the Economic Development of Northern Nigeria: A Perspective on Zamfara State
Anas Sani Anka and Masud Bello
DIPLOMACY IN THE SOUTHERN BALKANS AND THE IMPACT OF THE PERCEPTION OF DONALD TRUMP BY BALKAN BORN CITIZENS LIVING IN THE UNITED STATES.
Joseph E. Przybyla and Anthony W. Preston.
Few world leaders evoke such a range of reactions as Donald Trump. The President of the United States carries power well beyond his country. The Balkan Region has long relied upon the United States as an ally and partner in being successful. This project sought to solicit the opinion of Balkan born persons who now reside in the Chicago metropolitan region. There does not appear to be any research that has taken place to solicit the opinion of those from the Balkans about Trump. This research was conducted using a mixed methods approach: using both a survey, designed to gather quantitative data as well as focus group interviews, designed to elicit more detailed information related to the reasons behind the opinions held by focus group participants. The results will provide a comprehensive analysis of what motivates survey participants in their perception and support (or lack of) for Trump. These results can be used to improve the relationship between the Trump Administration and the Balkan Region and identify positive areas to build open for the future.
Manha H.Slman,Salamya E.Slman,Shadha Abud Algabar
Abstract Echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection caused by developmental stages (larvae, hydiatid,metacetodes) of two kinds of tapeworms, Echinococcus granulosus and Echinococcus multilocularis, Sources of infection are final hosts (i.e. dogs for E. granulosus and mainly foxes for E. multilocularis) and food contaminated with parasite eggs. After oral ingestion of parasite eggs by humans (intermediate hosts) and hematogenous distribution inside the host, E. granulosus larvae (oncospheres) begin to vesiculate mainly in the liver and lungs and in other organs. The difficulty and the similarity of clinical symptoms with other diseases, the disease is diagnosed Serological ways including ELISA test.82 serum samples collected from some hospitals in Baghdad randomly. To detect the Human Hydatid Cyst disease non-visible symptoms in humans and used the ELISA test, results showed 18.29% positive case
Evaluation of the quality of life of schizophrenic patients treated with first and second generation antipsychotics
A. AKANOUR, Y.OTHEMAN, A. KADDAF, M.KADIRI, J.MEHSSANI, MZ.BICHRA
Introduction- The quality of life of patients with schizophrenia has been extensively studied, however the benefit of using second-generation antipsychotics (SGA) on the subjective quality of life of patients needs to be clarified. Objective- To compare the quality of life in patients with schizophrenia treated with first generation antipsychotics (FGA) to those treated with SGA. Method - This is a cross-sectional study that included patients with schizophrenia according to the criteria of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), treated with FGA or SGA, stabilized under the same treatment for at least 2 months, and having no psychiatric or somatic comorbidity. The evaluation of the clinical profile of the patients was performed by PANSS (Positive And Negative Syndrome Scale). The quality of life assessment was made using the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short Form (MOS-SF36). Results - from a total of 67 patients, 37 were under FGA and 30 under SGA. The two groups are clinically comparable based on the PANSS scale. No significant differences were found in overall scores in terms of physical and mental health, and in their sub-scales scores, between both groups. Conclusion - In our study, we found no significant difference in subjective quality of life in patients with schizophrenia based on the use of FGA and SGA. This study, as well as the contradictory results encountered in the literature, prove that the concept of quality of life is complex, and cannot be reduced to the biologic dimension alone.
DR. VEENA PAUL,DR, ABY MATHEW,DR. ELIZABETH K SUNNY, DR. SHOMA SASIDHARAN
A surging significance in implant dentistry has demanded and hence promoted research within the field to bring about the current trends in dental implantology.surface topography and the modifications brought about to improve the surface characteristics are promising for the betterment of osseointegration resulted.this article reveiws different surface modifications,methods to improve the surface characteristics of dental implants and the future of dental implant surfaces.
COMPARISON OF LOAD DEFLECTION PROPERTIES AND FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF CONVENTIONAL NITI ARCHWIRES AND COATED NITI ARCHWIRES GENERATED IN VARIOUS CERAMIC BRACKET SLOTS- AN IN-VITRO STUDY
Dr. Rahul Aghera, Dr. Hina Desai, Dr. Kalpesh Patel, Dr. Udita Thakkar, Dr. Nikunj Patel
Introduction: Two main groups of materials used in fixed orthodontics are brackets and archwires. The present study was done to compare the frictional resistance and load-deflection properties of conventional NiTi archwire, Teflon coated NiTi archwire and Epoxy resin coated NiTi archwire when placed within the slot of ceramic brackets, metal-insert ceramic brackets and self- ligating ceramic brackets. Method: The frictional resistance (static friction and kinetic friction) and load-deflection properties (loading and unloading forces) of conventional NiTi, Teflon coated NiTi and Epoxy resin coated NiTi archwires (0.019”x0.025”) were evaluated when placed within the slot of ceramic bracket, ceramic bracket with metal slot and ceramic self ligating bracket (0.022”x0.028” MBT prescription). 54 samples were tested (6 per group) using Universal Testing Machine. Results: Least static and kinetic friction was found when Epoxy resin coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Highest static friction was found when Teflon coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Least loading and unloading forces were found when Epoxy resin coated NiTi wire was used with ceramic self ligating bracket. Highest loading and unloading forces were found when Teflon coated NiTi was wire used with ceramic bracket. Conclusion: Epoxy resin coated archwire showed had more potential to reduce the friction and produced less loading and unloading forces as compared to Teflon coated archwire and conventional NiTi arch wire. Ceramic self ligating brackets and ceramic brackets with metal slot produced low frictional forces as compared to conventional ceramic brackets.
ICU ADMISSIONS IN OBSTETRICS: ANALYSIS OF INDICATIONS , INTERVENTIONS AND MORTALITY IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE
Preeti Sharma,Deepti Rana,Ashok Verma,Nikita gandotra,Sabia Raashed
Y KARTHIK SHETTY and PS VISHWAPURNA
Ahd Zaghba, Hicham Soualhi
An anterior tooth restoration is optimally imitation natural appearance when it offers a perfect harmony between natural and artificial structures, especially when it comes to interference with the light. The \"right\" choice of anterior crown reconstruction material is the basis for successful restoration. This choice has become difficult because of the large number of existing processes. Only a systematic analysis of each case makes it possible to make the right decision.
DOES PRP INJECTION ACCELERATE ORTHODONTIC TOOTH MOVEMENT WHEN RETRACTING UPPER CANINES? A SPLIT-MOUTH-DESIGN RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Sleiman Ahmad1, Hazem Hassan2
R.Banupriya 1, T.Janani 2 , P.Jeya lakshmi
Exposure to fluoride significantly decrease the cell membrane integrity and mitochondrial activity in murine renal cells
Thanusha Perera, Kasun Godakumara, Shirani Ranasinghe, Neil Alles
Background: Kidney Disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) in Sri Lanka is not related to the diabetes-related kidney damage and extensive contamination of groundwater by fluoride was one of the main suspected reasons for the crises. Therefore the aim of this study was to determine the effect of fluoride on kidney cell viability with increasing concentrations of fluoride for different time periods. Method: Kidneys from four weeks old mice were removed aseptically and cultured with ?-MEM media supplemented with 10% fetal bovine serum (FBS) and 1% Penicillin / Streptomycin solution, overnight incubation at 370 C in a CO2 incubator. After 2 days, cells were divided into 0.5 × 106 cells / 25cm2 culture flasks and 1x104 cells/ well in 96-well plates. Culture flasks were treated with Sodium fluoride (NaF) at concentrations of 0.125, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8 mM for 12 hr and the viable cell number was calculated by trypan blue assay. Then 96-well plates were exposed to same concentrations of NaF for 12 - 36 hr and mitochondrial activity was evaluated by using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-y1)-2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. Results: Renal cell damage was significantly decreased at 1, 2, 4 and 8mM NaF concentrations compared to control group with 20.13%, 28.5%, 30.88% and 38.45% respectively. The mitochondrial activity of renal cells was started to show a significant decrease at 8Mm NaF concentration after 12h. Moreover, by increasing the incubation time from 12 to 24h and 36h, the mitochondrial activity was further decreased at 2, 4 and 8mM NaF at 24h and 0.5, 1, 2, 4 and 8Mm NaF at 36h with respect to control groups. Conclusion: Fluoride exposure resulted renal cell damage and concentration dependent decrease in mitochondrial activity with increased exposure time.
After review of the dynamic interaction between the soil and structure, it is visible that the piles improve the dynamic characteristics of the weak ground base. A short review of the possibilities for reduction of seismic effects on the building project has been made; respectively a decrease in its construction cost. The thesis about the increase of the soil stiffness after the construction of the pile foundation has been set out. The principles for evaluation of the improvement of the characteristics and the ways for their experimental determination have been exposed. A statement has been highlighted that following the construction of the pile foundation, the improved soil characteristics should be measured again and using the results obtained an authoritative dynamic analysis of the entire design structure shall be made.
School Principals\' Transformational Leadership Styles and Thier Effects on Teachers\' Self-Efficacy
Christopher Dela Cruz Francisco
This study aimed at investigating the effects of school principals\' transformational leadership styles on teachers\' self-efficacy. To achieve this aim, the researcher used a sample of 260 secondary teachers in Plaridel District, SDO-Bulacan during the academic year 2018-2019. The \"Multifactor – Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) Form 5X\" by Bass and Avolio and \"Teacher\'s Self-Efficacy Scale 1 (long form)\" by Megan Tschanmen-Moran and Mary Anita Woolfolk Hoy was used to describe the transformational leadership styles of school principals and the level of teachers\' self-efficacy, respectively. The collected data were analyzed and treated statistically through the use of Statistical Packages for Social Sciences (SPSS). Results of the regression analysis indicate that all eleven variables of the transformational leadership styles of school principals affect teachers\' self-efficacy to a different extent as shown by the non-zero coefficients. A closer look at the obtained B coefficients, one could deduce that two variables yielded B coefficients of 0.08 (effectiveness) and 0.06 (contingent reward) with associated probability less than the significance level set at 0.05. This means that effectiveness and contingent reward significantly affect teachers\' self-efficacy that for every unit improvement in effectiveness and contingent reward, teachers\' self-efficacy can be expected to increase by 0.08 and 0.06 respectively. The rest of the variables also affect the teachers\' self-efficacy but not to a significant extent. The study recommended that school principals should continue to nurture their leadership skills rating and further school innovations and transformations were highly recommended.
méatoplastie urétrale pour une béance iatrogène chez une patiente présentant un hématocolpos ( à propos d\'une observation
mOULAY EL MEHDI EL HASSANI, SAAD BENALI, RACHID AIT BOUHOU, JAOUAD KOUACH, DRISS MOUSSAOUI
Hematocolpos is the menstrual blood rétention in the vagina at puberty. it is easy to diagnose and to take care of, when it is due to an imperforation of the hymen; however, when it\'s secondary to a vaginal malformation, like partial atresia or diaphragm. MRI is essential for diagnosis, it allows to search for other genitourinary malformations and to guide the surgical procedure. This surgery must be performed by a specialized team, to prevent recurrence and iatrogenic complications which can induce sexual and fertility disorders in the future. The autors relate a case of hematocolpos which is secondary to an atresic of a lower third vagina, diagnosed in the 14 old year girl. This observation is an example of a lack of knowledge of the diagnosis and wrong first management, complicated by iatrogenic urinary incontinence. The diagnosis of the hematocolpos and the vaginal malformation was made by the MIR. The treatment consisted of a hematocolpos evacuation associated with a vaginoplasty and a urethral méatoplasty.
The Effect of Flypaper Phenomenon and Budgetary Slack on Regional Expenditure in The regional Government of South Sulawesi Province
Subagio Makodongan, Kartini, Sanusi Fattah
SUBAGIO MOKODONGAN. The Effect of Flypaper Phenomenon and Budgetary Slack on Regional Expenditure in The regional Government of South Sulawesi Province (Supervised by Kartini and Sanusi Fattah) This study aims to know and explain the influence of flypaper effect and budgetary slack against indirect expenditures and direct expenditure in 23 districts/cities in south sulawesi. This research used pooled data 23 districts/cities in South Sulawesi with purposive sampling. Using multiple linear regression analysis, that was the t test to examine four hypothesis. The research was to explain local expenditure side of flypaper effect and budgetary slack, was proxied to PAD actual toward local expenditure which break down in indirect expenditures (BTL) and direct expenditure (BL). The Results of the research find that partially independent variables that proxy fylpaper effect on DAU is very influential in the planning of the budget allocation for indirect expenditure (BTL), but the budgetary slack is proxied to the PAD was not significant. On the other hand, this research finds that the independent variable partially fylpaper effect proxy on DAU and the budgetary slack proxy on the PAD is very influential in planning the budget allocation for direct expenditure (BL). This fact means that the agent as a claimant on a budget BTL and BL will be stimulated first budgeted revenue budgets the nature of more certain (from the side amount, timing and flexibility) to maximize his personal preferences. Keyword: Flypaper Effect, Budgetary Slack, Indirect Expenditure, Direct Expenditure.
Sailendra Mohan Das, Tikendrajit Gogoi, Mridupaban Phukan
Keywords : Odonata, Anisoptera, Zygoptera, Eastern Assam, India. ODONATES OF EASTERN ASSAM, INDIA *S. M. Das1, T. Gogoi2 & M. Phukan3 1.Department of Biology, Guru Teg Bahadur Academy, Tinsukia, Assam, India. 2. Department of Zoology, DHSK College, Dibrugarh, Assam India. 3. Rainforest Conservation Center, Jeypore, Dibrugarh, Assam, India. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract Eastern Assam of India is located under Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot and gifted with diverse habited for odonate diversity. The paper provides information on composition of odonet fauna sampled during random surveys from March, 2015 to April, 2019, covering two districts (Tinsukia and Dibrugarh districts) in the eastern part of Assam (India). The survey revealed 76 species of odonates from the region. Out of these, 48 species are Dragonflies (Sub-order: Anisoptera) under 31 genera and 3 families; whereas 28 species of Damselflies (Sub- order: Zygoptera) under 16 genera and 6 families. A species of Gomphidae family, Burmagomphus asahinai Kosterin, Makbun & Dawwrieng, 2012, recorded from Dibrugarh, which is a new record within Indian limit. We also recorded Lestes dorothea Fraser, 1924 and Orthetrum luzonicum Brauer,1886, which is the first formal record from Assam. Two rare species of odonates Pseudocopera ciliate (Selys,1863) and Gynacantha khasiaca MacLachlan, 1896, were recorded from Tinsukia and Baragolai respectively, confirmed its distribution range up to eastern Assam within India. Rediscovery of Lyriothemis bivittata Rambur, 1842, after eight decades, from Pengeri area of Tinsukia district, established its presence in the state. Although, this study has enlightened the status and distribution of Odonates in eastern Assam; however, further study needs to be carried out for the effective conservation of this charismatic group of insect.
ASSESSMENT OF DENTAL CARIES USING CAST INDEX AMONG SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN OF AGE 12-15 YEARS IN KHAMMAM, TELANGANA STATE. A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY
Dr. V. Srujan kumar, Dr. K.V.N.R. Pratap, Dr.T. Madhavi Padma, Dr.V. Siva Kalyan and Dr.P.Srikanth
IROM, OBAR AYAMI
Since 1970, many contributions in the form of reminiscence, biographies and books by politicians, military officers and civil servants have been written on the Nigerian civil war. These writers were either participants in the war front, observers, or held critical positions in Nigeria during the civil war era. These works have shedded light on the events preceding the civil war, especially the two military coups, problems of military relationship, organization and leadership. Mention must also be made of the contributions from literary collection on the war. These works are mainly perspectives from the top and ignore the effect of the war on the majority of the people. What happened to ordinary people in border communities who found themselves plunged into a war they did not bargain for? This paper attempts to fill this gap with ‘real stories and experiences’ of ordinary people in three Mbembe communities in south – eastern Nigeria. They found themselves in wars within the civil war with other border communities. The primary aim of these wars having no bearing with those formulated by the major adversaries of the civil war. The paper concludes that the experiences and scars of the war time betrayal by border communities have not helped to foster inter group relations in post civil war era.
IMPLEMENTATION OF SIX SIGMA APPROACH IN QUALITY CONTROL OF METAL CASTING PRODUCTS MADE FROM GRAY CAST IRON TYPE FC 250: A CASE STUDY IN SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES IN INDONESIA
Petir Papilo, Masdalifah
The “X” company is one of the modern small and medium industries engaged in metal casting in Indonesia. One of the main ingredients used is gray cast iron (ferro carbon) or FC 250. At this time the level of product defects is still at the level of 10.8%. This value is relatively still high enough from the company\'s decision that is no more than 10% of product defects. This study aims to control product quality through the implementation of the Six Sigma steps. From the results of the study, five types of critical to quality defects have been identified, including: Porous, Displaced Core, Misrun defects, Cleft defects and Cracks. The measurement results have also obtained a level of product disability of one million opportunities (DPMO) on an average of 106,667. This value is equivalent to the Sigma level of 2.76 which indicates that the level of company quality control is still below the average national quality standard. Some recommendations are proposed, among others, through the proper application of standard operating procedures, selection and control of raw materials, improvement of the work environment and improvement of employee performance.
Hématome vulvovaginal du post partum : A propos d’un cas au service des urgences de gynéco obstétrique du CHU Hassan II de Fès et Revue de la littérature
A.B.Conté, S.Nyingone, M.A. Melhouf, S. Jayi, F-Z. Fdili Alaoui, H. Chaara
L’hématome périgénital (HP) aussi nommé hématome puerpéral ou improprement thrombus génital est une cause rare des hémorragies du post partum. Son incidence variable dans la littérature semblerait atteindre 1/1000 accouchements. Nous rapportons un cas d’hématome vulvovaginal du post partum diagnostiqué au service des UGO du CHU Hassan II de Fès. Son diagnostic est le plus souvent clinique. Ce diagnostic peut être évoqué même en l’absence de saignement extériorisé à la vulve. Il n’y a pas de parallélisme entre la taille de la tuméfaction vulvovaginale et l’ampleur du saignement interne. Nous proposons également une revue de la littérature sur la clinique et la prise en charge de cette cause bien rare d’hémorragie du post partum.
APPLICATION OF STRUCTURAL EQUATION MODELING (SEM ) METHOD IN ANALYSING THE EFFECT OF PERCEPTION ON PROFESSIONALITY, KNOWLEDGE AND MOTIVATION OF NURSES ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF PATIENTS SAFETY PROGRAMS IN THE INPATIENT ROOM OF RSUD X REGIONAL HOSPITAL SEMARANG
Syahfirin, Kholil,Agung Purnomo
Patient safety is a priority for implementation of the five important safety issues in hospital, because of patient safety issues related to the quality and image of the hospital it self.Therefore patient safety is the first priority to be implemented and it is related to the issue of the quality and image of the hospital.Objective in this study was to determine the effect of Perception variables about Professionalism, Patients Safety Knowledge and motivation of nurses on the implementation of patient safety programs in the Inpatient Room of RSUD X Regional Hospital Semarang.This research method was quantitative observational analytic a cross sectional research with purposive sampling, and amount of respondent are 120.Obstain data was processes with SPSS Amos 24 software .The results showed that the perception variable about nursing professionalism (0.377) had the most positive and direct effect on the implementation of patient safety programs compared to the direct influence of patient safety knowledge (0.223) and patient safety motivation (0.266) patient safety implementation programs. This means that the increase in the implementation of patient safety programs is greatly influenced by the role of perception of nursing professionalism. Key word : Patient Safety, Perception Professional, Patient safety knowledge, Motivation ,SPSS, AMOS,Implementation Patient Safety
Gopiya Naik, S, Manojgowda S.P, Kishor, G
The goal of this paper is to design and implement feedback control system for a Stewart Platform to control a ball-on-plate system. In this work, a complete physical system and controller design of a 6-Degree of Freedom (6-DoF) Stewart platform explored from conception to modelling to testing and completion is done. Stewart platform is parallel manipulator having 6 actuators to control the position and orientation of a plat-form. The ranges of motion achieved by this manipulator are three translation motions (each in X; Y and Z axes) and three rotational motions around each axis, these motions can be controlled either independently or in any combination (The range and combinations of motion are subjected to physical limitation). The ball-on-plate system is an unstable open-loop System in which a ball placed on a plate (i.e., Platform) and the position of the ball is indirectly controlled by tilting the plate on its X and Y axes.
Andropogon gayanus Kunth forage production and nutritive values under different cutting intervals in South region of Benin
Effect of row spacing, mineral and organic fertilizers on yield and growth parameters of Panicum maximum on ferralitic soil in Benin (West Africa)
GBENOU Basile1, ADJOLOHOUN Sébastien1, HOUNDJO Daniel Bignon Maxime, SAÏDOU Aliou2, AHOTON Léonard2, HOUINATO Marcel1 and SINSIN Augustin Brice3
Robert’s uterus is a rare müllerian anomaly and unique malformation described as a septate uterus with non-communicating hemicavity. we here report the case of a 13-year old girls presented to the emergency departments with acute right iliac fossa pain associated nausea and vomiting . Fallopian tube torsion bringing about a hematosalpinx is suspected. Exploratory laparotomy showed findings a Robert’s uterus and right hematosalpinx. Right uterine hemicavity and Fallopian tube was resected. The postoperative course was uneventful. Keywords:Müllerian anomaly; Robert’s uterus; Adnexal Torsion
Laparoscopic gastric plication compared with sleeve gastrectomy for morbid obesity: A prospective randomized study
Ashraf Goda, Hany Mohamed, Tamer.A.A.M.Habeeb
Abstract: Background: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) involves resection of a significant portion of the stomach. Laparoscopic gastric plication (LGP) is a relatively alternative procedure similar to LSG, but without the need for gastric resection and low financial coast. Patients and methods: Fifty two patients fulfilled the National Institutes of Health criteria and were assigned randomly to receive either LGP (n = 26)19 women and 7 men; mean age 40.15± 7.35 (21 – 48) years and a mean BMI 46.96±4.30 kg/m2 or LSG (n = 26) 17 women and 9 men; mean age 39.73± 8.53 (20–50) years and a mean BMI 46.23±4.21 kg/m2 by a block randomization method. Patients were studied in terms of postoperative weight loss, complications. Change of HbA1c and hypertension. Results: All procedures were completed laparoscopically. Follow-up was 12 months. The mean hospital stay was 2.5 (3–6) days for both groups. Postoperative complications occurred in 2 cases of minor leak and3 cases of bleeding were detected after LSG and one case of bleeding and two cases of stenosis following LGP. All patients experienced postoperative excess weight loss which was significantly better in the LSG group in terms of the change in BMI (mean 19.04 compared with 14.72 in LGP) and reduction of HbA1c (mean 1.3 compared with 0.6 in LGP).The improvement in hypertension was not significant. Conclusion: LGP is feasible, safe, inexpensive and effective, but has an inferior weight-loss effect compared to LSG for morbidly obese patients with BMI above 40 kg/m2. Keywords: Gastric plication, laparoscopic bariatric surgery, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, morbid obesity.
NUTRITIVE EVALUATION OF CORN STRAW FERMENTED BY TRICHODERMA VIRIDE AS CROSS BREED CHICKEN FEED STUFF IN GORONTALO REGENCY
ELLEN J. SALEH1, SUYADI2, IRFAN JUNAIDI2, EKO WIDODO2
Sarvesh Kumar Upadhyay, Anil Kanaujia, Rajkumar Yadav
Balanced nutrition is very essential for keeping animal body in good condition and to maintain their optimum production. Similarly trace minerals also play critical roles in the proper functioning of body enzymes, hormones and cells. As feed and fodder fed to the dairy animals do not provide all the minerals in the required quantity, supplementation with adequate amount of good quality mineral mixture in their ration is always needed to fulfil their daily need, even level of minerals in feed and fodder varies from region to region, thus mineral availability to the animal also varies. It is necessary to provide region specific mineral mixture accordingly. Requirement for minerals is influenced by several factors including age, stage of pregnancy and stage of lactation. Mineral deficiency may lead to infertility in cattle which accounts for major economic losses in dairy farming. In India feed and mineral manufacturing is largely an unregulated industry, no standard specification guidelines are followed to scientifically prepare good quality mineral mixtures which may provide the optimal nutrition to dairy animals. Keeping in view of this fact, the present study is envisaged to evaluate the concentration of macro and micro mineral quantitatively on various branded products being fed to the livestock in different regions of Sonepat district of Haryana.
Yasser A. Orban, Ashraf Goda.
Abstract: Background: The main issue involves high perianal fistula management, as fistulotomy would represent an inacceptable risk of incontinence in such patients. Platelet rich plasma (PRP) is defined as a portion of patient own plasma with high concentration platelet and growth factor levels as obtained by centrifugation. Platelets have alpha granules that contain several proteins with multiple actions on the various aspects of tissue repair. Aim of the study was to evaluate the use of autologous platelet rich plasma in the treatment of perianal fistula. Methods: A prospective study including patients with high perianal fistula who presented to General Surgery Department of Zagazig University in the period from September 2016 to February 2019. Result: We had 16 patients with a diagnosis of high perianal fistula, 9 males and 7 females. We had a clinical success rate of 75% (12 patients out of 16 were completely healed with no recurrence throughout the follow up period). Two patients (12.5%) developed postoperative abscess formation and another two patients (12.5%) showed persistent external opening. Conclusion: Platelet rich plasma is promising in the treatment of high perianal fistula without affection of fecal continence. Keywords: high perianal fistula, platelet rich plasma.
MODELING OF URBAN WATER SUPPLY AND WATER LOSS IN DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM OF ADWA TOWN USING Water GEMS V8i SOFTWARE
Tsegay brhane beyene and Sisay demeku
Nawal N S Binhashr
Diabetes mellitus is a leading cause of morbidity and leads to microvascular (retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy) and macro-vascular (coronary artery, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular disease) complications. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find innovative and effective solutions to help people successfully manage their diabetes. This study was conducted to determine the knowledge and practice of patient with diabetes toward the care of their foot. The study includes 93 males and 104 females suffering from diabetes. The findings of the current study highlighted the insufficient level of knowledge and poor practice. There was a significant association between male gender and sound knowledge level and proper practice. There is an urgent need to increase the level of knowledge and practice about foot care.
Khadija Khalil Al Juboori
Comparative study between sleeve gastrectomy with single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass and mini-gastric bypass in management of morbid obesity
Yasser Ali Elsayed, Atif Mohamed Abd El -Latif, Tamer Youssef mohamed, Hesham Mohamed Abdalla and Mohamed Khidr Mohamed
Background: Many surgical procedures have been proposed for management of morbid obesity. This study was conducted aiming to compare between the outcomes of open loop duodenal switch (DS) and laparoscopic minigastric bypass (MGB) procedures. Study type: Prospective comparative study. Patient and methods: 50 patients were included in the study. They were divided into 2 groups; group 1 included 25 patients who underwent open loop DS while group 2 included 25 patients who underwent laparoscopic minigastric bypass. All patients were subjected to complete history taking, physical examination, and routine investigations. Lipid profile and diabetic status were also assessed. After discharge, patients were followed up at 3, 6, and 12 months after the procedures where weight, BMI, and laboratory investigations were assessed in each visit. Results: The mean age of the included patients was 34.76 for the DS group and 36.0 years for MGB group. In each group, 20 females (80%) as well as 5 males (20%) were included. The mean BMI of the included patients was 52.59 and 51.6 kg/m2 for both groups respectively. No significant difference was detected between the two groups regarding preoperative albumin, lipid profile, or HbA1c levels. Mean patient weight decreased postoperatively to 128.92, 117.63, and 105.28 kg after 3, 6, and 12 months in DS group. In the MGB group, mean weight decreased to 133.75, 124.14, 117.16 kg at the same time intervals respectively. BMI decreased to 48.45, 43.01, and 38.27 kg/m2 in DS group while in the other group it showed a decrease down to 49.35, 46.89, and 42.33 kg/m2 at the previously reported time intervals in order of speech. It was evident that 6- and 12-month changes were significantly better in Ds group compared to MGB group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Based on the results of the current study, it was evident that both open loop duodenal switch and laparoscopic minigastric bypass procedures are effective in the management of morbid obesity and its related comorbidities. However, loop DS operation is more effective in weight loss compared to MGB.
Antimicrobial Activity of Intestinal Microorganisms Derived from Protaetia brevitarsis seulensis Larvae
Yeon Jo Ha, Sam Woong Kim, Kyu Min Kim, Yu Jin Seo, Kyu Ho Bang, Woo Young Bang, Seung-Ho Jeon and Sang Wan Gal
This study was done to analyze the antimicrobial activity of gut-derived microbes of Protaetia brevitarsis seulensis larvae. Among the lactic acid bacterial strains isolated from the intestinal microbes of P. brevitarsis seulensis larvae, 10 strains were firstly selected from results of antimicrobial activity against Salmonella Typhimurium ?3339 strain as a susceptible strain. As a result, since the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) was the highest in the K9 strain, further tests were performed on the K9 strain in subsequent studies. The K9 strain was identified as Lactobacillus plantarum from 16 SrDNA sequencing, named as L. plantarum K9. The antibacterial activity according to the amount of susceptible strain showed no or lower activity at 108 and 107 CFU/ml, whereas stronger antibacterial activity below 106 CFU/ml. The antibacterial activity test according to the cultural temperature showed the strongest antibacterial activity at 37?. In the thermal stability test, it was confirmed that the antimicrobial activity was maintained up to 50? but significantly decreased from 60? or higher. However, some of the AMPs exhibited thermal stability because of remaining the activity above 60? or higher. Since the antibacterial activity of proteinase K was confirmed to lower the antibacterial activity in the treated reaction solution, we confirmed that antibacterial activity is done by peptide-based bioactive substances. In summary, we suggest that AMPs in L. plantarum K9 strain are a potential of application as a natural antibacterial agent owing to thermal stability.
Ati f Mohamed Abd El -Latif, Yasser Ali Elsayed, Tamer Youssef mohamed, waleed ahmed gado and mohamed hafez hafez.
Background: Loop duodenal switch with sleeve gastrectomy is reported to be associated with accepted rates of diabetes remission in obese patients suffering from type II diabetes. We conducted this study to assess the metabolic outcomes of this operation on obese diabetic patients. Study type: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. Patients and methods: Twenty-five cases were included in the study with mean BMI of 61.15 kg/m2. All cases underwent open loop duodenal switch with sleeve gastrectomy. Patients were followed for up after operation for diabetic and metabolic changes. Results: The mean age of the included cases was 34.16 years. Patient weight and BMI were significantly decreased at follow up (p < 0.001). Lipid profile showed a marvelous improvement compared to baseline levels preoperatively. Blood glucose and HbA1c levels were significantly improved (p < 0.001). No significant changes were detected regarding bilirubin or calcium levels. Diabetes full remission was detected in 12 cases (48%) and 8 cases (32%) at 1 and 2 years respectively whereas diabetic control was found 4 cases (16%) at the previously mentioned follow up visits. Regarding complications, GERD was detected in 2 cases (8%) while leakage and intestinal obstruction were detected in one case (4%) for each complication. Conclusion: Based on the results of our study, it is evident that loop duodenal switch with sleeve gastrectomy is effective surgical method in the management of diabetes in obese individuals with accepted morbidity and mortality rates.
Larvicidal Efficacy of Fractionated Essential Oils of Tagetes minuta, Ocimum kilimandscharicum, and Artemisia afra against Anopheles gambiae s.s.
Christopher Ong’au Misire, Moses Mwajar Ngeiywa, Frederick Muyoma Wanjala
The growing concern over environmental ills caused by synthetic insecticides employed to control malaria vectors has renewed interest in the search for ecofriendly alternatives. This study evaluated the larvicidal efficacy of fractions obtained from essential oils (EOs) of Tagetes minuta, Ocimum kilimandscharicum and Artemisia afra against Anopheles gambiae s.s. A total 23, 14 and 7 fractions were isolated from EOs of T. minuta (coded 1 to 23), O. kilimandscharicum (coded A to N) and A. afra (coded X-1 to X-7), respectively. Preliminary tests were done to eliminate fractions with less potent compounds from which one fraction (2), two fractions (A and F), and two fractions (X-1 and X-2) were selected for subsequent bioassays. Chemical analysis of the five fractions with potent compounds was done using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) with the major constituents being ?-ocimene (56.29%) in fraction 2, ?-cubebene (29.39%) in fraction A, ?-caryophyllene (31.48%) in fraction F, and ?-thujone (37.41%) in fraction X-1, and ethyl-2-octynoate (40.80%) in fraction X-2, respectively. Data obtained were subjected to probit analysis using STATISCA 6.0 statistical software to model the relationship between the response variables and factors. Under laboratory conditions, fraction F was the most efficacious under laboratory conditions, followed by X-1, A, X-2, and 2, respectively. A similar trend of larval mortalities was observed under simulated field conditions (SFC) with significantly higher (P ? 0.05) mortalities recorded under SFC than under laboratory conditions. The outcome in all the tests performed were both dose and time depended. Two fractions, Fraction F- a slightly polar eluate from O. kilimandscharicum, and Fraction X-1- a nonpolar eluate from A. afra, exhibited high potency and should be explored further with the aim of formulating commercially viable larvicides.
EDWARD FOSU, DEBORAH ASIEDU
Mostly, domestic violence is perceived as private affairs in some societies, people pay minimum heed to the damages and effects it has on the psychological, mental, emotional and bodily development of these victims. Coupled with these occurrences is the organization\'s incompetence to address victims\' cases and prevent citizens from violation of their rights. This research paper aimed to handle the situation from an organizational perspective. Conditions that call for inter-organizational coordination are mostly the ones in which no upper authority to direct how the cooperating organizations will work together. The study at large provides a justification for future study of how formal information sharing, task specification and common organizational culture for coordination may help coordinators foster the motive of the set goals to be attained and ultimately achieve effective inter-organizational coordination. To study these occurrences, a quantitative method was adopted and questionnaires were employed or used to elicit data that were gathered to understand clearly the situation that arise the coordination complications between the agencies and if there\'s an existence of coordination among them at all. The research depicted that, no inter-organizational coordination in handing cases among the organizations was there, instead; they address reported cases independently within their capacity by not involving the other organizations. Ideas were beseeched about inter-organizational coordination, apparently, workers have a fair knowledge and its’ importance. Most workers from CHRAJ and DOVVSU testified to it that; communication and organizational structures have been the impediments for better performances as the populace sees organizations as ineffective in case management.
Demographic and Phylogenetic evolution of Sitophilus Zeamais subservient to Millet in Senegal (West Africa)
Ngagne Demba SARR and Mbacke Sembene
HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF SCHISANDRA GRANDIFLORA AGAINST PARACETAMOL INDUCED HEPATOTOXICITY IN WISTAR RATS
Dr. Challa Pradeep kumar1, Dr. Penchala Prathap2, Dr. Munawwar Husain Kazmi3, B. Suhasini4, Srujana thatipelly5
Abd Al Halim Moussa, Usama Mohamed El Shokhaiby and Ahmad El Sayed Zewita
• Background: extradural spinal lesions are the most common representing 60% of all spinal tumors, with the majority originating from the vertebrae. The most common extradural tumors are metastatic. They spread from some primary tumor site through the blood stream to the bones of the spinal column. Symptomatic extradural spinal tumors can cause significant morbidity including severe pain and neurologic deficit. Current treatment of these patients typically involves the use of multiple modalities, including surgery, radiation, and chemotherapy. • Methods: 30 patients diagnosed as extradural spinal tumors and managed in neurosurgery departments of Al-Azhar university hospitals and Mansoura International Hospital pro and retrospectively studied and evaluated by taking detailed history and clinical examination. Diagnosis was confirmed by MRI examination and CT. Statistical presentation and analysis of the present study was conducted, using the mean, standard deviation, Chi-square and Analysis of variance tests by SPSS V23. • Results: In our study on 30 cases of extradural spinal tumors, 53.3% of cases were males and 46.7% were females. The mean age was 48.2667y (range; 5 to 70 years). (83.3%) Of cases were managed surgically while (16.7%) were managed conservatively \"referred to oncology\". (76.0%) Of our 25 surgically managed cases clinically improved and (24.0%) have the same clinical as pre-operative. • Conclusion: The most common pathology in our study was metastasis (72.0%). The posterior approach was the most commonly used approach (84.0%). Correlation between pre-operative clinical picture & clinical progress 6 months post-operative shows that patients not having neurological deficits show better clinical progress.
GENDER DIFFERENCE IN OCCUPATIONAL PERFORMANCE, QUALITY OF LIFE AND TRUNK MUSCLE ENDURANCE IN PHYSICAL THERAPISTS WITH LOW BACK PAIN
SALMA E AHMAD1, EBTESSAM F GOMAA2, NADIA A FAYAZ2, AHMAD H AZZAM3
Comparative effectiveness of fresh leaves and powder of Spondias mombin ‘leaves on milk production of Djallonke ewes and weight growth of theirs lambs in southern Benin
C. G. Akouedegni1, P.V Houndonougbo2, A.D. Adenile1, O.G. Allowanou1, and M. S. Hounzangbé-Adoté1
Dileep Kumar Kanna
ABSTRACT: In the present study optimal solutions were found for net farm returns using Linear Programming model on the sample farmers of Bidar District .The LINGO 17.0 package was used to get the solutions. The sample was of 120 small and large farmers collected from 15 villages from five Tehsils. From each village eight farmers comprising small and large farmers were selected. A total of EIGHT models were developed. They were classified as small farmers S1, S2, S3, S4 and large farmers L1, L2, L3, and L4. The results were compared with existing cropping pattern of small and large farmers. The model S1, small farmers with existing technology and restricted capital registered an increase of in net returns per hectare by 27%, S2 small farmer with existing technology and relaxed capital returns increased by 34%, S3 small farmer with recommended technology and restricted capital, returns increased by 55%, S4 small farmer with recommended technology and relaxed capital, the returns increased by 65% per hectare. Similarly the net returns per hectare in case of large farmers L1, L2, L3, L4 increased by 47%, 65%, 49%, 76% respectively. The impact of credit on net farm returns in small farmers was Rs: 8322 and the same in large farmers was Rs: 615276. It was noted that credit played an important role in augmenting income of farmers the credit required was directly related to farm size while credit on income inversely related to farm size. (Index terms: restricted capital, cropping pattern, reorganization of resources, impact of credit, Linear Programming Model, net farmers returns)
Prof. Tawfik Taher AJAAL
The experimental work of this study was conducted using a statistical experimental design in conjunction with the Taguchi method for optimization. The most effective factors affecting the toughening of the ceramic pellets were evaluated. The target of this experimental work was to maximize the product strength and minimize the amount of deposited polymer on the product. The Taguchi signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio was used for the optimization process. The experiments were divided into three stages. Stage One was identifying the parameters and the determination of the range of values to be explored; this step is usually done through literature review and simple experiments. Stage Two was the screening experiments (process characterization) to find out the most significant parameters effects on the process; this stage is done through the design of an orthogonal array based on the number of the input factors into the process. Stage Three was the optimization process itself [1-10]. Stages One and Two were reported in a previous study . Stage Three is the subject of this study; for this stage the levels of the candidate factors were narrowed for more precise optimization. Four candidate factors with three levels were tried using an L9 (34) orthogonal array. The results were optimized using a statistical experimental design using the analysis of means and orthogonal array. The excess polymer removal technique used and the number of polymer solution coatings showed major effects on the flexural strength. Presumably, because these affect the mass of polymer applied. Optimum values of the flexural strength and mass of polymer were determined using statistical experimental design and the Taguchi method. Using the optimum experimental condition for preparing samples produces high quality in dense implants with 10.49 MPa flexural strength and 80 ?m thickness of the deposited polymer, with mass of 21.0 mg / sample.
ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF VARIOUS OILS AND ETHANOL EXTRACT PROPOLIS AGAINST GRAM POSITIVE AND GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIA
Vildana Hadži?, Anesa Jerkovi? Mujki?, Darja Husejnagi?, Azra Ba?i?
For many years, medicinal plants and other natural products have been used as traditional treatments for numerous human infections and as food preservatives. Natural products are chemical compounds or substances produced by a living organism, or found in nature; that have pharmacological or biological activity. Propolis is a natural resinous substance collected by honeybees from parts of plants, buds, and exudates, mixed with bees wax and salivary enzymes. Different biological properties have been attributed to propolis, but probably one of the most important properties is antibacterial activity. The oil of the Nigella sativa is used for many diseases and also use as food preservative, condiment, carminative, analgesic in every parts of world. The oil from the coconut tree has various biological effects; strong antibacterial activity is one of them. Among the benefits that the consumption of olive oil can exert on human health, its antibacterial activity emerges as a promising new property. The antibacterial activities of these natural products were tested in this study against the Gram positive and Gram negative reference bacterial strains: Staphylococcus aureus, Rhodococcus equi, Salmonella enterica and Listeria monocytogenes, using the Kirby Bauer well diffusion method. Observation of the study was that propoils posses strong antibacterial potential against Gram positive pathogenic bacteria Staphylococcus aureus and Rhodococcus equi, but didn’t have any effect on Gram negative bacteria. Essential oil from Nigella sativa also showed pronounced activity against Staphylococcus aureus, and it was less effective on Gram negative bacteria. Gram positive pathogens were more sensitive to the effect of the coconut and olive oil as well.
Vaishali Gupta, Dr. Sushma Goel and Dr. T.G.Rupa
A significant increase in the trend of generating municipal solid waste has been recorded around the world. This can be attributed to increasing population, changing lifestyles, globalization, economic growth and pollution. The objective of writing this paper was to study and understand the composition of solid waste generated in the selected educational institutions and the prevailing practices related to its effective management and disposal. Twenty-six schools from nine zones of Delhi participated in the study over a period of one year. Data obtained through survey revealed seven main categories of solid waste produced in schools; namely – paper, plastic, metal, glass, organic, textiles and e-waste. It was also found that 50.77% of the total waste generated in schools was landing up in MCD Dhalao’s and 49.23% was been taken care through different mediums like selling it to kabadiwalas (rag picker), collaborating with NGO, recycling/composting and using water material for ‘best out of waste’ activities.
GOUVERNANCE DES RESSOURCES, PSYCHOLOGIE POLITIQUE DES PEUPLES DE L’ECOTONE AGNI-BAOULE : PERTE DE LEGITIMITE DES ELUS ET L’OUVERTURE SUR L’AILLEURS
MLAN, Konan Séverin
While the scientific literature does not perceive the growth of the forest on the savanna, that of the Ivory Coast transition zone, due to lack of human pressure, is experiencing a strong expansion on the savannah ecosystem. The richness of this vegetation attracts political elites but also emigrants back in their area of departure. Based on a basic ethnographic methodology, made of interviews and observations, this paper invites an epistemological break in order to apprehend the governance of men as intimately linked to that of resources. In a deleterious political context of 2010, elected officials, especially those of the Democratic Party of Ivory Coast, former party-state, no longer enjoy legitimacy from their sociological bases of yesteryear. Not only do people oppose land grabbing, but they trust other political parties and independent candidates. In the Ivorian Center, local democracy is written in favor of executives who ensure mastery of the psychology of their people.
Taking Curriculum Personally: Analyzing William Pinar’s Method of Currere And Implication in Improving International Student Education in Chinese Higher Education Institutions
Currently, the internationalization of higher education has been suggested and implemented as an approach to address the trend of educational globalization. According to international standards for measuring university internationalization, the proportion of international students is a basic indicator. Chinese higher education institutions have paid more attention to promoting the enrollment rate of international students. Meanwhile, underlying challenges also have been impacting the improvement of international student education about admission standards, pedagogy, curriculum design, and student-teacher relations. This study attempts to systematically analyze William Pinar’s method of Currere as a theoretical framework and probe its implication in improving international student education in Chinese higher education institutions. Arguably, University teachers with visiting learning experiences abroad may be viewed as a main promoter and practitioner of William Pinar’s method of Currere?framing cross-cultural teaching methods and curriculums to elevate the level of international student education
Manthan Shenoy , Piyush Sonkusle
The Lane driving assistance is the need of the hour as the number of people using vehicles has increased. This may increase the chances of accidents. If we consider driving at night time smart assistance for vehicles is even more important. We have worked on the lane detection, where we have implemented our algorithm for four different scenarios. We have used Adaptive Gamma Correction on dark frames and Inverse Perspective Mapping(IPM) is used with camera calibration and Kalman Filter(KF) plays an important role in predicting the lanes in the dark environment. The experiment conducted shows that our algorithm is robust to use in real-time night conditions
ABDI MUSE ALI
Trainee Teachers\' Perceived Advantages, Barriers and Supports of Computer Technology in Primary Schools in Rift Valley, Kenya
Lilian C. Kimaiyo
Kapila Senavirathna 1, Prabu Premkumar2
MICROBIOLOGICAL REVIEW OF PLEURAL FLUID SAMPLES IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL AT AURANGABAD MAHARASHTRA
Tazammul Hussain, Manjushree Mulay, A.s.Wyawahare, Ishan Pandita
Introduction Since the advent of antibiotics the microbial etiology of pleural space infections has changed this can be due to patients related factors such as trauma, underlying disease or surgical procedures, or other reason can be due to methodological factors viz specimen collection, transport and its culture. For these reasons, several studies have found disagreeing findings in the spectrum of pathogens causing pleural infection.The present study was carried out in department of Microbiology, MGM Medical college, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. With the aim to review the microbiological profile of pleural fluid samples and to observe the antibiogram of the isolates in pleural fluid. Method Pleural fluid collected as per standard guidelines were received in the department from IPD as well as OPD patients of various departments of MGM hospital were included in this study. The specimens were processed as per standard laboratory protocol for identification followed by antibiotic susceptibility testing of isolates. For processing of bacteriological samples-Vitek-2 compact system & for mycobacteriological detection – CBNAAT were used. Result Over the one year study period, 104 samples were received for bacteriological culture, 4 (3.8%) samples were positive for culture, it include two gram positive (50%) and two gram negative(50%) organisms. Gram positive organism ehibited 100% resistant to penicillin and cotrimoxazole. All Gram postivie organisms exhibited 100% sensitivity to vancomycin, linezolide, gentamicin and clindamycin. Gram negative isolates exhibited 100% resistant to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, amikacin & 50% sensitivity to cotrimoxazole & meropenem. From RNTCP OPD, 213 samples were received with request for CBNAAT testing, 19(9%) samples were positive for Mycobaterium tuberculosis & none of the isolates were multidrug resistant. Conclusion With constantly evolving newer mechanism for drug resistance, pathogens are becoming resistance with the available antibiotics so the correct dosing must be ensured.CBNAAT detects Mycobacterium tuberculosis in short span of time helping to start the necessary treatment at the earliest. [Keywords: Pleural fluid, microbial aetiology, bacterial & mycobacterial.]
Elbouderkaoui Momaed,Ait El abdia Rida, Lakhdar Youssef, Rochdi Youssef Nouri Hassan, Raj Abdelaziz
Castleman’s Disease is a rare lymphoproliferative disorder. In the literature, only 29 cases, associated with the neck presentation in children, have been reported. This is another case report regarding a 2-year old child who presented with a persistent cervical lymphadenopathy. Final pathology, after undergoing exploratory neck dissection and surgical excision, revealed Castleman’s Disease. This report, augmented with a literature review of all the 29 cases, compares the clinical course of this patient with the other cases. In conclusion, although Castleman’s Disease carries a favorable prognosis in children, surgical excision is recommended to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other causes.
Dr.Sayed Obaidullah Hasimi
A CLINICAL STUDY OF EFFICACY OF VIRECHAN KARMA ON INSULIN RESISTANCE WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO SANTARPANJANYA VIKAR”:A PILOT STUDY
VIDYA SHIVRAM BOINWAD
THE OPTIMIZATION OF BEEF CATTLE BUSINESS WITH CROPS IN THE HIGHLANDS IN BOLAANG, NORTH MONGONDOW REGENCY
SYARIFUDDIN1, BUDI HARTONO2, SITI CHUZAEMI2, H.D.UTAMI2
Lalita Sharma1 Alok Srivastava2 Pretya juyal3 Priya kutiyal 4 Vandana Chauhan5
Multidrug Resistance Profile and Metallo-?-lactamase Production in pseudomonas fluorescens isolated from Hospital.
Bhupendra Prasad, Reena Antony, Jitendra Malviya, Ashi Shroti, Shikha Shrivastava.
Background: Pseudomonas fluorescens is an ubiquitous, Gram-negative, bar molded, mono whipped bacterium, equipped for causing genuine diseases in safe traded off host. It is a standout amongst the most troublesome multidrug safe microorganisms equipped for delivering metallo-?-lactamase (MBL). This examination was gone for assessing the expanding commonness of multidrug opposition profile and MBL generation in P. fluorescens detached from healing center of CIMS, Bhopal India . Result: In this examination, a sum of 600 examples were haphazardly gathered from the doctor\'s facility. They were tried for the nearness of P. fluorescens on cetrimide agar, watching the agar plates for development and pigmentation. Encourage biochemical test and sub-atomic investigation were done to additionally affirm their way of life as P. fluorescens. Conclusion: From this investigation, it was presumed that multidrug safe P. fluorescens is available in the hospital. The level of opposition was high in both shade and non-color creating disconnects, however the obstruction of non-color delivering P. fluorescens was higher. Medications of decision to be viewed as first for the therapy of infections produced by multidrug safe P. fluorescens are gentamicin, ofloxacin, ciprofloxacin and meropenem.
Impact of Blended Learning in Developing the Skills of Using Virtual Labs among Postgraduate Female Students at the College of Education in Riyadh
Eman Abdullah Hussain Assiri1, Samar Abdulaziz Mohammed Al Shalhoub2
The current research aimed at investigating the impact of blended learning on developing the skills of using virtual labs among postgraduate female students at the College of Education, King Saud University, Riyadh. The researchers used the quasi-experimental design, and the research sample consisted of (16) female postgraduate (MA and Ph.D.) students specializing in curriculum and teaching methods of mathematics. The research followed the experimental and descriptive methods. The research tool and measure consisted of a performance test and a note card (prepared by the researchers). The results of the study showed that there are statistically significant differences between the pre and post test scores of experimental group in favor of the post test scores. The study concluded with some recommendations and suggestions in the light of the study results.
Bhavya K Bairy, Aurobind Ganesh, Malathesh Barikar Chandrappa, Prabhat Chand
Background: Addictive disorders are a public health problem. A resident trainee gets 3 months of exclusive addiction posting during the post-graduate training in Psychiatry. The need of retaining large amount of new learning during this Addiction postings along with busy clinical work can often be challenging. Hence, we attempted to look at the feasibility and acceptability of integrating Blended learning with conventional didactical seminar lecture for Psychiatry residents to enhance their knowledge and clinical skills in the area of Addiction. Methods: We assessed a blended module that combines e?learning and didactic seminar lecture. Along with conventional seminar lecture, this program offered the 2nd and final year Psychiatry residents a learning experience based on self?reflection, access to technology, interactive learning, frequent interaction with the addiction experts in the management of Opioid and Benzodiazepines use Disorders. Results: Among 25 postgraduates who responded to this blended programme, 19 filled up the pretest and 10 completed the Blended learning module. Our results indicate that the residents appreciate this system as a rich and effective learning experience demonstrated by their positive feedback and by their significant improvement in knowledge in management of Opioid use disorders assessed at the end of the programme. Conclusions: Implementing a blended system i.e. combining Didactic seminar with e-learning/m-learning is a beneficial approach to teaching Addiction Psychiatry for postgraduate residents in this important medical sub-specialty. Key words: Didactic Seminar Learning, Blended Seminar Learning, Addiction, Resident
Contribution des produits forestiers non ligneux à la sécurité alimentaire des ménages dans la commune rurale de Tamou, au Sud-ouest du Niger (Afrique de l Ouest)
Oumarou HAMA1*, Idrissa TINNI2 & Moussa BARAGÉ2
Andreina Del Carmen Zi Marín1 and Janeth Noemí Vargas Pech2.
Aurobind Ganesh, K. Vijiyakumar, K. Premkumar, P. Mathivanan
In present, breast cancer in women is most is the prominently discovered life-threatening cancer in women and took over too many life’s of women all around the world. This project deals with the Breast Cancer Wisconsin dataset to compare the accuracy of various machine learning algorithm in predicting the breast cancer in women. The various classification model are built and trained with the Wisconsin dataset. The different classifiers that are used to construct the model are Naive Bayes, Support Vector Machine, Regression Tree, Random Forest and K-Nearest Neighbor. The efficient working of these model are assessed by estimating the accuracy score of each model with the usage of unstandardized and standardized dataset. Once the performance of the model are evaluated, the optimal working algorithm are used to identify the type of breast cancer in the patient entry. Keywords: Big data, Naive Bayes, Support Vector Machine, Decision Tree Classifier, Random Forest, K-Nearest Neighbor
SPECIATION AND ANTIFUNGAL SUSCEPTIBILITY PATTERN OF CANDIDA ISOLATES FROM VARIOUS CLINICAL SPECIMENS AT A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL, MAHARASHTRA
Dr. Ishan Pandita , Dr. Wyawahare A.S , Dr. Mulay M.V, Dr. Tazammul Hussain
Introduction : Candida species are one of the major human opportunistic pathogen. Various factors like indiscriminate use of antibiotics, AIDS and other immunosuppressive conditions have led to significant rise in Candida and other fungal infections. Emergence of Anti-fungal resistance has further complicated the situation. In view of increasing incidence of Candida infections and ever increasing resistance to anti-fungal agents, such studies need to be undertaken. Material and Method : This prospective study was conducted at a multispeciality tertiary care centre in Maharashtra from 1st January, 2018 to 30th June, 2019. All clinical specimens received for routine culture during the study period from which candida species were isolated were included in the study. Repeat isolates were excluded. Species identification and antifungal susceptibility testing was done using Vitek 2 system as per standard protocol. Results : A total of 164 Candida isolates were analysed. Candida albicans 67(40.8%) was the most common species followed by Candida tropicalis 48(29.3%), Candida parapsilosis 16(9.7%), Candida famata 15(9.1%), Candida ciferrii 6(3.6%), Candida lusitaniae 5 (3%). Candida albicans was most common isolate from Urine, Sputum, Pus, Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid etc; while non-albicans Candida species were most commonly isolated from Blood, Endotracheal secretion, Dental swab and Nasal swab. Candida isolates showed maximum resistance to Voriconazole (9.7%), followed by Flucytosine (5.5%), Amphotericin B (2.4%), Caspofungin (2.4%), Micafungin (2.4%) and Fluconazole (1.2%). Intermediate sensitivity was seen in Fluconazole (1.8%). Conclusion : Our study helps to decide empirical therapy for treatment of Candida Infection. Keywords : Candida albicans, non-albicans candida, Antifungal resistance
Comparison of Anti-mitotic and Cytotoxic Potential of Piper chaba (Chavak) Against Vincristine by Using Germination Inhibition and Allium cepa Root Tip Assay
Parmar Mayur P. , Parmar Dipak V.
In the present study, we used Vigna radiata germination inhibition and Allium cepa root tip assay to demonstrate the Anti-mitotic and cytotoxic potential of Piper chaba (Chavak) aqueous extract. We compared the effectiveness of the extract with known anti-cancer drugs, vincristine. We observed nearly complete germination inhibition by the plant extract in the Vigna radiata assay. Furthermore, mitotic indices were significantly reduced compared to control. Our study revealed very effective antimitotic as well as cytotoxic activity of the Piper chaba root extract like the vincristine.