SONOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF THE FOLICLECULAR SIZE AND ENDOMETRIAL THICKNESS IN APPERENTLY NORMAL WOMEN AND AMONG WOMEN WITH INFERTILITY.
- Department of Radiography and Radiological Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology University of Nigeria Enugu Campus.
- Department of Medical Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus.
- Department of Medical Radiography, College of Medical Sciences University of Maiduguri, Borno State.
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- Corresponding Author
The aim of this study was to determine by sonography the normal dimensions of the endometrium and follicles in normal subjects with those of women with infertility. A Convenience sample of one hundred and forty (140) subjects participated in the study between February 2012 and November 2013, consisting of seventy (70) apparently normal women and seventy (70) women with history of infertility. All the subjects selected where of child bearing age with age ranged from 20 to 40 years, who were married. Ethical clearance was obtained from the ethical committee of the hospital and informed consent was obtained from the study participants. The study was carried out using Concept Model Dynamic Imaging Incorporated ultrasound system with a curvilinear transabdominal transducer (3.5MHz). Statistical analysis was done using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS), version 17.0. Where descriptive statistics like mean, frequencies and percentages were calculated and inferential statistics like the student T-test was used to compare the mean values in both groups. The endometrial thickness among the normal group was 43 (61.4%) highest frequency with endometrial thickness of 9.5-11.4mm. The lowest group is the 11.5m-13.4mm. The mean endometrial thickness in the normal group is 10.5mm with a range of 7.5 to 13.4mm.The endometrial thicknesses of the group with secondary infertility were 25(35.7%) with highest frequency. The least was 2 (2.9%) with an endometrial thickness of 13.5-15.4mm.The mean follicular size is 20.0mm (standard deviation, 1.2mm, with a range of 17.5mm to 23.4mm).The follicular size ranged from 19.5-21.4mm among the normal group. The follicular sizes among the infertility group ranged from 2.0 -27.5mm. The largest frequency was the <2.0-5.4mm follicular size group, 32 (45.7%). The mean follicular size of 10mm was found among the secondary infertility group with a range of 2mm to 27.5mm. Conclusively, Sonography is a veritable diagnostic tool in the investigation of the pelvic organs (endometrium and the follicles) among normal women and women with secondary infertility, showing a varying pattern of sizes among them.
[Ochie Kalu, G.C Okoye, Luntsi Geofery, Charles Ugwoke Eze, Ochie Micheal, Nkubli F.B., Abubakar M.G (2015); SONOGRAPHIC ASSESSMENT OF THE FOLICLECULAR SIZE AND ENDOMETRIAL THICKNESS IN APPERENTLY NORMAL WOMEN AND AMONG WOMEN WITH INFERTILITY. Int. J. of Adv. Res. 3 (May). 1223-1228] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
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