Sahil Choudhari and Chandana Subbarao.
Objective: To assess the use of nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary instruments among dentists in Chennai using a structured questionnaire. Materials and Methods: A survey was conducted among dentists in Chennai using a structured questionnaire. The sample size comprised of 91 dental practitioners in Chennai. Results: A total of 91 dental practitioners took up the survey. As many as 77 (84.6%) of them use NiTi rotary instruments and 14 (15.4%) of them do not use NiTi rotary instruments in their clinical practice. 28 (30.8%) dentists believed it helped in better obturation. 42 (54.5%) of the dentists experienced file fracture as the major drawback. Half of the respondents believed that the long time required to learn the technique was the reason for not using NiTi rotary instruments. Conclusion: This survey showed the awareness of dentists about benefits of NiTi rotary instruments application comparing to traditional techniques and also the high percent usage of these instruments among dentists.
COMPARATIVE STUDY ON BACTERIAL LOAD FROM POST-HARVEST VEGETABLES SOLD AT ROAD SIDE AND SUPERMARKET: IN CASE OF JIMMA TOWN, SOUTHWESTERN ETHIOPIA.
Demeke Lema, Tokuma Negisho, Meseret Guta and Girma Mosisa.
Vegetables are important protective food and highly beneficial for the maintenance of health and prevention of diseases. However, during growth, harvest, transportation and further handling the product can be contaminated with pathogens from animal and human sources. This study was aimed to assess the bacteriological load of post-harvest vegetables sold at Jimma town markets. A total of 32 vegetable samples were purchased from Ajip and kochi of Jimma town, specifically from road side and supermarket and analyzed for their bacteriological loads following standard bacteriological methods. Result showed that the total aerobic count in cabbage samples( 2.34x109 to 2.75x109cfu/ml) and carrot samples (2.18x109 to 2.5x109cfu/ml) taken from the road sides were higher than the total aerobic count for cabbage samples (1.41x109 to 1.78x109cfu/ml) taken from supermarket and carrot samples (1.65x109 to 1.72x109cfu/ml) taken from the shops. The two pathogenic bacteria namely, S. aureus and E.coli were identified from all samples. Samples taken from both shops and road sides were contaminated by pathogenic bacteria. The cabbage and carrot might be contaminated as a result of handling by farmers or retailers. Improper handling and improper hygiene might lead to contamination of raw cabbage and carrot and this might eventually affect the health of the consumers. It is necessary and important that both the farmer who harvests the vegetables into bags for transportation, the marketers and consumers take necessary and appropriate precautions in preventing contamination and eating of contaminated vegetables.
COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN CHILDREN WITH INTRACTABLE EPILEPSY ON KETOGENIC DIET AND INTRACTABLE EPILEPTIC CHILDREN ON MEDICATION.
Elham Abdel Ghaffar, Yasmin Gamal El Gendy, Eman R.Abd Almonaem and Sara Abdel Heady.
Purpose: to use the regimen of ketogenic diet (modified atkin diet) in addition to anti-epileptic drugs in controlling cases of intractable epilepsy and compare the results with cases receiving anti-epileptic drugs only from one month to 36 months. Subjects and methods: This is a case control study which was performed on 15 cases of refractory epilepsy received anti-epileptic drugs and follow ketogenic diet (modified atkin diet) which are the cases , and 15 patients with refractory epilepsy received antiepileptic drugs only which are the control with age ranging from 1-36 months and mean age(1.63 ? 1.13). Results: showed that, the frequency of convulsions before diet ranged from 2 to 40 with mean 12.4 and standard deviation( SD) 10.769 compared to the frequency of convulsions after diet ranged from 0 to 10 with mean 2.20 and standard deviation 2.95 and there was statistically significant difference between the two groups (P. value was 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between lipid profile of the patients before diet and after diet. Mean ? standard deviation of Quality Of Life (QOL) scores was 15.71 ? 1.38 before diet which changed to 25.57 ? 3.41 after diet .This difference was statistically significant (P. value was 0.000). Conclusion: Modified atkin diet (MAD) improved patients with intractable epilepsy as regards to frequency of convulsions and quality of life.
In contemporary times, ?abortion? is one of the important dilemmas confronting to human society. It is a dilemma from which we cannot escape, and to which we have a collective responsibility to address. All dilemmas have two alternatives, and to choose one over the other can be a very difficult choice for any person. Even though there might not always be a ?solution? which can be universally applied, we have to decide what ought to be done in various situations. Human beings are responsible for their actions and morality depends on human actions. But morality does not exist in a vacuum, and what defines morality varies from situation to situation. So in decision-making, there is a place of the ?virtue of prudence?. Most of us try to take the best decision possible in a particular situation. It is therefore important for individuals to practice prudence. Each individual should know the criteria of what exactly defines ?prudent? behavior, what the grounds for good human action are, and what actions are morally justifiable. In this regard, I shall analyze Philippa Foot?s suggestions vis-?-vis the debate of abortion. In this Paper I have two Sections. In the first section I am discussing the various moral issues on abortion and I begin in section II by discussing a speculative framework of choice that outlines the ways and give an exposition of the value of prudence which is used in this area and also offer some suggestions for changing the existing legal, social, and political scenery to better respect the capacity of all women for reproductive self-determination. I also briefly discuss the implications of my analysis for the future of the broader abortion debate.
IMPACT OF 360-DEGREE FEEDBACK ON EMPLOYEE AND ORGANIZATION GROWTH: WITH REFERENCE TO HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTES OF PAKISTAN.
Saima Tabassum Siddiqui.
360-degree feedback is modern method of employee performance evaluation. It presents a clear picture of the employee?s performance and organizational environment and progress. It supports the organization for being adaptive and flexible according to the needs of their personnel. In the 360-degree feedback usually comments and views are taken from superior, peers, subordinates, worker and customers, and after the evaluation is complete the feedback is shared with the employee giving them a clear illustration and even suggesting areas for their growth by giving career developmental sessions. This paper presents the study of human resource literature and analyses the contribution of 360 feedbacks for both employee and organizational growth. The purpose is to suggest practice of 360-degree feedback in the higher educational institutes of Pakistan. Because from the study of the literature, it has been established that not only 360-degree feedback helps employees in their career development but also enhances organization performance.
Neeraja, B. Suchitra and N. Kavipriya.
The present day customer is not the same who was few years back. The business deal with the present day customer is very sensitive deal. Gone are the days when the customer buy what ever was available to him. The present day customer is the person who is well versed with the available products and services not only with in his county but any were in the globe. He is been searching for the products with a mere click of mouse. So the customer -centric business has really gained momentum. CRM plays a vital role in making a business sustainable and to survive in the long run. In the last decade, CRM has evolved from being a mere buzz word to a key element of firms competitive strategy while technology ?based CRM solutions witnessed a roller costar ride especially after the cot-com bust in 200 and 2001 the conceptual and application aspects of CRM have witnessed a steady evolution. The sustainable interested among researches and academicians have resulted up a multifaceted of papers and articles, seminars and conferences have helped in dissemination the knowledge and experience. The promise of early mover advantages perused many firms to invest heavily in technology, analytical tools data warehousing, and restructuring CRM attempts to tie together with in a firm people processes and technological that have until now been separate. This has not been easy. Managers ended up spending a lot if time grapping with change managerial issues, while implementing technologies- oriented CRM solutions. CRM has moved beyond its over-hyped initial stage. There is a realistic assessment of the promised benefits of CFRM among corporate executives and en emerging long-term view of relationship building efforts. A long-term view is required to build a relationship oriented within the organization. Changing mindsets, practice and systems are painstakingly protracted processes requiring perseverance and top management support. This paper tries to adopt and imply the strategic perspective and a managerial orientation to explore and understand various facets of CRM. It would also try to highlight the importance of CRM to the present business people.
C. Doloi and J. Gogoi.
In the present paper we have considered two cases to obtain the system reliability of an n-cascade system. For the first case we consider one-parameter exponential strength and Lindley stress. Secondly, we consider Lindley strength and one-parameter exponential stress. Under this assumption the expression for reliability of an n-cascade system Rn is given. For both the cases all stress-strength are random variables with given density. Some numerical values of reliability have also been presented in tabular form for some selected values of the parameters.
THE IMPACT OF TRADE OPENNESS ON ECONOMIC GROTH IN THE MIDDLE EAST AND NORTH AFRICAN COUNTRIES: AN APPLICATION OF THE AUTOREGRESSIVE DISTRIBUTED LAG MODEL.
Sazan Taher Saeed and Masoud Ali Khalid.
Trade and economic growth in the developing countries has been debated among researchers and economists with the expectation of growth being stimulated; up to date the evidence on its growth enhancing effects is mixed. This study investigates and evaluates changes in economic growth that are likely to result from changes in trade openness such as GDP per capita, import, export and gross capital formation, in the Middle East and North Africa. By using an application of the autoregressive distributed lag model (ARDL). Our results have indicated that trade openness, and exports have a various impact on economic growth in the case of Middle East and North African countries. This suggests that it is possible to stimulate economic growth through an outward-looking strategy of trade expansion. More significantly, the results suggest the importance as well as the need for the Middle East and North African countries to embark on trade policies in order to improve economic growth in the current world economy.
FACTORS INFLUENCING GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT OPPORTUNITIES FOR DISADVANTAGED GROUPS IN PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS AT KENYA PORTS AUTHORITY.
Stephen Chepsoiyo Chepkangor and Gabriel Lubale.
The purpose of this study is to develop insight into the Factors influencing Government Procurement Opportunities for Disadvantaged Groups in Public Institutions using Kenya Ports Authority as a case study. Other studies have argued that there have been less success in the implementation of the programme in Kenya due to various reasons. However, some of the factors that are used to determine the levels of success might vary from one institution to another considering that they might not be working on the same level. The premise of this study is to identify specific factors that influence success in implementation of such special programmes as envisage by the Government of Kenya from time to time. This study finds evidence that suggests that Youth, Women and Person with Disabilities who are disadvantaged in several ways. It is on the context that the research finds that there is a probability of less success in implementation of such programme now or in the new future if some of the key challenges are not address now. The target population under study was 400 individual including in the 3 different categories covering Youth, Women and People with Disabilities, all should be individuals who have experience or knowledge in the procurement services in the Government sector. A conclusion on factors influencing Government Procurement Opportunities for Disadvantaged Groups in Public Institutions in Kenya was observed by the researcher.
REVIEW ON RECENT ADVANCES IN TITANIUM DYE OXIDE NANOPARTICLES FOR DYE SENSITIZED SOLAR CELL APPLICATIONS.
C.Divya, B.Janarthanan and J.Chandrasekaran.
Alternate energy source becomes a crucial for green energy solution against ever increasing demand. Dye Sensitized solar cell is another promising option toward green energy providing opportunity to explore natural dye extracts from plants. This review explores recent developments in the field of Dye Sensitized solar cell technology specifically with sensitizer synthesized from plants which are also found in India. Anthocyanin, betalain, chlorophyll and carotenoids are among the most common plant pigments explored as sensitizers. The review of different attempts on fabrication of natural dye based solar cells implies that titanium dioxide (TiO2) nano particles can be used as photoanode, platinum (Pt) as counter electrode and iodine/iodide electrolyte. Plant pigments are highly pH sensitive and can alter solar cell performance based on its extraction method, concentration and its ability to anchor with photoanode. Stability of dye, absorption in near IR range and leakage of liquid electrolyte are few of the challenges ahead. However, natural dye is biodegradable and non-toxic having most of the extraction process harmless to environment. In addition, natural dye has the promising future as it is abundant.
Hind Musfer Alghamdi, Afnan Abdullah Alghamdi, Dina Khaled Alhajri, Ghady Ibrahim Alhayazee , Lujain Hamad Alfayez, Nouf Abdullmohsen Albejadi, Nourah Abdulrahman Almoqbel, Rehab Mohammaed Aldossari, Shoug Fahad Algoblan, Waad Khalid Almusailhi and Waad Mohammed Awadh.
Objectives:- The aim is to know sleep phases and its patterns, including average sleeping hours and day naps during weekdays and weekends, sleep quality and sleep type. And knowing the different factors, which affect sleep, it includes alerts intake, lights, stresses and exercise. Methods:- A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out in a high school, at AL Riyadh in April 2015. Ninety female students were interviewed using a specially constructed questionnaire. SPSS was used for data entry and analysis. Results:- Normal sleep hours during weekdays were the practice of 47.8% of the participants. Good to excellent quality of sleep prevailed in 87.8% of them. Of those who frequently took caffeinated drinks, 60% had normal sleeping duration compared to 23% of those who infrequently did so. The difference was statistically significant (p=0.0017). Students with good attendance had significantly better grades than those with poor attendance (p=0.0274). About 42% of those who were never/rarely sleepy during classes scored A, compared to about 24% of the girls who always/sometimes feel sleepy. The difference did not reach statistical significance. Conclusion:- In this study poor school achievement was associated with excessive daytime sleepiness and poor school attendance. Sleep/wake pattern in this study did not show relationship with academic performance. Contrary to many studies, consumption of caffeinated drinks was associated with sleep duration.
Ahmet Gultek*, Selda Sezer, Imren Ozcan, Suleyman Koytepe and Turgay Seckin.
A series flowerlike ZnO-PMMA (FL-ZnO-PMMA) composites were synthesized from PMMA and different amount of flowerlike ZnO (FL-ZnO) particles via the solution direct-dispersing and in-situ polymerization method. FL-ZnO particles have been synthesized using the hydrothermally technique. Effects of synthesis conditions on the crystal structure, crystallite size, microstructure and morphological properties of the produced FL-ZnO particles were investigated by FTIR, X-ray and SEM. The prepared ZnO nanostructures with flowerlike morphology have been blended with methyl methacrylate and this solution was polymerized by in-situ radical polymerization technique to prepare FL-ZnO-PMMA composite films. The obtained nanocomposite films are highly transparent, flexible and chemically stable. Investigation of specific heat capacity of composites is achieved by using differential scanning calorimeter. This study is unique about exploration of effect of FL-ZnO amount on specific heat capacity of polymeric composites.
A REVIEW ON EXTRACTION, CHARACTERIZATION AND APPLICATION OF PINEAPPLE LEAF FIBER (PALF) IN TEXTILES AND OTHER FIELDS.
Nasir Uddin, Solayman Miah, Mohammad Abdul Jalil, Mazharul Islam and Ayesha Siddika.
The demand of fibers is increasing with the growth of population. To meet this demand the use of synthetic fibers is also increasing that is great threat for our environment. The scientific community and environmentalists are trying their best to replace the use of natural fiber in place of synthetic fibers. Among different types of natural fibers, Pineapple Leaf Fiber (PALF) shows outstanding fiber properties which are rich in cellulose, cost effective, eco-friendly having good fiber strength. In this study, the authors have tried to focus on the extraction process of PALF from leafs, characterization of PALF and its applications to produce different value added products.
Hossam M. Zakaria, Eldessoky S. Dessoky, Ismail A. Ismail, Attia O. Attia and Ehab I. El-Hallous.
Through optimization processes of plants by mass production using micropropagation or using genetic transformation, the most important aspect is to retain genetic integrity with reference to the mother plants. It is important to retain and improve the Taif rose (Rosa damascena) plant for its economic and medical importance. Although no or minor morphological variations were recorded in some micropropagated plants. In present study, Randomly Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were employed to determine the genetic fidelity of Taif rose plantlets multiplied in vitro by using nodal segments. Among the screened 10 RAPD primers, were generated total of 801 clear, distinct and reproducible bands. Among these bands, 798 bands were monomorphic (99.63 %) and 3 bands were polymorphic (0.37 %). This very low polymorphism ratio between mother plants and micropropagated plantlets indicates the little effect of somaclonal variations and the high genetic similarity between mother plants and micropropagated plants. The molecular profiling by using RAPD markers proved to be an effective method and can be applied for assessing genetic stability of micropropagated plants. Thus, the developed in vitro plantlets which ascertained stability can be used successfully.
A. Haddach, M. Ammari, L. Ben Allal, L. Chra?bi and A. Laglaoui.
Despite the fact that the concept of sustainable development originally included a clear social mandate, since a long time this social dimension has been neglected amidst abbreviated references to sustainability that have focused on economic and environmental issues.Now, social performance is a hot topic for researchers in management science. It is also one of the major concerns of supply chain leaders. To assess this performance, there are increasingly many management tools. It is then appropriate to wonder the role of these tools in supply chain: are these tools meet real organizational needs? Or they are used to promote supply chain image face institutional constraints increasingly strong? In this context, many modules and methodologies have been established in literature in order to evaluate social performance of supply chain, since it has become an important issue for society. However, few of them analyze social impacts. So, this work presents an integrated methodology to perform this evaluation, based on issues which significantly affect the society. We purpose a module which will allow the assessment of this performance. This module was tested in an automotive supply chain in north of Morocco.
Syed Naimatullah Hussain and Syed Zakir Ali.
This paper abstracts the object-oriented class in the form object structures, object methods and their inter-relationships. This is achieved through the bridging of two different paradigms of procedure-oriented and of data-oriented methods, and then blending this bridged abstraction to the object-oriented paradigm. Here, the research has abstracted all the good features of the three paradigms with application of good database design principles.
Monalisa Sen, and K M Jayahari.
Mouling National Park is situated at E 940 41? 17.38?-E 940 59? 82? and N 280 28? 39?-N 280 41? 56?? in the Dihang- Dibang Biosphere Reserve in Arunachal Pradesh, India. It covers an area of 483 km2. A bird list of 314 species, compiled from studies undertaken from 2010 to 2016 is presented along with information on status, conservation status and method of confirmation. In absence of adequate documented information on the biodiversity wealth in the national park, this study holds a lot of value and significance. Such information, as presented in this paper is crucial in order to develop conservation action plans for this protected area.
R.Banupriya, G.Reshma, T.Yasika, M. Suguna and A. Sandhiya
The industrialization has not only brought development and prosperity but eventually disturbed the ecosystem. One of the biggest environmental problems faced by the world is management of molasses spent washes released from sugar industry.The impacts is visible in the form of pollution of land and water resources. The conventional methods of treatment are very costly, energy intensive and generate toxic sludge. Even-though, pollution prevention focuses on preventing the generation of waste, waste minimization reduces the volume and toxicity of hazardous waste by adopting proper recycling and reuse methods .Now-a-days the need for waste minimization and obtaining revenue through by-product recovery is an emerging trend in treatment processes. In addition to that, consumption of a large quantity of processed water and safe disposal of enormous volumes of effluent is a major challenge .This research has tried to harness the potential of hybrid anaerobic baffle reactor aided with principles of Green Chemistry Approach to treat molasses spent wash in controlled condition. Also,hybrid technologies having biological processes as a core appears to be more challenging. In our project, molasses spent wash released from sugar industry is treated anaerobically using hybrid anaerobic baffle reactor. With this new hybrid & biological treatment technology aided with the principle of green chemistry approach,we were able to treat spent wash, utilize by-products like biogas, treated water and organic manure for revenue generation and in agricultural practices respectively thereby reducing the demand for irrigation water, fossil fuels and organic manure for agricultural fields. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of HABR in the reduction of BOD, COD and produce valuable byproducts from molasses spent wash. The study involves the examination of experimental conditions such as pH of the solution, concentration of the solution, and amount of NPK present in sludge for direct utilization as organic manure.
Chetan Sonawane, Manav Velani, Akash Singh and Vikaskumar Tripathi.
Among the race in the countries of the world, Energy consumption & power requirement is one of the most vital thing in the world. Due to increase in the power consumption, conventional energy resources depleting day by day. Owing to considering this and also issue of the global warming and pollution, importance of the non-conventional energy resources is increasing. Also there is a need of clean & continuous supply of power. Hybrid energy system using wind turbine and solar energy gives uninterrupted power. The electrical power from such a system can be used for various purpose. This paper deals with generation of electricity using vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) and solar panel at affordable cost without disturbing the balance in the nature.
V. David Martin and T. N. Ravi.
Knowledge discovery and data mining is a process of retrieving the meaningful knowledge from the raw data, using different techniques. Therefore, text mining is a sub domain of knowledge discovery from the text data. Web mining is a one class of data mining. Web Mining is a variation of data mining that distills untapped source of abundantly available free textual information. The need and importance of web mining is growing along with the massive volumes of data generated in web day-to-day life. Feature selection is an effective technique for dimension reduction and an essential step in successful data mining applications. It is a research area of great practical significance and has been developed and evolved to answer the challenges due to data of increasingly high dimensionality. In this paper, a hybrid feature selection is proposed. The Relative Reduct and Particle Swarm Optimization Technique are hybridized to reduce the size of the feature space
LEVERAGE OF SYNTHETIC VITAMINS (C AND E) ON ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY IN BROILERS CHALLENGED WITH E. COLI.
Rasha F. Muhammad, Aida H. Soliman and Essam S. Soliman.
Vitamin E as a lipid component of biological membranes is known to be a major chain-breaking antioxidant and vitamin C or ascorbic acid is an anti-oxidant which is normally synthesized by the chicken. A comparative study was carried out to demonstrate the influence of synthesized vitamin C and vitamin E on bird performance, biochemical, antioxidant and immunological status. 150 broiler chick was received from day one age; divided into three groups; G1 (supplemented with synthetized vitamin C 3.5 g / 1 L water); G2 (supplemented with synthetized vitamin E 1 mL / 1 L water) and G3 (Control). G1 and G2 were challenged at 2nd week of age with E. coli O157:H7 1.3 X 106 CFU. A total of 180 samples (60 serum, 60 plasma and 60 intestinal swab) were collected during the study period. The results revealed that both synthetized vitamin E and vitamin C were able to enforce a protective effect in the birds last for only 4 week then vanished gradually. Synthetized vitamin E was superior to the vitamin C in enforcing a good protective effect on the birds as vitamin E showed more prominent stimulation of immunoglobulin (IgG; IgM. IgE) and bacterial counts were reduced significantly compared to the influence of vitamin C. The study concluded the necessity of the treatment continuation in order to maintain the enhancing effect on antioxidant enzymatic activity and protective immunological effect.
LEAD, CADMIUM AND MERCURY RESIDUES IN THE EDIBLE OFFAL OF SHEEP AND GOAT WITH A SPECIAL REFERENCE TO THEIR PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS
Wageh Sobhy Darwish, Tamer Mohamed Gad and Tamer Said Imam
The contamination of the environment with heavy metals is a serious problem worldwide, particularly in Egypt. Heavy metals get their way into human body mainly through ingestion of contaminated food. Animals, especially small ruminants are exposed during their lifetime to a vast array of heavy metals such as lead, cadmium and mercury. The objective of this study was to estimate heavy metal (lead, cadmium and mercury) residues in the edible offal (liver, kidney, lung, tongue and masseter muscle) of sheep and goat collected from butcher shops at Zagazig city, Egypt. The public health implications of the tested metals were also discussed. In addition, a trial for reduction of the metal load in the livers of the sheep was done using immersion in acetic acid 2% and heat treatments. The obtained results declared that sheep samples had significantly higher metal concentrations than goat. Liver and kidney had the highest residual concentrations compared with other examined offal. Concentrations of lead and cadmium in the liver and kidney exceeded the maximum residual limits of these metals set by WHO. Thus, it is advisable to reduce our daily intake of the offal of these animals. Furthermore, a combination of immersing the liver samples in acetic acid 2% for 15 min followed by either boiling or frying is effective for reduction of the metal load especially in the case of mercury.
Dhruvaj Suryavanshi and Malika Srivastava.
Most developing countries, including India, continue to face the crisis of Climate change. World leaders understand that we are past the point where we can do very much with individual action and took moral cognizance of the issue when Paris Agreement was negotiated by representatives of 195 countries at the 21st Conference of the Parties of the UNFCCC. India ratified the Paris Agreement on 2nd October 2016 to become the 62nd nation to join the initiative. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has committed that by 2030 at least 40% of country?s electricity will be generated from non-fossil fuels. In numbers, this implies that by 2025, India will need a 175 gigawatt-power production capacity from non-fossil fuel sources. Such an ambitious project for a country like India, whose 80% of energy demands are met by fossil fuels requires oversight and commitment by Government and more importantly revenue for these projects. Keeping in mind these agenda, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley doubled the Clean Energy Cess to ₹400 per tons of coal from ₹200 per tons during Budget Presentation 2016-2017. While this solves only one of the many problems for the climate reform, a comprehensive model that encourages strategic shift to renewable sources for energy demands needs more fiscal resources and a coherent Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E) Framework. This paper reviews the principle sources of fiscal resources in India for climate reform and discusses suggestion as to how the Government can increase the monetary budget introducing more policies and introduce awareness to bring behavioral changes.
STENOTROPHOMONAS MALTOPHILIA: A NOVEL PLANT GROWTH PROMOTER AND BIOCONTROL AGENT FROM MARINE ENVIRONMENT
Nayomi John and M Thangavel.
Marine microorganisms have unique properties since they had adapted to extreme marine environmental conditions. In this study the in-vitro analysis of novel marine bacterial strains for plant growth promoting potentials like solubilisation of nutrient sources such as phosphate, potassium, zinc, production of phytohormones, organic acid and extracellular enzymes, nitrogen fixation ability, biocontrol activities like production of siderophore, 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate deaminase and hydrogen cyanide were carried out. Out of 19 morphologically distinct bacterial strains isolated, one predominant and most potent strain designated as MB9 was chosen for antifungal activity against phytopathogens and bioactive metabolite production. The bioactive secondary metabolites from the strain were extracted and identified using Gas Chromatography Mass Spectrometric method.
IMPACT OF QRS COMPLEX FRAGMENTATION ON HOSPITAL OUTCOME OF PATIENTS UNDERGOING PRIMARY PERCUTANEOUS CORONARY INTERVENTION.
Hatem Badawi, Ragab mahfouz, Tamer Moustafa and Marwa Gad.
Background and Aim: Fragmented QRS (fQRS) was linked to myocardial ischemia and scar. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of fQRS on the hospital outcome and major adverse cardiac events (MACE) in patients with acute STEMI treated with primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods: The present study was conducted on 90 patients with acute STEMI and treated with primary PCI, in Zagazig University Hospital in Egypt, during the period from January 2015 to May 2016. Careful history taking, clinical data, full lab, left ventricular ejection fraction calculated by biplane Simpson method and angiographic findings were taken. ECG records were obtained on admission and 2 hours after primary PCI. During hospitalization, ventricular fibrillation (VF) and ventricular tachycardia (VT), cardiogenic shock, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, re-infarction, and death were regarded as MACE. We divided the patients into 2 groups as regard fQRS on admission ECG into fragmented (n=40) group and non-fragmented (n=50) group. Results: There was significant statistical difference regarding in-hospital AF, being more frequent in fQRS group (P value 0.049). There was significant statistical difference regarding LVEF, being lower in fQRS group (P value 0.009). There was significant statistical difference regarding the incidence of three vessel disease, being more frequent in fQRS group (P value 0.02). There was significant statistical difference regarding culprit lesion being proximal, being more frequent in fQRS group (p value 0.009). By multivariate analysis, we found that fQRS was a predictor for unfavorable hospital outcome (P value 0.046) Conclusions: Assessment of fQRS by ECG is a simple, widely available, and noninvasive modality that may be useful to predict hospital outcome, incidence of proximal and three vessels disease in patients with acute STEMI undergoing primary PCI.
Momota Naiding, Anirban Goswami and Shipra Singh,
Image guided cytology is emerging as less invasive, cost effective procedure with remarkable sensitivity, specificity and diagnostic yield to enhance the diagnostic accuracy of imaging modalities for deep seated lesion. Aim: The aim of our study was to analyse the usefulness of ultrasound guided fine needle aspiration cytology in the diagnosis of intra-abdominopelvic masses and to assess the cytomorphological features of various lesions with their Age and sex distribution pattern. Materials and Methods: The study included 57 clinically and radiologically suspected palpable and non-palpable intra-abdominopelvic lesions. USG guided FNAC was done in all the non-palpable lesion and for a few selected palpable lesions. Giemsa?s and Papanicolaou?s stains were used. Results: Cases were reported in age range of 2-78 years with a M: F of 1.3:1. There were 37 (64.91%) malignant, 15 (26.31%) benign and 5 (8.77%) inconclusive cases. Liver and gallbladder were most common involved sites. This study showed 100% specificity and 95% sensitivity for malignant lesions. Diagnostic yield was 91.2%. Conclusion: USG guided FNA cytology is a simple and safe procedure. It can be utilized as a pre-operative procedure for the management of intra-abdominopelvic lesions.
A KINETIC STUDY OF RUBAZOIC ACID FORMATION DERIVED FROM 4-AMINO-1(4-SULPHOPHENYL) 3-METHYL-2-PYRAZOLIN-5-ONE.
Ghulam Hussain, Shakeel Ahmad Khan, Waqar Ahmad, Makshoof Athar and Rashid Saleem.
A kinetic study based on spectrophotometric and titrimetric techniques has been carried out for the formation of Rubazoic acid (4E)-4-[(5-hydroxy-3-methyl-1-phenyl-4,5-dihydro-1H-pyrazol-4-yl)imino]-5-methyl-2-phenyl-2,4 dihydro-3H-pyrazol-3-one from 4-amino-1(4-sulphophenyl) 3-methyl-2-pyrazolin-5-one. Physicochemical factors like effect of time, pH, aeration and temperature on its formation have been investigated in detail. Elemental analysis, UV-Visible spectral study, FTIR spectral study, 1H-NMR and 13C-NMR spectral study was employed for understanding the reaction path way for the formation of rubazoic acid.
Nadine Ahmad Raafat M.D.
Background: Chemerin is an adipocytokine that controls adipocyte differentiation and related to immune and inflammatory functions. Post-menopausal osteoporosis (PMOP) is the most common bone disease in females characterized by decreased bone mineral density (BMD); relationship between chemerin and osteoporosis remains unclear. Objective: To assess serum chemerin levels in osteoporotic rat model induced by ovariectomy, and to investigate the interplay between serum chemerin levels and BMD, also the impact of estradiol replacement therapy on chemerin levels and its association with BMD parameters. Material and methods: Three equal groups of adult female albino rats (n=12) were used; sham operated control (sham), ovariectomized (OVX) and OVX with estrogen replacement (OVX-ER) groups. Nine weeks after ovariectomy, serum analysis, bone BMD measurements and histopathology were done. Results: In OVX osteoporotic rat model, serum levels of chemerin were significantly elevated (P<0.001) when compared to other groups, and negatively correlated with BMD, Changes in OVX chemerin levels were significantly associated with the elevated insulin resistance. However, they were not associated with FSH or estradiol levels. Conclusion: OVX induced osteoporosis was associated with significant rising in chemerin levels which were associated with changes in insulin resistance rather than sex hormones. It can be hypothesized that the exact causative of PMOP extends beyond pituitary; ovarian axis to be metabolic and adiposity cross talks which needs more detailed investigations.
PHOTO-CATALYTIC BEHAVIOR OF CDSE QDS SENSITIZED ZR-(1,3,5-BENZENE TRICARBOXYLIC ACID) METAL-ORGANIC FRAMEWORKS
Haritha Gonthina, Gosipathala Sreedhar, and B. Venkateswara Rao.
Here we reported the synthesis of CdSe quantum dots (QDs) sensitized Zr-1,3,5-benzene tricarboxylic acid (ZrBTC) metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) hetero-structure. The photo-catalytic activity of CdSe QDs-ZrBTC MOFs is examined for Phloxine B dye degradation under visible light illumination. The CdSe semiconductor QDs presence on ZrBTC MOFs is confirmed by x-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transition electron microscopy (TEM) characterizations. The XRD spectrum of CdSe QDs demonstrates the cubic crystalline phase for CdSe QDs. The high crystallinity and bulk phase of ZrBTC MOFs is evinced by XRD pattern of ZrBTC. Surface morphological (FESEM and HRTEM) observations realise that ZrBTC MOFs formed into 2D sheets and sensitized with CdSe QDs. The UV-visible absorption spectrum reveals that the CdSe QDs-ZrBTC hetero-structure absorbs the light at 520 nm wavelength. The 2D ZrBTC MOFs provide platform for CdSe QDs to hinder the effective electron-hole pair recombination under photo-excitation. The photo-catalytic Phloxine B dye degradation experiments reveals that the CdSe QDs-ZrBTC hetero-structure demonstrated enhanced potential to make use of visible light absorption of CdSe semiconductor quantum dots in the solar spectrum.
Rajdip Rao, A. B.Thakar, K. S. Patel, N. N. Bhatt, Rahul Gandhi and Shital Bhagiya.
In Ayurveda, Shwitra has been listed to be the worst amongst Kustha to cause disfigurement of the body. Shwitra is considered as one of the varieties of Kushtha in the Ayurvedic Classics, caused vitiation of Tridoshas and Dhatus like Rakta, Mansa and Meda. Based on Symptoms, Shwitra can be correlated with Vitiligo. Vitiligo is the problem described in the modern medicine as auto immune disease which manifest as white spot on the skin. Ayurveda has incorporated this condition into the broad heading of Shwitra. The Shwitra is the group of symptoms which manifest as the spot on the skin and causes cosmetic imbalance body which ultimately leads to many socialized psychological stigma in life of the patient. Considering the significance of therapeutics, a number of studies of different levels have been carried-out in the various PG Departments of various colleges of universities. Total ten studies were screened, which compiled the impact of classical and clinical guidelines, safety issues and therapeutic utilities in the management of Shwitra (Vitiligo).
Abdulrahman Bakhaider, Roa?a AlFarshooti, Ruba Al-manzalawi, Attia Alshaikh, Nojood Al-Harbi and Abdullah Al-Qahtani.
Unusual presentation for 5 years old boy who come to general pediatric clinic complaining of failure to thrive and mild cyanosis, referred to pediatric cardiology to ruled out congenital cardiac disease, as an ejection systolic murmur heard in the left upper sternal border plus the mild cyanosis, oxygen saturation by pulse oximitry is 88% in room air.
A.V.Kulakov and V.M.Tyutyunnik.
Plasma ultraviolet laser, as a new option of energy device based on use of phase transitions in plasma, is proposed. Materials for laser can serve virtually any waste that in abundance include lithium, boron, sulfur, silicon, phosphorus, copper and iron; this is shown on the basis of energy calculations. Example of using gas waste (containing those items and entering the smoke alarm) as a plasma emitter by heating it to a temperature of a few thousand degrees at pressure 1 ATM is describes. It is shown that the process the allocation of energy in laser is accompanied by phase transformation of a new kind of substance: first plasma discharge formed plasma liquid, and then (when it is further cooled) formed a solid conglomerate, that is the crystalline formations. Solid plasma phase is a substance with new properties. The authors offer named this new area as the discharge plasma metallurgy.
A STUDY OF PERSONALITY CHARACTERISTIC OF CREATIVE STUDENTS IN RELATION TO C0GINITIVE STYLE AND RISK- TAKING CHARCTERSTICS.
In this study undertaken to examine the influence of personality characteristics of creative students of Cognitive Style and Risk-Taking of high school students, the investigator finds that there is no significant difference of personality characteristics of creative students and cognitive style while there is no significant difference between Personality Characteristic of creative students across risk-taking abilities.
GREEK-LATIN AND ENGLISH-AMERICAN LEXICAL BORROWINGS AND THEIR INFLUENCE ON CONTAMINATION OF THE FRENCH LANGUAGE
Safarova Umida Aliaskarovna
The author demonstrates the peculiarities of lexical borrowings formed by the method of contamination and notes that they belong to the category of direct loans, which are the most impervious to the action of the natural tendency to find a name to a borrowed concept or object, that is expressed through linguistic means of the mother tongue and presence in contacting languages of their common international vocabulary layer, for example borrowings of similar Greek-Latin origin, that are involved in the process of contamination of words.
Guliko Kiliptari, Tamar Didbaridze, Nino Gogokhia and Khatia Mikaberidze.
Nocardiosis is a vital, but often ignored, infectious disease in immunocompromised hosts, which is particularly serious in the absence of timely diagnosis and therapy. Nocardiosis affects patients who display a cellular immunodeficiency, such as transplant recipients on immunosuppressive treatment, but uncommonly associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Disseminated Nocardiosis affecting the central nervous system (CNS), abdomen, skin and lungs .Nocardia spp. infection can be observed and confirmed by subculture and positive microscopic detection of a branching gram-positive rod. Infection commonly enters via the respiratory route but may also occur through skin trauma. A case of disseminated nocardiosis in an immunocompetent individual after car accident is presented. The case highlights challenges surrounding diagnosis and microbiological identification of Gram-positive branching bacilli, patient management, and choice of antibiotic.
APPLICATION OF TOMATO LEAVES EXTRACT AS PESTICIDE AGAINSTAPHIS GOSSYPII GLOVER (HEMIPTERA: APHIDIDAE).
Ghada E. A., Manal E. A. Elshaier, Amal E.M. and Hala E. M..
This study aimed to evaluate the unused part of the tomato plant leaves, as a botanical pesticide. The cotton aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae) is one of the most serious pest all over the world. They have a wide host range, and may transmit pathogenic virus. It attacks tomato leaves and sucks the plant sap from the leaves by its piercing and sucking mouth parts. Due to the problems of chemical pesticides to all organisms and environment, natural control replaced pesticides. Tomato extract contains many contents of phenolic and flavonoid compounds which were effective in control. Different little concentrations of tomato extract were applied in control of aphid and caused high mortality proportion. In the present study, the concentrations used were 250, 500, 750 and 1000 ppm and the mortality increased when the concentrations increased, which was 27.5 % with 250 ppm and reached 80% with 1000 ppm. Also, the chemical composition of extract of tomato (Lycopersicon spp.), was characterized by GC/ MS analysis which revealed the presence of 46 compounds, the major compound was Phytol (16.03%).
FACETIOUS GREEN SYNTHESIS OF SILVER NANO PARTICLES USING LEAF EXTRACTS OF ALANGIUM SALVIFOLIUM [LAM.]
Mita R. Patel, Rasmikant A. Patel, N. A. Pithawala and Kespi A. Pithawala.
The current research in nanotechnology is chiefly aimed at easy, environment friendly and cost effective methods of green synthesis of nanoparticles. Here aqueous leaf extracts of Alangium salvifolium [Lam.] which act as reducing as well as capping agents were used for the formation of silver nanoparticles (SNP) from 0.1mM AgNO3 solution. The SNP were formed within two hours and the formation was stable for weeks. The formation, characteristics, size and conformation of silver nanoparticles formed were carried out using UV-VIS spectroscopy, FTIR, Dynamic light scattering (DLS), SEM, TEM and EDX. Also the SNP formed this way showed fair antimicrobial activity against gram positive and gram negative bacteria. On the basis of result obtained it can be said that the easy production of silver nanoparticle using green chemistry can be effectively utilized in various fields in biomedical-nanotechnology as well as reducing the harmful microbial flora.
Suman Kumar and M. Raghu Ram.
Extracellular proteases have high commercial value and multiple application in detergents, food, dairy, pharmaceutical, leather, diagnostics, waste management and several recovery industries. The Aspergillus terreus isolated from kottakoduru seashore, Nellore, was found to produce alkaline protease. Maximum enzyme production was recorded at pH 8 and temperature of 30 oC in a medium containing 10% wheat bran. ZnSO4 is effective activator for protease activity and PMSF had given approximately 50% inhibition, indicating that it is a serine protease. Sesame oil cake proved to be suitable substrate after wheat bran for the production of protease by Aspergillus terreus.
Sara Sattar, Zain-ul-Abadin, Muzamil Aftab and Anees Qureshi.
Genetic polymorphism significantly affects the therapeutic outcomes of Isoniazid (INH).Various controlled clinical trials have been conducted in India, East Africa, Hong Kong, Singapore, Czechoslovakia, and Britain, which showed that the acetylation phenotype of tuberculosis patients treated with INH is significant, when twice-weekly regimens are given, especially in circumstances in which short initial daily chemotherapy is given. This article will review frequency of slow and fast acetylators in different populations of the world, before illustrating various methods used for the determination of INH and its metabolites used to determine the acetylation phenotype of the individuals. It will also highlight the importance of phenotypic determination on N-Acetyltransferase-2 (NAT-2) during tuberculosis treatment with INH.
Prasenjit Bose and Barkha Singh.
Dilated cardiomyopathy is a heart muscle disorder defined by the presence of a dilated and poorly functioning left ventricle in the absence of abnormal loading conditions (hypertension, valve disease) or ischaemic heart disease sufficient to cause global systolic impairment. The main objective of our study is to evaluate the changes of heart wall by gross morphometric measurements in DCM patient?s heart samples and compare these with the control heart samples and our study is mainly focused in the regions of North India. Previous studies do not sufficiently reveal the anatomical variation of the heart musculature wall in DCM patients from North India.
DIAGNOSTIC USEFULNESS OF PROCALCITONIN AND C-REACTIVE PROTEIN IN GRAM NEGATIVE BACTERIAL INFECTIONS.
Rajeswari S and Swaminathan S.
Any biomarker used to substantiate bacterial infections should aid in the rapid diagnosis, initiation of treatment and during prognosis monitoring. As of now a wide range of biomarkers have been established and more researches are being done in this field. Markers such as ESR, C-Reactive Protein, Procalcitonin and Leucocyte count have been extensively studied for a wide range of bacterial infections. However, studies related to biomarkers, C-Reactive Protein and Procalcitonin have been found to be very useful in early diagnosis, treatment and monitoring the effect of antibiotic treatment, Both the above markers were found to be very useful in the diagnosis of gram negative bacterial infection compared to other type of infections such as by gram positive. Moreover, both these markers are found to be useful in infective fever, meningitis, sepsis, critical care patients, graft acceptance/rejection and in pneumonia. This review article present the various research findings related to the clinical usefulness of these biomarkers in the diagnosis of infections caused by gram negative bacteria.
Mariana Bacelova, Julia Nikolova, Peter Nikolov, Maria Bacelova and Maria Negreva.
The goal of the study was to examine microcirculation and the hemodynamic profile in individuals with high normal arterial pressure (HNAP). The object of the investigation is focused on young individuals from 18 to 35 years with HNAP. The two following groups ? with HNAP and with optimal normal arterial pressure (ONBP) are formed, based on inquiry and screening arterial pressure measurement among 109 individuals (49 men and 60 women). Non invasive native capillaroscopy and anthropometric examination, arterial pressure monitoring and non invasive bio impedance cardiography were carried out. Results: Significantly higher crossed capillaries percentage (22.34?13.07, p< 0.05) is registered in HNAP group compared to the controls ? 16.36?16.64. Cardiac output /cardiac index ratio and velocity index were increased in HNAP, as well as mean arterial pressure. Conclusion: hemodynamic evaluations in HNAP group are close to these in hypertensive individuals.
ASSESSMENT OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES CURRENT PRACTICES IN VIENTIANE CAPITAL, LAOS.
Minaphone Chanthavilay, Hongtao Wang, Wang Ying and Fengting Li.
With rapid urbanization many people are attracted to the cities. Some of them settle on the banks of canals and water bodies. These settlements which often have inadequate infrastructure become source of pollution of water bodies. This study also showed the main problem of waste water in Laos and current situation of waste water management in Laos, focus on decentralized wastewater treatment systems and public canals of Vientiane capital city. Decentralized treatment can improve access to wastewater infrastructure in developing regions and improve energy efficiency in reclamation in many rapidly growing developed regions. The result of the study suggest that the government should early Implementation of the Structural Water Environment Improvement Plan, Prevention of Concrete Covering on Drainage Systems and Conservation of Marshes/Wetlands
Siddalingamurthy. H. K, Manju, G.U., Roopa Devi. Y.S., Manjunatha. S. S. and Sreesujatha. R. M.
1400 records of Mandya sheep Maintained at Livestock Research and Information Centre (Sheep), KVAFSU, Nagamangala, Mandya (Dst), Karnataka for seven years (2010-2016) were analyzed to estimate the effect of non-genetic factors viz., season of birth, year of birth, sex of lamb and parity of dam on birth and weaning weights. The overall mean of birth weight and weaning weight were 2.07 ? 0.01 kg and 10.13 ? 0.05 kg, respectively. The year of birth of lamb had significant effect on weaning weight and non-significant effect on birth weight. The season of birth of lamb, sex of the lamb and parity of dam were also significantly effects the birth weight and weaning weight of lambs.
Chandra Mohan S. Negi.
Sun is a most important star in our universe. The solar corona is the strange place. Its heating is highly complex with many different facts in Astrophysics. It is likely that different heating mechanism is at work in solar corona. Reconnection is a fundamental process in plasma. In this paper I describe Magnetic reconnection model for solar coronal heating.
Seema Sharma MSc Dip, RP Subhash Chander, MD Velliyan Subramani, PhD Pratik Kumar, PhD Suman Bhaskar, MD Sushmita Pathy, MD Sanjay Thulkar, MD N.Gopishankar, PhD Megha Sairem, MSc, Dip. RP Ashish Binjola MSc Dip, RP Dhayanethi N, MSc Pradeep Kumar S., MSc Priyanka Agarwal, MSc Dip. RP.
Aim: Purpose of study is to evaluate the end to end commissioning accuracy of intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) for Versa HD linear accelerator using AAPM TG-119 protocol. Materials & methods: IMRT and VMAT plans were created for TG119 test cases. All the plans were generated using Monaco 5.1 treatment planning system (TPS) for Elekta Versa HD linear accelerator. Prescription and planning goals were as kept as per TG119. For point dose measurement CC01 (0.01cc) ion chamber was used and measurements were carried out as per TG119 specified points in high and low dose gradient regions. Planar dose measurement I\'matriXX along with multicube-lite phantom was used. Planned and measured dose planes were compared using gamma index criteria. Results: All planning goals have been achieved as per TG119 report. At high dose point measurement mean dose differences averaged over different techniques planned with different energies for all test cases was 0.002?0.020, and corresponding confidence limit was 0.041. At low dose point measurement mean dose averaged over different techniques planned with different energies for all test cases was -0.004?0.021, and corresponding confidence limit was 0.045. For planar dose measurement gamma passing rate averaged over all test cases was 99.40%?0.40 for 3%/3mm criteria and 97.82%?0.13 for 2%/2mm criteria respectively. Present work overall confidence limit for composite planar dose measurement was 1.38(i.e., 98.62% passing) for 3%/3mm and 2.45(i.e., 97.55% passing) for 2%/2mm criteria. Conclusion: Planning and delivery of IMRT/VMAT has been validated using published TG119 report results.
EVALUATION OF BIOMEDICAL IMPORTANCE OF CHLOROGENIC ACID IN THE TREATMENT OF DIABETES MELLITUS IN IN-VIVO ALLOXAN INDUCED DIABETIC RAT MODELS.
Attiq Ur Rehman, Wafa Majeed, Bilal Aslam, Muhammad Naeem Faisal, Asra Iftikhar and Aisha Sultana.
Objective: The present study is designed to investigate the role of Chlorogenic (CGA) acid in the regulation of glucose metabolism in alloxanized diabetic rat models. Method: For the current study, 30 albino rats were divided into five groups. Diabetes was induced by a single intraperitoneal (i.p.) injection of alloxan monohydrate (150mg/kg) in all groups except normal control group. Blood samples were collected at 0 and 28th day of study. Hypoglycemic potential of chlorogenic acid (CGA) was determined. Results: Results of biochemical parameters showed that level of serum glucose and glycosylated haemoglobin was significantly (p <0.05) decreased in CGA treated groups in dose dependent manner along with restored value of serum insulin. While level of serum glucose was observed to decrease significantly after the treatment of CGA. Concentration of serum LDL cholesterol, TC and TG was restored to normal range. While serum HDL cholesterol was raised that was comparable to normal control and glibenclamide treated group. Moreover, oxidative stress parameters and antioxidant profile have shown that CGA possessantihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic properties. Conclusion: Dose dependent antidiabetic activity of CGA was observed.
Hector Yznaga Blanco, Jose Carlos Ortiz Cisneros, Felipe Avalos Belmonte and Roberto Zitzumbo Guzman.
The influence of the complexity of the molecular structure and the cooling rate in the Avrami model fitting has been studied. Kinetics of non-isothermal crystallization of polypropylenes (with different molecular weights), polyethylenes (High Density Polyethylene, HDPE and Low Density Polyethylene, LDPE) and polyethylene wax from molten state were performed under non-isothermal conditions at cooling rates of 3, 10, and 50 ?C min-1. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to monitor the crystallization. The results showed that the predicted evolution of relative crystallinity using the Avrami model was a better fit for the polypropylenes and polyethylene waxen than for the polyethylenes due to their molecular structure much more simple and regular. The fitting for higher cooling rates was better than for lower cooling rates for all the materials analyzed and this could be attributable to a predominant homogeneous nucleation at higher cooling rates and predominant heterogeneous nucleation at lower cooling rates. The fitting for HDPE was better than for LDPE at the final stage of crystallization for various cooling rates due to the phenomenon of a slower secondary crystallization. The results showed a better fitting of the Avrami equation for the polypropylenes and polyethylene waxen than for the polyethylenes due to the influence of the branching degree in lamellar thickness and amorphous-layer thickness as the main contributor to secondary process.
BIOAVAILABILTY STUDY OF NICARDIPINE LIQUISOLID COMPACT TABLETS IN RABBITS AFTER ORAL ADMINISTRATION.
J. Ramesh, B. Vijaya kumar and Y. Narasimha Reddy.
Aim of the present research work is to conduct bio availability study of nicardipine liquisolid compact tablet in rabbit and compare with plain nicardipine drug. Study is conducted by using Randomized Balanced Incomplete Block Design (BIBD) method. Total 8 healthy rabbits were selected with weight of 2.5 kg to 3 kg. Rabbits were labeled by numbers. Each rabbits receiving both formulations after proper wash out period (7 days). Blood samples were collected from marginal ear vein at pre determined time intervals up to 24 Hrs. then blood samples were analyzed by validated high performance liquid chromatography method. Liquisolid compact exhibit c max at 212 ng/ml, t max at 1.63 Hr, AUC (0-t) at 1349 ng.min/ml, AUC(0-∞) at 1403 ng.min/ml and t1/2 at 1.25 hr. AUC and maximum plasma concentration of the liquisolid compact is higher than pure nicardipine drug it indicates liquisolid compacts produce more bioavailability than nicardipine powder.
R. Hussain, A. Ali, Mohammad Munir and Sadia Nasar.
Mathematical models were developed to gain a better understanding of many biological processes. The basic aim of present study was to establish a new technique in order to solve problems in the field of mathematical modeling. A mathematical model for hemodialysis with some modification was reviewed in this study. Different mathematical techniques, Laplace Transforms, Eigenvalue, and integrating factor for linear differential equations of the model were used, in all cases unique solution were obtained for dialytic interval.
Doaa Mohammed Abdella El-bourhamy.
Instructor evaluation is an important field in the educational process because it develops the level of instructor which can improve the educational level of students consequently. In this work, integration between keyword spotting and text mining for prediction with total instructor evaluation. The proposed system is design predictive model for total instructor evaluation by decision tree algorithm. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed system to predict total instructor evaluation. The proposed system can improve reliability and efficiency of instructors? performance; provide the basis for performance improvement that will affect students? academic outcomes.
Vijaya Singh, Sudhanshu Sekhar Nath and Chintamani Mohanta.
Abnormal uterine bleeding is frequent in gynecological complaint and accounts approximately 5-10% of postmenopausal women. About 10% of women with postmenopausal bleeding have a primary or secondary malignancy. Common malignancies among them are endometrial cancer, cervical cancer or an ovarian cancer. The incidence of malignancy in postmenopausal period remains sufficiently high so it requires immediate investigation for early diagnosis, vigilant follow up and prompt treatment. Aims and Objectives: To ascertain etiological factors of postmenopausal bleeding and to investigate its clinical significance in terms of incidence of malignancy and histopathological evaluation. Materials and Method: A total 100 patients with postmenopausal bleeding per vaginum attending the outpatient department or admitted for evaluation under Obstetrics and Gynaecology Department, VSSIMSAR, Burla, Sambalpur, Odisha over a period of two years from November 2014 to October 2016 were selected and studied. Results: The average of PMB was 56.68 years with highest incidence of cases between 55-65 years (52%). The incidence of malignancy was 57% out of which carcinoma cervix was found to be the most common malignancy causing postmenopausal bleeding representing 46% of total cases and 81% of total malignancies. Carcinoma endometrium found in 12% cases among total malignancies, resulting in carcinoma endometrium : carcinoma cervix ratio to be 1:7. On histopathology, we found atrophic endometrium in 49% ,proliferative endometrium in 6% of cases and hyperplasia in 14% of cases. Conclusion: Carcinoma of genital tract is one of the most important cause of PMB, so early detection of the causes can be life saving. Endometrial sampling is a cost effective procedure to rule out endometrial carcinoma /detect in very early stage.
J. VijiPriya, Samina and Zahida.
A computer network is a connection of network devices to data communication. Multiple networks are connected together to form an internetwork. The challenges of Internetworking is interoperating between products from different manufacturers requires consistent standards. Network reference models were developed to address these challenges. Two useful reference models are Open System Interconnection (OSI) and Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) serve as protocol architecture details the communication between applications on network devices. This paper depicts the OSI and TCP/IP models, their issues and comparison of them.
EFFECT OF EXPOSURE TO CO2 LASER ON ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY OF DIFFERENT BACTERIA ISOLATED FROM PATIENTS ATTENDING MOSUL GENERAL HOSPITAL, IRAQ
Alaa Taha Younis Al - Hammad, Firas MD Al -Tae and Hiyam AJ Al -Taee
Bacterial resistance to antibiotics is common in hospitals and community. A common approach to overcome bacterial resistance is by discovering new antimicrobial medicines. However, one of the alternative approaches is to change the way the bacteria behave against antibiotics. This study was conducted to investigate how LASER can alter the antibiotic sensitivity of different bacteria isolated from hospitalized patients. Antibiotic sensitivity on isolated bacteria was assessed by Kirby-Bauer antibiotic disk sensitivity test. The effect of exposure to LASER was investigated using CO2 LASER. The results indicated that exposure to LASER changes the way the bacteria behave against antimicrobials either by inhibiting bacterial resistance or increasing bacterial sensitivity to antibiotics. The mechanism is still unclear.
Saprem Shirvoikar and Satyam Shirvoiker.
The present study is based on section 135 of companies Act 2013. This section explains the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). The main highlight of the study is the companies which are coming under the CSR policy and what are penalties which are imposed on the companies which are providing wrong financial statement. The profit maximization is the ultimate goal of the company but this CSR policy imposes duty on the Corporate to work for the benefit of the society. This duty should be done by the Corporate sector not as the burden imposed by law but as a long term investment which will provide them benefit in the future.
Shruti Srinivasan and Bhojraj Nandlal.
The most common type of supernumerary tooth is a mesiodens, which is located in the maxillary central incisor region. The prevalence of mesiodens varies between different racial groups and in the Indian population varies between 0.3% and 3.8% with a higher frequency in men than in women in the ration of 2:1. We report a case of a 12 year old child in the mixed dentition stage with two conical mesiodentes present palatal to 11 and 21 resulting in proclination of the maxillary central incisors and difficulty in speech. Following clinical and radiographic examination to assess the position of the mesiodente and its relation to the incisors, the supernumerary teeth were extracted under local anaesthesia.
Satheesha Nambiar Periya
Teaching human anatomy has been reduced in the medical curricula globally, resulting in a decreased knowledge of human anatomy in practicing doctors. The decreased teaching of anatomy to medical student has been reported in many journals. It has been found that cadaveric dissection to be most suitable method in learning anatomy, which has been reduced due to various factors. Dissection should remain as the principle teaching modality for anatomy teaching in modern medical schools. There are reports suggesting that, in some centers, studying anatomy using cadaver-dissection is no longer demanding and this trend is inclined to underestimate the crucial purpose of anatomy in the medical field. Modern teaching methodology and the problem based learning (PBL) does have a good outcome in understanding the clinical part of a disease. The depth of basic medical sciences knowledge has been found to be inadequate among the students. It is still debatable, to what extent the basic medical sciences knowledge, especially anatomy is needed for becoming a good doctor. This has necessitated a serious evaluation of the method of human anatomy teaching in medical schools around the world.
FREQUENCY DOMAIN ANALYSIS OF HEART RATE VARIABILITY IN PREPRANDIAL AND POST PRANDIAL STATE BETWEEN OBESE AND NON OBESE YOUNG WOMEN ? A COMPARATIVE STUDY.
R. Selvaa and P. Shanmuga priya.
Background: In obesity, as excessive tissue accumulates, an altered metabolic profile occurs along with a variety of adaptations/ alterations in the cardiac structure and functions even in the absence of co morbidities. Aim&Objectives: To compare the Heart rate variability analysis between the pre-prandial and postprandial state in obese and non obese young healthy females. Materials & Methodology: 50 obese and 50 non obese young healthy females aged between 21-25 years were selected based on body mass index. Heart rate variability was recorded in both pre and postprandial state by using computer based software device, Digital finger pulse photo plethysmography (DFP) to identify separate frequency components, i.e, total power, low frequency power and high frequency power. Results: All the statistical methods were carried out through the SPSS for windows version 16.0 .The independent samples T test procedure was done to compare the means for the two groups. P value ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant. HRV analysis found significantly lower values of LF, HF in millisecond square (ms2) and HF in normalized unit (nu) & higher values of LF (nu) and LF/HF ratio among the obese group in both pre and post prandial state when compared to non-obese group. Conclusion: Our data indicate that obese subjects have decreased parasympathetic activity as evidenced by decrease in Total Power(TP)(ms2), Low Frequency(LF)(ms2), High Frequency(HF)(ms2) and High Frequency( nu) and increase in sympathetic activity as evidenced by increase in HR, LF( nu) and LF/HF ratio in both pre and post prandial state.
TIME TO RECRUITMENT FOR A SINGLE GRADE MANPOWER SYSTEM WITH TWO TYPES OF LOSS OF MANPOWER AND THE BREAKDOWN THRESHOLD HAS TWO COMPONENTS.
P. Arokkia Saibe and B. Esther Clara.
In this paper, the problem of time to recruitment is studied for a single grade manpower system in which depletion of manpower takes place either by exit of personnel from the organization or due to breaks taken by the existing workers in the organization. The loss of manpower due to exits is classified as voluntary and involuntary. The breaking decisions are also classified into two types according to their frequency. It is also assumed that the breakdown threshold has two components, one for the cumulative loss of manpower due to exits and the other for the cumulative loss of manpower due to breaks. A Stochastic model is constructed for three different cases of inter-exit times and the variance of time to recruitment is obtained using a univariate CUM policy of recruitment. The results are numerically illustrated by assuming specific distributions. The influences of the nodal parameters on these system characteristics are studied and relevant conclusions are presented.
Ningthoujam Kamala Chanu and Kh. Rajmani Singh.
Manipur is a state in the North-Eastern part of India which is one of the bio-diversity hot spots. The women fishers in Manipur took active role in the processing and preservation of fish. It prevented the fish from spoilage which may be necessary for later consumption. Most of the methods used by the fishers were of indigenous type. Use of chemicals and deep freezing was very less. Processing started from pulling out the fish from the nets, traps, etc. followed by sorting, washing, cleaning, salting, smoking of the fishes etc. Main preservation method used was salting. Others were icing, refrigeration, fermentation etc. but these were not common. Dry salting was very common here. Smoking and roasting were widely followed by the fisher women. These were short term preservation processes. The species which were generally smoked are Trichogaster sp., Puntius sps., Amblypharyngodon mola, Esomus danricus, Labeo rohita, Cirrhinus mrigala, Cyprinus carpio, Channa sps., Glossogobius giuris, Notopterus notopterus, Hypopthalmichthys molitrix, Mastacembalus sps., Barilius sps., Glyptothorax sps., prawn, shrimps etc. About 70-80% of these processing, preservation and marketing activities were done by the women. Processing and preservation was mainly at their own home whereas marketing was done on the spot and through markets. Door to door selling was also very popular. Manipuri people were very fond of these smoked fishes. These traditional methods of processing and preservation were very cheap and affordable. It helped in increasing the economic status of the fisher women and needed no technical training. Thus, women fishers took major role and responsibilities in family maintenance and society. There is urgent need for scientific approach and use of modern techniques to enhance this.
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Vol. 5, Issue 01, Jan. 2017
Paper Submission: 28 Jan. 2017
Author Notification: 7 to 10 days
Journal Publication: 30 Jan. 2017
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