24Jul 2017


  • Jodhpur School of Public Health (JSPH) Maulana Azad University Jodhpur, India.
Crossref Cited-by Linking logo
  • Abstract
  • References
  • Cite This Article as
  • Corresponding Author

Rational: Unhygienic living condition, poor sanitation, over crowed rooms, low level of knowledge of disease prevention, and poor sanitation puts more than 1300 madrasa students at risk of Scabies who are living as group in a dormitory. Student from Helmand and neighboring provinces are enrolled in this madrasa and are staying in dormitory for more than one year. The point prevalence rate of scabies in this school is 15%. This issues need attention/follow up and have great public health importance and to plan for improvement. Objective: The objective of this study was to explore the knowledge, attitudes and practices about scabies in religious school (Madrasa) of Helmand province Afghanistan. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was performed. Specifically designed KAP questionnaire used. Consent letter signed with participants. Questionnaire was translated into local language. Ms. Excel used for data entry/analysis. Double entry of data completed. 10% of data cross checked for accuracy. The surveyors were trained on interview, data collection methods. 433 students randomly selected (33.3% of total). Results: More than 80% participants aged 10-20 years. 44% reported that they are informed about scabies, 56% do not know about scabies. 62.9% got the knowledge through mass media and 37.1% reported are informed through medical professional, family and friends. Scabies is serious (16%) not serious (24%) did not know about the seriousness (39%). Diseases spread through sharing cloth and blankets (44%). Conclusions: Low level of knowledge about the diseases (44%), public health workers should give priority to health education, media play good role in dissemination of information. Proper communication on scabies prevention through Radio (available in school and villages). Health workers to develop good network for support with the madrasa and communities in similar situations. People with scabies should be encouraged to seek medical help and avoid sharing cloths and blankets.

  1. Hotez PJ, Molyneux DH, Fenwick A, Kumar Esan J, Ehrlich Sachs S, et al. (2007) Control of neglected tropical diseases. N Engl J Med 357: 1018-1027.
  2. Feldmeier H, Heukelbach J (2009) epidermal parasitic skin diseases: a neglected Category of poverty-associated plagues. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 87: 152-159.
  3. Heukelbach J, Feldmeier H (2006) Scabies.The Lancet.?367:?1767?1774.
  4. World Health Organization (Accessed November 9, 2015)
  5. Romani L, Steer AC, WhitfeldMJ, Kaldor, JM (2015) Prevalence of scabies and impetigo worldwide: a systematic review. The Lancet 5: 960-967.
  6. UN report on control of communicable diseases -Asia: Copyright (c) UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs 2004
  7. American Academy of Dermatology website. Available at: http://www.aad.org/ . Accessed July 14, 2009.
  8. Berkow R, Beers MH, Fletcher AJ, Bogin RM. The Merck Manual of Medical Information?Home Edition. New York, NY: Simon and Schuster, Inc; 2000.
  9. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexually Transmitted Diseases Treatment Guidelines, 2010. MMWR 2010; 59(No. RR-12):1-110.
  10. Currie BJ, McCarthy, JS. Permethrin and ivermectin for scabies. New Engl J of Med. 2010: 362:717-725.
  11. Hu S, Bigby M. Treating scabies: results from an updated Cochrane review. Arch Dermatol. 2008:144:1638-40.
  12. Leone PA. Scabies and pediculosis pubis: an update of treatment regimens and general review. Clin Infect Dis. 2007 Apr 1; 44 Suppl 3:S153-9. Review. Available at: http://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/44/Supplement%5F3/S153.long.
  13. Lindane shampoo and lindane lotion. Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. US Food and Drug Administration website. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PostmarketDrugSafetyInformationforPatientsandProviders/ucm110452.htm. Accessed July
  14. A Guide to Developing Knowledge Attitude and Practice Surveys
  15. Provincial Health Management Information reports of the year 2016

[Ubaidullah Dawoodzada. (2017); KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUTE AND PRACTICES ON SCABIES AMONG RELIGIOUS SCSHOOL (MADRASA) HOSTEL STUDENTS OF HELMAND PROVINCE AFGHANISTAN. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (Jul). 1506-1514] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

Dr Ubaidullah Dawoodzada
Jodhpur School of Public Health (JSPH) Maulana Azad University Jodhpur, India


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/4864      
DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/4864