Mahajan Jayesh Ramesh and P. V. Thakre.
Maximum power point tracking (MPPTs) play a vital role in photovoltaic (PV) power systems as it maximize the output power & efficiency of PV systems. MPPTs are used to find and maintain operation at the maximum power point. Title presents in detail implementation of Perturb and Observe MPPT using buck-boost converter. Some results such as current, voltage and output power for various conditions can be recorded. The simulation is possible to carried out in MATLAB/SIMULINK software. The results can be obtained and compared with the theoretical operation which confirm the reliability and performance of the proposed model. It is more efficient, accurate, used rapid and low cost technique without need for complicated mathematical operations. This paper presents Particle Swarm Optimization and Perturbation & Observation techniques to find the optimum operating parameters of a solar photovoltaic panel under varying atmospheric conditions. The terminal voltage, current and corresponding duty-cycle, at which the DC/DC converter should be switched to obtain maximum power output, are determined. Simulation of maximum power point tracking of a solar panel is done, using both methods, in MATLAB. It is observed from the results that the particle swarm optimization based algorithm can track the maximum power point for the whole range of solar data (irradiance and temperature) and has high conversion performance.
Sabnin Shair, Nafisa Nowal Rafa, Abu Sufian, A. H. M. Nazmul Hasan and Asaduzzaman.
In the present study, an attempt was made to design and evaluate bilayer gastroretentive drug delivery system exhibiting a combination of an immediate release layer and a sustained release mucoadhesive layer as second layer to prolong residence time in stomach using Metformin HCl as a model drug to reduce frequency of administration and to overcome bioavailability problems. A total of 5 formulations of bilayer tablets containing the drug were prepared by direct compression method using 5 different mucoadhesive polymers in 5 different formulations (F1-F5) respectively to impart mucoadhesion. Formulated bilayer tablets were evaluated by different parameters such as; ex vivo mucoadhesion strength, ex vivo mucoadhesion time, In vitro drug release study. In vitro drug release data were fitted to various kinetic models (Zero order, 1st order, Higuchi model, Korsmeyer- Peppas model). Upon R2 value analysis it was observed that release from F1, F3, F5 followed Higuchi model and F2, F5 followed Korsmeyer- Peppas kinetic model. Mechanism of drug release was found to be Fickian diffusion (value of n <0.45). F4 with Na CMC was found to be more promising in ex vivo mucoadhesion study showing residence time of 4.08 hrs. This study concludes that formulated bilayer tablets were satisfactory in providing prompt release from 1st layer then maintained sustained release effect with promising mucoadhesion behavior in stomach.
Mazar Ali Shah, Rahul Kumar and Murtuza Ahmed Barbhuiya.
This paper attempts to analyse the problems and prospects in south Asia by using various indicators based on data from secondary sources. The study reveals that South Asia a land of natural beauty and also known as paradise on Earth, and Switzerland of Asia. But the countries of South Asia are not able to evolve co-operative relations and their relations are characterizing by numerous conflicts. The type and level of conflicts which take place in the sub-continent however vary with changing circumstances, both internal and external, which affect the region. Of late, of course the countries of South Asia realizethe need of cooperation and make some progress in this direction. Indo-china both are the most powerful nations of region performing their role in various direction for maintaining the peace, cooperation and integration in the region.
Ali Alnakhlani, Belqees Hassan, Abdulhafiz Muhammad and Muhammad Ali Al-Hajji.
The variations of thermal properties with temperature for Pb–Sn alloys were measured using a heat flow apparatus.According to present experimental results, the thermal parameters (Tonset, Tend, Tm) of Pb–Sn alloys increase with increasing heating rates, also the results showed that the small amount of zinc improved significantly these parameters. Furthermore the change in enthalpy of fusion and activation energy of fusion for different heating rates were studied experimentally by the differential thermal analysis(DTA). The apparent activation energies of Pb–Sn alloys have been determined based on the Kissinger equation.
Aby Joseph and Dr. Anita H. B.
Earth consists of unicellular and multicellular organisms. Unicellular organisms like bacterium and multi cellular organisms like flora and fauna. Since plant species cannot survive on their own from artificial disasters, it is the responsibility of human beings to protect plant species from such calamities. In order to meet that goal, it is necessary to classify the different plant species and prevent them from extinction. Even though there are huge numbers of databases existing for plant species, there are some species which are still unknown to humans. So it is essential to distinguish the different plant species and classify them into proper categories and protect them. Earlier, manual databases were there for getting this job done. But as technology progressed, automation has its effect in almost all the fields. Classification of plant species through automation is possible through methods like leaf recognition technique. Leaf recognition has its own advantages; apart from the classification plant species, it also helps in recognizing various diseases which can result in their extinction. Much research works happened in the field of leaf recognition. Most of the researchers used extraction techniques involving spatial or frequency domain. Only few researchers used features extracted using both frequency and spatial domain. In this paper we are trying to come up with a reason for less researches being conducted in the field of leaf database in India.
The aim of this study was to report the use of smartphone cameras for intraoral photography in oral medicine. The smart phone photographs were evaluated to determine if they would be useful for diagnosis and other applications in oral medicine. In the absence of a standard intraoral camera system, it was found that smart phones could be useful in capturing and transmitting digital intraoral images that could assist in dental education, tele dentistry and other aspects.
Suparno, Budi Prasetya, Abu Talkah and Soemarno.
The study of vermicomposting optimization of organic waste aimed to produce vermicompost from urban raw waste, and to select one of three kinds of worm which had significant effect in the production of vermicompost. The writers conducted a research during June to August 2012, by treating three varieties of worm named: G1 = Lumbricus rubellus; G2 = Lumbricus terrestris; G3 = Eisenia foetida, and used Fully Randomized Design (FRD) for each type of worms. The research variables were C/N ratio, C organic, N, P¬2O5, and K2O. The writers analysed the vermicompost treatment results in the laboratory, followed by ANOVA. The researchers used gentong (barrel-shaped potteries) as a research tool; and obtained organic waste materials from the local landfill. The result showed that it was possible to produce organic fertilizer from urban waste materials with vermicomposting process using Lumbricus rubellus, Lumbricus terrestris and Eisenia foetida. Moreover, apparently, Lumbricus rubellus had the highest influence in the production of vermicompost.
PREVALENCE OF NUTRITIONAL ANAEMIA AMONG PATIENTS REPORTING TO SAVEETHA DENTAL COLLEGE: A SHORT STUDY.
Nutritional anaemia affects all the age groups and sex in developing countries like India. Iron deficiency is the most common micronutrient deficiency in the world affecting more than 2 billion people. In the present study, 50 patients were selected who were subjected to routine hemogram and were diagnosed anaemic. 2 ml of venous blood was drawn and analysed using autoanalyser method and were interpreted according to the WHO criteria. The study showed that 13 % of the patients were mildly anaemic, 34% were moderately anaemic and 03% were severely anaemic. Various factors like social, economic status, age, sex, social class, dietary habits are some of the major etiological factors for nutritional anaemia.
Shady Khalil El Rashedy, Mohammed Galal El-Khateeb, Abd El-Halim El Tantawy Bdeir, Khaled Fathy Abd El-Azez and Ibrahim Elmenshawi.
Objective: The aim of this study was to delineate the different characteristics of stroke in children and their outcome. Method: Clinically diagnosed stroke in children patients underwent general, full neurological examination and radiological investigation with evaluation of severity by pediatric National institute of health scale of stroke (NIHSS) and outcome disability by using Modified Rankin Scale for children (mRS). Results: The study was conducted on 60 patients with mean age ± standard deviation was (5.98 ± 5.65), median age 3.5 (1-18), 32 (53.3%) of them were male and 28 (46.7%) were female. Most of patients (83.3%) arrived to hospital after 12 hours from the stroke onset. Etiologically, 12 (20%) patients had congenital heart disease, 8 (13.3%) had hemorrhagic diseases, while 23 (38.3%) were cryptogenic. Ischemic stroke represent 83.3% of all patients. MRI brain imaging had better evaluation in patients with hemorrhagic stroke (2 of 6 patients (33.3%) revealed underlying pathology) rather than ischemic ones (only 2 of 44 ischemic stroke patients (4.5%) showed hemorrhagic transformation in one case and vascular anomaly in the other). Twenty (33.3%) patients had mild severity using pediatric NIHSS on admission, 35 (58.3%) were mild to moderate, 3 (5.0%) were sever and 2 (3.3%) were very sever. mRS for children after three months revealed 3 patients (5.0%) with complete recovery, 14 (23.3%) had no significant disabilities despite symptoms in clinical examination, 18 (30.0%) had slight disability, 10 (16.7%) with moderate disability, 2 (3.3%) had moderately severe disability while 13 (21.7%) patients died. There was significant weak positive correlation between severity of stroke at the onset and disability outcome three months later. Conclusion: Etiological factors in childhood are quite different from those present in adulthood. Despite a careful investigation, some causes of stroke in children remain unidentified. MRI brain imaging is modality of choice in patients with hemorrhagic stroke.
Razaz Felimban, Shahad Alanasri, Naif Hawsawi and Khaled Albazli.
Objective: To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors for musculoskeletal pain among medical students in Saudi Arabia. Method: A cross-sectional analysis for one Saudi medical school in 2015-2016 academic year.Themain outcomes were measured byThe Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) which was used to screen for pain in different anatomic joints during the past week and past year. Another questionnaire was developed to assess for contributing factors for the pain. Result: 849 medical students were analyzed with a response rate (73.31 %.). There were57.85% of the students suffering of musculoskeletal pain in the past week, and 43.47% in past year. There is a higher prevalence among female medical students with p value <0.01. Previous trauma, family history of trauma, high computer hours use, being in clinical years, and high BMI were the main factors contributing to MSP in this study. Conclusion: The study demonstrates a very high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain medical students which may affect the lifestyle and academic performance in medical schools.
INCIDENCE OF JAPANESE ENCEPHALITIS VIRUS INFECTION IN WEST BENGAL, INDIA ? A TWO YEARS COMPREHENSIVE STUDY.
Rajendra Prasad Chatterjee, Aroni Chatterjee, Nilanjan Chakraborty and Shyamalendu Chatterjee.
Japanese Encephalitis Virus (JEV), is a mosquito-borne pathogen, which causes Japanese Encephalitis (JE); a neurotropic disease with high mortality and can be accounted to be the main player in the increasing global trend of viral encephalitis with prime concern on general public health. JE was initially documented in the East Indian state of West Bengal in the year 1973. From that point forward it is being reported every year consistently from various regions of the state, although the vaccination programme has already being procured. In this way, it shows that there may be either an incomplete coverage of the vaccination approach or the gradual rise of transformed new strains of JEV. Considering this reality, to comprehend the frequency of JEV dissemination and its endemicity in the region, we apprehended a pilot scale epidemiological study on an aggregate of 159 positive patient samples gathered from the 533 clinically presumed patients with Acute Encephalitis Syndrome (AES), admitted in the different district health centres and hospitals of West Bengal, India, 2015-2016.
Kero Jemal, B.V Sandeep and Sudhakar Pola.
Allophylus serratus is a local medicinal plant used traditionally for the treatment of diarrhea, inflammation, ulcer, elephantiasis and gastro intestinal disorders. The leaf extracts of this plant were assessed for in vitro anti-inflammatory and antibacterial activities. The in vitro anti inflammatory activity assay of leaf extracts of Allophylus serratus were evaluated by Human Red Blood Cells membrane stabilization, inhibition of protein denaturation and protease inhibition methods. The anti microbial activity of leaf extracts were evaluated by agar well diffusion method against four bacterial and two fungi species. The membrane stabilization anti inflammatory test showed that, the methanolic leaf extracts exhibited highest membrane stabilizing activity of 77.64?0.78 and 74.77?0.66, compared to that of standard Diclofenac sodium which exhibited 92.65?0.56 % and 89.73?1.18 at 1000 ?g/ml and 800 ?g/ml concentrations respectively. In inhibition of protein denaturation, 400 ?g/ml methanolic extract showed maximum protection 70.73% and standard drug provided 93.50 % protection. But at 1000 ?g/ml the percent inhibition of protein denaturation increased to 95.93%. More over protease inhibition test showed maximum inhibition (67.63%) at 100 ?g/ml concentrations by ethyl acetate extract. In anti inflammatory test, all extraction showed concentration dependent response. In anti microbial activity test the water, methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts were more effective against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Ethyl acetate extract also showed high activity against Bacillus sabtilis (20?0.00mm). Chloroform and petroleum ether extracts showed high zone of inhibition (20?0.17 and 22?0.09 mm respectively) against Pseudomonas aeruginosa but no activity against the rest tested bacterial strains. All the extracts did not show any activity against tested fungal species. The results of this study therefore revealed that leaf extracts of Allophylus serratus possess anti inflammatory and anti bacterial activity which justify the use of this plant in the treatment of bacterial infections and inflammation.
Rudy L. Widayatno, Munawar Ali, Bambang Wahyudi and Qomarudin Helmy.
Interest in ecologically friendly, wet-processing textile techniques has increased in recent years because of increased awareness of environmental issues throughout the world. With more stringent controls and more demand in environmental friendly product expected in the future, it is essential that control measures be implemented to minimize effluent problems. The textile dyeing industry consumes large quantities of water and produces large volumes of wastewater from different steps in the dyeing and finishing processes. Wastewater from printing and dyeing units is often rich in color, containing residues of reactive dyes and chemicals, and requires proper treatment before being released into the environment. The goal of this research was to study the performance of the integrated chemical (coagulation-flocculation)-biological (activated sludge) process and to develop a potential textile industry’s wastewater treatment system for reuse. The results show that coagulation-flocculation process (optimum coagulant of 10 mg/l FeSO4) was effective enough in removing color while activated sludge process effective in removing other organic materials contain in the effluent. Integrated chemical-biological process to treat textile effluent was able to remove organic with an efficiency of 71 - 91 %. Re-use of this kind of wastewater than to discharge it after treatment are preferably due to increase in the costs of chemicals, energy and water consumption.
INCIDENCE OF RH NEGATIVE BLOOD GROUP IN BLOOD DONORS FROM HIGH ALTITUDE AREAS OF JAMMU AND KASHMIR STATE, INDIA.
Naira Firdous Zargar, Aleem Jan, Arshad Hussan Siddiqie, Javaid Rasool and Irfan Khan.
According to presence or absence of antigens, human blood can be divided into different blood groups. Rh blood group is one of the most complex blood groups in humans. Rh positive has D antigen while Rh negative lacks the D antigen. This one year study was done in which 600 blood donors were tested for Rh blood group in the blood-bank laboratory by test-tube method. 300 blood donors were from high altitude areas (above 5500ft the sea level), while the 300 blood donors were from plain areas, of Jammu And Kashmir State, India. In high altitude blood group donors 87% were Rh positive while 13% were Rh negative. In plain area blood donors 93% were Rh positive while 7% were Rh negative. Thus there is a high incidence (13%) of Rh negative donors in high altitude donors as compared to plain areas.
SERUM TOTAL CALCIUM, MAGNESIUM, POTASSIUM AND PH IN SUDANESE PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS.
Nuha Eljaili Abubaker and Mohammed Nasir Mohammed.
This study was carried out to measure serum levels of the calcium, magnesium, potassium and PH in patients with type 2 DM. Sixty samples were collected from patients in period between October to November 2016, chosen randomly from Military hospital and Sixty apparently, healthy individuals as controls, to assess the levels of calcium, magnesium, Potassium and pH in type2 D M. Serum calcium and magnesium were measured by using automation, Mindray380, potassium by using easylyte and pH by using Cobas b 221, and results were analyzed using statistical of package social science (SPSS), computer program. The study showed that, the serum levels of magnesium and potassium were significantly decreased, (p-value =0.00) in diabetic patients compared to control group. While the level of PH was significantly increased, (p-value= 0.000) and there was no significant difference between the mean of calcium level in patients and control group. Mean ±SD cases versus control. (1.43±0.26versus2.10±0.29) For magnesium. (3.1±0.39versus4.10±0.48) for potassium. (7.99±0.06 versus 7.40±0.02) for PH. (8.77±1.00 versus 8.79±0.80, p-value =0.997) for calcium. There was insignificantly weak positive correlation between serum magnesium in patients used insulin and diabetic patients not used insulin ( r= 0.1 / p= 0.627) , while there were no correlations between serum calcium, potassium and PH in diabetic patients used insulin and diabetic patients not used insulin.(r=0.073, p- value= 0.70),( r=0.027 , p- value= 0.888 ) ,( r=0.08, p-value=0.676) respectively. It is concluded that; the levels of magnesium and potassium are significantly decreased in patients with type 2 DM, and the level of PH is significantly increased and there is no significant difference in the level of calcium in type 2 diabetic patients compared to control group.
THE USEFULNESS & ACCURACY OF THE MODIFIED ALVARADO SCORE IN THE PREOPERATIVE DIAGNOSIS OF ACUTE APPENDICITIS.
Mounis Mahdi Salih.
This prospective study was conducted to evaluate the usefulness & accuracy of the modified Alvarado score in the preoperative diagnosis of acute appendicitis. The study included one hundred & fifty patients of different age groups & from both genders with provisional diagnosis of acute appendicitis presented to the emergency department of Al- Yarmouk Teaching Hospital over eighteen months period. All patients were evaluated on admission & given specific scores according to the variables of Modified Alvarado Score. In adult male patients acute appendicitis was confirmed in (40) of (42) patients giving sensitivity rate of (88.8%) & specificity rate of (91.6%), in adult female, it was confirmed in (25) of (28) patients with sensitivity rate of (80.6%) & specificity rate of (89.6%), while in children acute appendicitis was confirmed in (7) of (9) patients giving a sensitivity rate of (53.8%) & specificity rate of (75%). The overall sensitivity rate of Modified Alvarado Score was 80.9% & its specificity was 88.5%. Total negative appendicectomy rate was 15.2%. The Modified Alvarado Score is simple, easy to apply & cheap complementary aid for supporting the diagnosis of acute appendicitis especially for junior surgeons.
Ola Sayed Mohamed Ali, Maha A. El-Taweel, Iman Attia Abdel El-Gawad and Eman Ahmed Gouda.
Treg cells have an important role in cancer, enabling tumors to elude host anti-tumor immune response.CD4+CD25+ Treg cells constitute 5–10% of peripheral blood CD4+ lymphocytes. Also, CD8+CD25+ cells have been shown a suppressive effect and share phenotypic and functional features with CD4+CD25+ Treg cells. Aim of the work: This work was done to evaluate the frequency of expression of different Treg cells in the peripheral blood of breast cancer patients and to elucidate their impact on clinical and laboratory parameters. Patients and Methods: This study included forty-seven Egyptian breast cancer patients (30 de novo patients and 17 after surgery patients) and13 healthy controls and 18 benign breast patients. They were tested by Flow Cytometry Results:CD4+CD25+ Treg cells were significantly higher in the de novo compared to the healthy controls and in the after-surgery group compared to the healthy controls and benign breast groups (P<0.0001), while CD4+CD25hi were significantly higher in both de novo and after surgery patients as compared to healthy controls (P<0.0001). Conclusion: some Treg cells as CD4+CD25+ cells are predominant in breast cancer patients.
ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF FUNGI FROM THE FRUIT OF ORANGE AND TOMATO IN JIMMA TOWN MARKET SELLERS, SOUTH WEST ETHIOPIA.
MahletAleme and Meseret Guta.
The study was carried out from February, 2013 to May, 2013in Jimma to assess the common spoilage fungi from infected fruits of tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum) and orange (Camellia sinensis) in Jimma town (Agip, Kochi and Bishishe) market sellers. Mycological investigation on spoilage fungi from 40 (20 from each) apparently infectedC. sinensisandL.esculentumwas carried out. Potato Dextrose Agar was used for fungi isolation and purification following standard procedures. Pure cultures were identified morphologically to the genus level. A total of 56 spoilage moulds were isolated from the two different types of deteriorating fruit samples, from which 52 (92.85 %) isolates were identified and the remaining4(7.15) wereunidentified. Thefungal species Aspergillusspp., (13.46) Penicilliumspp.,(19.2) Rhizopusspp.,(1.92) Mucorspp., (5.76) Fusariumspp., (3.84), Byssochlamysspp.(3.84) and Cladosporiumspp.(1.92) were found to be associated with deterioration of orange. The fungal isolates associated with the spoilage of tomatowere Aspergillusspp., (7.69) Penicilliumspp., (9.61) Rhizopusspp., (7.69) Mucorspp., (9.61) Fusarium, (9.61) and Moniliaspp. (5.76).Generally, of all isolated moulds Penicilliumspp. was the dominant isolate 15(28.81%), followed byAspergillusspp.11(21.15). Byssochlamysspp. And Cladosporiumspp.were the least encountered 2 (3.84%) and 1(1.92%), respectively. The results of this study indicate that fruits sold atAgip, Kochi and Bishishe were massively infected with spoilage fungi due to lack of selling parameters of fruits found in Jimma town market sellers. So, appropriate measurement must be taken by responsible bodies to reduce the fungal load and to enhance the quality of fruits sold in Jimma town.
Muhammad Mujtaba Hashir, Zainab bahrani, Fatimah Khater and Zainab Alwan.
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is one of the major health problems in modern world. Peripheral neuropathy is considered to be an important complication in these patients. It can cause foot ulcers and may lead to circulatory problems. Regular and timely screening has the potential in reducing the incidence of complications due to peripheral neuropathy. The present study is conducted to measure the frequency of peripheral neuropathy among patients with CKD being treated with hemodialysis. Objectives:-To measure the frequency of peripheral neuropathy among patients with chronic kidney disease. Methods:- The current study was conducted in Al-Jabar Kidney Center under the Ministry of Health in Al-Ahsa region, Eastern province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Peripheral neuropathy was evaluated clinically in patients included. Results:- About 62.5 % patients of CKD were found to have peripheral neuropathy clinically. Out of these 78 % were diabetics while 94 % were hypertensive.
Ahmed Hamouda Arnaout and Ashraf El Sayed Selim.
Introduction: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can cause several esophageal complications, as esophagitis, ulceration, stricture, hemorrhage, and Barrett’s esophagus. Though, the associated problems with GERD have expanded to extra esophageal sites. Chronic cough and asthma are two clinical problems caused or triggered by GERD. Spirometric changes among GERD associated cough and asthma still a topic of ongoing research. Aim of the study: to assess the spirometric parameters of GERD associated cough and asthma patients in relation to different clinical aspects of the disease including body mass index (BMI), disease duration, presence or absence of symptoms as well as endoscopic findings. Patients and methods: 90 subjects of either sex with a mean age of 40.5±12 year are included in the study, 55 GERD associated cough and asthma patients served as test group while the remaining 35 subjects served as control group, each patient, each patient underwent spirometry and gastric endoscopy during the period from September 2015 to March 2016. Results: Spirometric data of the control group were within the normal predicted range (80-120%) thus excluding the possibility of any asymptomatic obstructive airway disease. Whereas, the measured spirometric parameters (forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second ratio (FEV1%), peak expiratory flow (PEF), and forced mid expiratory flow(FMF) are significantly reduced in the test group with a clear restrictive pattern among the overweight subjects. Furthermore, neither the presence nor duration of symptoms affected the spirometric picture of the GERD associated cough and asthma subjects, unlike those with positive endoscopy findings who revealed significant obstructive pattern when compared to those with negative endoscopy findings. Conclusions: GERD associated cough and asthma patients with positive endoscopy findings showed obstructive pattern of spirometry irrelevant to the presence or absence of symptoms or duration of the disease.
SMOKING PREVALENCE AND ATTITUDE AMONG HEALTH SECTOR STUDENTS IN UMM AL-QURA UNIVERSITY, SAUDI ARABIA.
Abdullah Agilley, Khalid Aboalshamat, Wahdan Elkwatehy and Lamya Akbar.
Background: Smoking is one of the major causes of death in the world. There is variability in the prevalence of smokers around the world. Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and attitude of smoking among dental, pharmacy, and nursing students in Umm Al-Qura University. Methods: The present study was a cross?sectional study, 850 students who are in the 2nd to the 6th year were participated in this study. Hard copy questionnaire were distributed among the students during lecture times. The questionnaire was composed of two sections. Section one included three demographic questions including age, college, and gender. Section two included 17 questions asked about (the reasons behind smoking habit, the role of the college to prevent smoking, the awareness of those smokers with the damaging effect of smoking, the reasons for failing to stop smoking and whether there are any members of his/her family smoke).The questionnaire take around 5 minutes to be answered. Results: A total of 700 students answered the study questionnaires (82.35% of the distributed questionnaires). Smoking prevalence was 8%, the high percent of smokers was male students(73.3%) while female students were(26.7%).The prevalence of smokers among dental students was higher than pharmacy students (11% vs 9%) and found to be zero among nursing students. Most smokers exercised in order to avoid the pressure (44.6%) and get a relaxed felling(60.8%) and the most smokers want to quit it(87.5%). A large percentage of students were dissatisfied with the role of their college awareness towards this habit (47.6%). Conclusions: The prevalence of smoking was high among dental and pharmacy students, the health colleges should do more efforts to prevent smoking among their students.
DENTIGEROUS CYST TRANSFORMING INTO MUCOEPIDERMOID CARCINOMA OF THE MAXILLARY SINUS IN A 10 YEAR OLD CHILD ? A RARE CASE REPORT.
N.V.V. Satya Bhushan, U. Siva Kalyan, Kho Chai Chiang, K. Bramara Kumari, M. Bharat Prakash and Srinivas Saketh G.
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the jawbones is an extremely rare malignant tumour involving maxillary sinus. We report a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the maxillary sinus in a 10-year old male patient developing from a previously diagnosed dentigerous cyst. An excisional biopsy was performed and the histopathological features confirmed mucoepidermoid carcinoma. The origin of central mucoepidermoid carcinoma could be suggested to be from the epithelial lining of previously diagnosed dentigerous cyst. Thus, emphasizing the need for careful examination of the entire excision specimen to rule out such neoplastic transformation of epithelial lining of odontogenic cyst and provide appropriate and effective treatment.
Dr. Mufti Imran Ul Haq Kilyanvi Bukhari.
The United Nations being a humanitarian organization demonstrates its love and care for children by observing Children\'s day in October each year. It is also the day of the declaration of the rights of children. Islam however, had drawn attention towards children\'s affairs over fourteen hundred years ago. Even before a child is born, its rights are given to it by Islam. At several places in the Quran and Sunnah, Allah and his Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) have talked and acted lovingly towards the children, it thus leaves no possibility of Islam not paying particular attention to clearly charting out the rights of children. The following article brings out references from the Quran and Sunnah to highlight these very rights and collects them in one script of writing.
Sajid Nomani, Pranab Barua, Dr.Vivek goyal, Debasis Mishra and Imran Khan.
INDIA is a country that’s more prone to natural Calamities & disasters [UNESCO Bangkok, 2007.] .No city in the India can be said to be free from Risk and Hazard of facing such acts. Disaster is a serious public health issue and one of man’s oldest concerns, and we have no control over when and where they happen, but with proper preparedness and planning for all phases of disaster, we can minimize the consequences of any disaster. In last few decades frequency and intensity of various disasters have been significantly increasing all over the world. Emergency physicians are main players in disaster responses but their knowledge levels of disaster medicine and their psychosocial status are not readily available. This study aimed to evaluate psychosocial preparedness levels and training needs of disaster medicine among potential disaster responders and presented a necessity to popularize disaster medicine education Methodology: This study is a survey based descriptive study, to fulfill this purpose a questionnaire was developed and a pilot study was done to validate the questionnaire. A web link for this survey sent through email, to Emergency department directors of varies multispecialty hospitals with accredited emergency department, requesting them to circulate this link among their consultant / postgraduate trainees and residents. Results: 124 participants from 16 states of India completed this survey over a period of 6 months. Majority of emergency physicians agreed hospitals in India are inadequately prepared to handle various kinds of disasters, whereas around 50% emergency physicians are not aware of either stockpiles of PPE of their hospitals or their adequacy. Where about 44% respondents did not know the access to resources in case of emergency events. Interestingly, in the study; around 83% of Emergency physicians were ready for being trained in the form of classroom teaching despite their busy schedules, which needs to be appreciated properly. Conclusion : The study results show that there is enormous scope of further improvement in various aspects of disaster preparedness. Though in certain areas the result were satisfactory, majority of the results demand improvement. In the current scenario there is a need for an organized effort for the spread of disaster preparedness amongst the Emergency physician in India. As per the outcome of this study ,it can be concluded that perception of disaster preparedness among Emergency physician in India is still an iceberg phenomenon. Thereby emphasizing upon the fact that hospital administration authorities, government and nongovernmental agencies should take a serious note on it and take measures to inculcate awareness among EPs and should treat finding of this study with seriousness and treat it as a base for further studies for improvement in this field.
LA GOUVERNANCE DES DESTINATIONS TOURISTIQUES DANS LA NOUVELLE POLITIQUE TOURISTIQUE MAROCAINE: ENTRE CONSTRUCTION INSTITUTIONNELLE ET REALITE OPERATIONNELLE.
Achaba Allal et Bendou Abdelaziz.
Promoted since the early sixties as a priority sector in the strategy of socio - economic development, the Moroccan tourism sector, in view of the achievements and the great potential of tourism of the country and of the important growth of world tourism Will undergo a radical change after the Year 2000 in its development policy by moving from a tourism policy mainly promotional by state to the era of strategy in the framework of ambitious, voluntarist and integrated development visions based on contractualization and public-private partnership. These new visions placing tourism as a driving force in the development of the country have focused on strengthened governance to ensure the steering of the strategy and ensure the effective implementation of strategies and action plans. The purpose of this article is to present an analytical reading of the new model of tourism governance in Morocco in order to characterize it and to analyze its effectiveness and the main limitations to its operational implementation. On the methodological level, we have mobilized the theories and models of strategic management and the governance of tourist destinations and a documentary analysis backed up by a qualitative study by semi-directive interviews with the main actors of the sector.
Harshal Thosare, Mayank Pandey, Omkar Godse, Priyanka Shah and Prof. Mrs. Dipalee Choudhari.
The system assists people specially travelers to find their paths while travelling in English speaking countries without language barrier. Sign Board helps travelers to complete their journey with ease. But, understanding sign boards in English will be difficult for travelers who don’t know English. To solve this, we are using text retrieval and translation from English to Marathi from sign boards. Text retrieval can be performed by using methods like Optical Character Recognition, Maximally Stable Extremal Region etc. Text translation can be performed by using various free API services available from organizations like Google, Microsoft, Yandex etc. For text retrieval, we found Optical Character Recognition as the best technique and for translation API services available from Google are the best.
Sreenath N, Mithra N. Hegde and Mahalakshmi Yelapure
The aim of the survey was to study the prevalence, common causes, aggravating factors and awareness about dentine hypersensitivity in urban and rural patients of Dakshina Kannada population. A total of 1000 patients were randomly selected, who reported at the A. B. Shetty Memorial Institute of Dental Sciences, Nitte University and Satellite Rural Centres. Dentine hypersensitivity was evaluated by questionnaire, oral and clinical examination. On analysis of data, it was found that the prevalence of dentine hypersensitivity was 19.2%. Cold was the most common (68.2%) aggravating factor and the most common cause was gingival recession (47.9%), followed by caries (24%). Most common age group affected by dentine hypersensitivity was between 21-30. It was also noted that population had limited awareness about the causes, symptoms and treatment modalities of dentine hypersensitivity.
A. Shunmugalatha, T. Deepika Vinothini, K. Blessie Esther, V. L. Megha Lakshmi and A. Monisha Devi.
Modern technological development in automobile industry has drastically improved people?s way of living; therefore there is a need for monitoring of vehicles to heighten its longevity. Mortality rate is also on the rise due to the lack of timely and proper medical attention.Continuous health monitoring of patients using wearable and implantable body sensor networks will increase detection of emergency conditions during health crisis. By integrating vehicle tracking and continuous wireless patient monitoring system; we can enhance safety during travel. This system is user friendly, easily installable, easily accessible and economically viable. The conventional system of tracking using battery operated radio frequency identification (RFID) is only suitable for small range. To overcome this, GPS and GSM technologies are used which will receive the location coordinates and provides real-time information which can be observed from any other remote location.The established health monitoring system is not compact and understanding the output analog signals is a tedious task. Hence, in the designed health monitoring system patient?s physiological signals are acquired by the sensors attached on the patient body; if there are any abnormalities then a notification is sent and the vehicle is turned OFF using relay.
EVALUATION OF AGD IN DIGITAL BREAST TOMOSYNTHESIS RELATIVE TO THOSE IN TWO-VIEW-FULL-FIELD DIGITAL MAMMOGRAPHY.
H. S. Niroshani, H. D. N. S. Hathurusinghe and R. Tudugala.
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EFFICIENCY OF SYSTEMIC VERSUS INTRALESIONAL INJECTION OF BONE MARROW CELLS ON BUCCAL WOUND HEALING IN DIABETIC RATS.
Fatma Ibrahim Elfaiedi, Mona E. Denewar and Fatma M. M. Ibrahim.
The multipotent capability of bone marrow cells gave an impelling reason to study the effect of bone marrow cells in diabetic wound healing. Diabetes is characterized by delayed and poor wound healing. The goal of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of systemic versus intralesional injection of bone marrow cells on buccal wound healing in diabetic rats. Sixty four adult male albino rats were used in the study and divided randomly into four groups. All groups were subjected to buccal wound induction. Group I; non-diabetic group (negative control) and group II; diabetic group (positive control) and did not receive any treatment. The groups III and IV diabetic groups received intralesional and intravenous injection of whole bone marrow cells respectively two days following wound induction. Specimens were obtained after 3, 7 and 12days following wound induction and were processed to be immunostained with mouse monoclonal antibody PCNA. Immunohistochemical results revealed marked expression of PCNA in treated groups III and IV at day 3 compared to non-treated groups I and II, although there was no significant difference between the treated groups. Our results reported that intralesional injection of whole bone marrow cells showed faster healing than intravenous injection and display a more mature histology. In conclusion, Injection of the whole BMCs intralesional is more efficient compared to intravenous route in accelerating the diabetic oral wound closure and enhancing the wound healing quality. The use of whole bone marrow cells appears to be beneficial in the treatment of diabetic oral wounds.
B. Anil Kumar, M. M Rehman and K. A. S. S. N. Kalyan.
Background: Breast lump is a very sensitive issue and cause of great worry and anxiety to the patient, so a reliable, preferably non-invasive and prompt diagnosis is required. Breast lump should be managed effectively and confidently with a proper protocol plan, ensuring early and best possible treatment for every patient. Triple test assessment was a major breakthrough in this direction, which streamlined the management of palpable breast lump. When all the components of triple test assessment which are Clinical Examination, FNAC, Mammography point to one possibility (are concordant) then the diagnosis is almost certain and management can be confidently planned in such a situation. But if there is discordance among the components of triple test, then what should be the next step in the management plan is the question to be answered. This is where triple test score shows us the path. Objective of the Study: ? To perform Triple Test Score in patients with breast lump. ? To perform Histopathological Examination (HPE) of the breast lump resected. ? To evaluate the efficacy of TTS in comparison with HPE. ? To develop a standard protocol for management of breast lump especially when discordant results are obtained from triple assessment. Materials and Methods: Study was conducted on 200 patients presenting with breast lump to the department of General Surgery at Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, during the period from January 2012 to Dec 2016. It was a prospective study. Women presenting for evaluation of palpable breast lump underwent assessment by clinical examination, mammography and FNAC and got the Triple Test Scoring done. All patients who underwent a complete TTS at our institution were entered into the study. All patients were subjected to necessary surgery, post TTS and followed up with Histopathology of the specimen. A structured proforma was used to collect relevant information from each patient selected. Results: In our study the mean age of the patients was found to be 46.12 ? 1 1.48 years, most of the patients were in the age group of 35-45 years (60%). Positive family history was found in 17%. Patients on an average took 6 months to seek medical help after recognition of the breast lump. Most common location of breast lump was upper outer quadrant. 38 cases were malignant and 148 were benign 14 were intermediate group commonest lump was fibroadenoma, Histopathology was 100% specific in both the groups of study conclusions were made based on clinical radiological and pathological assessment. Conclusion: The study clearly demonstrates the superiority of TTS over other components of triple assessment or all of them put together. A ITS of </=4 is consistent with a benign lesion; a TTS of >/=6 indicates malignancy. Only in patients in whom TTS score is 5, biopsy is recommended to obtain a definitive diagnosis. Thus a standard protocol can be developed, for the management of breast lump even with discordant results obtained via triple test assessment, which can be followed universally, thus empowering surgeon to go ahead in managing breast lump effectively and confidently.
A study of the water quality changes of NigeenLake was conducted for 6 months, which began in August 2010to Feburary 2011. Three sampling stations were selected representing the different areas in the lake. A total of 11 water quality parameters were measured. The physical and chemical variables were temperature, dissolved oxygen, conductivity, pH, total dissolved solid, turbidity, ammonia-nitrogen, nitrate-nitrogen and ortho- phosphate . Due to siltation, encroachment and pollution the lake has become shallower and the lake shore has turned into marsh at various places.The higher ranges for Sp. Conductance (192-560 µScm-1 @ 250c), Total-Alkalinity (106-435 mgI-¹), Calcium (29.6-44 mgI-¹), Nitrate-Nitrogen (275-931 µgI-¹), Ammonical-Nitrogen (38-360 µgI-¹), Total-Phosphorus (122-722 µgI-¹) which exceed the permissible limits is a cause of concern. Hence, the water quality is found to be poor due to increased anthropogenic pressures from the catchment area.
Jumadi and Samsul Bakri.
Companies are trying to position ourselves and try to have a sustainable competitive advantage, by leveraging the strength to exploit opportunities and neutralize threats, and can avoid or fix vulnerabilities that exist in the company. The gain the competitive advantage is the influenced by two factors, there are Internal environment and the external environment. Internal environment are important elements in the company. The Analysis of internal environment beneficial for the company, especially the resource analysis. This analysis is done for internal resource can be strength of the company, but also can be a source of weaknesses. Terms of resources can be a force if these resources are managed and empowered well, but on the contrary, if internal resources are not managed and controlled properly it will be the weaknesses of the company. Companies can achieve competitive advantage through resource, resources the company has four criterion the namely of Valuable, Rare, Low Inimitable Non- substitute (VRIN). However, based on this study Authors to identified resource from VRIN into EXSTRIM. The resources EXSTRIM that means of: Excellent, Not Substitute, Not Trade, Rare, Not Inimitable, Mover & Modification can be the strategic resource configuration in the company to creating a sustainable competitive advantage (SCA).
Meenakshi Patil, Sapna Patil, Trupti Palaskar and Ritesh Bhat.
This paper consists of a distributed cable harness tester. It has a few functions such as connection and detection of a wire, proper connections of wire etc. In this project, application is designed in order to improve the tester\'s performance, and the software design of upper computer and the framework of hardware of tester nodes are introduced in details. The tester is designed to ensure quality and reliability of cable harness. In detection process early failure products such as breakage circuit, short circuit can be rejected. We can also print the data regarding the Harness. It improves the efficiency of system, decreases the length of cable, the cubage and weight of the equipment and makes the test and maintenance convenient and fast.
FREQUENCY DOMAIN ANALYSIS OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY BETWEEN PREMENOPAUSAL AND POSTMENOPAUSAL KNOWN DIABETICS - A COMPARATIVE STUDY.
P. Shanmuga Priya Rowena Victor, K. Kanchana and R. Priyadarshini.
Back Ground: Diabetes mellitus mainly type II is mainly due toinsulin resistance. The hyperglycemia casued by diabetes lead to micro and macrovascular complication that endangers with life. Premenopausal women with diabetes had the risk similar to that of men with diabetes. Postmenopausal diabetic women had additional risk due to estrogen hormone deficiency. Aim And Objective: To compare the Frequency Domain Analysis of Heart Rate Variability between premenopausal and postmenopausal known diabetic females. Materials& Methods: 100 Type II diabetic females around the age of 40-65yrs (both pre and postmenopausal) from diabetic OPD were recruited from Stanley Medical College Hospital. Institutional Ethical committee approval was obtained. After obtaining written and informed consent from the subjects. ECG(LEADII)was recorded for five mintues in supine position using RMS Digital Polyrite.HRV analysis was done using Frequency domain methods using RMS Digital Polyrite software version 2.1. Results: Our study states that there is a lower HRV in postmenopausal known diabetic females when compared to that of premenopausal known diabetics. Further, decline in estrogen level and diabetes gives a additional risk of increased sympathovagal balance in postmenopausal diabetic women. Conclusion: Type II postmenopausal diabetic females have increased level of autonomic dysfunction .Hence they require hormonal replacement therapy, regular periodic evaluation of cardiac autonomic status in order to prevent future cardiovascular morbidity and mortality.
Sujit Mulay, C. S. Rajput, Sudha Bhave and Suresh Waydande.
Introduction: Dengue fever is one of the most important emerging vector-borne viral diseases. There are four serotypes of dengue viruses, each of which is capable of causing self-limited dengue fever or even life-threatening dengue haemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of sonographic findings as early diagnostic modality in children with dengue fever. Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional observational study was carried out in the department of pediatrics of a tertiary care hospital. A total of 88 patients who were clinically and serologically (NS1 antigen/ IgM/ IgG antibody) diagnosed as dengue positive were included in this study.These patients also underwent USG abdomen and chest within the first week of the illness. Results: Out of the 88 confirmed dengue cases,56 (63.6%) cases were males. All the cases had fever (100%). Other clinical symptoms were vomiting in 64.8%, abdominal pain in 62.5%,bodyache 53.4%, Shock in 28.4%, headache in48.9% and rashes in 23.9%.The USG findings were hepatomegaly (39.8%), gall bladder thickening (53.4%), splenomegaly (20.5%), pleural effusion (38.6%) and ascites (30.7%).Overall 65 (73.8%) out of 88 cases had one of the positive finding in ultrasonography. Conclusion: Ultrasonography can be used as a first-line imaging modality in all patients with suspected dengue fever to detect early signs suggestive of the disease.
EVALUATION OF STRAWBERRY CULTIVARS FOR GROWTH AND YIELD CHARACTERISTICS IN SUB TROPICAL REGION OF PUNJAB.
Amarjeet Kaur, Rajandeep Singh and Harmeet Singh.
A research trial was carried out in the experimental field of Department of Horticulture, Khalsa College, Amritsar during the year 2015-2016 to evaluate some strawberry cultivars in sub tropical region of Punjab. The runners of five strawberry cultivars i.e.. Chandler, Tioga, Fern, Selva and Blackmore were planted at 30x40 cm apart on the raised beds at three planting times of mid October, end October and mid of November respectively. The design of experiment was Randomised block design (RBD) with factorial arrangement. The results of the study indicated that out of the cultivars tried, the strawberry cv. Chandler proved to be the best in producing maximum number of shoots, leaves, runners and flowers along with yield parameters while strawberry cv. Selva was the least among all these parameters. Out of the times of planting, middle of October proved to be the best in all the parameters.
Graziano Giorgio Maria Paul and Anthony Di Cataldo.
Introduction: Congenital abnormalities of the kidneys and urinary tract represented a spectrum of malformations often grouped under the acronym for CAKUT. Normal development of the kidneys and urinary tract is the result of the precise interaction, spatially and temporally coordinated, between two structures, the metanephric mesenchyme (which originates from the nephrogenic cord) and the ureteric bud (which originates from nefrico duct or Wolff). Any alteration, it\'s genetic, environmental, or stochastic, which influence this process can result in kidney malformations and streets urinariedel present study is to evaluate in relation to clinical attention the incidence of risk in neoplastic \'association cancer and malformation. in adults Materials end Methods: Male patient of 75 suffering from gross hematuria and hernia inquinale sn accompanied by dysuria symptoms, in heavy smoker instrumental ultrasound examination of the urinary tract showed a solid lesion in the posterolateral wall sn aggittante in the bladder lumen The uro-CT examination showed a \" abnormality of the urinary tract development with ectopia crusade and merger of the two kidneys located alongside sn (fot, 3.4) of the renal pelvis are addressed before the district complete with double ureteral sn .In at the urethral meatus will highlight a focal thickening protruding into the lumen wall to finely irregular margins, with enhancement after contrast medium. (photo 5.6) the CT examination conducted in the chest (photo 7) confirmed the marked signs of emphysema, the anterior segment of the left upper lobe, in close relationship with bronchus and vessels segmented solid training in margins lobed (29x20 mm axial diameter approximately). At PET-CT accumulation of the tracer in the upper field of the left lung in the paramedian attributable to non-specific reactive process .Fig (8.9), then he performed genetic test that confirmed mutations in the PAX2 Results: The UroCT is the imaging examination with greater sensitivity and specificity. The limit lies in the poor ability to detect flat lesions non-invasive muscle. The urography has been almost entirely supplanted by UroTC. The current biomarkers do not have a sensitivity and specificity greater than urinary cytology, and The aromatic amines, NAT2 and NAT1 of tobacco smoking products, are considered the main cause of the vescica.la flexible cystoscopy cancer (Narrow Band Imaging) is being promoted as first-invasive test to be practiced in the patient suspected of having a bladder tumor. Uro-RM, similarly to what happens with the urography and CT, it is possible the study of the urinary tract, in order to seek sincrone. l\'associazione urothelial lesions and tumors in malformations has prompted our research towards an evaluation genetics through genetic testing the result of which was the presence of a mutation in the PAX2, Discussion: Renal abnormalities, according to the classification of Ridson, are divided into: number of anomalies, seat of anomalies, anomalies of form, abnormalities of differentiation, The presence of a double district pyelo-ureter. Observed in the patient was incomplete, with the two ureters who join before leading into the bladder through a common orifice, Figure 3 also the duplicity era asymptomatic, and was accompanied by a fusion anomaly: a horseshoe kidney. It was also present malrotation renaleuna genetic evaluation by performing genetic tests given to the search for possible correlation between cancer and malformation with oncological risk assessment identifies a heterogeneous set of tests designed to identify changes in the DNA sequences of the germline or of the products that are derived directly from the modification of transmissible genomic sequences .. the geographical correlation allows altresi to compare health risk levels allows you to answer the question whether there is a relationship between risk of death or birth defects as evidenced by numerous studies there is a risk increased cancer and malformations in the presence of high socioeconomic deprivation With increasing environmental pressure has been a steady trend in the health risk Conclusions: Genetic testing can predict with great accuracy the future development of the health of a single individual in the presence of defects is necessary to provide genetic testing for the purpose of assessing the health of the individual. You can assume the major socio-ethical-legal implications for presymptomatic testing, the only genetic tests that can predict with certainty and in the future occurrence of a disease tests for clinical purposes provide information on the health status of subject. Those carried out for research purposes usually generate information that is not indicative of health status or genetic risks of the subject, but it is useful for the purposes of statistical or scientific researc:
QUANTITAIVE ESTIMATION OF HYDROQUINONE IN FOUR COSMETICS SAMPLES FROM LOCAL MARKET OF SANGAMNER TEHSIL, DISTRICT AHMEDNAGAR (M.S.), INDIA.
Bharati Kiran Tukaram, Gujarathi Dipak Bansilal, Deshmukh Sanjay Sugandhrao, Sinare Sachin Ramchandra and Gaikwad Rupali Kisan.
Hydroquinone has been used for decades as a skin lightening agent. However the use of excessive concentration of hydroquinone in cosmetics poses skin problems hence was banned. Four cosmetics samples were sampled from the local market of Sangamner Tehsil, District Ahmednagar (M.S.), India. The labels on the packages did not indicate the presence of hydroquinone. Hydroquinone can be quantitatively oxidised using mild solution of H2O2 in presence of catalytic amount of Fe+3 and the quinone is quantitatively estimated using Systronics Visible Double Beam Spectrophotometer Model-1203 at 363 nm. The samples are found to contain 0.08641% to 0.11666% w/w hydroquinone and are said to be safe.
Changing trend in choice of schooling in selected areas of rural Almora, Uttarakhand: Some case studies.
In recent times the number of public and private schools has flourished in all the states of the country, including Uttarakhand and thus the idea of school choice between government schools vis-a-vis public/private schooling has received considerable attention in the minds of the parents. Consequently the trend to send children- son and daughter towards English speaking private schools has grown significantly amongst middle and lower-middle income group families. This has mainly arisen due to the growing awareness on the quality aspect of education. Since private schools are expensive, therefore, cost of schooling does influence girl’s schooling in India. The gendered nature of parental choice in the context of schooling is known to play some role; this aspect has not been considered in any of the studies undertaken in this region of the country. Hence a field study/survey has been undertaken in rural areas of Almora district in Uttarakhand comprising, four selected blocks, focusing on some case studies, with a view to understand the attitudinal change of parents on the choice of schooling for their daughters irrespective of their family status like identity and financial conditions, parental education, caste and gendered nature particularly in reference to their daughters. This study reports a current growing concern not only among urban parents but also amongst parents in rural areas who realise the importance of quality education for their children. Appropriately, a growing trend has emerged to send their children, including daughters to private schools. A close analysis of interviews with students, parents and teachers reveals that educational choice exercised in these middle or lower middle income group are connected with issues of marriage, self dependent (job), or gendered norm of conduct (like discipline, honesty). Apart from considerations of costs, gendered ideas of school proximity, quality education, security and disciplines are of prime significance in their choice of high school for children and particularly for daughters.
T. Jayagandhi and M. Suganthi.
The present study is designed to construct the mental maturity scale for pre-service teachers. The Mental maturity scale was developed and standardized by administering it on 55 randomly selected pre-service teachers of Madurai district and conducting item analysis to eliminate the inconsistent items in a tool. The final form of mental maturity scale consists of 42 items classified into 7 sections namely mental health, self-awareness, problem solving, cognitive self management, multiple intelligence, social attitude and emotional maturity. All the items of mental maturity scale are Likert type with five point rating.
ASSESSMENT OF PUBLIC SATISFACTION AND TREATMENT TOWARD PHC AND PUBLIC PRIVATE HOSPITAL IN EASTERN PROVINCE, KSA.
Hassan A. Alashwan, Redha A. Alsaleh, Ahmed M. alshakhs, Mustafa S. Alfehaid, Abdullah J. Almajed, Huda A. Alsaleh, Maryam K. Almumten and Nabil M. Kurashi.
Objectives:- 1. To determine the compliance and satisfaction to doctor’s prescription among general population in Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia by type of health facility used, age, gender, and education. 2. To determine the reasons for non-compliance, and opinions on how to improve compliance. Materials and Methods:- Cross-sectional study conducted for public in eastern province. Data Collected using web-based self-administered questionnaire to fill online through newspaper, and social media like Facebook, Twitter, etc. for 6 month and periodically repeated throughout the study period, SPSS 17.0 used for data analysis. Chi-square or Fisher’s Exact test used to test for statistical significance by gender, age, and education. Background:- Compliance in healthcare is defined as the extent to which a patient’s behavior coincides with the healthcare provider’s recommendations for health and medical advice, we conduct unique study to involve the public instead of narrow spectrum of patient and diseases. Results:- Total of 587 participants 62.9% were Satisfied during last visit to their physician. 32.2% stop taking medication if they feel better, 31.7% always committed to treatment. The reasons of non-compliance with medication mainly 35.6% due to large number of drugs, 28.3% due to Inappropriateness of drug, 20.8% do not Know the function of drug. the more acuteness of illness more noncompliance, avoiding reading the patient file and lack of knowledge. More than half of participant said doctor misbehavior affect their trust about prescription. Private hospital showed to have more regular visit and satisfaction and governmental hospital showed less satisfaction. 58.8% said that nearby health centers would not affect their compliance. 78% of the Health Centers lack communication with patient outside health facility. The best option to overcome non- compliance showed to be follow-up by social media. Conclusion:- Males and people at age of 30 are more compliance to drugs and more satisfied. Side effect and accumulated drugs are common cause of non-compliance, best option to overcome non-compliance are follow up by social media and explain side effects of drugs , people less satisfied with governmental hospital and more compliance to PHC so high qualified health system, patient -centered relationship, health education are needed.
Amarjit Kaur, Simmi Bhatnagar, Navkiran Kaur, Jaswinder Kaur Mohi and Navjeet Singh.
In the 21st century, use of automobiles have not only revolutionized transport system across the globe, but have changed the lifestyle of human beings. The chief drawback of this gift is increase in cases of accidents. Most of accidents associated with polytrauma involve pelvis. In pelvic injuries, acetabular fractures and fracture dislocations of hip joint are common. The radiological evaluation of hip and acetabulum has been revolutionized by development of computed tomography because of itsfine definition of sectional anatomy and accurate evaluation of pelvic trauma.The study included 30 polytrauma cases, attending theRadiodiagnosis Department of Rajindra Hospital Patiala.
Sudeep C B and Chaitra T.
India is the fourth-largest consumer of tobacco in the world and the third-largest producer of tobacco after China and Brazil. There are about 250 million tobacco users in India who account for about 19% of the world’s total 1.3 billion tobacco users. India’s tobacco problem is made more complex by the fact that tobacco is used in various forms in different parts of the country. Where research once concentrated on tobacco-related diseases and their treatments, emphasis has been shifting toward examining underlying behaviors. Understanding risk profiles helps determine where and how treatment should be focused and which therapies are most effective. It is for this reason that oral health team members are in an ideal position to give their patients specific, authoritative information concerning the adverse oral effects of tobacco use and the means to tackle it. Optimizing the implementation of routine tobacco cessation intervention in general dental practice remains a key aim in the delivery of dental care.
COMPARATIVE EVALUATION OF ANTIMICROBIAL POTENTIAL OF GINGER, GARLIC AND CINNAMON EXTRACTS AGAINST STREPTOCOCCUS MUTANS AND LACTOBACILLUS ACIDOPHILUS.
Priti Yadav, Sonal Gupta, Chanchal Singh, Siddharth Anand, Updesh Masih and Deepa Hegde Y.
Aim and Objective: To evaluate the antibacterial potential of herbs and spices extracts in efficiently reducing cariogenic pathogens in oral cavity, thereby incorporating them into various dentifrices and topical preparations which are safe, economical, free from side effects and could act as the new source of antimicrobial agents. Methods: Ethanolic extracts (10% each) of ginger, garlic and cinnamon were prepared and subjected to microbiological assay along with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate (CHX), to determine its zone of inhibition at volumes of 10 µl, 20 µl, and 30µl each using Agar disk diffusion test against Streptococcus mutans (S.mutans) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (L.acidophilus). One-way ANOVA test and Post hoc test were used to compare the antibacterial potential of herbs and spices extracts in efficiently reducing cariogenic pathogens in oral cavity by incorporating them into various dentifrices using SPSS software version 14. The significance level for all the statistical tests utilized in this study was set at p < 0.05 %. Results: There was a significant correlation between the control and experimental groups. The highest antimicrobial efficacy was observed in positive control group and by 10% ethanolic Cinnamon extract in comparison to 10% ethanolic extracts of Ginger and Garlic. Conclusion: The plant extracts such as Cinnamon extracts in 10% concentration could be used as an alternative antibacterial compound for effective reduction of cariogenic pathogens in oral cavity.
ANALYZING THE ROLE OF STRATEGIC ALIGNMENT OF BUSINESS STRATEGIES RELATED TO THE (MILES & SNOW) MODEL ON COMPETITIVE INTELLIGENCE.
Khalid Hamad Amin Mirkhan, Zana Majed Sadq and Sherwan Omar Omer.
This study aims to identify the compatibility between a numbers of business alignment strategies related to the (Miles & Snow) model that represented by (defenders, prospectors, analysts, respondents) with competitive intelligence, represented by (planning and focus analysis, collection, communication, structure and processes, and organisational culture and awareness). The study population is two soft drinks company (Hayat Company for soft drinks and mineral water, Ltd. under license from PepsiCo Inc., and CC Company for the drinks industry, Ltd. under license from Coca-Cola) in the city of Erbil. The study pursues a descriptive analytical approach, along with examine a set of hypotheses for the purpose of achieving the goals of the study and its problem that have been tested by multiple statistical tools using statistical analysis software program (SPSS 20). A survey questionnaire prepared and distributed to managers and their assistant in addition to supervisors in the different units such as production, distribution, marketing and management, and in the various branches in the city of Erbil. The study sample numbered (63) managers. The study found a number of results based on the analysis of respondents\' answers such as the both company have high-level rates of compatibility strategies comparable with excellence for Coca-Cola and comes second Pepsi. Based on the results the study presents a set of recommendations and suggestions to organizations.
A CLINICAL STUDY TO COMPARE THE EFFICACY OF AUTOLOGUS PLATELET RICH PLASMA (PRP) VERSUS NORMAL SALINE DRESSING IN CHRONIC NON-HEALING ULCERS
S. Sivakumar. Mch, B. Asokan. Mch, V. P. Ramanan. Mch, M. Sundrarajan .Mch.
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Rehan Zahid Hussain, Jesus Palencia and P. J. Parameaswari
Introduction: Serious orthopaedics injuries caused by high impact trauma due to road traffic accidents are more prevalent in Saudi Arabia. Fractures of posterior wall are the most common type of acetabulum fractures. The outcome after surgical management of acetabular fracture is primarily related to the quality of articular reduction. This management is the most challenging task for surgeons. Methodology: A retrospective cohort study was conducted in a tertiary care hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. All patients who underwent internal fixation for posterior wall acetabular fracture from October 2013 to September 2015 were included in the study. Post-surgical outpatient evaluation was done clinically by Merle D? Aubigne Y Postel - hip functional evaluation score and radiological assessment using Ficat classification for staging of avascular necrosis of femoral head. Principal results: With increase in age, the function of hip declined. The step in fixation was found significantly associated with avascular necrosis (p = 0.020) and nonunion (p =0.020). The gap was found significantly associated with nonunion only (p= 0.001). Conclusions: Delay in surgery should be avoided if surgical management is decided for posterior acetabular wall fracture. Adequate surgical reduction of fracture of posterior acetabular wall is necessary. Screw seems to be a better choice of implant until further new evidence is received. A randomized controlled trial is needed to evaluate and compare different management options for fracture of posterior acetabular wall and to set standard guidelines for future.
COMPARISON OF MITOTIC EFFECT OF AQUEOUS, AICOHOL AND PETROLEUM ETHER EXTRACT OF THE LEAVES OF BOERHAAVIA DIFFUSA L.ON ROOT MERISTEM OF ALLIUM CEPA L.
Rijuraj M.P. and C. T. Chandralekha.
In the present study the effects of various extracts of Boerhaavia diffusa L. on mitotic cells of Allium cepa L. is investigated. The concentrations are set as 0.05, 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2 using water, petroleum ether and ethyl alcohol extract of stem and leaves. The duration of the treatment is 30 minutes prior to mitotic peak. The mitotic index and index of various stages of mitosis are scored along with the number of abnormal cells. The mitotic index is found to be reduced after higher concentration of treatments while at lower concentrations there is an increase in the number of dividing cells. The percentage of abnormal cells is found to be increased with increase in the concentration of the treatment. The abnormalities showed a predominance of stickiness than fragments, bridges, unoriented and tropokinesis. The results indicated that the active toxic element is an ethyl alcohol soluble fraction as evidenced by higher frequency of abnormal cells. Thus it is recommended that excessive use of ayurvedic preparations like purnavasasa, a preparation made entirely from Boerhaavia diffusa L. may harm the epithelial lining of stomach and intestine.
Punsisi Pavani Alahakoon
This study explores the efficacy of using Cooperative Learning (CL) in enhancing ethnic reconciliation among students while improving their L2 competency. According to Coelho (1994), students learn languages best when they are engaged in real interaction and CL is especially appropriate for multi-cultural classrooms. Sri Lankan education has its partly contribution to linguistic nationalism that gradually led to a disastrous ethnic conflict (Bannon 2003). Having understood that, recent research has found that English as a link language that binds cultures together can support reconciliation and greater economic prosperity throughout the country. Similarly, orienting students towards a new teaching-learning environment and fulfilling the objective of socializing with multicultural and multiethnic communities and respecting diversities, the English Language Teaching Unit of Sri Lanka Institute of Information Technology too conducts the L2 module of the Orientation 2016/17 for the new intake using cooperative learning activities. Thus, through this case study, it is aimed at providing students’ and teachers’ perceptions towards feasibility of CL for ethnic reconciliation. The students are divided into groups of 12 irrespective of their ethnicity or competency. The data gathered through questionnaires and interviews from a sample of 48 students and 3 teachers involved in the Orientation program highlight that CL in multiethnic ESL classroom encourages students’ participation and promotes positive interactions between students. Further, as per the qualitative data, the interaction among students during cooperative tasks facilitates their L2 competency. In contrary, some groups of students gain attention more than others as some mostly focused on their individual performance despite collaboration among team-mates. However, the results indicate that CL allows each student to play an important role in doing the assigned tasks, resulting in enhancing team-spirit and ethnic reconciliation.
R. M. Kulkarni, Sainath Mishall, Shambhav Chandra, Saiprasad Shetty and Abhijeet Musale.
Aim:- To evaluate female patients of bladder outlet obstruction and find out common causes and clinical presentation of boo . To understand diagnostic modalities, treatment modalities and complications of boo in female. Study Design:- This is a prospective study of 50 female patients presented with bladder outlet obstruction in a single centre. including only female patients > 15 years age and excluding females with prior surgery of urinary tract / perineal surgery / spine surgery / known spine pathology . Result:- According to age: the maximum number of cases (22%) is seen in the age group of 56 years to 65 years , body mass index(bmi) majority (52%) of the patients were in the bmi group of 26 - 29 kg/m2. Symptoms in female boo majority (96%, n: 48) had sensation of incomplete emptying at the end of micturation. etiology most common causative pathology was urinary tract infection28% (n: 14) surgical treatment offered 30% (n: 15) and received urethral dilatation/ urethrotomy.
FACILE SYNTHESIZE OF GRAPHENE OXIDE BY MODIFIED HUMMER’S METHOD AND DEGRADATION OF METHYLENE BLUE DYE UNDER VISIBLE LIGHT IRRADIATION.
B. Lavakusa B. Sathish Mohan P.Durga Prasad, Neway Belachew and K.Basavaiah
Graphene is a very huge and ultimate material for composite with metals, semiconductors and non metals in recent years, due to its has a unique atom-thick with two-dimensional (2D) structure, excellent physical properties like high conductivity and charge mobility, huge specific surface area, excellent mechanical, thermal and electrical properties. Thus, it has been regarded as an important component for functional materials, especially for developing a variety of catalysts and it has been considered widely as a prominent precursor and a starting material for the synthesis of this processable material. This work describes the synthesis of Graphene oxide (GO) by Modified Hummer’s method and characterization of GO by Ultra violet visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis), UV-visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-DRS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and Energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX) analysis. The results obtained from the characterization techniques mentioned above is also explained in detailed and evaluation of catalytic application to environmental remedies, such as water purification of degradation of methylene blue under visible light irradiation.
ANALYSIS OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL QUALITY PARAMETERS OF GROUND WATER NEAR MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE DUMPING SITES AT PIPARIYA.
L. N. Malviya, V. K. Siriah (Ret.) and M. K. Badole.
Ground water contamination is generally irreversible i.e., once it is contaminated it is difficult to restore the original quality of water. The effect of municipal solid waste dump on ground water quality at Pipariya, Madhya Pradesh was investigated. Physicochemical quality parameters such as temperature, total dissolved solids, pH, electrical conductivity, alkalinity, total hardness, phosphate, chloride, residual chlorine, were analyzed in groundwater samples. Water samples were collected from many sample stations (hand pumps and bore-wells) from different locations near to a municipal solid waste dump site. The present study is an attempt to observe the existence of pollution in ground water quality and its ill effects on human beings who settled near the dump site at Pipariya Municipal Council (PMC). During the study it was found that total dissolved solids (TDS), electrical conductivity (EC), exceeded the World Health Organization (WHO) tolerance levels for drinking water.
IMMEDIATE REATTACHMENT OF FRACTURED TOOTH FRAGMENT USING PRE FRABRICATED GLASS FIBER POST IN A MAXILLARY CENTRAL INCISOR - A CASE REPORT.
Anterior crown fractures are a common form of injury that mainly affects children and adolescents due to their position in the oral cavity especially in the maxillary arch. Reattachment of original tooth fragment to the fractured tooth forms a relatively quick, biologic and esthetic restoration. 32 years old male patient reported to the Department of conservative Dentistry & Endodontics with a crown fracture of maxillary left central incisor and mid root fracture of maxillary left lateral incisor one day after the trauma had occurred. This case report represent the maxillary left central incisor treated with reattachment of natural crown fragment using glass fiber post and dual core composite resin and in maxillary left lateral incisor treated with endodontic therapy.
Tarek Hassan Marei and Fatma Abdel Aziz Abdel Samad.
Background: Rapid maxillary expansion usually associated with dental tipping of the anchor teeth, but the aims of the treatment are always to achieve minimal dental and maximum skeletal effects. The objective of the present study was to evaluate and compare the effect of memory palatal split screw (Memorax) to that of conventional Hyrax rapid palatal expanders on dento-alveolar structures, which were measured and recorded by Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and Methods: It was conducted over 14 subjects of adolescent patients with bilaterally constricted maxillary arch, with age ranged from 12ys to 15ys, with a mean of 13.6 ± 1.4 divided equally into two groups; the Memorax group and the Hyrax group. For all subjects, maxillofacial CBCTs were taken before expansion (T1) and after 3 months at the time of removal of the expanders (T2). 10 dental measurements were taken (5 linear and 5 angular). Data were explored for normality using Kolmogorov-Smirnov test of normality. Paired t test was used to compare mean values of before and after treatment. Independent (unpaired) test was used to compare between the two groups. Results: There was no significant difference in the percent change after using both expanders, except in the inter-premolar apex width, where the percent change was significantly greater in the Memorax group (p=0.0082), and in the inter-premolar angle, where the percent change was significantly greater in the Hyrax group (p=0.0096), Conclusion: In the premolar area, Memorax produced bodily movement expansion pattern, while Hyrax showed more tipping of the anchor teeth.
Aswathi, Sahaya Shibu, Agila Gopinath and Akhila Mohan.
The loss of plant genetic resources has necessitated the development of many ex situ conservation techniques. The application of plant tissue culture techniques in orchid conservation and propagation requires an efficient in vitro regeneration protocol. This study reports the development of such highly efficient protocols for the in vitro asymbiotic seed germination of Spathoglottis plicata. The seeds were successfully germinated asymbiotically on Gamborg B5 (1968).Various growth regulators such as 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), Indole acetic acid (IAA) Benzyladenine (BA) and Kinetin individually were used for callus induction and multiple shoot initiation from the protocorms. B5 medium supplemented with 2,4-D (9.03 ?M) was suitable for callus induction. Calli developed a route of production of protocorm-like bodies and eventually develop into plantlets on transfer to growth regulator free half strength basal medium. The well rooted plants were hardened successfully in the potting mixture containing coconut husk, sand, charcoal, and brick pieces in the ratio 1:1:1:1.
The goal of this article is to understand deeply what the most important elements of success of a business. To achieve this objective, the study extensively collected, identified and analyzed best management practices, decode them into qualified factors that contribute most to sustained business performance. The findings suggest that the talented team & innovation are the main concern in determining the success. Other remarkable findings include that culture & structure, Execution & Leadership were all interrelated to each other and essentially need to be satisfied for attaining success. The mechanism through which organizational culture impacts the design of structures and vice versa is explained at the conceptual level. This article provides formula which when executed correctly will lead to increase value for both customer & company as well as sustain in this dynamic world. A schema for understanding the different potential domains for innovation is also added
Iram Sana, Muhammad Iqbal, Muhammad Tariq Jamshaid and Mumtaz Akhter.
For many years, Fashion clothing has been an area of interest to many consumer researchers. This study examines the effect of age, gender, materialism and self-image product image congruency on consumer’s involvement in fashion clothing. Today everyone has become materialist to get success. Thus people use fashion clothing as an important key to express their self to others and fit themselves in social environment. As fashion clothing has become the essential part of consumer’s life. So, it is important to investigate consumer’s involvement in fashion clothing to understand their behavior. The main purpose of this study is to measure the fashion clothing involvement of youth, adults, working people selected in Sargodha city. Fashion clothing is the center of this research. The sample size chosen for this study was 150. All samples were selected from Universities, Job Organization and Business establishment in Sargodha city. Factor analysis using principle components with varimax rotation was used. Also, the KMO and Bartlett’s test was conducted in order to find or examine the interactions and relationships between variables.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF DETERMINANTS OF CUSTOMER’S SATISFACTION ABOUT SUNDAY BAZAR AT SARGODHA, PAKISTAN.
Iram Sana, Muhammad Iqbal, Muhammad Tariq Jamshaid and Mumtaz Akhter.
The study attempts to discover out the determinant of customer satisfaction towards Sunday bazaar in 49 Tail, PAF Road. In this study 145 responses was surveyed by useful methods. For the literature review and expert opinion it has been found that customer satisfaction are based on products, price, services, atmosphere and personal interaction. Regression Analysis was used to identify the impact of factors on customer satisfaction. The research finding out that these factors were positively impacted on customer satisfaction towards studied Sunday bazaar.
Farhad Hassan Abdullah.
The Arab Spring as waves of protests brought down several dictator regimes that some of them were a pro-Israeli government. Israel, even if they wanted to, they could not stay away from Arab neighbors, especially with the continuation of the historical conflict with the Arab world, because of the Palestinian issue and the consequent tensions and animosities. Pledge Israel and its leaders are aware that what was happening in the Arab neighbors have impact in various fields and levels, which is a historical issue has been to prepare for it by setting up scientific institutions aim to monitor development in the Arab world, analyze and understand the meanings of these reflections on Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict. The fear of Israel was real, when the people were attacking of Israel’s embassy in Egypt, and the long peace treaty between Egypt and Israel has threatened. In opposite, signing an understanding deal between Fateh and Hamas, and re-opening of the Rafah crossing at the border between Egypt and the Gaza Strip that Israel has seen it as a threat to its national security. In addition, escalating Syrian civil war and growing terrorist groups in Syria has made the situation more complicated for Israel. The paper tries to evaluate the importance of the political uprising in the region on Israeli situation. Likewise, illustrate the impact of the Arab spring on the Arab-Israel conflict, and then how their relation has an impact on the security stability in the Middle East.
Omar M. A. Mahmood Agha and Nermin. ?arlak.
The drought characteristics were analyzed in Iraq dependent on the observed climate data from ten meteorological stations during 1980-2011. Reconnaissance Drought Index (RDI) was used to studying and analyzing of droughts. The variable of interest in RDI is precipitation over potential evapotranspiration (ETo), the ETo is calculated using Penman-Monteith method. The results showed that the 2008 year was the worst dry year had passed in all parts of Iraq. It was observed that the maximum severity of drought (Smax) was identified during the periods (2007-2009) for the most stations. The Mild drought (Extremely drought) conditions are the highest (lowest) number of drought event than other conditions for all stations. Most of study region experienced the strongest drought events through the last period from 1999 to 2009 as compared with the previous period.
QUALITY OF HEALTH SERVICE AND ITS EFFECT ON PATIENT SATISFACTION IN DR. SYAIFUL ANWAR HOSPITAL OF MALANG INDONESIA.
Service quality dimension covering reliability, responsiveness, assurance, empathy, and tangible is the ultimate goal a public hospital should achieve as organization productivity though patients’ satisfaction. This study investigated the influence of service quality on patients’ satisfaction of Dr Syaiful Anwar Hospital in Malang, East Java, Indonesia. Assigning 50 patients hospitalized during the research, this study collected data using questionnaires, interview and document analysis and used SPSS 17.0 as a tool of analysis. Findings of t-test showed that variables of quality service gave positive effect on patients’ satisfaction, each of which is: Assurance (46%), Reliability (34,3%), Tangible (42%), Responsiveness (67,1%), and Empathy (43,3%). Determinant test showed all variables affected 46.1% (R² = .464) on public satisfaction and responsiveness performed the most dominant effect on patients’ satisfaction to 67.1% based on beta test.
IMPACT OF RISK-RETURN ANALYSIS ON STOCK FUTURES AND OPTIONS TRADING IN INDIAN EQUITY DERIVATIVES MARKET WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO NSE.
Ramasamy.V and G. Prabakaran.
Futures & options is one of the most important segments in derivatives market in India. Financial derivatives have emerged as one of the largest market of the world during the past two decades in terms of trading volume, number of index and stock options available for trading, participation of investors in derivatives market. It is also observed that investors are showing lot of interest in the derivatives market. However, investors have lost lot of money in the derivatives market due to lack of knowledge about the product and investment strategies etc. The risk involved in futures and options trading can be minimized / return on futures and options trading can be improvised through designing suitable investment strategies. So, investor need to develop risk management as well as risk analysis tool which is the key to limiting futures and options risk/maximizing profit. The derivatives contract is standardized contract. In India, the BSE Sensex and Nifty-50 are the popular indices on futures and options trading. The everyday price changes will occur on stock index futures and options. Some of the major factors such as weather, war, Debt, refugee displacement, land reclamation and micro & macro economic factors will affect the index prices. So, this study challenge to test the precariousness of stock index prices in Indian Derivatives market and also this study have to focus on software industry Infosys & TCS during the period of April to June 2016.
Atram Harish, Jakati Sanjeev V, Namrata Khetal, PV Hazarey, Mrunal Aley, Achint Chachada and Mugdha Mankar.
Context: Malocclusion is not a disease in itself but a variation in the arrangement of teeth, morphology of jaws, face and cranium. Awareness is the state or ability to perceive, to feel or to be conscious. Awareness forms the basis for planning oral health which is an inseparable part of general health. Aims & Objectives: - To assess the awareness of orthodontic problems & its treatment in Nagpur District. Materials & Methods: A cross sectional, observational (non- experimental) descriptive questionnaire survey was conducted in urban population of Nagpur District. Two age groups were studied i.e. adolescence and adult. According to the prestructured questionnaire (15 objective questions) data was formulated for assessment of knowledge and awareness of orthodontic treatment. Results: There were no statistically significant differences in general information and awareness about the proper age of orthodontic treatment. Conclusion: Awareness of malocclusion and the need to make corrections has increasingly become prevalent among our population. As growing public interest in oral health increased, the demand for orthodontic treatment also became more noticeable in dental practices.
Reem M. Hashem, Laila A. Rashed, Ghada M. Safwat and Ibrahim T. Ibrahim.
Dietary composition can influence the development of Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The amount and type of dietary fat may directly affect liver fat content, with high-fat diets being potentially harmful. A higher dietary fat intake is associated with liver inflammation and NAFLD. An Omega-3 fatty acid used in this study as a treatment to modulate these metabolic disturbances. This study was designed to elucidate the effect of Omega-3 fatty acid on high fat diet induced NAFLD in albino Wister rats. NAFLD induced by allowing rats to feed on the high fat diet for 20 weeks. Omega-3 fatty acid was used in doses of 0.8 mg/Kg body weight. Plasma glucose , triglycerides and non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) were measured by enzymatic method. It can be concluded that administration of high fat diet caused NAFLD in rats via abnormal or extensive fat accumulation when energy intake exceed energy expenditure. Omega-3 fatty acid succeeded in ameliorating the deleterious effects of high fat diet induced NAFLD.
LES STRUCTURES DE GESTION DES DESTINATIONS TOURISTIQUES ET LEURS FONCTIONS FACE AUX DEFIS DE LA COMPETITIVITE : UNE SYNTHESE DE LA LITTERATURE.
Achaba Allal et Bendou Abdelaziz.
Il n’est plus d’intérêt de rappeler l’importance du tourisme pour le développement socioéconomique des pays et des territoires. Le secteur devenant primordial dans les stratégies de développement de nombreux pays va attirer depuis près de trois décennies l’intérêt des chercheurs de tous les horizons qui vont chercher à le comprendre, l’analyser et identifier les facteurs clés de son développement. De même, le fort taux de croissance du secteur, sa forte résilience et résistance aux crises ainsi que les perspectives très encourageantes de son développement futur vont enflammer la course à la compétitivité des destinations touristiques, devenues les unités de base et centrales dans cette quête de compétitivité vont être au centre des politiques et des stratégies de développement touristiques, mais aussi, faire foisonner la recherche scientifique sur les conditions, les formes et les dimensions de cette compétitivité et sur les défis qu’elle impose et les formes, rôles et fonctions des structures de management de ces destinations pour y répondre efficacement et assoir la compétitivité des destinations. Malgré, le caractère très récent de la recherche managériale sur ces différentes questions un nombre assez important de recherches ont été produites et un corpus théorique est entrain de se constituer et de s’établir. Cet article, de nature exploratoire, se propose d’étudier, à l’aune de la littérature, le rôle et les fonctions des structures de gestion des destinations touristiques dans le cadre des nombreux défis imposés par la recherche de la compétitivité dans un marché touristique mondial évolutif, mutants et hautement concurrentiel. Plus particulièrement et à travers une synthèse de la littérature existante tant sur la compétitivité et ses implications pour les destinations touristique que sur les théories et modèles de management des destinations touristiques, nous cherchons à faire un état de la littérature sur ces questions et à relever le degré d’intégration des défis posés par la compétitivité dans les rôles et fonctions des structures de gestion des destinations touristiques.
Ishpriya sharma and kanikasharma.
Protein deficiency is a state of malnutrition which results from eating a diet in which proteins are not enough or present in an inadequate amount. It is a major factor responsible for a variety of ailments including mental retardation, kwashiorkor and even death, with millions of affected people as it increases an individual’s susceptibility to and severity of infections. The escalating prices of traditional protein sources have intensified this problem. The present study aims to produce low cost protein by using waste material like banana peels which can alleviate protein deficiency of masses while considerably reducing environmental pollution. Bioconversion of waste banana peels into valuable product like single cell protein (SCP) has the potential to solve the problem of protein deficiency worldwide. Here, banana peels were used as substrate; peels were treated with hydrochloric acid 10% (w/v), followed by inoculation with pure culture of the yeast i.e. Saccharomyces cerevisiae and left for eight days for fermentation. Temperature was maintained at 30º C for the growth of the yeast. Chemical analysis to quantify the protein content in the fermented media revealed an increase in the protein content as compared to the unfermented media.SCP is rich in certain essential amino acids which are limiting in most plant and animal sources. So, the protein thus produced is considered to be beneficial for the mankind for reducing illness and death. It is a method that can aid in reducing the burden of waste materials on the mother Earth.
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Vol. 5, Issue 01, Jan. 2017
Paper Submission: 28 Jan. 2017
Author Notification: 7 to 10 days
Journal Publication: 30 Jan. 2017
Impact Factor: 6.118IC Value 56.43Hard Copy
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