14Oct 2017


  • Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. Dr. HAMKA, Jakarta, Indonesia.
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This paper is aimed to report a research that analyse the relation between human development, global competitiveness and happiness as well as the impact of human development, both direct and indirect impacts, on happiness, with global competitiveness as moderator variable. Cross-nation data on human development, global competitiveness and happiness indices were collected from 123 countries and employed in a path analysis model. The results show that the correlation between human development and happiness was positive and very strong. The countries that had high happiness index were the countries with high human development index. The correlation between human development and global competitiveness was positive and very strong. The correlation between global competitiveness and happiness was also positive and strong. The direct impact of human development on happiness was positive and significant. The indirect impact of human development on happiness, again, was positive and significant. It is then suggested that human development sustainably be promoted in order to make nations competitive globally and then make the people happy.

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[Muchdie. (2017); HUMAN DEVELOPMENT, GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS AND HAPPINESS: A CROSS-NATION PATH ANALYSIS. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (Oct). 779-790] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com

Universitas Muhammadiyah Prof. DR. HAMKA


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/5587      
DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/5587