20Jan 2017

EXISTING AND FUTURE MSW GENERATION NEXUS POPULATION AND GDP GROWTH, THE CASE OF MEKELE CITY, ETHIOPIA

  • UNEP-Tongji, Institute of Environment for sustainable development; College of Environmental Science and Engineering; 20092, Shanghai, P.R. China.
Crossref Cited-by Linking logo
  • Abstract
  • Keywords
  • References
  • Cite This Article as
  • Corresponding Author

Municipal Solid Waste(MSW) generation is unavoidable phenomena in any Economic levels and population size. The fast expansion of urbanization, agricultural practices and industrial activities encouraged by quick population growth has produced an enormous amount of solid wastes are pollutes the environment and destroy resources.The data was generated from secondary data sources of various institutions. The range and the composition of MSW generation are highly variable and heterogynous with the contemporary way of life experience of both in low, middle and high income inhabitants. The result showed that the current scenario of MSW generation rate is small but it is tremendously in an increasing fashion parallel with population and GDP growth of Mekele City. Thus, it is important and advisable to underway well comprehensive kinds of research works in the City to identify and predict the prospect MSW generation trends together with its integrated management options.


  1. Burntley, S.J. (2007). A review of municipal solid waste composition in the United Kingdom. Waste Manage, 27, 1274.
  2. Central Statistics Agency of Ethiopia (CSAE) Census report, (2007, 2010 and 2012).
  3. Eugenia, C. B., N. Georgina & L. Ramil. (2002). Solid Waste Segregation and Recycling in Metro Manila: Household Attitudes and Behavior. Resources, Environment and Economics Center for Studies, Philippines. pp. 45-67.
  4. Fikreyesus, D. (2011). Ethiopia Solid Waste & Landfill.
  5. Final feasibility and preliminary design report of Mekele City for ISWM, (2012).
  6. Finance and Economic Development Office (FEDO), (October 2004).
  7. Hoornweg, D.T.L., and Laura, T. (2005). What a waste: Solid management in Asia, Working Paper Series No. 1, Urban Development Sector Unit, East Asia and Pacific Region, World Bank, Washington, DC.
  8. Medina, M. (2002). Globalization, Development, and Municipal Solid Waste Management in Third World Cities. El Colegio de la Frontera Norte [College of the northern border], Tijuana, Mexico. Unpublished paper.
  9. Minghua, Z., Xiumin, F., Rovetta, A., Qichang, H., Vicentini, F., Bingkai, L., Giusti, A., and Yi, L. (2009). Municipal solid waste management in Pudong New Area, China. Waste Manage. 29, 1227.
  10. NEMA-National Environment Management Authority. (2007). Clean Development mechanism (CDM) - Uganda solid waste composting project. Analysis Report. - (2006). State of Environment Report for Uganda 2006/7. NEMA, Kampala.357pp.
  11. Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. (2007a). OECD environmental data, compendium 2006-2008. Paris, France: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development.
  12. Pan American Health Organization. (2005). Analysis sector ales de residuos s?olfdos [Analysis sector ales solid waste]. Area of Sustainable Development and Environmental Health, PAHO, Washington, DC.
  13. Rana, S.V.S. (2007). Environmental Pollution. Narosa Publishing House, New Delhi. pp. 81-84.
  14. Richardson, R.A. & J. Havlicek. (1974). an analysis of seasonal household waste generation. Southern Journal of Agricultural Economics. 06(02): 143-153.
  15. Scheinberg, A., Wilson, D.C., Rodic, L., (2010). Solid waste management in the World?s Cities. UN-Habitat?s Third Global Report on the State of Water and Sanitation in the World?s Cities. Earth Scan, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK.
  16. Sujauddin, M., Huda, S.M.S., and Hoque, A.T.M.R. (2008). Household solid waste characteristics and management in Chittagong, Bangladesh. Waste Manage. 28(9), 1688
  17. Tadesse, T., Ruijs, A., & Hagos, F. (2008). Household Waste Disposal in Mekele city, Northern Ethiopia. Waste management (New York, N.Y.), 28(10), 2003-12.
  18. (2010). Guidelines for E-Waste Management in Kenya. Ministry of Environment and Mineral Resources, Kenya.
  19. United Nations Environment Programme. (2005). Selection, Design and Implementation of Economic Instruments in the Solid Waste Management Sector in Kenya. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi. pp. 157-163.
  20. Visvanathan, C. & J. Trankler. (2003). Municipal Solid Waste Management in Asia: A Comparative Analysis. Proceedings of Workshop on Sustainable Landfill Management, 3-5 December, 2003, Chennai. pp. 3-15.
  21. Visvanathan, C. (2006). Solid Waste Management in Asian Perspectives. Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok pp. 1-7.
  22. Wasswa, J., & Schluep, M., (2008). E-Waste Assessment in Uganda. A situational analysis of e-waste management and generation with special emphasis on personal computers. Uganda Cleaner Production Centre, Kampala Uganda and EMPA Switzerland, UNIDO, Microsoft.
  23. World Resource Institute. (1996). the Urban Environment. Oxford University Press. Oxford. pp. 126-135.
  24. Trading Economics.com/ World Bank (2015), and Statista (2016).

[Gebru. Zinabu Marsie, Abrha. Birhanu Hayelom and Gashaw. Meseker Birega. (2017); EXISTING AND FUTURE MSW GENERATION NEXUS POPULATION AND GDP GROWTH, THE CASE OF MEKELE CITY, ETHIOPIA Int. J. of Adv. Res. 5 (1). 1012-1020] (ISSN 2320-5407). www.journalijar.com


Gebru/ Zinabu Marsie
UNEP-Tongji Institute of Environment for sustainable development; College of Environmental Science and Engineering; 20092, Shanghai, China

DOI:


Article DOI: 10.21474/IJAR01/2845       DOI URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.21474/IJAR01/2845


Share this article