Lipid profile of patients monitored in Cardiology department at the Army Instruction Hospital of Parakou in northern Benin (West Africa).
- Laboratory of Teaching and Research in Food Microbiology, Department of Food Technology Engineering, Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin.
- Department of Cardiology, Army Instruction Hospital, Parakou, Benin.
- Laboratory of Physiology and Cellular Signaling, Animal Physiology Department, Faculty of Sciences and Technology / University of Abomey-Calavi.
- Laboratory of Study and Research in Applied Chemistry / Polytechnic School of Abomey-Calavi / University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 2009 Cotonou, Benin.
- Laboratory of Molecular Typing and Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Technology / University of Abomey-Calavi, 05 BP 1604 Cotonou, Benin.
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Background: Hypercholesterolemia is a metabolic disorder that often contributes to many diseases such as atherosclerosis. It is responsible each year of the death of over 17 million people, or 30% of mortality in the world. Methods: This study aims to assess the lipid profile and associated risk factors with dyslipidemia of patients monitored at the Army Instruction Hospital of Parakou. It is a descriptive and analytical study that includes 80 patients admitted to the cardiology department of the Army Instruction Hospital (in consultation or hospitalization) for four months. Lipid profile of our patients was obtained through a recount of their medical folder and biochemical assays using the ELITECH Clinical Systems kits. Results: Results showed that the mean values of total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and LDL-cholesterol were respectively 1.94 ± 0.41 g / L; 0.58 ± 0.12 g / L; 1.20 g / l ± 0.57 and 0.38 ± 1.11 g / L. Thus 42.5% of patients had hypercholesterolemia. This study also showed that risk factors associated with high cholesterol were: diabetes, fruit and vegetable consumption, eating habits, abdominal obesity. Conclusion: These results suggested the adoption of food safety for the general population to prevent dyslipidemia and certain cardiovascular diseases.
[Nicodeme W. CHABI, Veronique B. T. TINEPONANTI, Leopold H. CODJO, Christian T. R. KONFO, Alphonse SEZAN, Edwige DAHOUENON-AHOUSSI, Mohamed M. SOUMANOU and Lamine BABA-MOUSSA (2015); Lipid profile of patients monitored in Cardiology department at the Army Instruction Hospital of Parakou in northern Benin (West Africa). Int. J. of Adv. Res. 3 (10). 1143-1152] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com
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